Education :the biggest tool for progress

Education is very important tool for everyone to succeed in life and get something different.

help a lot in lessening the challenges of life. Knowledge gained through out the education periods enables each and every individual confident about their life. It opens various door to the opportunities of achieving better prospects in life so promote career growth. Many awareness programmes has been run by the government has been run enhance the value of education is in rural areas. It brings feelings of equality among all people in the society and promotes growth and development of the country.

Education plays a role in the modern technology world. Now a days there are many ways to enhance the educational level. The whole criteria of education have been changed now. We can study through the distance learning programs after 12 standard together with the job. Education is not so costly anyone with less money may study continuously. We can get admission in the big and popular universities with fewer fees the distance of learning. Other small training institutes are providing education to enhance the skill level in particular field education is must for both men and women equally as both together make a healthy educated society. It is an essential tool for getting bright future as well as plays a most important role in the development and progress of the country. Citizen of the country became responsible for the better future and development of the country. Highly educated people become the base of the developed country so proper education makes the bright future of both the individual and the country. So, proper education makes the bright future of both the individual and the country it is only educated leaders who build the nation and lead it to the height of success and progress. Education makes people as perfect and noble as possible.

Good education give many purpose to the life such as enhancement of the personal advancement increase social status increased social health economical progress success to the nation set goals of Life make us a way to work towards many social issues and give solution to solve environmental problem and other related issue. Now a days education has become very simple and easy because of the implementation of distance learning program. Modern education system is fully capable to remove the social issues of illiteracy and inequality among people of different religion and caste.

Education developed the people’s mind to great level and help in removing all the differences in the society. It makes us able to become a good learner and understand very aspect on life. It provides ability to understand all the human rights social rights duties and responsibilities towards the country.

Beti Bachao Beti Padhao…

Prime Minister Narendra Modi has inaugurated a scheme for girls called Beti Bachao Beti Padhao. It is to save the girl child and educate the girl child all over India. The program was started on the 22nd of January, 2015 at Panipat. This scheme was initiated first especially in Haryana because this state has a very low female sex ratio (775/1000) all over the country. It has been effectively applied in a hundred districts across the country. It is to improve the status of girls in the country.

Aim of Beti Bachao Beti Padhao Scheme


The aim of Beti Bachao Beti Padhao scheme is to stop the drop in girl child sex ratio. Therefore, it will encourage women’s empowerment in order to improve women status in the country. It is a tri-ministerial initiative of the following ministries:

Women and Child Development
Health and Family Welfare
Human Resource Development
Reasons for Beti Bachao Beti Padhao Initiative
Two main reasons for Beti Bachao Beti Padhao initiative are:

Low child-sex ratio called for the launch of the scheme

The Child Sex Ratio (CSR) census data for 0-6 years was 933 girls per 1,000 boys in 2001, which declined to 918 girls for every 1,000 boys in 2011. UNICEF in 2012 Reported that India ranked 41st among 195 countries. A 2011 Population Census revealed that the population ratio of India in 2011 was 943 females per 1000 of males. The Sex Ratio 2011, however, indications an upward trend from the census 2001 data.

Crime against Women on the rise

Aborting of female foeticide by post ultrasonic testing. Thus this type of discrimination against girl infants resulted in a huge drop in the female population. Also, crimes and sex abuse, so on, have been on a constant high.

Back in the year 2014, Prime Minister Mr. Narendra Modi spoke on the event of International Day of the Girl Child. He highlighted on the abolition of female foeticide and asked suggestions from the Indian citizens on MyGov.in portal.

Primary Objective of Beti Bachao Beti Padhao
‘Beti Bachao Beti Padhao’ is a collaborative initiative of the government of India. Ministry of Women and Child Development, Ministry of Human Resource Development and Ministry of Health and Family Welfare started this scheme. It covers all Indian states and union territories.

The scheme has three primary objectives

Prevent female infanticide.
Develop new schemes and work collaboratively to ensure that every girl child is secured and protected.
Ensure every girl child gets a quality education.
Difficulties in Implementing Beti Bachao Beti Padhao
Beti Bachao Beti Padhao scheme having difficulty to gain momentum. This is due to the following facts.

Social abuses and orthodox rituals like female foeticide, Sati, child marriage and domestic abuse obstruct the due execution of this scheme.
The government machinery and the police are, however, to get the magnitude of women atrocities seriously. This also weakens the effective implementation of the Beti Bachao Beti Padhao scheme.
The mindset of people remains conservative besides the numerous campaigns spreading awareness among people.
The scheme needs civic body support to achieve the objectives of the scheme.
The Dowry system is the main obstacles in the successful implementation and impact of Beti Bachao Beti Padhao scheme
Impact of Beti Bachao Beti Padhao Scheme
It is important to look for the benefit that ‘Beti Bachao, Beti Padhao’, is India’s most high profile campaign. It is to empower the girl child in the country. Some major impacts are-

Balancing sex ratios
Bringing girl child rights into focus
Achieving girl-child access to education
Conclusion
The Beti Bachao Beti Padhao scheme is an initiative by the Government of India to address the issues revolving around girl children in India. This initiative under the scheme have started giving fruit as the level of awareness among the people is increasing.

