The Holocaust, also known as the Shoah, was the genocide of European Jews during World War II. Between 1941 and 1945, Nazi Germany and its collaborators systematically murdered some six million Jews across German-occupied Europe, around two-thirds of Europe’s Jewish population.
Holocaust is a word of Greek origin meaning “sacrifice by fire.” By the late 19th century, holocaust most commonly came to mean “a complete or wholesale destruction.”
WHEN DID HOLOCAUST BEGIN?
Prior to the beginning of second world war, the persecution of Jews started. It got intensifed as the Nazi invaded Poland. It was a traumatic event for Jewish people. The idea of holocaust was caused by many factors, including millions of individuals.
WHAT IS ANTISEMITISM?
Antisemitism, the fear or hatred of Jews had existed in Europe for centuries. It did not matter whether a person practiced the Jewish faith because the Nazis believed Jews belonged to a separate race and had distinct “Jewish blood.” This belief was false: there is no biological difference between Jews and non-Jews.
WHY GERMANS TOLERATED HOLOCAUST?
Many Germans were tolerating the treatment as they believed the Nazi party was restoring Germany’s status as an international power after its humiliating defeat in World War 1. The Nazis also promised to restore Germany economically after years of inflation.
The holocaust couldn’t have happened without the support of millions of people.
WHY JEWS WERE ATTACKED?
The specific hatred of Jews, had existed in Europe for centuries. The early Christian church had portrayed Jews as unwilling to accept the word of God. After World War I, the new Nazi Party and it’s leader, Adolf Hitler, blamed Jews for Germany’s defeat.
WHAT HAPPENS TO THE JEWS?
Germany first used concentration camps as places of terror and unlawful incarceration of political opponents. There were concentration camps and the Jews were segregated to work there, other weakling were pushed to death.
Transportation to and between camps was often carried out in closed freight cars with little air or water, long delays and prisoners packed tightly. The Jews were separated from their family. The camp was not kind to them. They were slowly dying there.
Death camp became the center of Nazi Holocaust. Aushwitz was originally a Polish army barracks in southern Poland. Nazi Germany invaded and occupied Poland. Later, it was used to gas Jews to death. This became the site of the huge gas chambers where hundreds of thousands were murdered.
BOOK BASED ON HOLOCAUST
The cruelty Jews faced were portrayed clearly as the author is one of the survivor. If one wants to know about Holocaust, this book is a must read for them.
Let me discuss the details of what Jews faced there in part two. Hope you get the gist of the concept of Holocaust. Survivor’s words, “I survived two concentration camps”
In just over four-and-a-half years, Nazi Germany systematically murdered at least 1.1 million people at Auschwitz. Almost one million were Jews. Let’s know more about what exactly happens in the concentration and death camps.