Generation gap between Parents and Children.

by Yogiraj Sadaphal.

“Each new generation born is in effect an invasion of civilization by little barbarians, who must be civilized before it is too late”.

– Thomas Sowell.

Definition of Generation Gaps.

The word “generation gap” refers to the age difference between two groups of people: young people and their seniors, particularly children and their parents. Everything changes with the flow of time, including age, culture, mannerism, and morality. This transformation has an impact on everyone. The generational divide is a never-ending social phenomena. Every generation lives at a specific period and in specific circumstances. As a result, each generation has its unique set of values and perspectives. Every generation aspires to uphold the values that they truly believe. This is an issue that has existed for a long time.

Past Generation Gaps:

The sociological hypothesis of a generation gap first surfaced in the 1960s, when the younger generation appeared to contradict everything their parents had previously thought in terms of music, values, governmental and political beliefs, and cultural interests.

The “generation gap” is now referred to as “institutional age segregation” by sociologists. Individual members of any of these age groups are usually physically isolated from persons of other generations when they are engaged in their primary activity, with little interaction across generational lines save at the nuclear family level.

What are the Cause of it?

No one is to blame for the generation gap. It’s a natural part of social change. Change is the ongoing disruption and resetting of the terms of everyone’s existence throughout their lives.

When parents identify with the old, similar, familiar, conventional, and known, their teenager (at a later period) becomes attracted and influenced by the new, different, unfamiliar, experimental, and unknown, cultural contrasts between generations are emphasized.

Obviously, there is little generation gap in socially uncomplicated, stable, low-change cultures where the children identify with parental positions they expect to copy and fill when they grow up. Consider growing up in a complex, fast changing culture where the parent’s old world and the adolescent’s world are vastly different.

What Impact does the Generation Gap have on Parent-Child Relationships?

To the extent that parents can bridge the generational gap by exhibiting an interest in the new, the gap’s potentially alienating influence can be reduced.

For example, if they approach their adolescent as a “expert” and themselves as “unknowing,” or if they treat their adolescent as a teacher and themselves as pupils, they might create a very strong and esteem-endowing power reversal in their connection.

What should a Teen do if they believe their Parents don’t get them?

Around the ages of 9 to 13, children begin to separate from childhood and begin redefining themselves on the path to young adulthood. The one detaches from childhood and family for greater action and independence, while the other distinguishes from childhood and parents for greater personal expression and individuality.

Young people might take the initiative when they believe their parents do not understand and would like them to. They can be brave and tell their parents, “There’s something about my upbringing that I believe you don’t understand, and I’d like you to appreciate.” Could you please just listen while I try to explain, and then we can talk about it?”

Is There a Way to Reduce the Impact of the Generation Gap?

1. Communicate:

Making time to connect with your parents on a daily basis is crucial. The simple act of asking each other about their day at the end of the day can help you get to know each other better and make it easier to speak freely around each other.

2. Compromise:

No matter how close two people are, they can differ on certain issues. Parents and children are no exception; but, rather than forcing them to accept your point of view or to do what you want them to do when they don’t want to, learn to compromise whenever feasible.

3. Love:

When love is acted upon, it has a way of crossing barriers and bringing people together. As a result, show your children how much you care about them. This unconditional love and support they receive from you is incredibly motivating, and it encourages youngsters to reciprocate with the same love and compassion.

4. Understand:

Listening leads to comprehension, which requires you to learn to put yourself in your child’s position and try to comprehend how they feel and what they want based on what they say. You will be able to close the generation gap to some extent if you can understand where your child is coming from.

Raksha Bandhan: The Power of a Thread.

by Yogiraj Sadaphal

“The best thing about having a sister was that I always had a friend”

– Cali Rae Turner.

Raksha Bandhan is not just a festival to tie a Rakhi on a brother’s hand, it is bond to show love between a Brother and a Sister & a Promise to be with her at any circumstances in life.

History:

The history of Raksha Bandhan dates back to Hindu mythology. The origins of Raksha Bandhan can be traced back to the day Lord Krishna wounded his finger with the Sudarshan Chakra. Draupadi, the Pandavas’ wife, was in terrible pain when she saw him in distress, so she tore a piece of her vastra and tied it to Lord Krishna’s bleeding finger to relieve his pain and stop the blood from flowing. Lord Krishna was extremely touched by her gesture and promised to protect her from all the world’s evils in exchange. He called it the Raksha Sutra and, as we all know, when the Kauravas attempted to disrobe her in court, Lord Krishna blessed his sister and ensured that the sari she was wearing grew limitless in length. As he had promised, her brother saved her from the evils in this manner.

Importance:

The festival’s significance can be understood from the fact that it deepens the bond between a brother and sister, which is a defining characteristic of Indian civilization. It is reported that queens used to gift Rakhi to their neighbors as a symbol of brotherhood in ancient times.

The significance of this event is so high that the postal service provides low-cost special envelopes in which Rakhis can be sent even farther brothers. Special trains are run by Indian Railways to commemorate the significance of this celebration.

Even though tying a Rakhi only takes a few minutes, the preparations are done weeks in advance. Sisters select unique Rakhis for their brothers well in advance of the event. In any case, a brother gets to reach his sister in time for the moment when his sister will tie the “holy thread” with an empty stomach.

Every member of the family gets up early to participate in the morning routines. For the pooja ritual, a special thali is prepared, which is elegantly decorated with ‘roli,’ rice grains, ‘diya,’ sweets, and rakhis. This festival also emphasizes the value of siblings growing up together.

Celebration in India:

A girl or a woman applies a tilak on her brother’s forehead and ties a rakhi around his wrist in a ritual that reaffirms her brother’s bond and support. She receives a present from her brother and entrusts them with the task of looking after her.

The roles can be reversed in a modern interpretation of this rite. For a day, the focus turns away from the religious side and toward a more playful sharing of presents as well as a mutual understanding of love!

If a child does not have an older brother, rakhis are occasionally attached to friends and distant relatives, especially in the case of single children. The essence of the rakhi remains the same, regardless of how it is carried out: it is related to someone who has been kind and nurturing towards you, constantly looking out for you; gender and relationships are secondary.

Is Mobile Phone Boon or Bane?

by Yogiraj Sadaphal.

Day and night, rational and dangerous, wealthy and poor, health and illness—everything in life has a dual character. Everything in the universe is either a boon (good) or a bane (bad), or, to put it another way, a blessing or a curse. It’s the same with cell phones.

The use of mobile phones is rapidly increasing. Individuals with cellphones have access to a wealth of information at their fingertips. Without the omnipresent mobile phones, today’s world would be unimaginable. Everyone now has a smartphone, from children as young as nine to the elderly as old as ninety.

