Crimes and the justice system

“Death Penalty’ in rarest of rare cases, should adorn criminal justice system in India, which would operate as a deterrent mechanism. Abrogation of capital punishment and it’s obliteration from the law, would be a great folly. In the human rights perspective, concretising the human rights of the criminal (perpetrator of a particular offense attracting Capital punishment) by negating Human Rights of the victim is again a murder of justice.”
― Henrietta Newton Martin
In the modern society, the criminal justice system put into place by the Government is quite important in order to control anti-social behaviour. However, it isn’t an easy task to punish criminals. This is because there is a process of finding out who is actually guilty, before the process of punishing the person. History has been lined with such cases of innocents being punished due to no reason of their own, while the guilty gets away.
A majority of crime is more often than not, not reported to the police. This may be due to fear of getting punished by the perpetrators before the police can intervene. They may also think that the crime committed against them was too minor for it to be reported or be taken by anyone seriously. The prior is often common among victims of abuse. Most teenagers don’t report being bullied to their teachers or parents due to embarrassment or lack of courage to face up against them. This is quite a similar case to when most crime is not reported.

“There are some human rights that are so deep that we can’t negotiate them away. I mean people do heinous, terrible things. But there are basic human rights I believe that every human being has. The Universal Declaration of Human Rights in the United Nations says it for me. And it says there are two basic rights that can’t be negotiated that government doesn’t give for good behaviour and doesn’t take away for bad behaviour. And it’s the right not to be tortured and not to be killed. Because the flip side of this is that then when you say OK we’re going to turn over — they truly have done heinous things, so now we will turn over to the government now the right to take their life. It involves other people in doing essentially the same kind of act.
(PBS Frontline: Angel on Death Row)”
― Sister Helen Prejean
The criminal justice system consists of several police departments, courts and corrections. Each and every part of it plays an important role in punishing the guilty. Often we find multiple agencies collaborating with each other in order to find the culprit of a crime. Law is said to be a set of regulations, rules and principals by which a society is run while crime is said to be committing an act forbidden by the law, to which a punishment has been attached. The science of psychology believes that people commit crimes due to abnormal mental conditions. Crime may be influenced by a myriad of factors which includes cultural issues such as education, politics and law-enforcement, as well as economic conditions. There has been several theories in regard to the reason as to why an individual may commit a crime. Some of them are psychological, sociological, economic, cultural and anthropological. Crime statistics are used to measure the rate of crime in a society. Thorough research over the years has indicated how these values may be quite conflicting, due to the very nature of various types of crime and their tendency to be unreported.