India is a great country where people of different religions and cultures live in different regions. They live in harmony. It is known as Unity in Diversity.
The Unity in diversity was coined by Late. Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru, leader of the Indian national congress and Prime minister of India. Main 5 examples of unity in diversity have given.
How does unity in diversity represent India: Indian people can speak any language and can believe in any religion. Nobody is allowed to interfere in their affairs.
India does not have one but many great traditions. Although, the Hindu religion is the oldest religion. Yet, the other religions also enjoy full freedom and respect.
People of all religions live united. Sometimes they take part in one another’s festivals. For example, Diwali, Holi, and Id have become common festivals that explain about what are the main reasons for unity in diversity in Indian society.
India has been ruled by the Mughals and the English for centuries. But even the foreign rulers have not been able to destroy the Indian traditions and cultures.
Indian culture is so old and vast that it can absorb the good things of any other culture. No doubt, some states of India have been carved out on the basis of language but it is only a political division.
In the new states, people of all languages and religions are living normally as they used to live before.
The English ruled over India with the policy of Divide and Rule’ but it could not completely change the mindset of thinking of the people.
The unity of the country has been attacked many times but it is sound as ever.
There has been Unity in Diversity in India for hundreds of years. It is now for the younger generation to keep it intact.
Importance of Unity in Diversity in India points
India is a land of different languages and different religions. The population of the country also lives in different states.
People of every state speak their own language and the other languages also. They celebrate their local festivals along with the national festivals.
(1) Customs and traditions: They do not interfere in the customs and traditions of others. Everyone is free to go to any place of worship.
There is no restriction in the celebration of marriage rites, etc. Thus, there is Unity in Diversity in India. It is not a new concept but this tradition is in vogue since time immemorial.
People of many religions like Islam, Jainism, Christianity, Buddhism, Sikhism, and Hinduism live in India. Every religion has its own principles.
(2) All religions: Some religions are further divided into sects. In the past, sometimes religions have been a great dividing force of the Indian community.
But on the whole, people of all sects had been living in unity and harmony. All the religions have enriched the civilization of India.
Indian society has seen many ups and downs in the ancient past. In those days, the missionaries of every religion tried to persuade the people of other religions to join their religion.
This conversion of religion has not stopped even in the modern age. The Muslim invaders and the English also tried to make a dent in the Indian culture.
(3) Different living styles in Indian culture: No doubt, some of the Indian people have adopted some customs and traditions of the Muslims and the English. But they have not totally given up on the Indian way of life and the Indian culture.
They still live with one another like human beings. Without interfering in the customs and traditions of the other sect, all are living in unity.
It is true that the problem of diversity in Indian traditions and cultures has a great impact on the process of unity of the civilization.
This unity can be observed at several levels. Traveling mendicants, traders, storytellers, craftsmen, and artists in traditional India established cultural bridges of unity between regions and cultural traditions.
The institution of pilgrimage, fairs, and festivals provided yet another nodal point for communication and for cultural unity in the framework of its diversity.
(4) Importance to secularism: However, we had to see the ugly face of religion when the partition of India took place. Later on, the Constitution of India gave paramount importance to secularism.
The constitution guarantees each individual the freedom to profess, practice, and propagate any religion and assures strict impartiality towards all religions.
It clearly shows that India is a secular state. The prime ministers and presidents of India have been persons belonging to different religions.
In spite of this, certain anti-national forces and external forces try to disrupt the unity of the country by encouraging communal feelings. For some time, they do succeed in their mission but ultimately they fail.
(5) Civilization and Culture: The Indian Civilization and Culture are based on religious and moral values. These are the strength of India’s unity. Cultural unity and diversity of faiths go side by side in India.
There may be some clashes off and on between the people of the two communities. But these unfortunate occurrences are forgotten like a bad dream.
If you visit some parts of the country, you will find the people of all communities living in harmony. A common thread of unity binds them all.
This is because that the Indian culture has preserved its fundamental character through the ages.
We have passed through many revolutionary changes in the economic and political field in recent times. But we have not discarded our past.
(6) Rich cultural heritage: Our rich cultural heritage and its values have permanently remained with us. They pass from one generation to another.
Indian civilization has evolved through many stages providing a network of ideologies and institutions which offer unity in plurality.
These institutions and guiding principles reflect the cultural-religious traditions of Hinduism. But they also emerge as a composite system of values.
During the reign of the English in India, the British followed a contradictory policy in pursuit of their colonial objectives.
With their policy of divide and rule’, they disintegrated India into various castes, creeds, tribes, religions, and language groups with no sense of unity.
They propagated, esp. through their toadies, that we were never a nation. They further said that India was never a united nation.
They did their utmost to make us fight with one another. But India and its people made it clear that they are one and will remain one.
In order to maintain our unity in diversity, we shall have to take some solid steps.
(7) Constitution: The Constitution of India, which was framed after Independence, reflects and incorporates the dualism of territory, religion, language, caste, and tribe, etc.
Then it also propounds the foundations of a civic society based on secularism, rationalism, freedom, and equality.
At the same time, it also recognizes the special rights and privileges of those sections of the Indian society which were exploited for centuries.
They still feel insecure due to their minority status in society. We should take along all the sections of the unprivileged classes to maintain unity in diversity.
Religion, regionalism, and language issues raise their ugly head at the time and people are divided into these lines.
But these diversities are short-lived and good sense prevails on the people sooner or later. People again begin to live in unity.
This unity has been witnessed during Chinese aggression and during wars with Pakistan in 1965 and 1971.
During the undeclared war with Pakistan in the Kargil sector, the whole country rose up in unison and demonstrated the true national spirit of unity.
Conclusion of unity in diversity
How can we promote national unity in diversity: The Indian government has always made keen efforts to create cultural awakening among the people of all categories.
It has tried to promote national integration and national unity by organizing big cultural events. It has also set up some regional cultural centers in different parts of the country.
All these steps will promote strengthening the common bond of unity among the people. In spite of the diversity in the people’s beliefs and religions, there is no danger to India’s unity.