Allergic Conjunctivitis : a common eye disorder

The human eye

Human eye is that organ through which we witness the beauty of the world. The eyes capture an image and send signals to the brain to perceive the colour, size and shape of the object. The human eye is often compared to that of a camera. As per the reports of Dr. Roger Clark, who is a scientist and a photographer, the resolution of human eye is about 576 megapixels which is more than a camera. However a camera and human eyes should not be compared because both function in its own way. In certain cases, a camera has quite a few advantageous position than the human eye but it cannot be denied that humans are blessed with a powerful and a beautiful organ like the eye.

Unfortunately, the functioning of eyes are disturbed by many disorders and Allergic Conjunctivitis is one of the most common eye disorder.

Allergic Conjunctivitis

What is Allergic Conjunctivitis?

In simple terms, Allergic Conjunctivitis is a non – contagious allergy in the eye due to reaction of certain substances like dust, pollen, animal fur etc. The eyeball consist of a membrane called the conjunctiva which is vulnerable to irritation from the external substances. Allergic Conjunctivitis are of two types as per duration is concerned.

1. Seasonal or Acute Allergic Conjunctivitis

Acute Allergic Conjunctivitis occurs for a short period of time when the eyes suddenly gets irritated and usually stays for a day or two. Seasonal eye allergies gets cured on its own.

2. Long – term or Chronic Allergic Conjunctivitis

This type of conjunctivitis occurs for a long period of time where eye irritation is much more intense and long lasting than the acute. In case of Chronic Allergic Conjunctivitis, proper treatment and care is essential for the eye to come back to its normal state.

Symptoms of Allergic Conjunctivitis

1. Redness of eye

2. Itching of eye

3. Swelling of eye

4. Watery and pus discharge from the eye

5. Runny nose and frequent sneeze

6. Discomfort when the naked eye is exposed to bright light or even direct sunlight

7. Unable to keep looking into someone’s eyes straight up even for a short period of time

8. Sensation of presence of a foreign body in the eye

9. Burning sensation of the eye

10. Pain in and around the eye

Treatment of Allergic Conjunctivitis

1. Avoiding those substances to which a person is allergic.

2. A person should take precautions when it is windy as the dust and pollen count is more on windy days.

3. People suffering from allergic conjunctivitis should stop rubbing their eyes no matter how irritated they feel because rubbing of eyes makes the eye swelling worse.

4. People suffering from allergic conjunctivitis should soak their eyes with a clean cotton pad dipped in cold water or gently put ice cubes wrapped on a clean cloth on their eyes to get rid of the irritation and soothe their eyes.

5. One should avoid wearing contact lenses and eye makeup when symptoms are showing.

6. Wearing sunglasses in the outdoors is always a good idea that would protect the eyes from direct sunlight.

7. The most effective treatment is to visit an eye specialist who would provide the required medication in the form of eye drops and tablets as per the severity of one’s allergic condition. Eye drops like Antihistamine eye drops, Mast Cell Stabilizer eye drops, Steroid eye drops etc are quite effective in reducing symptoms of allergic conjunctivitis. The eye drops and tablets should be taken as per instructions of the doctor as these medicines have quite a many side effects.

People suffering from Allergic Conjunctivitis should take utmost care of themselves because allergies do not have a permanent cure but it can be reduced to an extent if we identify the substances we are allergic to and refrain from coming into its contact. Eye allergies should not be taken lightly because we cannot compromise with such a precious sense organ. Eye allergies might not be fatal but it definitely disturbs the normal functioning. Human eye is a wonderful gift, let’s take care of it.