An Initiative for Training and Skill Development

Old age is an integral part of human life. It’s the evening of life. It’s an unavoidable, undesirable, unwelcome, and problem-ridden face of life. An old man is full of experiences and even though his experiences are of immense help to the younger generation is taken as an unwanted burden. He caught in a terrible feeling of redundancy. Thinking of old age visions of loneliness, and neglect emerge in the mind. The picture becomes all the more awesome with the failing health and illness. A sense of despair blooms over all his pleasant feelings. An old man for his every work, he needs someone to help. He becomes dependent on others largely due to his physical infirmity. He is filled with a feeling of emotional insecurity. He wants someone to take care of his needs and share his feelings. But in this materialistic society, everybody is short of time. Nobody has enough time for him. Even his children, to whom he dedicates, his life and his earnings do not find time for him. Debilitating body and failing health make things worst. Having rendered service for a lifetime, the body parts appear to have become tired and weak. He becomes highly vulnerable to ailments-minor or major. Diseases both minor and major always follow them and their waking hours are preoccupied with symptoms and fill, diets and therapies. Regular medical aid and assistance become routine at this stage of life. Besides, social security and emotional support are needed. A feeling of loneliness adversely affects their mental health which shows through some physical problems. The problem of loneliness and isolation is the gift of modern society. Society forces an old person to live like an island. Often he faces the loss of his spouse and own friends. In fact, during old age one is faced with multi-dimensional problems. One of the major problems is the financial constraint which is more.


Maroju Sanjana.


Ethics :

Ethics is the science of conduct. It considers the actions of human beings regarding their rightness or wrongness. The word “ethics” is derived from the Greek word ethos, which means “character.” Professional ethics is about your obligation to the public. As a professional, whether a doctor, lawyer, engineer, or accountant, you will have been tested and accepted by your profession. Therefore, you are required to accept and support your profession’s public interest obligations.

Types Of Professional Ethics :

• Meta ethics
• Descriptive ethics
• Normative ethics
• Applied ethics
• Bio ethics
• Medical ethics
• Computer ethics
• Engineering ethics
• Business ethics
• Legal ethics
Morals :

Morals are the welfare principles enunciated by wise people based on their experience and wisdom. They were edited, changed or modified, or evolved to suit the region’s geography, rulers (dynasty), and following the development of knowledge in science and technology and with time.

Types of morals :

  • Respect.
  • Family.
  • Adjusting and Compromising.
  • Helping Mentality.
  • Respecting Religion.
  • Justice.
  • Honesty. etc

    ETHICS VALUES AND MORALS are important not only in business but in all aspects of life because it is an essential part of the foundation on which civilized society is built. A business or society that lacks ethical principles is bound to fail sooner.

    Maroju Sanjana


Even though no village in India is without an elementary school, the students who come out of these schools are not able to compete with English medium school students or with others who have had their education in private schools in towns and cities. When elementary education, which is the foundation of one’s education itself, is very weak, there can be no concrete superstructure. In rural India, parents cannot send their children to elementary schools at age five due to grinding poverty. Even otherwise, the quality of instruction and the infrastructure are far from satisfactory. This stands in the way of a sound education. Therefore, the government must make an introspection to improve the quality of elementary education in rural areas. There should not be a problem if the government is sincere about raising the standard of education in the villages.
It is imperative to construct strong buildings with all facilities, especially blackboards and furniture, and separate toilets for boys and girls. It is well known that the number of teachers falls far short of the requirements in rural elementary schools. A teacher has to look after three or four classes at a time. Hence, it is impossible to pay individual attention to the growing children necessary at the elementary level. The students in their tender age must be taught with models as envisaged by the Montessori system. This adds color to teaching and draws the children’s attention towards the lessons being taught. All said and done, and the playground facilities must receive special attention. In rural India, space is no problem, but the facilities and sports equipment are nowhere to be seen. There can be no sound education without a sound body. Sports have become an instrument of national pride in the international sphere. Hence, the students at the elementary stage must be given training in various disciplines of sports. This will certainly contribute to enhance the standards of the sport of our country. In the process, the rural youth may find gainful occupation in places of their birth and help develop the villages they live in. It will also help reverse the exodus of unemployed youth into the already extended city problems. The implementation of these suggestions should be taken seriously by powers to realize the dream of our funding fathers.

