Education In India

“The object of education is to prepare the young to educate themselves throughout their lives.”

Following a long 34-year era, On July 28, 2020, the Union Cabinet of India approved the National Education Policy (NEP), implementing drastic reforms in schooling and higher education. Through more than 50 months of consultations and seminars, the Indian government consolidated input from 2.5 lakh village-level stakeholders to two national parliamentary level committees. Let’s have a glance at how these alterations will impact the learners and learning institutions:

Sketch of What the NEP Covers

The four-part National Education Policy covers school education in addition to higher education. Other primary areas of focus’ are adult education, the promotion of Indian languages and online education; and ‘Making it happen‘, which addresses the implementation of the policy. The policy focuses on the revision of the curriculum in school education, a decrease in the syllabus to maintain “core fundamentals” and a focus on “experiential learning and critical reasoning. For example, for different kinds of enrichment events involving arts, sports, and vocational crafts, bag less days will be promoted during the year.

Digital and Comprehensive, Futuristic and Indigenous

Under NEP 2020, there will be no rigid separations between arts and sciences, between curricular and extra-curricular activities, between vocational and academic streams. Students can select subjects of their liking across the streams. Vocational education will start in schools from the 6th grade and will include internships. NRF will be set up soon and will look after the support, mentoring and building of ‘research quality’ in India.

The NRF seeks to support researchers in India who work across streams. NRF will finance research projects across four major disciplines: science; technology; social sciences; and arts and humanities, in order to incorporate non-scientific research disciplines into its area.

How Different it is from The Past?

Some of the NEP 2020’s main highlights are a single authority for institutions of higher education, various entrances and exits choices for degree courses, cessation of M.Phil courses, low-stakes board exams, general university entrance exams. The New Education Policy would bring a range of significant changes, including the establishment of campuses in India by top international universities, a higher percentage of students receiving vocational education and a step towards institutions such as IITs turning multi-disciplinary This policy represents a breakthrough for India’s education system, which will undoubtedly make India an enticing higher education destination worldwide.

Subtle Misfires

A long-term idea of far-reaching effect is spelt out by the Current Education Policy (NEP) and will turn potential problems into opportunities by developing a quality education system. Of-courses, with changes, there come a few hits and misses. For instance, the formation of Academic Bank of Credit to store academic credits received from various HEIs digitally so that they can be counted for the final degree earned is welcomed but how will it bridge the current glaring digital divide prior? Furthermore, funding linked to states’ performance will result in low-income and low-performing states being strapped for potential central funding, resulting in more stratification.

Call for Efficient Execution

In view of the current educational regime, the NEP is a significant and progressive shift in the growth of India’s educational landscape. The NEP is more student-centred, allowing students the freedom to follow their passion and developing their skills so that they can become more employable. All in all, for its efficient and time-bound implementation, a holistic approach is needed from all stakeholders.