The replication of human intelligence functions by machines, particularly computer systems, is known as artificial intelligence. Expert systems, natural language processing, speech recognition, and machine vision are some examples of specific AI applications.
Purpose of Artificial Intelligence:
Machines may learn from experience, adapt to new inputs, and carry out activities similar to those performed by humans thanks to artificial intelligence (AI). Deep learning and natural language processing are prominently utilised in the majority of AI instances you hear about today, including self-driving vehicles and chess-playing computers.
Father of Artificial Intelligence:
One of the most important figures in the industry was John McCarthy. He is referred to be the “father of artificial intelligence” due to his outstanding contributions to computer science and AI. The term “artificial intelligence” was first used by McCarthy in the 1950s. It is “the science and engineering of creating intelligent machines,” according to his definition.
History of Artificial Intelligence:
The origins of artificial intelligence (AI) can be traced back to ancient myths, tales, and legends of man-made creatures that were given intellect or consciousness by master craftsmen. Philosophers’ attempts to characterise human thought as the mechanical manipulation of symbols laid the groundwork for modern artificial intelligence. The programmable digital computer, a device built on the abstract core of mathematical reasoning, was created as a result of this work in the 1940s. A few scientists were motivated to start seriously debating the viability of creating an electronic brain by this device and the concepts that went into creating it.During a workshop held in the summer of 1956 on the campus of Dartmouth College in the United States, the area of AI research was established. Individuals in attendance would go on to spearhead AI research for many years. Several of them claimed that within a generation, a machine will be as intelligent as a human person, and they were given millions of dollars to realise this vision.
Types of Artificial Intelligence:
The four main categories of AI now recognised .
1. Reactive artificial intelligence
2.Limited memory artificial intelligence
3Theory of mind artificial intelligence
4.Self-aware artificial intelligence
1.Reactive artificial intelligence:
The most fundamental category of unsupervised AI is reactive machines. They can only respond to the conditions that are happening right now, hence the term “reactive,” as they are unable to build memories or use prior experiences to inform present-day decisions.
2.Limited memory artificial intelligence:
Artificial intelligence is one type that has limited memory. It alludes to an AI’s capacity to retain past information and forecasts and use it to inform future predictions. The complexity of ML design increases slightly when memory is constrained.
3.Theory of mind artificial intelligence:
The term “theory of mind” in psychology refers to the idea that humans have ideas, feelings, and emotions that influence their behaviour. Future AI systems must learn to comprehend the fact that everyone has ideas and feelings, including AI objects and human beings. To be able to interact with us, future AI systems will need to be able to adapt their behaviour.
4.Self aware artificial intelligence:
Self-aware artificial intelligence is nothing but machines and robots performing and thinking like human beings. To be more specific, self-aware AI will be capable of functioning like the human brain.
Applications of Artificial intelligence:
*Administrative Tasks Automated to Aid Educators.
*Creating Smart Content.
Artificial intelligence used in computer:
The ability of a computer or robot controlled by a computer to perform tasks that are typically performed by humans because they call for human intelligence and judgement is known as artificial intelligence (AI).
Future of Artificial intelligence:
The Workplace of the Future and Our Everyday Lives with AI. According to a recent research from Grand View Research, the market for artificial intelligence would be worth USD 390.9 billion by 2025. By 2025, the market will expand at a CAGR of 46.2%, according to the forecast.
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