People move away from their homes as a result of catastrophic weather conditions, such as floods, heat waves, droughts, and wildfires, as well as slower-moving climate issues like rising sea levels and worsening water stress.
What is climate forced Migration:
Hazards resulting from the increasing intensity and frequency of extreme weather events, such as abnormally heavy rainfall, prolonged droughts, desertification, environmental degradation, or sea-level rise and cyclones are already causing an average of more than 20 million people to leave their homes and move to other .
Those who are forced to flee their homes and communities as a result of climate change and global warming are known as climate refugees. Climate refugees are a subset of the wider immigrant population known as environmental refugees.
Causes of Migration due to climate change:
Every year, millions of people are forced to migrate due to climate change, a force that is growing in strength. According to the most recent Groundswell analysis from the World Bank, by 2050, climate change may compel 216 million people in six different world regions to relocate within their own nations.
Climate migration occurs when people leave their homes due to extreme weather events, including floods, heat waves, droughts, and wildfires, as well as slower-moving climate challenges such as rising seas and intensifying water stress.
Precipitation intensity and frequency can be impacted by climate change. Oceans that are warmer cause more water to evaporate into the atmosphere. More severe precipitation, such as heavier rain and snowstorms, can result when more moisture-laden air travels over land or congregates into a storm system.
Exceptionally hot days and heat waves are a normal component of the weather’s day-to-day variability. Yet, as the Earth’s climate warms, it is becoming more typical to experience hotter-than-normal days and nights , and heat waves are predicted to occur more frequently and with greater ferocity.
Longer fire seasons are a result of extreme meteorological conditions, such as higher temperatures and greater droughts, according to the Frontiers paper. Also, wildfires have increased in frequency within the Savannah ecosystem.
How to solve Migration due to climate change:
One way to lessen people’s exposure and susceptibility is to regulate how land is utilised, restrict the destruction of environmental resources, or offer social support to individuals who depend on natural resources. Another is planned relocation, provided it is carried out in an open and transparent manner.
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