Therefore, people now have a serious impact to work for girl child upliftment in society. The success of this scheme will add tremendously to the economic growth of the country. This is due to the fact that India cannot afford to have a large part of its population remain neglected.

Importance of financial literacy


An Introduction to Financial Literacy
We go to schools, colleges, universities to complete our educated and start earning our livelihood. We take up jobs, practise professions or start our own businesses so that we can earn money to make our living. But which of these institutions make us capable of managing our own hard-earned money? Probably a very few of them.

Our ability to effectively manage our money by drawing systematic budgets, paying off our debts, making buying and selling decisions and ultimately becoming financially self-sustainable is known as financial literacy.

Financial literacy is knowing the basic financial management principles and applying them in our day-to-day life.

Financial Literacy – What does it Involve?
From simple practices like keeping a track of our expenses and understanding the need to spend money if we like a product to striking a balance between the value of time saved and money lost, paying our taxes and filing of tax returns, finalizing the property deals, etc – everything becomes a part of financial literacy.

As human beings, we are not expected to know the nitty-gritty of financial management. But managing our own money in a way that it does not affect us and our family in a negative way is important. We certainly do not want to end up having a day with no money at hand and hunger in our stomach.

Why is Financial Literacy so Important?


Financial literacy can enable an individual to build up a budgetary guide to distinguish what he buys, what he spends, and what he owes. This subject additionally influences entrepreneurs, who incredibly add to financial development and strength of our economy.

Financial literacy helps people in becoming independent and self-sufficient. It empowers you with basic knowledge of investment options, financial markets, capital budgeting


: Understanding your money mitigates the danger of facing a fraud-like situation. A few strategies are anything but difficult to accept, particularly when they’re originating from somebody who is by all accounts learned and planned. Basic knowledge of financial literacy will help people with foreseeing the risks and argue/justify with anyone learned and well-informed.

What should you read on / get informed about in Financial Literacy?


Budgeting and techniques of budgeting
Direct and indirect taxation system
Direct tax slabs
Income and expense tracking
Loans and debt – EMI management
Interest rate systems: fixed versus floating
Business and organisational transaction studies
Elementary Book-keeping and Accountancy
Cash in-flow and out-flow Statements
Investment & personal finance management
Asset management:
Business negotiation skills and techniques
Make or buy decision-making
Financial markets
Capital structure – owner’s funds and borrowed funds
Fundamentals of Risk Management
Microeconomics and Macroeconomics fundamentals
While there are various media to learn about financial literacy, we recommend that you join a short-term, weekend programme which helps you get financially literate.

Swachh Bharat Abhiyan

Swachh Bharat Abhiyan is one of the most significant and popular missions to have taken place in India. Swachh Bharat Abhiyan translates to Clean India Mission. This drive was formulated to cover all the cities and towns of India to make them clean. This campaign was administered by the Indian government and was introduced by the Prime Minister, Narendra Modi. It was launched on 2nd October in order to honor Mahatma Gandhi’s vision of a Clean India. The cleanliness campaign of Swachh Bharat Abhiyan was run on a national level and encompassed all the towns, rural and urban. It served as a great initiative in making people aware of the importance of cleanliness.

Objectives of Swachh Bharat Mission
Swachh Bharat Abhiyan set a lot of objectives to achieve so that India could become cleaner and better. In addition, it not only appealed the sweepers and workers but all the citizens of the country. This helped in making the message reach wider. It aims to build sanitary facilities for all households. One of the most common problems in rural areas is that of open defecation. Swachh Bharat Abhiyan aims to eliminate that.

Moreover, the Indian government intends to offer all the citizens with hand pumps, proper drainage system, bathing facility and more. This will promote cleanliness amongst citizens.

Similarly, they also wanted to make people aware of health and education through awareness programs. After that, a major objective was to teach citizens to dispose of waste mindfully.

Why India Needs Swachh Bharat Abhiyan?
India is in dire need of a cleanliness drive like Swachh Bharat Abhiyan to eradicate dirtiness. It is important for the overall development of citizens in terms of health and well-being. As the majority of the population of India lives in rural areas, it is a big problem.

Generally, in these areas, people do not have proper toilet facilities. They go out in the fields or roads to excrete. This practice creates a lot of hygiene problems for citizens. Therefore, this Clean India mission can be of great help in enhancing the living conditions of these people.

