INSOMNIA

Insomnia or sleeplessness in layman terms is a sleep disorder. It is characterized by poor quality of sleep and leads to daytime impairment which also has an effect on the health as well as the work performance of an individual. One could not fall asleep soon or wake in the morning or go back to bed soon. Insomnia occurs due to various physical and psychological factors. It can independently occur or maybe caused due to any other issues like depression, hyperthyroid, menopause etc. There are risk issues relating to losing of focus and learning and causes irritability as one would have very less energy. Insomnia makes you sickly and you do not feel refreshing at all. Insomnia can last for many days, weeks and even longer than a month. It is suffered by all irrespective of age though it is mainly predominant among adults.

There are two types of Insomnia on the basis of cause:

  1. Primary Insomnia which is caused not by any other health issue.
  2. Secondary Insomnia which is caused by some other health problem.

On the basis of duration, Insomnia can be classified as-

  1. Acute Insomnia.
  2. Chronic Insomnia.

On the basis of severity:

  1. Mild Insomnia- lack of sleep.
  2. Moderate Insomnia- affects daily routine.
  3. Severe Insomnia- affects everyday and every action in life.

CAUSES OF INSOMNIA:

  • Mental health problems like anxiety and depression
  • Excessive consumption of caffeine, tobacco products
  • Unfavourable sleeping environment
  • Uncomfortable with sleeping positions
  • Improper sleeping habits
  • Improper eating habits
  • Lack of bodily activity
  • Sleep apnea
  • Regular naps
  • Chronic pain
  • Asthma
  • Heart diseases
  • Hormonal changes
  • Medications for some other issues

SYMPTOMS FOR INSOMNIA:

  • Fatigue or tiredness
  • Increase in committing errors or mistakes
  • Gastrointestinal problems
  • Depression
  • Anxiety
  • Problems with memory and retention
  • Lack of concentration
  • Tension headaches
  • Low energy
  • Anger
  • Mood changes
  • Daytime sleepiness
  • Difficulty in socializing
  • Prone to accidents
  • Waking up too early
  • Waking up many times at night

PREVENTING INSOMNIA:

Below are some tips one can easily follow in order to beat sleeplessness:

  • Limiting naps to increase sleepiness at night
  • Maintaining a proper sleep schedule
  • Exercises that mainly concentrate on stretching the body
  • Relaxing before going to bed
  • Never carry your stress and negative thought to bed
  • Avoiding use of phones or any other electronic devices before bed
  • Avoiding heavy meals before bed
  • Avoiding late night shifts
  • Avoiding consumption of caffeine and alcohol before bed
  • Practicing breathing exercises before going to bed at night for better sleep

INSOMNIA IN COVID 19:

During this coronavirus pandemic, one of the invisible enemies to human being is Insomnia. People all over the world suffer from sleeplessness. They either get Insomnia as a result of depression and stress. People also suffer sleeplessness due to the fact that they stay at their homes which restrict a lot of body activity. They never become tired and they thus suffer. Many of those who work from home are before their gadgets all the time. They do not have a time bar as to when to stop working. They have to forget the difference between day and night. It is not good for health because of the rays from gadgets can also lead to sleeplessness and staying in the same position day and night can also cause other ailments in the body.

It is the responsibility of every individual to take care of their body and mind and maintain it healthy so as to lead a healthy lifestyle.

RELEVANT LINKS:https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/insomnia/symptoms-causes/syc-20355167 https://in.news.yahoo.com/delhi-sees-rise-cases-depression-115800635.html https://in.news.yahoo.com/explained-coronasomnia-sleep-disorder-spiked-133447914.html