The population of India is approximately 1.38 billion (as of 2021) and the population growth rate for 2020 is 0.99%. The population of our country has been majorly blamed for many of the problems that reside here. And the fact that the poor population has been the one rising much faster makes it even worse.
To this problem, the solution suggested by most of the citizens has been “A two child policy” in India. Similar to the one child policy adapted by China. Well, today we are going to analyse if adapting a two child policy will even help India in any way or not .
- The monopoly behind subsidies- Government basically spoon feeds the poor of our country if it fails to provide them with enough job opportunities. In the greed of more and more subsidies, the people from the impoverished section of the country make more children, as suggested by statistics.
- Reservation- There is more than enough reservations for the socially and economically backward sections in jobs and colleges. These people particularly have a better chance of getting money through these jobs if they have more children. As a result of this thought process, their population keeps on increasing.
In this context, a two child policy where subsidies and reservations are only provided till the extent of two children only might help in slowing down our population.
- Lack of awareness and moral education- The people, especially of the impoverished section of the society have not compulsorily been provided with enough moral and sex education. Some of them also see women as machines for producing children and there is also a lot of gender based discrimination because of the lack of values.
- Gender discrimination- Some of our politicians and judges have argued that a two child policy might result in an even steeper fall in the sex ratio of our country . It might result into more female foeticide in the face of following the government policy.
- Unsafe abortions- This policy might also result into a higher abortion rate in our country. People will move on to more unsafe abortions, again, due to the lack of knowledge and increasing poverty.
- Increased population contributes to GDP- The reason of India being in the third place in the whole world in terms of GDP, is its population (the manpower). Here, we can state that India’s major problem is not its population, but its failure in putting the use of the potential of that population to a more superficial use.
- Generation gap- Through the observation done on a case study of China, it can be concluded that a two child or one child policy can result into lesser young people (the working population) in a country and hence, the depletion of our economy.
In conclusion, while better laws are big need of the hour, better education is a bigger need of the hour ! And a resourceful environment can only be built with better values and belief system.