In other words, Swachh Bharat Abhiyan will help in proper waste management as well. When we will dispose of waste properly and recycle waste, it will develop the country. As its main focus is one rural area, the quality of life of the rural citizens will be enhanced through it.

Most importantly, it enhances the public health through its objectives. India is one of the dirtiest countries in the world, and this mission can change the scenario. Therefore, India needs a cleanliness drive like Swachh Bharat Abhiyan to achieve this.

In short, Swachh Bharat Abhiyan is a great start to make India cleaner and greener. If all the citizens could come together and participate in this drive, India will soon flourish. Moreover, when the hygienic conditions of India will improve, all of us will benefit equally. India will have more tourists visiting it every year and will create a happy and clean environment for the citizens.

Drug addiction

Dopamine emits large amounts of drug intake, which puts a person in ecstasy. People like to experience this happy state and wish to come here again and again, which is one of the main causes of intoxication. In the beginning, most people take drugs seriously but it soon becomes an addiction. Drug addiction is the worst addiction. It is hard to leave and any person can get negative results after getting rid of this addiction.

Types of drugs

Drugs are broadly classified into three types. These are depression, stimulants and hallucinations. Here’s a look at each of them on the human brain and body:

Depressants: Depressants include cannabis, opiates, benzodiazepines and alcohol. They are known to slow down the speed of messages from the brain and thus reduce the ability to handle any situation. When low amounts are taken, depression can make one person feel comfortable. However, when taken in large amounts, it can lead to nausea, vomiting and unconsciousness.
Stimulants: The stimulants, on the other hand, move messages from the brain and move on. They have the power to instantly boost a person’s level of confidence. In the negative side, they can cause high blood pressure, increase heart rate and can cause restlessness, movement and insomnia. Continuous use of such medicines leads to panic attack, anxiety and paranoia. The stimulants include nicotine, caffeine, cocaine and amphetamine.
Hallucinogens: Hallucinogens include LSF, PCP, cannabis, mescaline and psilocybin. These medicines cause hallucinations and distort the reality of a person. When taken continuously, these medicines can cause high blood pressure, nausea, paranoia and numbness.
Symptoms of Drug Addiction

A person who is addicted to drugs is likely to show the following symptoms and symptoms:

Change in appetite
Increasing unexpected weight or losing weight
Change in sleep pattern
Hate Speech
Change to friends circle
Suddenly got angry
bloodshot eyes
Lack of interest in work
Less performance in work / school
Secret behavior
Slacken
Repeated mood changes
lack of motivation
Abominable behavior
Drug addiction hampers professional life

Any person has an adverse drug effect on the brain. People lose their self control. They become so addicted to drugs that all those who think about them are eating them. This is the only thing that gives them an interest. They are unable to concentrate on work and lose interest in it. Even if they try to work, they feel lethargy and take it back.

Drugs have an impact on their cognitive skills, analytical skills and decision-making power. It adversely affects their professional life. Drug addictions also show irrational behaviors. They become invasive, develop impaired decisions and become impulsive. Such behavior is unacceptable in the office setting. It puts them in bad light and prevents the possibility of professional development.

Drug Addiction Personal Relationships

A drug addicts love the company of drug users and tries to spend most of their time with them. She is no longer interested in her family and friends. He often makes distance from them. She becomes irritable and aggressive. This often leads to arguments and quarrels, which spoil their equation with their family life as well as their friends. The drug addict does not only ruin his life but also the people around him.

Conclusion

Drugs can strengthen a person’s ability to think and act. They can lead to issues of many health hazards, behavioral problems and relationships. The safest bet is to stay away from drugs. People who are addicted to drugs have little chance of quitting this addiction. They ruin their lives and give great happiness to their loved ones too.

How to become a successful person

The modern world has a way of doing things, that is, modern man has his own particular view on how things should look. That view is completely different from the perspectives upheld by those who came before us, so to say. Like the ancient Greeks were obsessed with performing heroic deeds, or medieval European Christians with martyrdom and upholding saintly principles, we can argue that modern man has an obsession with success. Or more precisely, one aspect of that new worldview is to compare people between each other through the notion of success.

In a way, the beginning of the 21st century is preoccupied with the concept of success more than ever before, both individual and collective. That fact can is seen in many aspects of our daily lives, people are not just oppressed with celebrities and successful people they want to live that lifestyle or achieve some sort of greatness. Looking at the current state of things one is encouraged to analyze the situation further and to find the reason behind these phenomena, or at least to offer a new perspective on worldwide trend.

What Makes a Person Successful?

There are many ways a person can be successful. Most people will think of celebrities, politicians, artists, entrepreneurs, etc. They will think of someone who is known the world over because of the thing they do, the thing they are good at. That’s all fine, but there are successful people who do not like to be celebrities and there are, most definitely, celebrities who cannot count as successful people.

