India has embraced democracy as a type of government. There is no foundation in the country which today isn’t run on democratic standards. Directly from the top to the base each organization and each framework in India is maintained to be controlled by democratic means and techniques.

Sovereignty is an essential component of Indian democracy. Sovereignty alludes to the full force of an administering body over itself without outside impedance. Besides, individuals can practice power in Indian democracy. Generally vital, individuals of India choose their agents. Besides, these agents stay answerable for ordinary citizens.

The democracy in India chips away at the guideline of political fairness. Moreover, it basically implies all residents are equivalent under the watchful eye of the law. Generally vital, there is no separation based on religion, standing, statement of faith, race, order, and so on Subsequently, every Indian resident appreciates equivalent political rights.

The democracy is a gift of the patriotic national leaders to the citizens of India. Generally critical, the residents of this nation should acknowledge and like the extraordinary worth of democracy. The democracy in India is absolutely one of a kind on the planet.


The world has been moving towards everything digital for quite a while. Be that as it may, the year 2020 put into point of view the desperate need to adjust to digital innovation as quickly as time permits. This variation happened right away with the lockdown becoming effective, particularly for digital installments in India.

The Indian government has been advancing and proliferating on the web installments forcefully, beginning with demonetization back in 2016. ‘Digital India’ had been the directing power of numerous monetary and monetary choices that pushed Indians to change to online installments.

After the dispatch of Cashless India, we at present have ten techniques for digital installment accessible in India. A few techniques have been in need for over 10 years, some have gotten as of late famous, and others are generally new. There are different sorts and methods of digital installments. A portion of these incorporate the utilization of Banking cards, USSD, Aadhaar Enabled Payment System (AEPS), UPI, Mobile Wallets, Bank pre-loaded cards, Internet Banking, Mobile Banking, Bharat Interface for Money (BHIM) application.


Social Media is quite possibly the most quickly developing stages in our period. We can speak with others effectively by utilizing social media. Social media has empowered us to stay in contact with our companions who don’t live near us. We are additionally ready to know the news in different pieces of the world much effectively by utilizing social media. We can make a gathering of many individuals together in social media to examine about a specific issue. We can see the assortment of assessments which emerges by examining and bantering about a specific subject or episode.

Some little individuals whose voice was not heard before can voice their perspectives through social media. They can draw out reality to people in general. We are likewise ready to share recordings, pictures and so on with only a single navigate social media. We can assemble better associations with our companions. Subsequently, we can say social media is exceptionally valuable for a person from various perspectives. Social media likewise has a hurtful impact in case it isn’t utilized carefully or reasonably. A few group get dependent on social media like instagram, facebook, whatsapp and so on this prompts a lessening in their usefulness, in actuality. Individuals are snared on their telephones and up close and personal gatherings have become extremely unprecedented in light of social media.

Individuals are doing extremely less exercise nowadays and are fascinated in social media. It makes them unhealthy. Abusing of social media will prompt numerous eyeproblems for the client due to stressing their eyes on the contraption can prompt eye issue. Individuals are currently exceptionally enthusiastic just contemplating new posts, new warnings and so forth In this way, social media has an adverse consequence to on the existence of a person.


An internship is important because it can present you with new skills and opportunities that you would not receive otherwise. Interns not only gain technical knowledge within the industry of their choice, but they also learn how to interact with professionals in a workplace setting, and develop essential soft skills like time management, organization, adaptability, problem-solving and teamwork.

The main reasons why Internship is important is Tests industry knowledge, Helps you figure out your interests, Creates new interests, Connects you to industry professionals, Allows you to learn in a safe environment, allows you to get paid to learn, Provides possible credit for your college degree, Allows you to potentially gain more internship opportunities, Creates a unique travel experience, Inspires you to learn more about an industry, Teaches you about the importance of work-life balance, Introduces you to office politics.


