61 years ago from today, foundation of a state named Gujarat was done in India. Known for its rich culture and heritage, Gujarat is the fifth-largest state in the country. It is well known for its industrialization and diamonds. Surat is the city where most of the diamonds of the world are imported to get polished. Gujarat is one of the major contributor in country’s economy. What makes this state more popular is the rate of unemployment which is surprisingly low here and also the title of manufacturing hub of India. It is also one of the greatest producer of cotton. The textile industries have played a great significance in building up the industrialization in the nation.
Let’s take a virtual tour of Gujarat and for that let us know a little history of the state:
- Gujarat was one of the main centres of the Indus Valley civilization. It comprises the ancient cities like Lothal, Dholavira, Gola Dhoro etc. Lothal is considered one of the first seaports of the world.
- The popular temple of Somnath, Gujarat was looted by Muhammad Ghori.
- The Architectural style of Gujarat was used by the Mughal Emperor Akbar in the incarnations of Fatehpur Sikri.
- Surat was one of the most important ports for trading. It was popularly known as ‘Gateway to the east’.
- Historic events like the Kheda Satyagraha and Dandi March were witnessed by this state.
- After partition, Gujarat was a part of a large province called Bombay with the capital city Bombay (present- Mumbai).
- When every state was being divided on the basis of the language, the Gujarati and Marathi speaking people demanded different states for themselves.
- On 1 May 1960, their demand was fulfilled with the state of Gujarat for Gujarati speaking people and the state of Maharashtra for Marathi speaking people.
- The first capital of Gujarat was Ahmedabad, which was later moved to Gandhinagar in 1970.
Places to visit in Gujarat:
- Rann of Kachchh, One of the most beautiful yet surreal places in India with its white desert is a must visit for every Indian in their lifetime.
- Gir National Park, A home for Asiatic lions.
- Saputara Hill Station.
- Statue of Unity.
- Historic cities like Dholavira with the remarkable excavation of Indus Valley Civilization.
- Famous temples of Dwarka and Somanth.
- The city of Junagadh with its historical monuments.
- AMUL (Anand Milk Udhyog Limited) Industry in the Anand district.
- The Hills of Pavagadh and Girnar embedded with the stories of Mohammad Begda (Be-Gad: Two Hills) portraying communal unity in India.
- With a coastline of 1600 kilometres, Gujarat is also famous for its different beaches. Kandla, one of the most important ports of India is found in this state.
And many more. People also find their interest in visiting the cities of Ahmedabad, Surat, and Vadodara. Ahmedabaad is also known as ‘The Manchester of India’. Tarnetar fair and the Rann Utsav are some of the famous fair-festival of this state after Navratri, main festival of the state.
Gujarat’s development was acknowledged by people when the earthquake hit the district Bhuj in the year 2001. An immense destruction was caused to the life and the property. When nobody was expecting the normalcy in the district for at least 5 to 6 years, to one’s surprise the damage was refurbished in about 2 years. Besides development, Gujarat is also known to be one of the safest state for women.
Gujarat marks the birth of great political leaders like Mahatma Gandhi, Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel, Indulal Yagnik, of famous Businessmen like Mukesh Ambani, Gautam Adani, of famous poets like Zaverchand Meghani, Narsih Mehta, Umashankar Joshi etc. It is indeed the land where ‘great personalities’ are born.
Gujarati people take pride in celebrating the birth of this exemptionary state reciting ‘JAI JAI GARVI GUJARAT…’