Little or no access to clean water, sanitation and hygiene

“Fresh, clean water cannot be taken for granted. And it is not – water is political, and litigious. Transporting water is impractical for both political and physical reasons, so buying up water rights did not make a lot of sense to me, unless I was pursuing a greater fool theory of investment – which was not my intention.”
– Michael Burry
The advantage of having a clean water source to drink from, good sanitary procedures and decent hygiene practices can only be identified when all three of these are available together. Beyond the few obvious and immediate effects available, these practices have a wider effect on women and girls. For the implementation of these facilities, well – resourced capable institutions are required.
A person without access to clean drinking water is forced to depend on other sources. These sources include surface water, contaminated water bodies or unverified sources of supposedly clean water. These might contribute to several diseases. Drinking contaminated water may result in several diseases such as diarrhoea, cholera, dysentery, typhoid and polio. Without proper treatment, most of these diseases may prove fatal in the long run.
I started off with a company, InfoSpace, with my own funding. The company was listed among the most successful companies and I went on to start Intelius and Moon Express. Now, I focus my time on using the skills of an entrepreneur to solve many of the grand challenges facing us in the areas of education, healthcare, clean water and energy.
– Naveen Jain
Without access to proper sanitary facilities, people are forced to use improper sources. Defecation is performed in either community latrines which are inherently dirty, or have to defecate in the open. Exposed faecal matter in the environment may be recycled back into people’s food, making open defecation extremely dangerous. Cholera is expressly spread through these practices. The lack of water disposal systems and sewerage systems contaminate the environment and cause diseases.
To most people in need, hygiene is quite a foreign concept. They are unaware of good hygienic practises and their contributions in protecting us from diseases. Even people who do possess such knowledge are unable to maintain proper hygiene due to lack of necessary supplies. Such supplies include things such as lack of soap, clean water and washing facilities. These are important to protect themselves and people around them.
UNICEF works towards improving such conditions through several actions like the following:
• Empowering communities
• Supporting schools
• Humanitarian actions
• Responding to COVID-19
• Increasing focus on sustainability
• Partnerships
Hundreds of thousands of children die every year from diseases such as diarrhoea. Around 88% of deaths from diarrhoea are due to these contributing factors. Millions of people worldwide are infected with tropical diseases that arise from these factors. These diseases include the Guinea Worm Disease (GWD) which is an extremely dangerous disease. The infected is attacked by parasitic worms which painfully spread out through the body. GWD is usually caused due to drinking contaminated water. Other diseases include Trachoma, a disease caused due to facial uncleanliness. This disease characteristically causes poor vision or blindness. The Government should identify these problems and work towards improving these. With proper attention, education and provisions for clean water, these diseases can be easily avoided. People in rural areas should be informed about poor hygiene practises and on how to improve the same. Banners and hoardings can be put up. Advertisements on national television may spread this information far and wide. Sanitary supplies such as soaps and tissues can be made free for the public and distributed periodically.