What Do You Mean by “Mobile Phone”?

A cellular phone or cellphone is an electronic telecommunications device. Mobile phones use radio waves or satellite signals to connect to a wireless communications network. Voice communications, Short Message Service (SMS), Multimedia Message Service (MMS), and Internet services such as Web surfing and e-mail are all available on mobile phones.

AS A BOON:

1. Life at ease: 

Due to mobile phones, life has been so much easier and more comfortable. For example, today’s mobile phones come with a variety of functions and programs, such as android, java games, and internet connectivity, allowing you to effortlessly converse and surf anything while sitting at home.

2. Ocean of Information:

The Internet has evolved into the largest and most comprehensive source of information available today. Anything and everything may be quickly accessed with the use of search engines such as Google, UC Web browser, Yahoo, and others. The most important benefit is that they assist students of many disciplines in studying and learning.

3. Connectivity:

Both mobile phones and the internet have become important sources of connectivity in today’s world. People chat on social media sites such as Facebook, Twitter, and WhatsApp. Telegram and Instagram messenger have also become popular among today’s youth.

4. Enhanced Life Standard:

People have grown much more advanced and revolutionized as a result of such technology, consequently raising their living conditions. When a person holds an Apple phone in his hand, he has a completely different impact on society than when he holds a regular phone.

As a Bane:

1. Limitation of thoughts:

People have put strict limitations on their mental process and rely largely on the artificial source of information because every item of knowledge is already available on the internet. Many young and vibrant people have observed a decline in their innovative thinking and intellectual level.

2. Creation of an Artificial World within a real one:

With their smart phones and apps, people have constructed an imaginary universe in which they remain reserved, distant, and separated in their own confined zone. They rarely connect with the actual world since they don’t have the time.

3. Time:

People are growing addicted to these luxuries to the point where they no longer have time to spend with their families and discuss issues. As a result, personal relationships are suffering. It also wastes a lot of time because addiction is dangerous.

4. Wastage of Money:

One of the major annoyances is that people waste a lot of money on more expensive mobile phones and devices unnecessarily in order to maintain their social position. Even if a cell phone costing Rs. 5000 would suffice, they choose for considerably more expensive models in order to attract attention in society.

As a result, we can easily see how mobile phones and the internet have impacted us, our lives, and our society to a far greater extent, with both positive and negative consequences. It’s not that we don’t need them; in fact, we all know that “too much of anything is fatal and leads to negative effects.” So, in light of this, we must undoubtedly use these, but only in such a way that they do not prove to be harmful to us.

Know More About BRICS and BRICS 2021

by Yogiraj Sadaphal

“BRICS must provide a united and clear voice in shaping a peaceful, balanced and stable world. We must harness each other’s strengths, in knowledge, skills and resources”.

– Narendra Modi

BRICS is an acronym for the grouping of the world’s leading emerging economies, namely Brazil, Russia, India, China and South Africa.

History.

The word “BRIC” is thought to have been invented in 2001 by Jim O’Neill, then chairman of Goldman Sachs Asset Management, in his book Building Better Global Economic BRICs. But, it was actually coined by Roopa Purushothaman who was a Research Assistant in the original report. South Africa was invited to join BRIC in December 2010, after which the group adopted the acronym BRICS.

First BRIC Summit.

The BRIC grouping’s first formal summit, also held in Yekaterinburg, began on June 16, 2009, with Luiz Inácio Lula da Silva, Dmitry Medvedev, Manmohan Singh, and Hu Jintao, the leaders of Brazil, Russia, India, and China, all in attendance. The summit focused on boosting the global economy and reforming financial institutions, as well as discussing how the four countries could work together more effectively in the future. There was also greater discussion about how developing countries, such as the BRIC members that make up 3/4 of the group, may become more involved in global issues.

Objectives-

1. For more sustainable, equitable, and mutually beneficial development, the BRICS aspire to strengthen, enhance, and intensify collaboration within the grouping and among individual nations.

2. BRICS takes each member’s growth, development, and poverty goals into account to ensure that partnerships are established on each country’s economic strengths while avoiding competition whenever possible.

3. BRICS is establishing itself as a new and promising political-diplomatic body with a wide range of goals that extend far beyond the basic goal of overhauling global financial institutions.

Areas of Cooperation-

1. Political and Security Cooperation-

BRICS offers opportunities for policy advice and best practice exchanges on domestic and regional issues, as well as advancing the restructuring of the global political architecture to make it more balanced, based on the pillar of multilateralism.

2. Economic Cooperation-

There are rapidly growing trade and investment flows between BRICS countries as well as economic cooperation activities across a range of sectors. Economic and trade cooperation, innovation cooperation, customs cooperation, strategic cooperation between the BRICS Business Council, contingent reserve agreement, and the New Development Bank all have agreements in place. These agreements help to achieve the common goals of strengthening economic cooperation and promoting integrated trade and investment markets.

3. People-to-People exchange-

The need to strengthen People-to-People interactions and create closer collaboration in the areas of culture, sport, education, cinema, and youth has been recognized by BRICS members. In the spirit of openness, inclusion, variety, and mutual learning, people-to-people exchanges aim to form new connections, develop relations, and increase mutual understanding between BRICS peoples.

BRICS Submit 2021.

The 13th BRICS Summit is going to be held under India’s Chairship in 2021. It will be the third time that India will be hosting the BRICS Summit after 2012 and 2016.

The theme for India’s Chairship is ‘BRICS @ 15: Intra-BRICS Cooperation for Continuity, Consolidation and Consensus’. The theme reflects our approach to strengthen the founding principles of BRICS cooperation based on continuity, consolidation and consensus.

The discussion in the BRICS Summit 2021 is around three pillars:

1. Political and Security:

The discussion is centered on global and regional security. The following are the priority sectors:

Counter-Terrorism Cooperation & Reform in the Multilateral System.

2. Economic and Financial:

The emphasis is on intra-BRICS cooperation in areas including trade, agriculture, infrastructure, small and medium businesses, energy, and finance and banking. The priority under this pillar are:

•BRICS Economic Partnership Strategy 2020-25 – Implementation of this strategy was discussed.

•BRICS Agriculture Research Platform – The platform’s operations was discussed.

•Cooperation on Disaster Resilience

•Innovation Cooperation

•Digital Health and Traditional Medicine

3. Cultural and People to People:

Cultural and personal exchanges have always been beneficial to intra-group bonding, and the BRICS 13th Summit was focused on this topic.

Social Media and Its Impact on Mental Health

by Yogiraj Sadaphal.