What then makes a successful person? Is it how they do things? Is it what they get in return? Is it in the number of things they can amass in their life? Most of those things can count as some part of our overall image of such a person. But, how can we define it? What is it actually?

What I like is simple answers, they are usually correct and the most practical at the same time. Even though not all answers can be simple, this one is. When you look up the word success in any dictionary you will find that it is considered an accomplishment of an aim or a purpose.

Surely people were able to accomplish an aim or a pulpous in their lifetimes, even several, before the 21st century. Why is it that this noun has such relevance for the classification of people in this age?

History of Success

If we take a look at history, as I mentioned before, we can see that every age has a different occupation. When we talk about the ancient Egyptians, we do not talk about single individuals who made this country so great we talk about the collective in general. But also, we do not know the names of the people who actually accomplished the construction of the pyramid we remember the person who ordered it and did nothing to build it.

Sometimes when I think about all the great artists whose names I do not know, that built humanity in the name of kings, it seems as if it was forbidden for individuals to be famous if they were not born into some sort of noble family.

That drastically changed with the return of democracy to Europe and the liberation from the old-world view that separated people into casts, genders, and races. The new perspective born from revolutions gave every man the right to control their destiny and therefore the right to become successful, to achieve one’s dreams and ideals. Celebrating success can be seen as a collective celebration of the boundless human potential to do incredible things. Is it always so shiny? Or is there a dark side to the story?

Can Success Harm us?

We all know that being successful has its price and the people on the top can often be alone, because of the many sacrifices they had to make to get there. There are also countless examples of people who have achieved success professionally but their health and social lives fail because they cannot handle the strain that comes with maintaining that image of perfection that is expected of them.

Then there is also the psychological pressure any person can experience when they become obsessed with succeeding in the things they do. This emotion can cause such discomfort for people that they can freeze in key moments when they should be at the top of their game. Not to mention the depression some people experience when they come in contact with the images of people that exist on social media. There is a lot in being successful that we put under the carpet, or we just consider it as part of the game, something that we should bear. It does not have to be that way.

Sharing Success

People are made to be in a group and therefore everything they do they should do for each other; however, this fact of human existence has also been a breeding ground for nationalism and other group-oriented ideologies that made the 20th century so dark. The striving to be successful, the best, the most dominant will make people perform incredible and inspiring things but it will also make them give legitimacy to the worst monstrosities. How do we draw the line between the good and bad aspect of wanting individual and collective success?

Maybe we should stop looking at success as part of domination and make it part of what makes us authentic as human beings. What do I mean? If we start celebrating everyday people when they express themselves or make something that is fulfilling for them and makes other people grow we will support others to develop this aspect of their humanity and not concentrate on domination and subordination. We should support the celebration of collective endeavors that strive to enhance the human race as a whole and not adore individual examples as if they were the meaning of life.

The secret to success is not in money and fame, but in reaching that feeling of fulfillment when you know you have accomplished something that truly matters to you and other people around you. Dreaming big and then having it, it’s not impossible.

Role of women in society


Women play an important role in the development and progress of society. Without them, a developed and prosperous society can not be imagined. Brig Young said to be famous that if you are educating a man, then you are educating only one person, but if you are educating a woman, then you are educating the entire generation. ‘. It is extremely important for the development of society that girls should not be given any kind of education as they will have to give a new direction to the society in the coming times with the boys. If a person is considered to be true, then according to him, if a person is educated then he will be able to develop himself, but if a woman gets proper education, then she has the power to change the entire society with her.

Without women, human life can not be imagined. It will be said in the form of insanity that their talent can only be neglected on the argument that they are less powerful and less religious than men. About half of the women’s population represents India, if their capacity is not taken care of, then it has a clear meaning that half of the country’s population will not be uneducated and if women are not educated then that nation Will not be able to progress. We must understand that if a woman becomes illiterate, even if a woman becomes illiterate, then the society and the country will be handled well to the well-read women.

Women make family, family builds home, home becomes society, and society creates a nation. Its direct meaning is that women’s contribution is everywhere, it is useless to imagine society by ignoring the capacities of women. Without education and women’s empowerment, there can be no development of family, society and country. The woman knows how and how to deal with her problems. If necessary, just give your dream freedom.

Previously, the situation of women compared to slaves was worse if a woman gave birth to a girl, she was either killed or beaten by members of the house. It was considered a sin to give birth to a girl. They expected that only boys would have to give birth. But with the changing times, things changed. Now people are more aware than ever and women have started coming forward for help. There is still a lot to be done in this direction.