India is a land of festivals and fairs. Virtually celebrating each day of the year, there are more festivals celebrated in India than anywhere else in the world. Each festival pertains to different occasions, some welcome the seasons of the year, the harvest, the rains, or the full moon. Others celebrate religious occasions, the birthdays of divine beings and saints, or the advent of the New Year. A number of these festivals are common to most parts of India. However, they may be called by different names in various parts of the country or may be celebrated in a different fashion. Some of the festivals celebrated all over India are Diwali, Id-ul-Zuha, Guru Nanak Jayanti, Ramnavami, Christmas. India is a multi-cultural country, and it is reflected in the Festivals of India: Festivals of India is about various social, religious, and national festivals celebrated in different parts of India. India has been rightly described as a sub-continent and of its major festivals, many are region-specific festivals too. There are many festivals which are celebrated as national festivals; while a number of them are celebrated by members of particular religious or social groups. India is a land of festivals. These Indian festivals bind all Indians together of different castes, religions, etc there is no discrimination while celebration. When there is no discrimination then it is called INDIA.

Importance of Technology during Pandemic

Technology has played an important role in responding to the novel coronavirus and subsequent COVID-19 pandemic. Microsoft perspective and illustrate how technology has helped transform the public health landscape with new and refined capabilities – the efficacy and impact of which will be determined by history. Technologies like chatbot and virtualized patient care offer a mechanism to triage and distribute care at scale. Artificial intelligence and high-performance computing have accelerated research into understanding the virus and developing targeted therapeutics to treat infection and prevent transmission. New mobile contact tracing protocols that preserve patient privacy and civil liberties were developed in response to public concerns, creating new opportunities for privacy-sensitive technologies that aid efforts to prevent and control outbreaks. While much progress is still needed, the COVID-19 pandemic has highlighted technology’s importance to public health security and pandemic preparedness. Future multi-stakeholder collaborations, including those with technology organizations, are needed to facilitate progress in overcoming the current pandemic, setting the stage for improved pandemic preparedness in the future. As lessons are assessed from the current pandemic, public officials should consider technology’s role and continue to seek opportunities to supplement and improve on traditional approaches.

A tech-enabled education system will be a pandemic-proof solution, that can also be something that can continue after the pandemic. It’ll only allow the schools and colleges to widen their outreach and reach thousands of students, by simply adapting to a digital curriculum. One might wonder how online and offline curriculums will ever be able to match each other, but that is where one should realize that they are not too different, to begin with! Similar to that of a physical classroom, a student follows a time-table for their virtual classrooms, teachers switch lessons, students get breaks, they take assessments designed for an online mode, and to top it all off, all this happens while being at the comfort of their rooms/homes.


Global warming refers to climate change that causes an increase in the average of Earth’s temperature. Natural events and human influences are believed to be top contributions towards the increase in average temperatures. Global warming is a rise in the surface and atmospheric temperature of the earth that has changed various life forms on the earth.

The climate has been continuously changing for centuries. One natural cause of global warming is greenhouse gases. Greenhouse gases are carbon monoxide and sulphur dioxide. It traps the solar rays and prevents them from escaping the surface of the earth. This causes an increase in the temperature of the earth.

The impact that global warming is causing on earth is extremely serious. There are many hazardous effects that will happen in the future if global warming continues. It includes melting of polar ice caps, leading to an increase in sea level drowning coastlines and slowly submerging continents.

Recent studies by National Snow and Ice Datacenter “if the ice melted today the seas would rise about 230 feet”. Another effect is climate change leading to the extinction of various species. More hurricanes, cyclonic storms, heat waves, drought, and extreme rainfalls will occur causing disaster to humankind.

Global Warming has already caused many problems for human and we need to prevent disasters of the future. Our generation needs to take care of the earth with immediate effect to safeguard future generations or they will suffer the consequences of global warming.

E-waste and its negative effect on environment

Electronic waste generally known as e-waste, is any electronic product that has reached the end of its usable life cycle. Many consumer doesn’t know that the Electronic product actually contain toxic substances therefore they must be handled with care when no longer wanted or needed. One should donate its electronic product which is outdated for him to the person who might still find this electronic product usable.

E-waste is harmful for global environment, animals and humans. When improper disposal of e-waste in regular landfills or in places where it is dumped illegally, both heavy metals and flame retardants can seep directly from the e-waste into the soil, causing contamination of underlying groundwater or contamination of crops that may be planted nearby or in the area in the future.

Heavy metals from e-waste, such as mercury, lithium, lead and barium, then leak through the earth even further to reach groundwater. When these heavy metals reach groundwater, they eventually make their way into ponds, streams, rivers and lakes. Through these pathways, acidification and toxification are created in the water, which is unsafe for animals, plants and communities even if they are miles away from a recycling site. Clean drinking water becomes problematic to find.

