ABOUT UNDERWATER WORLD:
There is a world inside water which is the underwater world. The underwater world is an amazing place full of mysterious and wonderful creatures. The underwater world is filled with beauty, color, and life. There are over millions of known species of plants and animals in our oceans and many millions maybe still be discovered.The animals in the underwater world are aquatic. They are purely a pleasure to see.
WHY IS AQUATIC LIFE IMPORTANT? :
Aquatic life is one part of many life cycles that exist to maintain the equilibrium of the entire life cycle. The food chain is dependent on aquatic animals. Human beings also depend on many aquatic animals and plants to survive. The aquatic wildlife gives the sources of food, energy, jobs, atmospheric oxygen, and global climate change. Other than fish Snails, worms, turtles, frogs, marsh birds, alligators, beavers, otters, snakes, and many types of insects live in the aquatic ecosystem.
In Underwater World, aquatic animals consist of mammals like whales, mollusks such as sea snails, cnidarians, also known as jellyfish, and crustaceans like crabs. Aquatic animals which live in river, lakes, and pond are freshwater animals. Aquatic animals that live in oceans are Marine or saltwater animals. Some animals live on both land and water such as snails, crabs, and turtles, etc….
INTERESTING SEA CREATURES OF UNDERWATER WORLD:
There are also interesting and mysterious sea creatures in the underwater world. Some of them are,
- PURPLE EYED GOBY:-
It is also known as Gudgeon, Hovering Goby, Pinkeye Goby, Purple-eye Goby, Purple-eyed Dwarf Goby, Purple-eyed Goby, Redeye Goby, Red-eyed Goby, Reef Goby. It is mainly found in small schools hovering in the branches of Acropora Corals over shallow lagoon reefs.
- PINE CONE FISH:-
The Pinecone Fish, also called the Pineapple Fish and Knight-fish is covered with spines and has a brilliant yellow body. The body is covered by heavy, platelike scales that overlap, giving the fish the appearance of a pinecone-hence its name.
- FLYING FISH:-
These fish got their name due to their ability to fly above water to avoid predators. This fish can fly above the water for up to 45 seconds at a time. This fish has large pectoral fins that enable it to leap out of the water and fly above the surface for a few seconds.
- GREEN NUDIBRANCH:-
It grows to at least 50 mm in length. Its body is covered with raised green nodules. The bright colors of this nudibranch species are an aposematic warning to predators. They are hermaphrodites.
- PHYCODOROUS EQUES:-
It is also known as a leafy sea dragon. It is found along the southern and western coasts of Australia. The name is derived from the appearance, with long leaf-like protrusions coming from all over the body.
Sunfish is the world’s heaviest bony fish. The average adult may weigh 1000 kg and the highest recorded weight is 2300 kg. The main prey of ocean sunfish is jellyfish.
- DUMBO OCTOPUS:-
Dumbo octopuses move by slowly flapping their ear-like fins, and they use their arms to steer. Dumbo octopuses’ primary predators are diving fishes and marine mammals, including tunas, sharks, and dolphins. The Dumbo octopus is the deepest-living genus of all known octopuses. It lives at least 13,100 feet (4,000 m) below the surface.
- RIBBON EEL:-
Ribbon eels are colorful animals that are a species of a moray eel. The Ribbon Eel is a very distinctive looking eel with their sharp head and enlarged fan like nasal openings. They will slowly extend themselves out the hole almost imperceptibly and swing closer and closer to the target fish.
SOME FUN FACTS OF UNDERWATER WORLD:
- Walruses can stay underwater for up to 30 minutes on a single breath.
- Sea turtles can’t hide in their shells.
- 95% of the underwater world is yet to be explored.
- Dolphins sleep with only half of their brain and one eye open so they can watch for predators and other treats.
- Great White Sharks can go as long as 3-6 months without eating.