Today, if the situation of women is compared to hundreds of years ago, it seems that women are fulfilling their dreams at a much faster pace than before. But in actual perception, the development of women does not appear in all directions, especially in rural areas. Even after standing on their feet, women still have to go a long way in breaking the fairs of society. Even today, it is impossible for women to avoid discrimination for women. It seems that it can take a lot of time to fill this gap between a man and a woman

It has been seen on many occasions that women are treated with low status and they refuse to give too much responsibility in their offices. Many women accept this peace with themselves and accept their fate and do their livelihood with what is happening to them. But this is not the case with everyone. There are many examples of women in the society which are the motivation for young girls, there are girls from whom their family was not ready to go with them, but they changed the ideology of their own society.

The only reason for female backwardness in rural areas is not due to proper education management. In the village, man also believes that the only goal of his life is to make a combination of two times the bread. It is useless to expect men to empower men in such an environment. Women need it to recognize their potential and try to play their role in the development of the country and society with their families. Government should also make more and more schemes for women’s development. This change is possible only when all communities stand together and work positively.

If we compare the situation of women with the status of mythological society, then it clearly shows that there has been some improvement in the situation. Women have started working, contributing to household expenses In many areas, women have carried men ahead, girls of every day are making such a record, which is not only proud of the entire country or the whole country. Is doing, but the whole country

The Government of India is not far behind in the upliftment of women. In the last few years, several schemes have been initiated by the government, which is helping women break social holes and encourages them to move ahead as well. The government has stopped legal restrictions on the old times as well. The main people include child marriage, feticide, dowry practice, child labor, domestic violence etc. After making all these legal, the legal status of women in society has improved greatly. The woman works for the good of others by binding herself in different relationships throughout her life.

We have seen women in different forms like sisters, mother, wife, daughter etc., who is ready to increase respect for the family at all times. Even in urban areas, the situation is not so bad, but the situation of women in rural areas is worrisome. Due to the lack of proper education system, the situation of women has become pathetic: A woman gives birth to a child and plays his entire responsibility towards that child throughout life. In return, she does not ask anything and completely fulfills her role without tolerance with logic.

Triple Talak

Triple Talak, an instant divorce is a type of Islamic divorce which is used by Muslim men in India. It allows a Muslim man to legally divorce his wife by uttering ’Talaq, Talaq, Talaq’ (the Arabic word for divorce) three time in oral, written off more recently by electronic means such as email, SMS and WhatsApp.

Triple Talaq is the 1400-year-old practice among Sunni Muslims. It is “manifestly arbitrary” and allows a man to break down a marriage “whimsically and capriciously”. This has been an issue of concern for over 65 years for Muslim women in India, who comprise approximately 8% of the population as per 2011 census.

This weird and sinful culture adversely affects the life of Muslim women as it creates mental insecurity, threats of sudden divorce, and also encourages polygamy. Hence, puts a question mark on the Gender Equality, the dignity of women, justice, human rights and women empowerment.

In fact, many Muslim countries like Iraq, Saudi Arabia and Pakistan completely banned this unethical law. Our Government has also taken Stern step against this on 22 August 2017, India Supreme Court deemed triple talaq unconstitutional and also formulated a bill called The Muslim women (protection of rights on marriage) bill 2017 by which triple talaq in any form will be illegal and void with up to 3 years jail for the husband.

One thing is undeniable that once this Bill will become a law, no more Muslim women will face such adversity in future. But for that this situation should not be seen by religious eye and society should also come forward to act against this social evil without any prejudice. Because no nation can process without active and equal participation of women.


Today we are living in 21 century and it’s called modern era. Every individual or group have a fundamental rights, constitutional rights and human rights to raise voice against exploit tradition. India is a democratic country, the citizen of India follow and respect the constitution of India. In a democracy, every person has rights to express their expression against some unwritten law, which affects human life. Every community and every religion have its own personal low, which decides what is right and wrong tradition?

Now India facing triple talaq issue in the Muslim community. Especially, Muslim religion women are so much worst effect by triple talaq problem. It is a very old tradition. Triple talaq mean is just say 3 words (talaq, talaq, talaq) the relationship between husband & wife will be finished. It is a form of divorce. Muslims women are always afraid of this triple talaq. This type of tradition is practicing in India. Only small matter, male dominant gives threat triple talaq. As Muslims community can legally divorce his wife by pronounced three times talaq. Pronouncement can be oral or written. Today youth is misusing the law and they use social platforms like telephone, SMS, Facebook, etc. The life of women and children gets destroyed. A divorced woman may not remarry her divorce husband unless she first marries another man called nikaha halala.

When Narendra Modi started a campaign for Uttar Pradesh election 2017, Muslims women raise the issue in that government should find out any solution of it. It has been subjecting of controversy and debates, raising the issue of Justice, gender equality, human right and secularism. Muslim marriage in India is considered to private matter as they follow Muslim law, but if the couple wants they can register their marriage under special marriage act 1954. PIL was in Supreme Court against this. On 22 August 2017, the Indian Supreme Court deemed instant triple talaq.

