India is the second most populous country of the world where children constitute about 39% of the population of the country and, since children are the future of the country hence, their education is of primary importance for any every nation. Early childhood days are the major growth years of a child. These are the most critical years in a child’s life.
During this time the brain is at its peak development stage and determine a child’s development over the course of their lives. At this time a child develops cognitive, physical, social, and emotional skills. Early childhood education is a basis to define a healthy and a fruitful life to children it also aims to develop basic life skills in children to lay a foundation of lifelong learning and success. It also helps a child to develop efficient motor skills. Team working skill is one of the most important assets of an individual’s holistic development and education teaches a child the value and importance of team work. The skill is useful throughout formal education, in personal relationships, and in the workforce. Hence, it is crucial to ensure that children develop skills early in their childhood. Early childhood education programmes ensure that children develop the curiosity to learn. Sharing with others is the core of any relationship and peaceful society. Early childhood education enables a child to learn how to share their things so they can develop strong friendships with other children. Humans are social beings. They need to develop healthy relationships in order to live a fruitful life. Early childhood education ensures children learn how to socialize with other children of their age, with people outside of their immediate family and develop the skills to successfully socialize with people later on in their lives. More children and adolescents today are enrolled in pre-primary, primary and secondary education than ever before because now the people are much more advanced and aware about the importance of education. Examinations and assignments are encouraged by them as tools to assess the capability of the students. Whether a child was knowledgeable or not depended on the marks he/she scored. There are various reasons behind the improper education to the girl child-like indifference in attitudes and practices against girl child including their health, and well-being, illiterate parents and guardians who have little or no awareness of the importance of education and most importantly financial constraints of various types etc. The importance of the role of women in the society cannot be overlooked but still instead of children going to the schools they are seen instead working as domestic servants or in the factories. There are various NGOs that work for the education of the children likeSave The Children CRY ie. child rights and you. It has undertaken a lot of initiatives to improve the condition of underprivileged children one of them being Mission Education’ to make sure that ‘education is every child’s right and that proper education reaches to more children in every new academic year, Barefoot College India trains local community people into teachers, specialized professionals in other fields and has initiated many educational efforts for children, Pratham comprises of civil servants, PhDs, social workers, educationists and many other educated personnel who are working for a common dream of developing the future of children of the country. With an aim to offer every child their fundamental right to education etc. Education makes us capable of interpreting things, among other things. It is not just about lessons in textbooks. It is about the lessons of life.