Electronic waste contains toxic components that are dangerous to human health, such as mercury, lead, barium and lithium. The negative health effects of these toxins on humans include brain, heart, liver, kidney and skeletal system damage. To avoid these toxic effects of e-waste, it is crucial to properly e-cycle, so that items can be recycled, refurbished, resold, or reused. The growing stream of e-waste will only worsen if not educated on the correct measures of disposal.


Trees are a fundamental piece of our current circumstance There can be no question about the helpfulness of trees. We need oxygen for living and trees to give us oxygen. Trees cause precipitation and in this way forestall the spread of desert. Trees save our property from disintegration and keep up with the fruitfulness of the dirt. Trees give us conceal. Trees give us food. We get crops and diverse heavenly and succulent organic products from trees. Trees offer sanctuary to numerous creatures, creepy crawlies, and birds. Thusly, trees assist with keeping up with natural equilibrium. We likewise get numerous items like wood, leaves, elastic, gum, aroma nectar and so forth from trees. Paper is produced using Wood and bamboo. We use wood as fuel and furthermore need it for making things like houses, boats, and furniture. Trees make our reality lovely. It is extremely enchanting to take a gander at trees. Yet, the world is losing its trees in enormous sum each year. We cut a great deal of trees and annihilate many woodlands for making new houses and for getting more Wood. In the event that this pattern proceeds, there won’t be sufficient trees for keeping up with biological equilibriums. Numerous nations are now transforming into deserts because of the enormous cutting of trees. Numerous types of birds and creatures have additionally gotten terminated for need of food and natural surroundings after the obliteration of woods. Consequently it has become a crisis to plant more trees. In India, the rainy season is the best an ideal opportunity for the estate of trees. We can plant trees in any open spots, around our homes, places of business, production lines, schools universities, and emergency clinics. We ought to likewise plant trees on one or the other side of the streets and in every single accessible spot.

Unemployment – The biggest challenge in India

Increase in unemployment in India

The Coronavirus has caused havoc all over the world and its impact is so painful that so many people have died in the whole world till now.The Impact of Coronavirus was also seen in India, due to which the lockdown was announced along with all the countries.

The direct effect of this lockdown was seen on those who are unemployed. Already, there was a tension of lack of jobs and now they have fallen bad due to lockdown. Due to the lock-down, people’s accumulated capital and savings have also come to an end, and due to lack of jobs, people are unable to even eat. Where people already had a tough situation to get a job, now companies are starting to remove their employees. Meaning “Garibi Mein Aata Geela”. Even the problem of unemployment is that more than 10,000 people are applying for a single job position, and companies are also taking full advantage of this situation. Even if a job call comes from a company by mistake, then the hiring executive cut the call by asking only 2-3 things and says that “we will call you later”. And, that feedback call never comes again. In the end, I hope that the government to pay more attention to this issue of unemployment instead of ignoring it.

Importance of Exercise

We have consistently heard the word ‘wellness’ and ‘wellbeing’. We use it ourselves when we say such expressions like ‘wellness is the key’ and ‘wellbeing is abundance’. The word wellbeing implies ‘being admirably’. At the point when an individual capacities well genuinely just as intellectually, we call that individual sound and fit.

A solid way of life requests ordinary exercise, and it is a fundamental piece of being fit. Many examinations has shown us the different advantages it can have. In addition to the fact that regular exercises assist you with lessening your danger of creating illnesses and deal with your weight, however it can likewise help forestall and treat psychological wellness issues. Exercise is an incredible method to loosen up from the anxieties of life and can support your prosperity and disposition. Regardless one’s age, everybody gets profited with standard exercise.

Exercise helps in the incitement muscles improvement, joints and bones, just as the lungs and heart. It assists youngsters with keeping a consistent sound weight. Day by day practice additionally gives kids the chance to make companions and cooperate with others. Exercise assists youthful with peopling oversee manifestations of wretchedness and nervousness.


In August fifteenth 1947, the country became autonomous. Liberated from the yolk of unfamiliar standard, India turned into a sovereign, popularity based nation, represented by individuals.

Consistently since that day, Indians all around the nation ascend and commend the day on which India became autonomous.