Make in India

The “Make in India” campaign was started by the Honorable Prime Minister Shri Narendra Modi on September 25, 2014 for the recognition of India as a special identity in the field of economy and development of the country. The symbol of this campaign is a lion with many mechanical wheels. Moving with the help of these wheels, this lion displays perseverance and intelligence.

The aim of the Make in India campaign is to promote the development of new technologies in India and to promote products made in India. The biggest principle of Make in India campaign is to encourage foreign companies to invest in India and encourage them to make products in India.

The Make in India campaign will help in the production of many commodities in the country, along with the unprecedented potential of employment, level of property in the country will also be greatly reduced. 25 areas for investment have been selected, under which national and international investors will be to invest.

Due to decreasing employment opportunities in the country, the problem of unemployment has increased in the country. Also, due to the complexity of business and investment, the big investors and businessmen of the country have also been forced to leave the country. In such a way, the Make in India campaign has proved to be a milestone.

Growing production in any country is a symbol of its economic prosperity. If, by that, the country is also able to increase exports, then it will be the happiest place for the economy of that country. Make in India campaign in India is inspired by this. If the investment comes in the country, new factories will be opened in the country, people will get jobs, production will increase, affordable goods will be available and at the same time, India will emerge as a major exporting country.
On 25th September 2014, Prime Minister Narendra Modi launched Make in India, one of the flagship programmes of our government intended to boost domestic manufacturing currently contributes approximately 16 per cent to the GDP and target is to take it to 25% by 2022.

Make in India focuses on 25 sectors of the economy like automobile, mining, electronics etc. This emphasis on manufacturing will serve several objectives. First, it will provide employment to more than 10 million people. Second, it will boost foreign direct investment (FDI) thereby bringing development. Third, it will minimise the imports of various products so it will mitigate the pressure on our trade deficit. Fourth, it will augment our exports and lastly, it will help in bringing the latest technologies into the country.

This highly beneficiary programme faces several challenges like prevalent labour laws of India, red-tapism, providing environmental clearance for the big project, low technology and poor transportation system.

The government has taken a number of steps to improve the ease of doing business in the country. Rules and procedures are being simplified single window clearance have been created to guide the first time investors. Besides these, these initiatives must have great linkage with other initiatives of the government like skill India, startup India, digital India etc.

The campaign has already made a considerable success and if it moves forward with the same pace it will surely transform India into a manufacturing giant and improve our economy.

Dowry system

Any young man, who makes dowry a condition to marriage, discredits his education and his country and dishonours womanhood” – Mahatma Gandhi.

In India, there is a practice to give presents to the girl at the time of her marriage. Their marriage gifts are known as dowry. The parents of the girl velds her materially at the time of going to her bridegroom’s house.

In the present time dowry has become a curse sometimes it becomes difficult to quench the thirst of girl’s father-in-law. He forces more and more the girl’s parents to give something or the other. If his greed is not satisfied, the girl is tortured. In such a condition often a newly married girl of a poor family commits suicide. Parents give dowry to help their daughter for starting a new life and as a token of love.

Married women suffer much. Sometimes a young bride dies in a store explosion and sometimes found hanging from a ceiling fan. This happens when a lady does not bring enough money from her parents. “The need of a person can be satisfied but not the greed”.

The government has also passed a law making dowry a punishable offence however it is still being practised in most parts of the country causing agony for the girls and their families. Demanding checked if public opinion is formed against it. This can not be checked without the support of the public.

The abolition of dowry is the need of today. Young boys should realise that they are not commodities to be sold. Young girls should refuse to marry young boys whose parents are greedy. Without determination, the evil can not disappear.

‘Money is not the source of happiness but it is the source of pain. When we earn it, it gives pain, when we guard it, it gives pain and it gives pain when it is lost.’

Dowry System Essay
The existence of systems is probably only since human civilization has evolved, there are many types of systems prevailing in the whole world. Systems or Practices, which were made for human society. But sometimes these systems subdue humans, The perception of the tradition falls on their thinking and understanding, and if somebody removes the curtain and conveyed the truth to the people, then some people suppress that “transformative thinking”.

One such system the “dowry system”. After the marriage, the gifts, household items, rupees and ornaments, and any kind of movable and immovable property brought with her by the daughter-in-law are called dowry.
Dowry-system was started as blessings to give a start to a new home of daughter after marriage. But due to the time, some greedy tendencies people have changed the real meaning of this system. Now “dowry system” has become a very important part of marriage. Dowry system is not only prevail in India but also in Europe, Africa, China, Greece, Japan and more other countries. In different countries, the type and purpose of dowry have remained very different, but now many countries have stopped the circulation of this practice, but this practice in India has still been formidable form.