The majority of people use at least one major social media platform, yet they are unaware of the impact that everyday social media use can have. It’s fun to scroll through memes, images, and life updates from individuals you’ve met along the way, but we frequently overlook how social media affects how we act and think.

The Impact of Social Media on Mental Health:

Humans are social creatures by nature. To succeed in life, we require the company of others, and the strength of our bonds has a significant impact on our mental health and happiness. Being socially linked to people can help you cope with stress, worry, and depression, increase your self-esteem, bring comfort and joy, prevent loneliness, and even add years to your life. On the other hand, a lack of strong social relationships can put your mental and emotional health at risk.

Many of us use social media sites like Facebook, Twitter, Snapchat, YouTube, and Instagram to locate and communicate with one another in today’s society. While each has its own set of advantages, it’s important to remember that social media will never be a substitute for real human interaction.

Benefits of Social Media:

While virtual interaction on social media does not have the same psychological benefits as face-to-face contact, it can nevertheless help you stay connected and improve your wellbeing in a variety of ways.

1. Stay in touch and updated with family and friends all across the world.

2. During difficult circumstances, seek or provide emotional assistance.

3. If you live in a remote area, have limited independence, social anxiety, or are a member of a marginalized group, find a critical social connection.

4. Find a reliable sources of useful information and education.

5. One of the biggest advantages of social media is that making friends has never been easier. It was difficult to connect with people just a few decades ago, unless you were the overly extroverted sort who could strike up a discussion with anybody and everyone at an event.

6. Social media can be utilized for a variety of good reasons, such as social welfare and the promotion of non-profit organizations (NGOs). Not only that, but it also aids in the transformation of people’s lifestyles. It raises awareness and assists individuals in discovering new ideas that can help them improve their life.

The Negative Aspects of Social Media:

Social networking is such a new technology, little research has been done to determine its long-term effects, both positive and negative. Multiple studies, however, have linked heavy social media use to an increased risk of depression, anxiety, loneliness, self-harm, and even suicide ideation and some are as follow.

1. Isolation.

According to a study conducted at the University of Pennsylvania, frequent use of Facebook, Snapchat, and Instagram increases rather than lowers loneliness. Reduced social media usage, on the other hand, can help you feel less lonely and isolated, as well as increase your general wellbeing, according to the study.

2. Depression and Anxiety.

To be mentally healthy, humans require face-to-face contact. Eye-to-eye contact with someone who cares about you relieves stress and improves your mood faster and more efficiently than anything else. You’re more likely to acquire or develop mood disorders like anxiety and depression if you prefer social media activity over in-person relationships.

3. Cyberbullying.

Around 10% of teenagers say they’ve been bullied on social media, and many others have received nasty comments. Twitter and other social media platforms can be hotbeds for spreading harmful rumors, lies, and abuse that can leave emotional scars.

4. Feelings of Incompetence in your life or Appearance.

Even if you are aware that the photographs you see on social media have been edited, they can still make you feel anxious about how you appear or what is going on in your life. Similarly, we’re all aware that others only discuss the great aspects of their lives, rarely the sad points that everyone goes through.

Spending more Time on Social Media than with Friends in Real Life.

Many of your offline social interactions have been replaced by using social media. Even when you’re out with friends, you feel compelled to check social media on a regular basis, frequently motivated by the fear that others are having more fun than you.

Is Education Important In Our Life?

by Yogiraj Sadaphal.

“Education is the passport to the future, for tomorrow belongs to those who prepare for it today.”

— Malcolm X

Most of us have been taught the value of education since we were children. But, why is education so crucial? Most of us thought that getting education is just for the sake of getting a job with a handsome salary. To be honest, education is about so much more than just getting a job and pleasing your parents. It is, in fact, one of the most effective tool in the world.

What Exactly Is Education?

Education entails studying in order to gain a deeper understanding and knowledge of a variety of subjects that may be applied in everyday life. Education isn’t just about memorizing facts from books; it may also be gained through practical experiences outside of the classroom.

Importance of Education in Today’s World

The value of education in today’s society cannot be underestimated. There are so many different influences coming at us from all sides, and knowledge can help us figure out what we should believe and what we should ignore. People can be transformed into useful members of society with the appropriate values through education.

Productivity

A productive society requires education. Our population is only growing, and as a result, our requirements are growing as well. To offer us with the services we require on a daily basis, we require a strong and efficient staff of educated individuals.

Reasons: Why Is Education Important?

1. Provides Financial Security:

Education, in addition to providing stability, it provides financial security, which is extremely important in today’s culture. An excellent education will usually lead to a higher-paying career as well as the necessary abilities to get there.

2. Make Your Dreams Come True:

You can achieve everything you set your mind to. A good education is the most effective weapon you can have, and it can help you achieve all of your goals. Of course, depending on your goals, there are certain exceptions, but in general, an education will get you as far as you’re willing to go.

3. A Safer World:

Education is important not just on a personal level, but also on a global level, because it maintains our world secure and makes it a more peaceful environment. Education teaches people the distinction between right and wrong, which can help them avoid dangerous circumstances.

4. Confidence:

Being self-confident is an important aspect of achieving success in life. What better way to achieve that self-assurance than via education? Your educational background is frequently used to showcase your knowledge, and it can give you the courage to express yourself and voice your thoughts.

5. Economic Growth on a National Level:

Economic growth requires a well-educated society. In order to stay innovative, we need employees to continue to learn and investigate. Higher literacy rates are associated with improved economic conditions. More job options open up as the people becomes more educated.

6. Provides Stability:

Education gives you a sense of security in life that no one can ever take away from you. You boost your possibilities of greater professional options and open new doors for yourself by being well-educated and obtaining a college degree.

Divorce – Tragedy of life of a couple.

by Yogiraj Sadaphal

Divorce is the legal dissolution of a man and a woman’s marital union. Divorce is one of life’s most devastating events for any couple. Furthermore, if the divorce is disputed in India, it can be a complicated and expensive process. Even couples who agree to divorce must show that they have been separated for at least a year before the courts would hear their case.

Divorce by Mutual Consent.

The courts will consider a divorce with mutual consent if both the husband and woman agree to divorce. However, in order for the petition to be allowed, the couple must have been separated for at least a year or two years (depending on the relevant laws) and be able to demonstrate that they are unable to live together.

There are three factors where a husband and wife must strike a deal.

One is the issue of alimony or maintenance. According to the law, there is no minimum or maximum maintenance amount. It could be any number or none.

The second factor is the custody of the child. This must be worked out between the parties, as it is inevitably what takes the most time in a divorce where there is no mutual consent. In a mutual consent divorce, child custody might be shared, joint, or exclusive, depending on the spouses’ understanding.

