by Yogiraj Sadaphal
“One individual may die for an idea, but that idea will, after his death, incarnate itself in a thousand lives.”
– Netaji Subhash Chandra Bose
On August 15, 2021, India will commemorate the 75th anniversary of its independence from British dominion with the traditional pride. This year, the theme of the celebrations would be ‘Nation First, Always First’. Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi headed the Indian independence movement, which began during World War I. India gained independence on August 15, 1947, after nearly 200 years under British rule.
History of India’s Independence.
The British East India Company took control of the subcontinent in 1757, marking the beginning of British rule in India. In 1857-58, the firm met its first major resistance from Indians, which is known as India’s first struggle of independence. The East India Company was replaced by direct British Crown rule after nearly a century of rule.
Later, the Indian freedom movement again transformed into a mass struggle in early 20th century. On July 4, 1947, the Indian Independence Bill was introduced in the British House of Commons and approved in less than a fortnight. It stated that British authority in India would end on August 15, 1947. Following the partition of India and Pakistan, India became a free country.
Importance of Indian Tricolor Flag.
Any country’s national flag is not just a representation of the state, but also of its residents’ identities and ambitions. It is unique to the place and its inhabitants, representing the country’s beliefs, hardships, and ideals. The Indian tricolor flag, which has served as a source of motivation and inspiration to Indians both within the country and beyond the world, is also a symbol of patriotism and solidarity amid the country’s different communities and geography. Despite the fact that it inspires a sense of national belonging and pride in every citizen, regardless of caste, creed, sex, or status, the flag is often neglected by the public.
Significance of India’s Independence Day.
The significance of India’s Independence Day is that it serves as a reminder of the sacrifices made by numerous freedom fighters in order to achieve independence from British control. It is a national holiday that is traditionally marked with the raising of the tricolor, parades, and cultural events across the country. On August 15, 1947, India’s first Prime Minister, Jawaharlal Nehru, raised the Indian national flag atop the Red Fort’s Lahori Gate in Delhi. It is a tradition that the current Prime Minister has continued, followed by a speech to the country.
Rare facts about India’s Independence Day.
1. Nobel laureate Rabindranath Tagore‘s song “Bharoto Bhagyo Bidhata” was renamed “Jana Gana Mana” and approved by the Constituent Assembly of India as the national anthem on January 24, 1950.
2. On August 7, 1906, at Parsee Bagan Square in Kolkata, the Indian national flag was raised with three horizontal stripes of red, yellow, and green. In 1921, freedom warrior Pingali Venkayya created the first design of India’s present national flag. On July 22, 1947, the current flag, with saffron, white, and green colors with the Ashok Chakra in the center, was officially adopted and hoisted.
3. Five other countries celebrate their independence on August 15 along with India. They are Bahrain, North Korea, South Korea and Liechtenstein.
4. Goa remained a Portuguese colony even after India’s independence. It was only in 1961 that the Indian Army conquered it to India. As a result, Goa was the last state to join India.
5. The flag shall be rectangular in shape with length to height (width) in the ratio of 3:2.