Many people pretend not to take dowry, At first the groom-side people say that “we only need your daughter” And then there are later dialogues “There should be at least one gold chain, ring and 51 thousand cash in the “Teeka” (a kind of ritual before marriage), otherwise what will be our respect in the relatives?” After that, before marriage “daughter should have her ornaments in full with her, and then whatever you wish, give her, taking care of caste and society.” The Excuse is to keep honour in the caste and society and means the solution is itself. If the boy is a doctor or engineer then the demand for dowry increases even more because the boy is very educated.

Many laws have been made to eradicate the dowry system and over time the law has been made more rigid. But still, daughters could not escape. Many dowry grievances cannot reach the law and daughters commit sins like suicide. Laws related to Dowry system are following -
• According to the Dowry Prohibition Act, 1961, there is a provision for the imprisonment of 5 years and fine of 15,000 rupees for taking dowry, giving or cooperating in its transactions. For harassment of dowry, under section 498-A of the Indian Penal Code which is related to the case of illegal demand for property or valuables by husbands and their relatives, there can be 3 years of imprisonment and fine.

Whether it is a parent or a sibling, everyone thinks that their sister-daughter is always happy and safe, but does not anyone else’s daughter or sister should possess this pleasure and security? Giving away the daughter to such dowry-greedy people by ourselves is like we pushed our daughters in the wells of plight and sorrow. We all have to oppose this system together. Dowry will neither give nor take.

Women empowerment

The term “Women Empowerment” broaches to empowering women with surpassing education, better employment, decision making , and superior health in view of an indistinguishable and so just society. Women empowerment is an undertaking to forge the women financially liberate, educative and more progressive, savoring a superior social status. Women since ages have been wrestling to be socially and professionally recognized as correspondent to all men. There are myriad of incidents in a woman’s personal and professional life, where her own abilities are enfeeble against that of a man’s having an untoward impact on her over all personality and hampering her over growth.

So basically real women empowerment is making society serve every women as a counterpart just exactly like other men in this colossal cosmos. It is proffering women all her true consents and all the opportunities to gambol purposeful part in the society and letting her excel in all the different fields where only men are prevailing. It actually means to empower her human first then empower her social, political and economical liberties and forge her stand in this colossal society on the exact tribune as male counterparts. However, when it approaches to giving them correspondent rights and independence the same people abandon its major importance and that’s all because we reside in a patriarchal union where people swallow that the main purpose of women is to take care of her family and kids firstly.

The actual require for women empowerment commenced all because of the gender inequity and male supremacy in our colossal Indian society since the prior ancient time. Nowadays women are being repressed by their own family natives or members and the society for many reasons. They have been preyed for myriad types of brutality and prejudicial practices by all the male adherents of our own native family and society from the past ancient times have taken the form of highly developed customs and traditional virtues. There are myriad of incidents in a woman’s personal and professional life, where her own abilities are enfeeble against that of a man’s having an untoward impact on her over all personality and hampering her over growth. Now, empowering girls and women is quite lusty and more powerful. Today, we know it is the minute key to economic growth, political firmness, and to the social transformation. World leaders, experts or scholars alike are proffering their tender voice to this scathing endeavour.

We have a true faith over a locution that India is a country where all women have been honoured as goddesses since old times. However, when it approaches to giving them correspondent rights and independence the same people abandon its major importance and that’s all because we reside in a patriarchal union where people swallow that the main purpose of women is to take care of her family and kids firstly.

In today’s colossal world women’s empowerment basically refers to the faculty for women to savour their legality to control and welfare from other resources, assets, their own income and own momentous time, as well as the true capability to supervise risk and making better their economic status and their well being. While frequently interchangeably plied, the more cross-disciplinary concept of gender empowerment refers to every individual of any gender, trensity the major chasm between biological sex, and between the gender as a role. This thereby also introduces to other marginalised genders in a precise political or social context.

Now, empowering girls and women is quite lusty and more powerful. Today, we know it is the minute key to economic growth, political firmness, and to the social transformation. World leaders, experts or scholars alike are proffering their tender voice to this scathing endeavour.

Here with economic and occupational empowerment implies over a superior quality of material life all through sustainable bread and butter owned and completely managed by all women. It means minimizing their major financial reliance on their male counterparts all by forging them with a most significant part of a human resource. If we consider over De jure women empowerment, it advocates the provision of an efficacious de jure structure which is quite sympathetic of women empowerment. It means addressing the interstices between what the law prescribes and what actually occurs. There is not a radical but a little bit of change in the mindset of people that are allowing women to walk on the pathway of development. Women are leaving no stones unturned to prove themselves to the world and despite many hurdles, they turn out to achieve respectable and notable positions.

