If we look at the history of physical education in India, before 1900 A.D., there were very few opportunities for a career in physical education. Most of the physical education teachers in schools were used to be retired persons from the army. During this era, physical education was not considered a profession. In fact, during this period there were very few institutions of physical education. But after 1950, this situation changed up to some extent. Several institutions of physical education were established, and proper stress was laid down on physical education.
These numerous career opportunities in physical education are a result of various factors, such as the desire to be fit, awareness of health benefits, increased interest in competitive sports and finally, the increase in depth and breadth of knowledge in physical education had led to the future development and expanded career opportunities as physiotherapists, sports psychologists, sports photographer, and sports journalists, etc.
Individuals who opt for a career as physical education teachers make a good contribution to society and create awareness in students of all age groups. There are many opportunities of jobs to teach physical education not only in high schools and secondary schools but also in colleges and universities. Some professional courses in physical education in several colleges are –
- Diploma Course in Physical Education
- Certificate Course in Yoga
- Certificate Course in Physical Education
- B.Sc in Physical Education and Master’s Degree in Physical Education
Health Related Career
Nowadays, people have become more health-conscious. They want to keep away from various diseases, such as hypertension, heart diseases, and disorders like obesity and diabetes. Everyone wants to lead a healthy lifestyle. That is why health-related career opportunities in the field of physical education have been expanded in recent years. Candidates who complete the diploma or bachelor’s degree in physical education are also eligible to work as fitness trainers, Gym trainers, Yoga, and Health trainer in private and Government institutions.
Careers in Communication Media
The communication media, i.e., television, radio, newspaper, and magazines, etc., have contributed to the enhancement of various career opportunities in sports communication. Some career-related opportunities in communication media are –
- Sports Journalism
- Book Writing
- Sports Photography
- Book Publishing
- Sports Broadcasting
Administrative Related Careers
A physical education student is also eligible for administrative jobs like sports administration, management of sports clubs, sports marketing and promotion, etc. They are also eligible to work in the International and National championships as an official like Commonwealth, Asian Games, World cup, and other international tournaments.
Many jobs are available for skilled sportspersons in govt. and private sectors such as defense services, banks, railways, etc. Nowadays, amateur sports transform into commercialized games, many sports offer Professional leagues in particular games i.e. IPL, ISL, BPL, WKL, etc. Sportspersons also earn good money by professionally participating in the above leagues. Martina Navratilova (tennis) gets two million dollars per year through commercial advertisements.
Various careers can be created in the fields of physical education, such as sports biomechanics, sports nutrition, sports sociology, sports history, sports psychology, and many more.