It has been a long time from that point forward, and this incredible nation actually stands joined together. Gifts are traded and energetic tunes toll everywhere, as individuals’ adoration for this country fills the air.


Smoking Problem

One of the most common problems we are facing in today’s world which is killing people is smoking. A lot of people pick up this habit because of stress, personal issues and more. In fact, some even begin showing it off. When someone smokes a cigarette, they not only hurt themselves but everyone around them. It has many ill-effects on the human body.
Ill-Effects of Smoking
Tobacco can have a disastrous impact on our health. Nonetheless, people consume it daily for a long period of time till it’s too late. Nearly one billion people in the whole world smoke. It is a shocking figure as that 1 billion puts millions of people at risk along with themselves.
Cigarettes have a major impact on the lungs. Around a third of all cancer cases happen due to smoking. For instance, it can affect breathing and causes shortness of breath and coughing. Further, it also increases the risk of respiratory tract infection which ultimately reduces the quality of life.
In addition to these serious health consequences, smoking impacts the well-being of a person as well. It alters the sense of smell and taste. Further, it also reduces the ability to perform physical exercises.
It also hampers your physical appearances like giving yellow teeth and aged skin. You also get a greater risk of depression or anxiety. Smoking also affects our relationship with our family, friends and colleagues.
Most importantly, it is also an expensive habit. In other words, it entails heavy financial costs. Even though some people don’t have money to get by, they waste it on cigarettes because of their addiction.

How to Quit Smoking?
There are many ways through which one can quit smoking. The first one is preparing for the day when you will quit. It is not easy to quit a habit abruptly, so set a date to give yourself time to prepare mentally.
Further, you can also use NRTs for your nicotine dependence. They can reduce your craving and withdrawal symptoms. NRTs like skin patches, chewing gums, lozenges, nasal spray and inhalers can help greatly.
Moreover, you can also consider non-nicotine medications. They require a prescription so it is essential to talk to your doctor to get access to it. Most importantly, seek behavioral support. To tackle your dependence on nicotine, it is essential to get counselling services, self-materials or more to get through this phase.
One can also try alternative therapies if they want to try them. There is no harm in trying as long as you are determined to quit smoking. For instance, filters, smoking deterrents, e-cigarettes, acupuncture, cold laser therapy, yoga and more can work for some people.
Always remember that you cannot quit smoking instantly as it will be bad for you as well. Try cutting down on it and then slowly and steadily give it up altogether.
Thus, if anyone is a slave to cigarettes, it is essential for them to understand that it is never too late to stop smoking. With the help and a good action plan, anyone can quit it for good. Moreover, the benefits will be evident within a few days of quitting.

Don’t smoke there are cooler ways to die. Don’t smoke you will choke! Don’t smoke, it’s not a joke. Don’t burn your life with cigarettes.


Water is one of the qualities valuable gifts to humankind. All living things comprise for the most part of water eg. the human body is of 66% of water. It is clear, dreary fluid that seems blue when seen through a thickness of 20 ft. The tone reflects from actual causes as well as from suspended pollutions. The edge of freezing over of water is 0 degree centigrade and its limit is 100 degree centigrade.

Water is the most fundamental part of life and is imperative for food. The significance of water in our eating routine is obvious as it assists the body with performing explicit metabolic errands and manages our internal heat level, additionally water is interesting as it’s thickness is like that of cell cellular material. There is no question that water is all over and our Earth and the life occupying it. Water contains no calories and is a huge factor in getting in shape. It is the vital segment in deciding the nature of our lives and is a widespread dissolvable.

We should encourage youngsters to wind down spigots firmly after use, change sprinklers to water your grass. Plant in the fall when conditions are cooler and gather water utilized for flushing leafy foods to water house plants, wash your pets outside in a space of your yard that requirements water and fix spilling pipes, reap downpour water. Individuals go through our planets new water quicker than it can normally be renewed in this way, save water for the Earth, family and local area. Social perspectives on water depend on predominant strict perspectives, similar to the Ganges stream in Hinduism. Water is known as the solution of life. So Conserve water to save life.


Burhanpur, the historical city, southwestern Madhya Pradesh state, focal India. It lies only north of the Tapti River, around 35 miles (55 km) south of Khandwa.