Maroju Sanjana


Rights are what every human being deserves, no matter who they are or where they live, so that they can I’ve in a world that is fair and just. A responsibility is something that a person is expected to do. It is something that affects his life and the life of others. Since the rights are for everybody, we have to take on responsibility too. Rights and responsibilities are like two sides of a coin. Whenever and wherever you have any rights, you must have corresponding responsibilities too. We have rights in the same measure as we have responsibilities or duties. If we want to have rights, we have to act responsibly to have rights too.

when we have to…
1) Express your opinion.
2) Protest laws that we think are unfair.
3) Speak freely
4) Vote for our leaders.
5) Be treated fairly.
6) Be treated with respect.

we also have the responsibility to…..
1) Treat others fairly.
2) Respect others.
3) Listen respectfully to other’s opinions.
4) Not harm others with our actions.
5) Respect the privacy of others.
6) Allow people with our words.

Exercise your rights only when you fulfill your responsibilities. Remember, both your rights and responsibilities affect others. Therefore, maintain a fine balance between the two.

Maroju Sanjana


Are you always short of time? Do you wish you had more than twenty-four hours in a day? Do you postpone things to a later date? Well, if it is so, it means that you suffer from the monster of Procrastination. The word ‘procrastination comes from the Latin word ‘Pro’ meaning ‘in favour and ‘Cras’ meaning ‘tomorrow.’ It is defined as the act or habit of delaying or putting things off for a later date. A tiny problem that can be solved easily develops into a huge one when we ignore it, thus giving rise to confusion and loss of precious time and energy in trying to untangle it.

Why do we procrastinate?

Procrastination is a bad habit, and we should prevent it from developing in our character. Here are some major reasons why people procrastinate.

1) Lack of concentration and finding a task uninteresting.
2) Filling the day with low-priority tasks rather than with the most important tasks.
3) Leaving an item in the ‘to-do list’ for a long time, even though it is important.
4) Regularly saying ‘yes’ to unimportant tasks that others want us to do and spending time on them, instead of getting on with the important tasks.
5) Waiting for the ‘right mood’ or the ‘right time to complete important tasks at hand.
6)Leaving an item in the ‘to-do list’ for a long time, even though it is important.

How to avoid Procrastination?

You cannot break the habit of Procrastination overnight, but you can gradually overcome this problem by following some tips. Some of the tips to avoid Procrastination are:

  1. Self-discipline is important. Character is built when you learn that things need to be done, even if you don’t feel like doing them. Overcome your moods.
  2. Create a calendar or ‘to-do list’ that identifies daily tasks, which need to be done.
  3. Organize your surroundings so that you are encouraged to take up the task and finish on time.
  4. Focus on one task at a time.
  5. Set yourself time-bound goals. Prepare action plans. That way, you will have no time for Procrastination.
  6. Make up your own rewards. For example, promise yourself a fifteen-minute break before starting a new task or treating yourself to candy to complete a task successfully.

Remember, Procrastination is an unhealthy habit and adds unnecessary pressure to daily Procrastination is often called the ‘thief of time’ because if you delay something, it will -longer to do so later on. Work does not disappear if we delay it. One day or the other, it has to be done. The more we postpone, the more the work piles up. Finally, we have no choice but to tackle it. Time wasted is the time lost forever. Therefore, Procrastination or the habit of delaying things is rightly called the thief of time. Not procrastinating requires self-discipline and determination to do a task on hand at once. One who does not procrastinate will be more successful in all spheres of life.