The property is the third factor. The husband and wife must agree on who gets what portion of the property. This refers to both moveable and immovable assets.

What does the Section say?

According to Section 13 B of the Hindu Marriage Act, 1955, and Section 28 of the Special Marriage Act, 1954, the couple must live separately for at least one year before divorce proceedings begin. It’s important to remember that living separately does not always mean living in different places; the couple only needs to prove that they haven’t been living together as husband and wife during this time.

Reason behind Divorce.

1. Adultery.

Adultery is defined as engaging in any type of sexual relationship, including intercourse outside of marriage. Adultery is considered a criminal conduct, and sufficient evidence is required to prove it. One act of adultery is enough for the petitioner to receive a divorce, according to a 1976 revision to the legislation.

2. Cruelty.

When a spouse is subjected to any type of mental or physical injury that puts his or her life, limb, or health in danger, he or she has the right to petition for divorce. The ephemeral acts of cruelty committed by mental torture are determined on a series of events rather than a single act. Certain situations, like as denial of food, chronic ill-treatment and abuses to obtain dowry, weird sexual acts, and so on, are included cruelty.

3. Desertion.

The abandoned spouse can launch a divorce action on the grounds of desertion if one of the spouses intentionally abandons his or her partner for at least two years.

4. Mental Disorder.

Mental disorder can be used as a basis for divorce if the petitioner’s spouse suffers from an incurable mental illness or insanity, making it impossible for the couple to stay together.

5. Leprosy.

The other spouse can bring a petition based on this reason if the other spouse has a ‘virulent and incurable’ form of leprosy.

6. Venereal Disease.

If one of the spouses has a serious disease that is easily transmissible, the other spouse can file for divorce. AIDS and other sexually transmitted diseases are classified as venereal diseases.

7. Renunciation.

If one spouse joins a religious order and renounces all belongings, the other spouse is eligible to divorce.

8. Presumption of Death.

If the spouse has not been heard of as being alive for at least seven years by those who would have heard about him or her if he or she were alive, the spouse who is living can obtain a divorce decision from the court.

My Opinion

Marriage is a lifelong Commitment that is necessary for society’s establishment structure to function. When Children are involved in a divorce, the decision becomes much more difficult, which is why both couples must make restitution. Marriage is a major life decision that should be carefully considered. To make the relationship flourish, more efforts should be taken other than getting divorce.

Celebrating 75th Independence Day of India

by Yogiraj Sadaphal

“One individual may die for an idea, but that idea will, after his death, incarnate itself in a thousand lives.”

– Netaji Subhash Chandra Bose

On August 15, 2021, India will commemorate the 75th anniversary of its independence from British dominion with the traditional pride. This year, the theme of the celebrations would be ‘Nation First, Always First’. Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi headed the Indian independence movement, which began during World War I. India gained independence on August 15, 1947, after nearly 200 years under British rule.

History of India’s Independence.

The British East India Company took control of the subcontinent in 1757, marking the beginning of British rule in India. In 1857-58, the firm met its first major resistance from Indians, which is known as India’s first struggle of independence. The East India Company was replaced by direct British Crown rule after nearly a century of rule.

Later, the Indian freedom movement again transformed into a mass struggle in early 20th century. On July 4, 1947, the Indian Independence Bill was introduced in the British House of Commons and approved in less than a fortnight. It stated that British authority in India would end on August 15, 1947. Following the partition of India and Pakistan, India became a free country.

Importance of Indian Tricolor Flag.

Any country’s national flag is not just a representation of the state, but also of its residents’ identities and ambitions. It is unique to the place and its inhabitants, representing the country’s beliefs, hardships, and ideals. The Indian tricolor flag, which has served as a source of motivation and inspiration to Indians both within the country and beyond the world, is also a symbol of patriotism and solidarity amid the country’s different communities and geography. Despite the fact that it inspires a sense of national belonging and pride in every citizen, regardless of caste, creed, sex, or status, the flag is often neglected by the public.

Significance of India’s Independence Day.

The significance of India’s Independence Day is that it serves as a reminder of the sacrifices made by numerous freedom fighters in order to achieve independence from British control. It is a national holiday that is traditionally marked with the raising of the tricolor, parades, and cultural events across the country. On August 15, 1947, India’s first Prime Minister, Jawaharlal Nehru, raised the Indian national flag atop the Red Fort’s Lahori Gate in Delhi. It is a tradition that the current Prime Minister has continued, followed by a speech to the country.

Rare facts about India’s Independence Day.

1. Nobel laureate Rabindranath Tagore‘s song “Bharoto Bhagyo Bidhata” was renamed “Jana Gana Mana” and approved by the Constituent Assembly of India as the national anthem on January 24, 1950.

2. On August 7, 1906, at Parsee Bagan Square in Kolkata, the Indian national flag was raised with three horizontal stripes of red, yellow, and green. In 1921, freedom warrior Pingali Venkayya created the first design of India’s present national flag. On July 22, 1947, the current flag, with saffron, white, and green colors with the Ashok Chakra in the center, was officially adopted and hoisted.

3. Five other countries celebrate their independence on August 15 along with India. They are Bahrain, North Korea, South Korea and Liechtenstein.

4. Goa remained a Portuguese colony even after India’s independence. It was only in 1961 that the Indian Army conquered it to India. As a result, Goa was the last state to join India.

5. The flag shall be rectangular in shape with length to height (width) in the ratio of 3:2.

Fixing Homemakers’ Notional Income Will Recognize Their Work and Sacrifice.

by Yogiraj Sadaphal

” The Homemaker has the ultimate career. All other careers exist for one purpose only and that is to support the ultimate career.”

– C.S Lewis.

In Indian society, homemakers’ contributions to the growth of their homes but unfortunately they are being underestimated economically. Many in this patriarchal system argue that women “fit” the job of housewife and that it is therefore unnecessary to recognize their contributions. However, times have changed, and several laws and judgments in favor of treating persons of different sexes equally have been passed. However, the contribution provided by different groups of people on both the micro- and macro-economic scales was not recognized.

Surprisingly, it took an entirely different statute to recognize a homemaker’s economic contribution to society. This isn’t the first time a notional income has been calculated, but the accuracy with which the instant conclusion was reached deserves praise.

The Supreme Court of India recently recognized the importance of estimating a homemaker’s notional income for granting compensation under the Motor Vehicles Act, 1988 in Kirti and Anr. v. Oriental Insurance Company case. When determining compensation, a variety of criteria are considered, including the recipient’s age and income, the number of surviving dependents, future earning possibilities, and so on. Three children were left behind by the deceased couple in this case. The Motor Accident Claims Tribunal had given a compensation of Rs 46 lakh, which was challenged in the Delhi High Court, and the amount was reduced by almost 50% and fixed at Rs 22 lakh. The judgement was then appealed all the way to the Supreme Court. The courts have often concluded that the compensation awarded must always be just, fair, and reasonable, and that it must be controlled by equity principles, with the family’s quality of living taken into account.

