Difference between the way men and women are treated in society.

• Technology is merely a product of the social set up –
gender gap has percolated into technology.

• Global System for Mobile Communications (GSMA)
estimates, over 390 million women in low- and
middle-income countries do not have Internet access.

• In India, only 14.9% of women were reported to be
using the Internet – women don’t get access to digital devices.
 Health access denied.
 Education services denied.

• Technology are created by men and so made for men.

 There are about two million apps, most of which
cater to young men. The numbers of apps that
cater to women specific needs are not many.

• Need of adoption of feminist technology or fem-tech.

Feminist technology – An approach to technology and
innovation that is inclusive, informed and responsive
to the entire community with all its diversity.
 In the 1950s, dishwashers and washing machines
were promoted as a method of emancipating women.

• UN Women + ICT – initiatives like EQUAL, Girls in ICT.
 To rope more women into STEM.
 Aims at transforming the making process of tech inclusive.

• Women and girls are the largest consumer groups left out of technology -could be major profit drivers.

International Telecom Union

• United Nations specialized agency for information and
communication technologies – ICTs.

• Headquartered at Geneva, Switzerland.

• Originally founded in 1865 as International Telegraph

• In 1947 – became International Telecommunication Union.

• Tried to mainly promote cooperation among international telegraphy networks of those days.

• Standardised the use of the Morse code.

• Regulated world’s first radio-communication and fixed telecommunication networks.


• allocate global radio spectrum.

• Allocate satellite orbits.

• Develops the technical standards that ensure networks and technologies seamlessly interconnect.

• To strive to improve access to ICTs to underserved communities.