Maroju Sanjana

Interpersonal skills

The way we interact with someone or in a group becomes so natural throughout time that we forget that it involves a very important skill called interpersonal skill. Interpersonal skills are the life skills we use daily to communicate and interact with other people, both individually and in groups. Without good interpersonal skills, it is often difficult to develop other important skills. It helps us to relate in positive ways with people with whom we interact. This may make and keep friendly relationships, which can be of great importance to us. It may also mean maintaining good relationships with family members who are the most important source of social support. It may also mean the ability to end relationships constructively.

Basic interpersonal skills that must possess :
1) Effective Communication
2) Positive attitude
3) Inclusiveness
4) Problem-solving
5) Assertiveness
6) Manners
7) Social awareness
8) Self-awareness

How to develop interpersonal skills?
1) Be a friend
2) Co-operate with others
3) Be patient
4) Accepting differences
5) Positive communication and interaction
6) Being courteous
7) Respect all

People with good interpersonal skills are usually seen as optimistic, calm, confident people who are considered quite appealing by all. These skills can improve many aspects of our life, and they help to make our relationships better. This skill equips us to get along with others and communicate with them.

Maroju Sanjana


Have you ever faced a situation where you wanted to say “no,” but you ended up saying “yes”? Very often, we say yes only to please others, even if we do not want to agree with what we are saying. This is because of a lack of assertiveness. Assertiveness is the ability to speak in a way that is honest and respectable. Some people communicate in a way that is too passive. Other people have a style that is too aggressive. An assertive style is a happy medium between these two.


Assertive is a healthy way of communicating. To be assertive means to give an opinion or say how you feel. You can disagree respectfully and offer your ideas and suggestions. You can say ‘no’ without feeling guilty. People who speak assertively show that they believe in themselves. They are not timid, and they are not too pushy. They are confident. An assertive communication style can help us to do the thing we want to do. Being assertive shows, we respect ourselves and other people too.

How to improve assertive skills?

  1. Don’t let guilt get in the way.
  2. Practice saying no.
  3. Take responsibility for your actions.
  4. Communicate clearly.
  5. Understand and accept that the other person has the right to say no to your request.
  6. Feel free to take a chance.
  7. Be an attentive listener.
  8. Be aware of your own body language-make good eye contact.
  9. Use “I” language rather than “You” -(which can put people on defense).
  10. Avoid manipulation by other people.

    Maroju Sanjana


Some people ask why God does not answer their prayers. But the fact is God does answer prayer. God answers every prayer. The power of prayer is immense. If you pray with a pure and sincere heart, God will surely answer your prayer. Remember, God gives you answers in three ways: He says ‘yes’ and gives you what you want, He says ‘no’ and gives you something better, or He says ‘wait’ and gives you the best.

We connect to God through our prayers. Prayer is useful for many different kinds of communication with God. We can humble ourselves with the lord and ask for our needs or the needs of others. Praise God for his goodness, grace, and mercy. Worship Him in adoration, thank him with gratitude for the many gifts which he has given us. Confess our sins and seek forgiveness or listen in quietness to God’s direction. God loves to give us what we need, and when our requests align with his will, He often grants us our prayers. The need for prayer is often difficult to understand. Pray with a pure heart and believe in the goodness of prayer. Morning prayers inspire us and become optimized. Morning prayer is a wonderful way to focus your time and attention on seeking God’s plan for the day ahead.

Maroju Sanjana


As human beings, our minds are continuously thinking, and we face various ideas, observations, and experiences during the day. However, all these ideas, information, and observation make sense only if we can analyze, evaluate and reflect upon them and conclude using our thinking skills. This is possible only if we use critical thinking skills rather than ordinary thinking skills.

Analytical thinking, or “the ability to analyze,” is an important component of critical thinking. Critical thinking does not take things at face value. There is a difference between appearance and reality, and one can easily detect the difference.

How to improve critical thinking skills?