Burhanpur was established in 1399 by Naṣīr Khan, the principal autonomous ruler of the Fārūqī line of Khandesh, and it was attached by the Mughal sovereign Akbar in 1601. The city, with its divider and monstrous doors, filled in as the Deccan base camp of the Mughals until Aurangzeb moved the money to Aurangabad in 1636. Burhanpur was for a long time the location of struggles between the Marathas and Mughals and was seized in 1803 by Major General Arthur Wellesley, later first duke of Wellington. It was reestablished to the Sindhias in 1805 and surrendered to the British in 1861.

Burhanpur fostered a broad exchange muslin, gold and silver brocade, and ribbon, which declined during the eighteenth century, however such ventures actually progress forward a limited scale. Presently a significant rail intersection, it is additionally a focal point of cotton material assembling and of exchange. Structures of notable interest incorporate the demolished fortification and castle Bādshāhī Qalʿah (c. 1400), the Mosque of the Lady (c. 1585), and the Jāmiʿ Masjid, or Great Mosque (1588). Close by focal points incorporate the notable Asirgarh post toward the upper east and the Yawal Wildlife Sanctuary toward the west.

Pegasus (the Spyware)

What is Spyware?

Spyware is software with malicious behaviour that aims to gather information about a person or organization and send it to another entity in a way that harms the user. For example, by violating their privacy or endangering their device’s security.

Pegasus (Spyware) –

Pegasus is a spyware devoloped by the Israeli cyber arms firm NSO Group that can be covertly installed on mobile phones(and other devices) running most versions of iOS and Android.

How Does Pegasus Spyware Get Into Your Phone?

Pegasus is said to be so sophisticated that it does not require a mobile phone user to click or open a text or visit a web page to get activated. It works very clandestinely without raising any red flags. The malware, experts believe, has been in circulation at least since 2016.

Once it has made its way into your phone, it can turn the device into a 24-hour surveillance system. The malware works on Windows and Mac computers, and also on Android and iOS smartphones. It can be delivered via email, SMS, WhatsApp or using the sophisticated ‘0-day’ vulnerability exploits, which are unknown even to device manufacturers. It can copy texts you send or receive, collect your photos and record your calls.

Who Can Be Infected With The Virus

The simple answer is everyone with a smartphone that’s connected to the Internet. In iPhones, it has been reported, that the malware can gain access to even root or administrative systems, according to a report in The Guardian.

Based on the reportage so far, it can be safely said that it does not matter whether a person uses WhatsApp, Facebook, Telegram or Signal, their phone is vulnerable to Pegasus attack.


On the evening of 24 March 2020, the Government of India under Prime Minister Narendra Modi ordered a nationwide lockdown for 21 days. This lockdown period has made me little bit of tense and crazy because lockdown was imposed at the time when I was preparing for my next exam and my exam is delayed. The crazy thing about this lockdown is that my three paper was conducted, and for remaining two papers I have to do revision for those two subject again and again but after two months my exam was conducted by Government. The main advantage was I scored very good marks in those two subjects which was conducted after the lockdown.

I had free time in lockdown so I passed the lockdown time by watching TV, Web Series, exercise etc. My favorite TV serial is ‘TMKOC’, I think this is the favorite TV serial of all Indians. My whole family together watched this show at the time of lockdown to pass there time. The one thing that pandemic situation realized us that Family is the most important thing in our life. I also watched the highlight of cricket matches on TV for entertainment and my favorite web series ‘The Stranger Things’ in lockdown. I used to play terrace Cricket in lockdown with my brothers at the evening. This is the story of my lockdown 2020.


 5G is the 5th generation mobile network. It is a new global wireless standard after 1G, 2G, 3G, and 4G networks. 5G enables a new kind of network that is designed to connect virtually everyone and everything together including machines, objects, and devices.5G wireless technology is meant to deliver higher multi-Gbps peak data speeds, ultra low latency , more reliability, massive network capacity, increased availability, and a more uniform user experience to more users. Higher performance and improved efficiency empower new user experiences and connects new industries Improving safety, health and security : access to 5G technology promises to improve mission-critical services that affect safety and security of services today. Opportunities include smart cities , the potenial for remote surgery, better traffic control and many other applications. China will also provide 5G in MT EVEREST. 5G is not only important because it has the potential to support millions of devices at ultrafast speeds, but also because it has the potential to transform the lives of people around the world. The main advantage of 5G Technology is it Increased Bandwidth for All Users , More Bandwidth Means Faster Speed. And the main disadvantage is an Increased Bandwidth will mean Less Coverage , The Radio Frequency May Become a Problem.

