Procrastination is the action of unnecessarily and voluntarily delaying or postponing something despite knowing that there will be negative consequences for doing so. The word has origin from the Latin procrastinatus, which itself evolved from the prefix pro-, meaning “forward,” and crastinus, meaning “of tomorrow.”
In simple words, procrastination is the delaying or postponing something. For example, if someone has a week to finish an assignment, but they keep postponing it until right before the deadline, despite the fact that they intended to work on it earlier, that person is procrastinating.
WHAT CAUSES PROCRASTINATION ?
People usually procrastinate as they are afraid of failing at the task they need to complete. This fear of failure can promote procrastination. They pursue perfectionism the fear of doing less than perfect. Also there is another reason, they might feel disorganized.
In a study of procrastination, Joseph R. Ferrari, PhD, the leading researcher, reveals how the behavior is more like a form of self-sabotage. Demotivating psychological factors, such as fear of failure or anxiety, outweigh self-control to get something done.
Sometimes we procrastinate as we get pressurized. Fear of criticism, low self-esteem, task aversion, trouble focusing, discussion fatigue, lack of energy and resisting challenges. Procrastination prevents you from reaching your full potential.
Perfectionists tend to develop an “all or nothing” approach. It’s either great or terrible, I’m either smart or stupid approach should be avoided. Making mistakes is far better than not doing something altogether. You might not get a 10/10, but by making an attempt, you still move past the point of doing nothing at all. Go for “enough” or what is “necessary” instead of the big, embellished vision.
Get organized by making a to-do list, establish a routine. Thing might might huge, in that case break and conquer. Break the tasks into small tasks and then conquer it. Reward yourself after completing a task with simple things. Take control of the environment and situation.
Distraction also promotes procrastination, minimize the distractions. Schedule, set aside time for tasks. Switch off the mobile phones, or stay away from distracting media apps. Multitasking after procrastination often tires us. Avoid multitasking. Breaks are important to avoid burn outs, take quick breaks in between tasks. Usage of visual reminders can help us keep our vision clear.
When you consistently decide to push your important work until later, and instead focus on low-value, “fast and easy” tasks like email, you end up with days adding up to weeks and months that are busy but not productive.
APPS TO FIGHT PROCRASTINATION
Toggl track is an app that allows us to track how much time we spend working on each task. When we press start the timer runs. After you’re done with the task, or you need a break, press stop and the work period is recorded. If you’ve labeled and color-coded your projects, you can see exactly where your time went this week.
Brainfm plays music to help you focus when you are working or studying. Using the app is as simple as opening it up and tapping on the “listening mode” that you want, and the music starts playing. You have options for Focus, Sleep, Recharge, and Meditation.
Offtime great way to deal with those is too set up a system that blocks all interruptions on your phone — Offtime does this brilliantly. You can enable/disable texts and calls.