In a separate concurrent ruling, Justice N V Ramana delivered a well-reasoned decision on the issue of the housewife’s notional income and the computation of future prospects. It is undoubtedly difficult to arrive at a fair pay based on the fictitious income. However, the court is faced with such challenges, particularly in circumstances when the victim is considered non-working. For example, in M R Krishna Murthi v. New India Assurance Co. Ltd., the court considered a student’s academic ability, course of study, and family background when determining his or her notional income.

It was previously held in Arun Kumar Agrawal v. National Insurance Co. Ltd that “In India, the courts have recognized that the contribution provided by the woman to the house is precious and cannot be quantified in terms of money, the wife’s selfless services of sincere love and affection to her children and husband, as well as managing the household matters, cannot be compared to those provided by others. It is impossible to place a monetary value on the services provided by the wife/mother to the family. However, some monetary estimate of the services of the housewife/mother must be provided for the purpose of awarding compensation to the dependents.” According to the statistical analysis presented in the current judgement, the majority of women spend the majority of their time doing unpaid home chores, and the verdict also highlights the gender disparity in this regard.

The most important point is the fact that such work is “accepted.” This will lead to a broader shift in people’s mindsets in order to reinforce what social equality really means, which is an important aspect of a civilized society with a legal framework in place .Obviously, the amount of compensation based on fictitious income varies from case to case, and there is no method for calculating it. However, recognizing efforts not just within the household, but also on a broader level of contribution to GDP, is a step in the right direction.

Reference:-

https://www.newindianexpress.com/opinions/2021/jan/19/the-economic-value-of-a-homemakers-contribution-2252034.html

Is there a 3rd wave of Covid-19 on the way?

by Yogiraj Sadaphal

Don’t lose hope. When the sun goes down, the stars come out.

Officials and Health Authorities are now constantly alerting people about the likelihood of a third wave of Coronavirus infections, after failing to sufficiently prepare for the second wave whereas Principal Scientific Advisor K Vijay Raghavan calling the third wave “inevitable”.

What exactly is a wave?

There is no textbook definition of what comprises a wave. The phrase is used in a broad sense to describe the rising and falling variations in infection rates throughout time. The growth curve has the appearance of a wave. Historically, the term “wave” was used to describe the disease’s periodicity.

Covid-19 has been running nonstop for the past year and a half, but there have been periods of rise followed by a relative slowdown in every location. So far in India, there have been two different phases of growth, each separated by a long severe recession. For example, Delhi has been hit by four waves so far. Even before the current wave, its development curve featured three clear peaks, whereas growth curves other states like Rajasthan and Madhya Pradesh were considerably more diffused until February, without a sharp apex. In such a case, identifying different waves would be challenging.

So, if a 3rd  wave occurs, how would one recognize it?

The third wave, which is now being discussed, relates to a prospective increase in national cases. After peaking on May 6, the national curve presently appears to be on a downward trend. The daily case count has declined to around 2.6 lakh from a high of 4.14 lakh in the last two weeks, while the number of active cases has dropped to 32.25 lakh from a high of 37.45 lakh. If there is a huge influx after that, it will be considered as the third wave if it lasts for a few weeks or months.

Will the 3rd Wave be Stronger?

There has been rumors that the third wave will be even more powerful than the second. This, on the other hand, isn’t something that can be expected. Every new wave is typically predicted to be weaker than the previous one. This is because the virus has a relatively free run once it arises, given that the entire population is vulnerable. There would be significantly less vulnerable people in future instances since some of them would have developed immunity.

Only a small percentage of the population had been infected when the number of infections began to decline in India after mid-September last year. Given that such a high fraction of the population was still susceptible, there was no reason for the disease’s spread to have slowed. The causes for the five-month continuous decrease in occurrences in India are yet unknown.

Because the second wave was predicted to be weaker than the first, many people believed the pandemic was coming to an end. With the hard lessons learned, there are now predictions that the third wave will be even more powerful. That, however, may not be the case. During the second wave of infection, substantially more persons were infected than during the first wave. The unconfirmed illnesses — those who were never tested — are projected to be enormous, with the positivity rate nearly four times that of the first wave. Vaccination would also provide immunity to a substantial percentage of the population.

Is it Unavoidable?

The chance of a third wave exists. It will almost certainly happen, however neither the scope nor the date can be foreseen. However, it is not unavoidable. It’s also likely that the new wave will be significantly smaller than the previous one, causing less suffering and allowing for more efficient management.

Bank Fraud and it’s Types.

by Yogiraj Sadaphal

Fraud is defined as any dishonest act or behavior that allows or intended for one individual to obtain an unfair advantage over another. Fraud leads the victim to lose money, either directly or indirectly. The Indian Penal Code does not precisely define or discuss fraud, however it does have sections dealing with cheating. The topics of concealment, forgery, counterfeiting, and violation of trust have been discussed, all of which lead to fraud.

Banking fraud accounts for a sizable portion of the white-collar crimes investigated by the authorities. Unlike typical thefts and robberies, the money stolen in these crimes is in the millions and crores of rupees. In many countries, bank fraud is defined as attempting to obtain property or money from a federally insured financial institution.

Types of Bank Fraud:-

1. Accounting fraud:-

Some firms have been known to use false bookkeeping to overestimate sales and income, inflate the value of the company’s assets, or report a profit when the company is operating at a loss in order to disguise major financial problems. In a final attempt to obstruct justice, these manipulated records are used to seek investment in the company’s bond or security issues, or to submit fake loan applications.

2. Demand Draft Fraud:-

Employees take a few DD leaves or DD books from the stock and write them in the same way as a regular DD. They understand the coding and punching of a demand draught since they are insiders. These forged demand draft are frequently made payable to a distant city and thus do not debit a bank account. At the payable branch, the drafts is cashed. By the time the money is gone, the fraud is only found when the bank’s main office undertakes the branch-by-branch reconciliation, which generally takes six months.

3. Check Fraud:-

Remotely created checks are checks that the payee creates and the client authorizes via the phone or the internet by supplying the relevant information, including the MICR code from a valid check. Unlike regular cheques, they do not bear the signatures of the clients. Instead, they have the legend “Authorized by Drawer” on them.

4. Loan Fraud:-

Accounting fraud can lead to loan fraud, however this type of fraud isn’t restricted to companies providing false information on loan applications. Loan fraud occurs when people provide fraudulent information in order to get a loan. Another sort of loan fraud is when a thief steals someone’s identity and applies for a loan in their name.

