Today, we see that the human population is growing exponentially to more than seven billion people and it continues to rapidly grow. Expanding population results in expanding demands on the land, sea, and freshwater by humans, along with the affecting the climate, have made the conservation and management of wild areas and wild animals a top priority. This just leads to continuous consumption of natural resources faster than ever by the billions of people on the planet.
Talking about wildlife, this type of rapid growth and development endangers the habitats and existence of various types of wildlife around the world, especially animals and plants that may be got displaced due to their habitat loss as their habitats were exploited for land development, or used for food or other human purposes. Hunting, fishing, and poaching are several other activities that are responsible for posing a threat to wildlife.
In terms of the roles the wildlife play, they have always been a crucial resource for human beings. Since ancient times, food, fur, and leather were fundamental to human survival. Several organizations such as the World Wildlife Fund, Conservation International, the Wildlife Conservation Society, and the United Nations are working towards spreading awareness and supporting global animal and habitat conservation efforts on many different fronts. Animals are key members of ecosystems on which humans rely for essential services. Organizations such as Wildlife Fund, Wildlife Conservation Society, etc. work with the government in protecting the protect public lands, like national parks and wildlife refuges. They fight against wildlife crimes, like wildlife trafficking and illegal hunting (poaching) with the help of courts. They also promote biodiversity to support the growing human population while preserving existing species and habitats.
In India, the government initiated various natural projects and wildlife conservation programs such as Project Tiger, Nature Camps, and Jungle Lodges to promote the awareness of wildlife among the people. These projects have not only helped in the preservation and protection of wildlife but have also encouraged the idea of eco-tourism. The Indian government has been successful in protecting the Tiger population. To save the endangered species of Rhinoceros in Assam, the Kaziranga National Park was an effort. Several others such as Gir National Park & Sanctuary in Gujarat, Sunderbans National Park in West Bengal, and Kanha National Park in Madhya Pradesh also contributed.
People like biologists, researchers, people working in NGOs, and even filmmakers are trying to contribute to the protection of wildlife. Conservation biologists Camille Coudrat and Titus Adhola who are also National Geographic Explorers, are working to slow the extinction of global species and to protect global biodiversity and habitats. Environmental filmmakers and photographers, like Thomas P. Peschak, play a vital role in the conservation efforts as well, documenting and bringing attention to endangered wildlife all over the world.
Therefore, habitat conservation, wildlife protection, and conservation are the need of the hour. We can help by demanding to stop activities such as hunting and poaching and also exploitation of their habitats. Wildlife conservation is as necessary as we are.