NATIONAL FAMILY HEALTH SURVEY

• Survey carried out on a massive scale to collect information on many parameters.

• Data helps the Ministry of Health and Family Welfare (MOHFW) to frame policies and programs to help in the upliftment of the vulnerable groups in India.

• First round conducted in 1992-92.

• NFHS 5 – started in 2018-19.
• International Institute for Population Sciences (IIPS) Mumbai – nodal agency for providing coordination and technical guidance for the
survey.

Funding:
 United States Agency for International Development (USAID)
 the Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation, United Nations Children’s Fund (UNICEF)
 United Nations Population Fund (UNFPA)
 MoHFW (Government of India).

NFHS-5

• Only 29% of girl students attended higher secondary school in rural Gujarat.

• 93.6% of girl students attended higher secondary
school in rural Kerala.

• Only 45% of male students attended higher secondary school in rural Gujarat.

• 90.8% of male students attended higher secondary
school in rural Kerala.

• In all States – school attendance dropped as the
education level increased.
 Fall was more pronounced when students reached the higher secondary level.
 Drop in attendance was much lower in rural Kerala, it was the highest in rural Gujarat.

• Bihar – attendance levels were relatively poor right from primary level of education.
 Poor in Meghalaya and Nagaland for the same level. • In 10 States, less than 70% of rural girl students attended higher secondary school.

Report

• Poor levels were observed among rural boys in 9 States.

• Rural Gujarat recorded the highest fall in attendance levels as students progressed from lower to higher education.

• The attendance levels did not drop much in rural Kerala with increase in education levels.