>Don’t overcomplicate things.
>Know what you want..
>Keep thinking about improvement
>Analyze the mistakes and failure.
>Thinking out of the box.
>Come up with new ideas.
>Accept the fact that your are not always right.

Maroju Sanjana


Have you ever felt sick before an exam? Have you had days when you were so loaded with work that you had some trouble sleeping? Have you ever been so worried about something that you ended up with a terrible headache? If so, this is usually called STRESS.

Stress is when you feel when you are worried or uncomfortable about something. Stress makes your body and mind tired and feel bad. It feels angry, frustrated, scared., which can physically affect you and give you a headache.

This stress affects our body and mind, and its impact can be both positive and negative. Stress is about two types positive and negative stress.


This positive stress occurs when your stress level is high enough to motivate you to take action and accomplish things. It improves your performance. 


This negative stress occurs when you are overstressed and when you are overall performance is reduced. Sometimes, a bad experience can lead to negative stress.

You cannot avoid stress, but you can handle this stress by taking steps to reduce it.

>Take a break, breath deeply, listen to some good music.
>Communicate and share your emotions, and don’t hide them.
>Practise meditation.
>Do something which you love to do.
>Learn to plan and organize.
>Spend some time with your loved ones.
>Laugh to generate happiness.
>Set some short-term goals and try to reach them.
>Avoid negative thoughts.

Indeed, it is not within your power to change an event, but it is within your capacity to change your attitude towards the things that cause stress to you.

Maroju Sanjana

Listening Skills

Listening is a Soft Skill that allows people to understand what others are conveying. However, listening skills is the toughest job, but it has the highest priority beyond other skills. Hearing is a physical process, but listening is both physical and psychological. There are several purposes for listening. If you are a good listener, it will be greatly helpful for your bright future. Another best benefit of being a good listener is expressing your information and communicating with others.

How to improve you listening skills ?

It is very important to evaluate your current listening skills, and you have to select areas that you can improve. Here are some suggestions that may help you to improve your listening skills:

> Pay attention and make eye contact with the speaker.
> Respond appropriately.
> Providing feedback.
> Discussing questions in class.
> Ask open-ended questions.
> Request clarification.
> Don’t interrupt.
> Summarize the Data.
> Pay attention to nonverbal cues.
> Practice listening

Maroju Sanjana

Healthy Fast Food

Meta Description: This article is brief about a well-balanced diet in the fast-food menu. And how to find healthier options hidden in the fast-food diet.

Why is fast food is healthy? 

Following a healthy diet when eating regularly, fast food items are very difficult to maintain a balanced diet. However, it contains lots of calories and unwanted fats, sodium. It also tends to be low in nutrients and almost lacking in vitamins, fiber.

It doesn’t matter that we completely avoid fast food, but fast food can hit the spot when we are starving on the run. It’s tasty and also cheap and mainly best of all, convenient. But it’s okay to eat fast food now and then. But, to stay healthy, you can’t make it a regular habit.

How can you keep your diet in fast food?

The average person eats approx 800 calories per fast food meal. These are some suggestions to follow the diet :

1. Focus on adding fewer calories items.

2. Avoid “combo meals.”

3. Avoid soft drinks. Instead, choose diet soda or water.

4. Skip the cheese, sauces, bacon, mayonnaise.

5. Choose low-fat ice creams and avoid pies and turnovers.

6. Choose grilled item than fried.

7. Keep the salad dressing on the side. Dip your fork in before each bite, 

 and scoop some greens. 

8. Limit your visits to a fast-food restaurant to no more than twice a week.

9. Try to eat more protein items.

10. Always watch your sodium intake

We may be busy, but we have to take care of our health, and we must exercise at least 30 minutes daily, It boosts our energy and maintains health well balanced. Our body is a beautiful machine that works best, if taken care of properly. Eating fast food has been linked to diseases like obesity, high cholesterol, depression, etc. put your effort to eat healthy food maximum and mostly avoid fast food and make your plans properly.

Maroju Sanjana