5. Card Skimming:-

Card skimming is a sort of bank fraud in which criminals utilize a small electronic device known as a skimmer to obtain card information. The skimmer is often inserted in a ATM machine. When you swipe your credit or debit card through a skimmer, the gadget gathers and retains vital information from the magnetic strip. Fraudsters copy this information to the magnetic strip of a blank card and use it to steal money from your bank account.

6. Phishing:-

You may have received an email stating that you are eligible for an interest-free loan, that you may get a loan without a credit check, and so forth. However, none of these emails are real. These emails are called phishing mails. The purpose of sending these emails is to steal bank account information. Many consumers assume these emails are authentic and supply their banking information, but they eventually lose their money.

7. Vishing:-

Vishing is also called voice phishing. In this scam, scammers act as representatives of a reputable organization and seek for personal banking information. They steal money from your bank account after gathering your personal financial details.

Government’s step to curb Bank Fraud.

1. The Fugitive Economic Offenders Act of 2018 was enacted to prevent economic offenders from avoiding Indian law by residing outside of Indian courts’ jurisdiction. The statute allows for the attachment of a fugitive economic offender’s property, confiscation of such property, and the denial of the offender’s right to defend any civil action.

2. PSBs have been advised to obtain certified copies of the passports of the directors and other authorized signatories of companies seeking loan facilities of more than Rs. 50 crore, to decide on publishing photographs of willful defaulters in accordance with RBI instructions and as per their Board-approved policy, and to strictly ensure rotational transfer of officials/employees.

3. The National Financial Reporting Authority was established by the government as an independent authority to enforce auditing requirements and ensure the quality of audits.

Is Black Money black in color ?

by Yogiraj Sadaphal

Of course not, we can’t tell if a money is lawful or not just by looking at it. All earnings acquired through illicit activities and otherwise legal income that is not recorded for tax purposes are referred to as “black money.” The proceeds of black money are frequently received in cash from illegal economic activity and are therefore not taxed. Increased amounts of black money in the economy are frequently associated with a rise in corruption.

How Black Money Works :-

Consider a store that only accepts cash and does not provide receipts to its consumers because it would not pay tax on unrecorded purchases, that store is transacting in black money. Consider another the case of a property buyer who pays Rs. 20, 00,000 for a piece of land. There is a Rs. 5, 00,000 black money transaction if the buyer merely discloses 15, 00,000 on the books and pays 5, 00,000 under the table.

 Effects of Black Money :-

1. The government’s deficit rises because black money consumes a portion of the tax. The government must balance the deficit by raising taxes, reducing subsidies, and borrowing more money. Borrowing increases the government’s debt by adding to the interest load. If the government is unable to balance the budget, it would have to cut spending, which will have a negative impact on development.

2. Higher inflation results from the flow of unaccounted black money into the economy, which disproportionately affects the poor. It also widens the gap between the rich and the poor.

3. Black money is commonly kept in the form of gold, immovable property, and other hidden assets. Such money does not enter the main economy and, as a result, is mostly out of circulation. The black money keeps circulating among the wealthy and creates more opportunities for them.

4. When the government uses progressive direct taxation to ensure that the tax burden is distributed fairly, tax evasion and the creation of black money undermine the concept of social justice by preventing the desired reduction in income disparities. When illegal activities such as smuggling, for example, cannot be taxed, the government would apply higher taxes on legally authorized.

5. Black money is spent lavishly on travels and tours, entertainment, ostentatious products, and the financing of extravagant elections, among other things. This has also resulted in the many societal ills and a degradation of common people’s life values.

6. The presence of black money has shifted the market’s choice coefficients in favor of luxury, resulting in the diversification of productive resources from essential to non-essential commodities.

7. The consumption pattern is biased in favor of the rich and elite, at the expense of encouraging the production of bulk goods. A rise in overall consumption means fewer resources are available for investment in priority sectors, which has a negative effect on growth.

Government Initiatives to curb Black Money.

1. Black Money Declaration Scheme 2017 –

This scheme was launched by the government headed by PM Modi. This scheme allowed black money hoarders to declare all of their illegal earnings and gave them till March 31, 2017 to do so. Everyone was permitted to report their illegal earnings to the bank or the post office. It was also stated that one must pay a total of 49.90 % of the total unaccounted income in tax, surcharge, and penalty. A 25% of the unaccounted income was to be deposited in the Pradhan Mantri Garib Kalyan Yojana.

2. Demonetization – 

This was one of the most significant steps made by Prime Minister Narendra Modi’s government to combat black money in the country. The central government announced the demonetization of the Rs 500 and Rs 1000 notes and the introduction of new Rs 500 and Rs 2000 notes on November 8, 2016. The government took this step as a result of the country’s economy falling behind that of the rest of the world, as well as to combat different terrorist activities that had arisen in the country.

3. Linking Bank Accounts with Aadhaar & Pan –

The government launched the linkage of Aadhaar and Pan cards so that it could keep track of each person’s accounts and even their bank statements, giving the government a source to know how much a citizen earns and how much he pays in taxes. Though this strategy plays a significant role in the removal of fake bank accounts. This system can also be used to track suspicious transactions involving large sums of money.

4. Benami Transactions (Prohibition) Amendment Act, 2016 –

This law prohibits Benami transactions and provides for the confiscation of Benami assets. In 2016, the legislation was amended to provide that if a person is found guilty of a benami transaction offence by a court, he would be sentenced to jail for a period 1 year which may extend to a maximum of 7 years. In addition, the person will be responsible for a fine of up to 25% of the property’s exact market value.

5. New Benami Transactions Informants Reward Scheme, 2018 –

The Income Tax Department has launched this initiative in order to encourage widespread participation of people to fight against black money in the economy. Under this plan, the informant will be paid up to Rs one crore if he provides relevant details to the Joint or Additional Commissioners of Benami Prohibition Units (BPUs) of the Income Tax Department’s Investigation Directorates.

No Girl – No Mother – No Life.

by Yogiraj Sadaphal

In India, Gender Discrimination has existed for a long time. Even now, there are some sections of Indian Society who regard the girl child as a burden. Girls are generally constrained to the boundaries of the house and given very few or no opportunities to study and grow in life, whereas boys are given a number of advantages. Cases of Female Infanticide continue to be documented, which is a great shame. According to the 2011 census, India has just 918 females for every 1000 boys.

Only Equality helps Nation to Grow.

