Silk Road is one of the ancient trade routes which connects the east and west. This name Silk Road was given for the lucrative trade in silk which is carried out from China.
Actually this name is derived from the German term “sidenstrade”, which was first given by Feridinand Von Richthofen in 1877. This term was coined in 19th century, it didn’t gain much attention from people until 20th century and in 1938. Sven Hedin a Swedish geographer published the first book ” The Silk Road”. This Silk road is longer than 6500 km and it’s popularity reached many countries like Japan and Korea.
The Silk road exchanges not only contributed to the development of civilization in China, ancient Egypt, Mesopotamia, Persia, India and Rome, but also formed the basis of the modern world. The main traders in ancient times were Indians and Bactrian people. Later, from the 5th to the 8th century the Silk road used by Sogdian traders and later by Arab and Persian traders.
Cultural exchange and trade grew rapidly due to the killing of animals and the development of shipping technology. In addition, the grassy pestures there meet the water needs and make it easier for traders to navigate.
The regional states were integrated due to the early modernization in Europe. But on the silk road it had the opposite effect. Trade was low unable to sustain the integration of the mangol empire. Following the Ottoman domination of Constantinople, trade on the silk Road ceased in 1453. The ottoman rulers of the day were anti-western.
The eurasian land bridge is sometimes refferred to as the “New Silk Road”, and China was the Alta pass in 1990 , when Chinese and Kazakhstan railways joined. Since 1993, the United Nations World Tourism Organization has launched an international programme to promote peace and understanding.