Electrical engineering is an engineering discipline concerned with the study, design, and application of equipment, devices, and systems which use electricity, electronics, and electromagnetism.

What do electrical engineers do?

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Electrical engineers design, develop, test, and supervise the manufacture of electrical equipment, such as electric motors, radar and navigation systems, communications systems, or power generation equipment. Electrical engineers also design the electrical systems of automobiles and aircraft

The future of electrical engineering

Employment of electrical and electronics engineers is projected to grow by 4 percent between now and 2022, because of these professionals’ “versatility in developing and applying emerging technologies,” the BLS says.

The applications for these emerging technologies include studying red electrical flashes, called sprites, which hover above some thunderstorms. Victor Pasko, an electrical engineer at Penn State, and his colleagues have developed a model for how the strange lightning evolves and disappears. 

Another electrical engineer, Andrea Alù, of the University of Texas at Austin, is studying sound waves and has developed a one-way sound machine.”I can listen to you, but you cannot detect me back; you cannot hear my presence,” Alù told Live Science in a 2014 article.

What’s the difference between electrical and electronics engineering?

 The difference between electrical and electronics engineering is often blurred, but it is generally true to say that electrical engineers are concerned mainly with the large-scale production and distribution of electrical power, while electronics engineers focus on much smaller electronic circuits. In an electronics engineering degree, you are likely to develop an expert understanding of the circuits used in computers and other modern technologies, and for this reason electronics engineering is often taught alongside computer science. An electrical or electronics engineering degree will also overlap with mechanical and civil engineering.

Eligibility Criteria for Electrical Engineering

Candidates can pursue Electrical Engineering at diploma, graduate ,postgraduate and doctorate levels. Below mentioned are the eligibility criteria to be fulfilled in order to pursue Electrical Engineering:

CourseEligibility Criteria
DiplomaTo pursue diploma in Electrical Engineering, the candidate must have completed Class 10th with at least 50%  and cleared Diploma Entrance Exam.
UndergraduateMinimum eligibility criteria to pursue Electrical Engineering (BTech) is a Class 12 pass in PCM/PCMB subjects with at least 50% marks in aggregate from a recognised school or university or equivalent
PostgraduateTo pursue Electrical Engineering at postgraduate level, the candidate must have a BTech degree in Electrical Engineering.
DoctorateTo pursue Electrical Engineering at the doctorate level, the candidate must have completed MTech in Electrical Engineering.

Entrance Exams for Electrical Engineering

Admission to BTech/BE/MTech (Electrical Engineering) programmes in most of the institutes are based on entrance exam scores. The popular entrance exams are as follows:


Syllabus for Electrical Engineering 

Some of the core topics in Electrical Engineering course are:

Syllabus of Electrical Engineering 
PhysicsElements of Electrical Engineering
Art of ProgrammingMathematics
Analog Electronic CircuitsNetwork Analysis and Synthesis
Electrical Transducers and MeasurementsICT Tools and Security
DC Machines and TransformersDigital Electronic Circuits
Control System EngineeringEngineering Electromagnetics
Rotating AC MachinesHigh Voltage Engineering
Utilization of Electrical PowerMicroprocessor and Micro controller
Electrical Drives and Traction SystemsTesting, Commissioning and Maintenance of Electrical Equipment
Digital Signal Processors for Electrical EngineeringPower System Protection and Switchgear
Environment and Energy StudiesElectrical Workshop Practices
Thermal and Hydraulic Prime MoversElectrical Engineering Materials
Fundamentals of Electrical Power SystemFundamentals of Power Electronics
Analysis of Electrical Power SystemPower Electronic Converters
Power System Operation and ControlElectrical Machine Design

Top Colleges for Electrical Engineering

Indian Institute of TechnologyChennai
Indian Institute of TechnologyBombay
Indian Institute of TechnologyDelhi
Indian Institute of TechnologyRoorkee
Indian Institute of TechnologyKharagpur
Indian Institute of TechnologyHyderabad
Indian Institute of TechnologyGuwahati
Indian Institute of TechnologyKanpur
National Institute of TechnologyRourkela

Top Job Profiles for Electrical Engineering

Most people relate Electrical Engineering with wires and circuits but it is much more than that. Electrical Engineers are needed not only in the construction or power industry but also in telecommunication, IT, navigation, railways, automobile, architecture, aerospace, defence, etc. From maintaining power grids to supervising research and development of electronic devices and technology to designing circuits for computers, Electrical Engineers are required in various fields.

This branch of Engineering is basically required broadly in two fields: Power and Telecommunication.

Power Engineers: Power Engineers are involved in the generation and transmission of electricity. Their service is sought the most in the automobile industry as they are responsible for designing, manufacturing and maintaining engines and maintaining the flow of power from the engine attached to devices. Power Engineers have specialised skills in microelectronics design and manufacture very small power circuits used in computers and other electronic devices. The average starting salary per annum for Power Engineers is INR 4 lakh and upwards.

Telecommunication Engineers: They mainly work on designing and maintenance of cables. Their service is also sought for the production of receivers and transceivers. The average starting salary of Telecommunication Engineer is INR 4 lakh and upwards. Key roles of an Electrical Engineer are:

  • Designing, manufacturing and operating power plants, industrial machinery, electrical motors, and ignition systems for automobiles, aircraft, space crafts and other types of engines
  • Research and designing improved ways for using electrical power
  • Compute the cost of manufacture, construction and installation of electrical equipment as per specifications

Some of the Electrical Engineering jobs includes:

Control And Instrumentation EngineerElectronics Engineer
Broadcast EngineerElectrical Engineer
Design EngineerNuclear Engineer
ConsultantSystems Analyst


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https://www.livescience.com › Reference