Environment means anything that surround us. It can be living (biotic) or non-living (abiotic) things. It includes physical,chemical and other natural forces. Living things live in their environment. They constantly interact with it and adapt themselves to conditions in their environment. In the environment there are different interactions between animals, plants, soil, water and other living and non-living things.
Since everything is part of the environment of something else, the word environment is used to talk about many things. People in different fields of knowledge use the word environment differently. Electromagnetic environment is radio waves and other electromagnetic radiation and magnetic fields. The environment of galaxy refers to conditions of interstellar medium. In psychology and medicine, a person’s environment is the people, physical things and places that the person lives with. The environment affects the growth and development of the person. It affects the person’s , body, mind and heart. The living conditions of living organisms in an environment are affected by the weather or climate changes in the environment.
Importance of environment
we truly cannot understand the real worth of the environment. But we can estimate some of its importance. Environment plays an important role in healthy living and the existence of life on planet earth. Earth is a home for different living species and we all are dependent on the environment on the environment for food, air, water and other needs. Therefore, it is important for every individual to save and protect our environment. The entire life support of humans depends wholly on the environmental factors. It also helps in maintaining various life cycles on earth. Most importantly, our environment is the source of natural beauty and is necessary for maintaining physical and mental health.
Impact of human activities on the environment
In order to meet the basic needs of increases population, the present society has under taken a series of steps like rapid industrialization, unplanned urbanization, over-exploitation of natural sources, etc. There are different types of human activities which are directly attributed to the environmental disasters, which include acid rain, acidification of oceans, change in the climate, deforestation, depletion of an ozone layer, disposal of hazardous wastes, global warming, overpopulation, pollution etc.
Benefits of the environment
The environment gives us countless benefits that we can’t repay our entire life. As they are connected with the forest, tress, animals, water and air. The forests and tress filter the air and absorb harmful gases. Plants purify water, reduce the chances of flood maintain natural balance and many others. Moreover, the environment keeps a close check on the environment and its functioning, it regulates the vital systems that are essential for the ecosystem. Besides, it maintains the culture and quality of life on earth. The environment regulates various natural cycles that happen daily. These cycles help in maintaining the natural balance between living things and the environment.
Disturbance of these things can ultimately affect the life cycle of humans and other living beings. The environment that helped us and other living beings to flourish and grow from thousands of years. The environment provides u fertile land, water, air, livestock and many essential things for survival.