It is impossible to overlook the fact that the progress of our country is intimately connected to the advancement of women. This is why, in order to improve women’s lives, crime against women should be eliminated and stricter laws enacted. The government should create a strong framework to prevent members of all socioeconomic classes from degrading women in any way. Only better legislation can aid in the advancement of women’s rights in our country. It is important to remember that the future of our country depends on educating and protecting the girl child.

What Girls Can Do?

Despite the fact that girls outshine boys in many fields, parents still prefer a boy child. Girls have proven to be superior to boys in every field. They have also been to space as a result of their hard work and dedication. They are more capable, obedient, hardworking, and accountable for their families and lives. Girls, on the other hand, are more devoted and loving toward their parents. Above all, they put up their best effort in all of their projects.

Here are some of India’s finest achievements by women.

• Pratibha Patil – First Women President

• Kiran Bedi – First women IPS officer of India.

• Kalpana Chawla – First women of India to reach space.

• Anna Chandy – First female judge.

• Fatima Beevi – First female judge of Supreme Court.

• Gita Gopinath – First Indian women appointed as Chief Economist at IMF.

• Avani Chaturvedi – First Indian women fighter pilot to fly solo.

• Mithali Raj – First women to score double 100 in test cricket.

• Arunima Sinha – First Indian female amputee to climb Mountains Everest.

As you can see from the examples above, today’s girls are surpassing their male colleagues in every subject, including science, technology, games, astronautics, adventure, and politics. In our society, daughters hold the same value as sons. They should not be deprived of their freedom and liberties.

The Indian Government has taken the following steps to protect Girl child.

The government has made numerous efforts and launched numerous campaigns to rescue girl child. Save the girl child (Beti Bachao, Beti Padhao) is the government’s most current program to aggressively encourage people to save the girl child. Aside from that, a variety of NGOs, enterprises, corporate groupings, and human rights commissions organize campaigns to save girl children.

Crime against women is a major hindrance to the country’s development and growth. The government, on the other hand, takes this issue seriously and has banned sex determination ultrasound, amniocentesis, and scan testing in hospitals and labs in order to prevent female feticide.

It is necessary to change the patriarchal Indian society’s traditional mindset, which regards girls as liabilities. It must be shown that girls are not inferior to boys in any way. They have the potential to excel in several areas of life if given the proper opportunities to develop their talent and skills.

Why Sports are important for our Life.

by Yogiraj Sadaphal

“Continuous effort — not strength or intelligence — is the key to unlocking our potential”.

                      – Liane Cardes

Playing sports can help children develop strong bones, cardiovascular systems, and lungs. Athletes for youngsters also develop motor skills and cognitive abilities. According to the United Nations, being physically active as a child makes adult sports more likely to support lifelong health.

Following points will help you to understand why sports are important for a healthy life.

1. Decreasing Hypertension.

Hypertension, often known as high blood pressure, is a major health concern for people all over the world. Hypertension can lead to a stroke or other serious health problems. Regular exercise and physical activity can help maintain healthy blood pressure level. Sports give you with all of the necessary stretching, jogging, and exercise. As a result, participating in sports can be a beneficial approach to manage high blood pressure.

2. Helps to Reduce Cholesterol Level.

Exercise contributes in the maintenance of a healthy cholesterol level. Multiple studies have shown that those who engage in a high amount of physical exercise had lower cholesterol levels than those who have an unhealthy lifestyle. Maintaining a healthy cholesterol level necessitates regular physical activity.

3. Getting Perfectly Shaped Body.

Obesity affects millions of people all over the world. Obesity raises the risk of hypertension and cardiovascular disease. Participating in sports is one of the most effective strategies to lose weight. The majority of sports are high-intensity physical exercises that quickly and effectively burn calories. Participating in sports is an excellent approach to lose weight and get your desired body shape.

4. Helps to improve blood circulation.

Running or participating in other physical activity keeps the body well-oxygenated. As a result, you’ll be healthier and more active. Being physically active may also help to raise hemoglobin levels and blood volume. When you play, your heart begins to beat quicker, putting an additional strain on your heart muscles. This additional strain strengthens your cardiac muscles, which improves blood flow overall.

P. V Sindhu

5. Helps to Gain Strong and Toned Muscles.

You tone your muscles and train them to work together when you participate in sports. It’s referred to as neuromuscular programming. As you play, your muscles become far more powerful. Playing sports allows you to increase lean muscle mass even while burning fat. If you want a perfectly lean body with shredded six-packs and muscles, this field might prove to be more helpful than the gym.

6. Strengthen your Immunity.

Many diseases become resistant to your body. The rate of flow of white blood cells is greatly increased by exercise. Toxins are removed from your body when you sweat while participating in sports. Bacterial growth is also inhibited by a rise in body temperature. As a result, your immunity will improve.

7. Strengthen bones.

Participating in sports strengthens not only your muscles but also your bones. High-power, high-strength motions impose stress on your bones during sports; this, in turn, promotes bone density, resulting in stronger bones. Running while playing, for example, places an increased strain or stress on your bones compared to usual walking. The bones adjust by becoming denser in order to handle the higher loading stress. Because of the constant stress, if you continue to participate in sports, your bones will become stronger and denser.

8. Sharpening and Strengthening your Mind.

Sports are enjoyable to participate in and provide mental stimulation. Being successful in athletics makes you feel good about yourself and gives you a sense of accomplishment. Playing team sports also improves your ability to strategize. You learn to make rapid and spontaneous decisions through athletics. This ability to make quick decisions is extremely useful in everyday life. Sports also educate you to be calm and think clearly. They teach you how to make decisions under pressure without panicking or becoming anxious.

Different Sports have Different Benefits :-

Some sports have been related to particular health benefits. For example, Bowling can aid in the development of bone density due to the regular heavy lifting. Volleyball players had better hand-eye coordination and flexibility than non-players. Ping-pong also helps players increase hand-eye coordination, while also promoting better brain health because of the fast thinking involved.

8 Reasons why water is important for our body.

By Yogiraj Sadaphal

A river seems a magic thing. A magic, moving, living part of the very earth itself “.

Laura Gilpin

Water makes up 60-75 percent of a person’s weight. Dehydration can occur with a loss of merely 4% of total body water, and a loss of 15% can be fatal. Similarly, a human may go a month without eating but not more than three days without water.

Reasons of drink water are :-

1. It keeps your body temperature in check.

It’s critical to stay hydrated in order to keep your body temperature stable. During physical exercise and in heated situations, your body loses water through sweat. Sweat keeps your body cool, but if you don’t replace the water you lose, your body temperature will rise.

2. It helps excrete waste through perspiration, urination, and defecation.

To have good bowel and avoid constipation, you also need enough water in your system. Your kidneys are also responsible for removing waste from your body through urination. Adequate water intake aids in the proper functioning of your kidneys and the prevention of kidney stones.