Reliance Jio is planning to launch a 5G Smartphone  for Rs 5,000 in the country. The telecom operator is planning to target 2G mobile phone users in order to make our country  ‘2G-mukt . Several space organizations are progressively emerging as 5G trendsetters. SpaceX, for instance, has already been licensed to deploy at least 12,000 Starlink internet satellites (and recently applied for 30,000 more).According to a report, 5G networks will be responsible for 35% of total global mobile traffic by 2024.




Book Review – Swami And Friends by R.K Narayan

Swami and Friends: R. K. Narayan - Article | ATG

The Author of the Novel

Rasipuram Krishnaswami Iyer Narayanaswami commonly known as R. K. Narayan, was an Indian writer known for his work set in the fictional South Indian town of Malgudi. In his long career he published fourteen novels, over two hundred short stories, a memoir, two travel books, innumerable essays, and two plays. His first novel was Swami and Friends (1935). Sahitya Academy Award winner ,”The Guide ”was adapted for the film winning a Filmfare Award for Best Film and for Broadway. And He was Also Awarded Padama Bhushan And Padama Vibhushan.

Preface  the Novel

The Novel “Swami and Friends” was written by famous Indian author RK Narayan in 1935, This is a friendship based Book. The full story of this Book is based on Swami and his friends live in the small town of Malgudi in Southern India. Swami and Friends was written between the first and second world wars . A literary Period of notable creative experimentation that likely encouraged Narayan in his mission to create uniquely personal comedic depiction of his remembered childhood.

Theme of the Novel

The whole story revolve around the  10-year-old boy Swami. He is an unconstrained, indiscreet, wicked but then also an exceptionally honest child. His character is a kid in the fullest feeling of the world. How he grows up, his mischiefs which made his family irritated, his wonder, growing pains and innocence and many aspects are being portrayed in the novel. He lives in a universe of bossy grown-ups. He is a student at Albert Mission School. It is a British established school where importance is given to Christianity and English education.

Characterisation of the Novel

Swami is the central character of the plot.. As a child, he goes to school where he does not like studies and gets bored easily. He is an honest boy of seven but, on the other hand, he also does not hesitate telling lies to his father. He loves his granny’s stories. He is good at cricket and is nicknamed “Tate.” Later in the course of the novel, he became bolder and socially prominent.

Mani is one of the closest friends of Swami. He is known as “the mighty good for  nothing.” Swaminathan was proud of his friendship.

Rajam is the son of the Police Superintendent and one of Swami’s closest  friends. Rajam is new to Swami’s school at the start of the novel, and initially Swami and Mani view him as an enemy due to his quick wits, fine clothes, and fearless nature.

Shankar is another bosom friend of Swami. He is a brilliant boy of the class.. He could speak to the teachers in English in the open class

Swami’s another bosom friend was Samuel, the Pea. He was called the Pea as he was very small in size.

Somu, the monitor of the class. He was set about his business, whatever it was, with absolute confidence and calmness. He was known to be chummy even with the teachers.

Swami’s father, W.T. Srinivasan, is an imposing figure who works at the courts and is usually strict with Swami. Swami sometimes feels afraid of his father, but at other times he turns to him for help and support

Swami’s mother appears in the novel only occasionally, usually in the context of providing Swami with something he wants or backing him up in an argument with his father.

Swami’s grandmother, whom he calls Granny, is an old woman who lives with Swami and his mother and father. Swami views Granny as ancient and sometimes embarrassing, but she is also a source of comfort and security during times of change, particularly when Swami’s brother is born.

Conclusion of the Novel

The moral of swami and friends the book written by RK Narayan is it reminds us about our childhood memories such as mischief’s in childhood, plucking mangoes etc. and in short it briefly explains the sweetness of childhood and importance of friendship.  His father use to say you must rise up early to study and “remember boy, your examination is not going to wait but your granny can!”. Therefore this paragraph teaches us that  “never force any child too much to study”, as a first life lesson from swami & friends.