The greatest emperor in the Vijayanagar empire’s history was Krishnadevaraya(17 January 1471-17 October 1529). He presided over the Tuluva Dynasty as its third king. By overthrowing the sultans of Bijapur, Golconda, the Bahmani Sultanate, and the Gajapatis of Odisha, he rose to power. Of all the Hindu kings of India, he was one of the most powerful.

Early life:

Tuluva Narasa Nayaka and Nagamamba, his queen, were the parents of Krishna Deva Raya. Saluva Narasimha Deva Raya’s army was commanded by Tuluva Narasa Nayaka, who eventually assumed leadership to stop the Vijayanagara Empire from collapsing and founded the Tuluva dynasty. He wed Tirumala Devi, the princess of Srirangapatna, and Chinna Devi, a well-known dancer from Kodagu who served as his royal dancer. [Needs citation] He was the father of Tirumala Raya, Vengalamba, and Tirumalamba (all descended from Tirumala Devi) (from Tirumala Devi). His daughters were wed to Vijayanagara princes Prince Tirumala Deva Raya and Prince Aliya Rama Raya. [Needs citation]

Sri Krishna Devaraya War With kalinga History:

Bengal, the Andhra region, and Odisha were all part of the huge empire that the Gajapatis of Odisha ruled. The Gajapati Raja Prataparudra Deva controlled the coastal Andhra region, and Krishna Deva Raya’s victory at Ummatur gave him the motivation he needed to expand his campaign there. In 1512, the Udayagiri fort was under siege by the Vijayanagar army. The Gajapati army was starved to death during the campaign, which lasted a year. Afterwards, along with his wives Tirumala Devi and Chinnama Devi, Krishna Deva Raya offered prayers at Tirupati. The Gajapati force was then confronted at Kondaveedu, where the Vijayanagara armies, following a few months of establishing a siege, started to retire because of significant fatalities. After that, Timmarusu found a hidden access to the unprotected eastern gate of thefort and launched a nighttime assault that resulted in the fort’s capture and the detention of Prince Virabhadra, the Prataparudra Deva’s son. Krishandevaraya planned to invade Kalinga, but Prataparudra learned of this and devised his own strategy to overthrow Krishandevaraya and the Vijayanagara Empire at the fort of Kalinganagar. Vasireddy Mallikharjuna Nayak then succeeded him as governor of Kondaveedu. But, cunning Timmarusu learned of Prataparudra’s scheme by buying off a Telugu who had left Prataparudra’s service. Prataprudra was pushed to Cuttack, the Gajapati Kingdom’s capital, when the Vijayanagara Empire finally invaded. In the end, Prataparudra submitted to the Vijayanagara Empire and delivered his daughter, Princess Jaganmohini, to Sri Krishnadevaraya as his bride. The entire territory owned by the Vijayanagara Empire was given back by Krishandevaraya.

Achievements of Sri Krishna Devaraya:

The expansion of the Vijayanagara Empire through military conquests, support for the arts and literature, and encouragement of a powerful and stable government are only a few of Krishnadevaraya’s accomplishments. Also, throughout his rule, he constructed numerous temples, irrigation systems, and forts. He was also renowned for his encouragement of poets and scholars, some of whom wrote pieces in his honour.

Achievements of Sri Krishna Devaraya as Author:

Krishna Deva Raya wrote Amukthamalyadha in Telugu and Jambavati Kalyanam and Ushaparinayam in Sanskrit. Most of the south Indian temples were renovated by him.

Ashtadiggajas Of Sri Krishna Devaraya:

Eight court poets were called Ashtadiggajas. They are Allasani Peddana, Pingali Surana , Madayyagari Mallana, Dhurjati, Ramaraja Bhushanudu, Tenali Rama Krishna, and Nandi Thimmana.

Allasani Peddana:

The author of the epochal tale “Manu Charitra” is Allasani Peddana. The Telugu literary monument “Manu Charitra” by the poet Allasani Peddana, who lived in the first half of the sixteenth century, is a potent representation of the imperial culture of Vijayanagara, the final of the major premodern south Indian nations.

Pingali surana:

Pingali surana was one of the poet in Ashtadiggajas of sri krishna devaraya. Surana wrote Garuda Puranam, Prabhavatee Pradyumnamu, Raghava Pandaveeyam and Kalapurnodayam

Madayyagari Mallana:

Mallana was a Telugu poet and one of the Ashtadiggajas in the court of the king Krishna devaraya.He wrote the famous Book Rajashekara Charitra.


Dhurjati wrote the Kalahastiswara Shatakam. Telugu poet Dhurjati served the monarch Krishnadevaraya at his court.

Ramaraja Bhushanudu:

Telugu poet Ramarajabhushanudu, better known as Bhattumurthi, was also a well-known musician. In the court of Krishnadevaraya of the Vijayanagara Kingdom, he was one of the Ashtadiggajas of Sri krishna Devaraya.

Tenali Rama Krishna:

Indian poet, philosopher, and thinker Tenali Ramakrishna who was known as “vikatakavi” served as the Vijayanagar king Krishnadevaraya’s personal counsellor.

Nandi Thimmana:

Nandi Thimmana, a Telugu poet , was one of the Astadiggajas at the court of King Krishnadevaraya. Because of his well-known poetry on a woman’s nose, he is frequently referred to as Mukku Thimmana