3. It helps maximize physical performance.

During physical activity, it is important to drink plenty of water. During physical activity, athletes can sweat up to 6% to 10% of their body weight Trusted Source. Your strength, power, and endurance are all affected by hydration. Exercise in the heat without adequate hydration can result in dangerous medical issues such as low blood pressure and hyperthermia.

4. It helps in digestion.

Experts affirm that drinking water before, during, and after a meal will assist your body break down the food you eat more easily. The body adapts to variations in the consistency of food and stomach contents, whether they are more solid or liquid.

A Glass Of Water

5. It aids in the absorption of nutrients.

Water not only aids in the digestion of food, but it also aids in the dissolution of vitamins, minerals, and other nutrients. The vitamin components are subsequently delivered to the rest of your body for usage.

6.  It helps you lose weight.

Drinking water has been connected to body fat decrease and weight loss in both overweight girls as well as boys. While dieting and exercising, drinking more water may help you shed some pounds.

7. It enhances the flow of oxygen in the blood.

Water transports essential nutrients and oxygen throughout the body. Maintaining your daily water requirements will improve your circulation and benefit your overall health.

8. It makes you feel better.

Water deficiency can also have a negative impact on your mood. Dehydration can cause fatigue, confusion, and even anxiety.

Do you know these fact of Olympics Games

By – Yogiraj Sadaphal

“The most important thing in the Olympic Games is not winning but taking part; the essential thing in life is not conquering but fighting well.”

                              – Pierre de Coubertin

Ancient Olympics Games.

There were lots of stories about the origin of Ancient Olympic Games. The word Olympic is derived from Olympia a valley, where first such games were organized. The ancient Olympic Games were primarily held in honor of Zeus, the father of the Greek gods and goddesses, as part of a religious festival. Olympia hosted both the festival and the games. The athletes were all male citizens of the city-states from every corner of the Greek world. The olive wreath was the prize for the winner at the Ancient Olympic Games.

Modern Olympic Games.

Baron Pierre de Coubertin of France is credited with reviving modern Olympic Games. The first Modern Olympic Games were held in Athens in 1896, thanks to his tireless efforts. The First Olympic Games featured nine countries. Medals are awarded in three categories: gold, silver, and bronze, for first, second, and third place, respectively.

Olympic Flag

Rings in Olympic flag:-

The symbol was originally created in 1913 by Coubertin. The Olympic flag has a white background, with 5 interlaced rings in the center i.e. Blue, Yellow, Black, Green and Red which represent different continents of the world. It represent the universality and the spirit of Olympism.

Blue Ring represent – European continent.

Yellow Ring – Asia continent.

Black Ring – Africa continent.

Green Ring – Australia continent.

Red Ring – America continent.

Objectives of Olympics:-

1. To develop personality, characters, citizenship among nations.

2.To pay attention towards  physical  education  and  sports  Competitions among countries.

3. To develop International fraternity and peace.

Organizations for Olympics:-

International Olympic Committee (IOC):–

It is the top body in charge of the Olympic Games. With the help of Baron de Coubertin, it was founded during the International Athletic Congress, which took place in Paris on June 25, 1894. The Headquarter of IOC are located in Lausanne (Switzerland).

Indian Olympic Association (IOA) :–

Dorabji Tata was the founding president of the Indian Olympic Association (IOA), which was founded in 1927. The International Olympic Committee is linked with the Indian Olympic Association. The executive board of the Indian Olympic Association is comprised of members such as the president, vice president, secretary, joint-secretary, treasurer, state Olympic associations, and national federation representatives.

Till now, in the history of India’s Olympics Medals, India won 7 medals which contains 1 Gold, 2 Silver & 4 Bronze in Tokyo Olympic Games 2020 which is more than the previous one. I hope India’s athletics will made India proud by their dedication and enthusiasm towards their games.

Book Review – One Arranged Marriage Murder by Chetan Bhagat

By – Yogiraj Sadaphal

About Author

Chetan Bhagat is the author of nine bestselling novels which have sold over twelve million copies and have been translated into more than twenty language worldwide. The New York Times has called him ‘the biggest selling author in India’s history’. Several of his books have been adapted into films and were major Bollywood blockbusters.

Plot

Keshav and Saurabh are best friends, flat mates. Saurabh has a fiancé Prerna and on the occasion of Karva Chauth, Prerna had a fast and waiting for Saurabh in terrace. But when the Saurabh reaches there he found that Prerna was dead by falling from the terrace. But Saurabh do not believe that it was an accident because he saw Prerna’s phone on the opposite side of the road. He thought it was a murder. He started an investigation as Saurabh and Keshav have a detective agency by the name Z Detective. They first shifted to Prerna’s house as their lease was getting expired in next 2 months. They 1st suspected Aditya, Prerna’s uncle as his room is just below the terrace. They searched Aditya room and found a gloves and Prerna’s engagement ring. When they told about this to Ramesh uncle , Aditya got good scolding from Ramesh uncle but on the next day Aditya found dead in his own room by overdose of drug. After that they were thorn out of the prerna’s house but got to know about Prerna’s family secret that Prerna and Anjali were the daughter of Bindu and they were twins.

As Bindu was not mature enough to feed her children so Ramesh uncle took Prerna and gave Anjali to Geetu. As Saurabh have Prerna’s email account they got to know about Ramesh uncle have taken a loan for their car showroom and wanted money from Prerna but she hadn’t given it to Ramesh uncle. but the twist came in the story when Keshav justify his love for Anjali and told her to meet his all family member and by the time Ramesh uncle had a bail by his political power. When they went to Prerna’s house they said that they got the real culprit  and Ramesh uncle has no need to be in jail. Then Keshav asked Anjali to narrate the entire incident of Prerna’s death as she was the real culprit. Keshav got about it by the love bite in his chest that’s exactly similar to the love bite found in Aditya chest when they saw his deadbody. Then Anjali narrated all incident of terrace on Karva Chauth eve that how she came to the Seattle to Gurgaon and push Prerna from the terrace. She also told that because of difference of her life and Prerna’s life she did this all.

Recommend this book to read

In this story, there may be only one or two things which are quite easy for the readers to get suspicious. I won’t say the crime or investigation will blow your mind but you will definitely enjoy reading it and framing of the crime is well enough. I personally found the sarcastic comments made by Keshav funny and witty. It’s a novel which you wants to complete in just one sitting. If you want to read something written in simple English and which has crime, love, friendship and humour in it, this book will quench your thirst.

Rating: 4/5

Pacing: Medium

Intended audience: Teenagers.

Content warnings: murder, investigation.