Vallabhbhai Patel was born on October 31, 1875, in Nadiad, Gujarat, India. He was Indian lawyer and statesman, one of the heads of the Indian National Congress during the fight for Indian independence. During the first three years of Indian independence after 1947, he worked as deputy prime minister, minister of home affairs, minister of information, and minister of states.
Early life and legal career
Patel was born into a family of self-sufficient landowning family of the Leva Patidar caste. Raised in an impression of traditional Hinduism, he took admission in primary school at Karamasad and high school at Petlad but was mostly self-taught. Patel wedded at the age of 16, graduated at 22, and passed the district pleader’s examination, which allowed him to rehearse law. In 1900 he set up an self-governing office of district advocate in Godhra, and after two years he shifted to Borsad.
As a advocate, Patel differentiated himself in staging an incontrovertible case in a accurate way and in confronting police witnesses and British judges. In 1908 Patel lost his wife, who had borne him a son and daughter, and afterwards endured as a widower. Determined to improve his career in the legal profession. Patel toured to London in August 1910 to study at the Middle Temple. There he learnt industriously and approved the final examinations with high honors.
In the vital debate over the aimsof the Indian National Congress during the years 1928 to 1931, Patel trusted that the goal of the Indian National Congress should be power status within the British Commonwealth—not independence. In comparison to Jawaharlal Nehru, who overlooked violence in the fight for independence, Patel governed armed revolution, not on ethical but on practical grounds. Patel held that it would be unsuccessful and would involve severe suppression. Patel, like Gandhi, saw benefits in the future contribution of a free India in a British Commonwealth, offered that India was permitted as an equal member. He highlighted the want to nurture Indian self-reliance and self-confidence, but, dissimilar to Gandhi, he did not honour Hindu-Muslim unity as a prerequisite for independence.
Patel differed with Jawaharlal Nehru on the want to bring about economic and social changes by compulsion. A tradition rooted in traditional Hindu values, Patel demeaned the practicality of adapting collective ideas to the Indian social and economic structure. He trusted in free enterprise, thus gaining the trust of conservative elements, and thereby gathered the funds that continued the activities of the Indian National Congress.
Patel was the second applicant after Gandhi to the presidency of the 1929 Lahore session of the Indian National Congress. Gandhi avoided the presidency in an effort to avoid the adoption of the resolution of independence and exerted pressure on Patel to withdraw, thus, Jawaharlal Nehru was elected. During the 1930 Salt Satyagraha, Patel helped three months’ custody. In March 1931 Patel controlled over the Karachi session of the Indian National Congress.