So now, we have to consider over each and every concept on women empowerment first. And apart from everything else, empowering women has an affirmative impact on a country’s genuine economy. Those colossal countries that swallow, as some of the testimonies here actually indicate no matter what the resolutions of the question, that women should be unearthed within the traditional positions in our society’s wives and mothers, but shown more esteem are and will be remain economically backward. Emancipating up women’s participation in society will free up and rampant minds and economies.

Now, to eradicate all these wickedness from our society and to construct our society a superior place to reside for both men and women, women empowerment is quite vital because unless and until a place is not safe for all the natives of our society it can’t be a superior place. Women empowerment supports women to perceive upon their lives as a confident being. It truly incites women to stand and fight by their own for their own rights and live a well-worthy life. There is no bolshevik but a little bit of difference in the mindset of that are actually allowing women to wander on the simple pathway of development. As, women are evacuating no stones untwirled to prove themselves to the world and despite many hurdles, they twirl out to attain reputable and notable positions. Women since ages have been wrestling to be socially and professionally recognized as correspondent to all men. Because, women are evacuating no stones untwirled to prove themselves to the world and despite many hurdles, they twirl out to attain reputable and notable positions.

Generation gap between parents and children

: In contemporary world, the widening gap between the age of parents and their offspring has become a common feature. While I accept that this phenomenon can bring certain disadvantages, I believe that they are definitely outweighed by advantages.

The main drawback of the increasing distinction in age is the generation gap which will absolutely result in several serious consequences. Due to diffreneces in lifestyle caused by age, parents may find it difficult to penetrate into their children’s lives and offer them with emotional supports which are fundamental for their cognitive and mental development. For example, if children can sense a devoid of sympathy and encouragement from parents because of age difference, they will show a propensity for disintegrating themselves from their parents. Therefore, undeniably, age can extend the existing gap between parents and children, hindering their efforts to gain a mutual understanding. In addition, the difference in age can potentially pose threats to the balance of population. As adults have a tendency to start a family later in their life, this issue can lead to a reduction in birth rate while the number of senior citizens continue to increase. For example, in Japan, that couples show less interest in giving birth has not only resulted in age gap but increasingly aging population as well, putting more pressure on labour market.

Despite some shortcomings mentioned above, I believe that there are far more benefits. Firstly, embarking on parenthood later means that parents have spent more time focusing on their careers, making better financial preparations for their offspring. For instance, if young people devote more time to moving up career ladder, they will find it easier to lead a stable life and have the means to cater for their children’s demands with the highest quality. Secondly, parents at higher age are bound to have distilled myriad experiences from reality, resulting in their giving more thorough and mature advice for their children. This will definitely make children feel more prepared to enter adult life and avoid from turning to crime.

Generation gap is the major reason today why parents and children are moving away from each other. As we all know, the environment has changed, so has the life style and with that changes the mind of children. Today’s generation doesn’t like others interfering in any of their personal matters, they don’t like parents ordering them, and if they try and tell them what’s wrong for them, they misbehave with their parents. The question arises that, what is the reason behind all this. It is the parents’ mistake or is it cause of the generation gap. Generation gap is basically created by the people themselves. They don’t talk to their children and share their own points of views with the children. The point is that the parents are just so busy with their work and jobs that they don’t have time for their family and their children. And they realize it when there has a huge distance between the kids and the parents. The point is if parents give their children some time from their busy schedule then there would be no such problem. At times you need to act as a friend to your children in order understands them more nicely.

Generation Gap is nothing but certain psychological and emotional gap between parents or elder people and younger ones. Creates misunderstanding and lack of attachment between parents and children. The success of parenting lies in how effectively they avoid the generation gap r ignore the differences with kids.

In my opinion generation gap is the result of the fast paced development of the society. In earlier times two or three generations liven in the same lifestyle and environments as the development was so slow. But, today nearest past is very much outdated and the world is more advanced each day. Parents do not even know many of the modern technologies and equipments children use. Basically the recent developments in technology has accelerated overall development in every field and with very short time things which seemed to be considered impossible are now the usual things. Our parents lived in a bit slower society and they adjusted to that as well but now the pace has inceased considerably but they have same patterns what they used to have. The things which were considered luxuries at some time are now needs of today. People who are already adjusted to a particular lifestyle find it very difficult to adjust to new trends and requirements. The new generation is learning and adopting fast to the needs of the fast growing society which is sometimes a concern for elders. heir work patterns, jobs enjoyment and every other living pattern is very different. I believe the new trends are hard for them to adjust and we the present generation find it hard to make them understand. People have less time now are no time to relax upon things and work patterns are very quick. On the other side our elders are more of slow decision takers. I would suggest parents are more in commanding position and they should try to get acquainted to new trends if not then at least try to understand their children needs and remove age or parent children relation ship and give space without getting out the respect factor.

Understanding parents can always help a lot and its very easy for an elder to initiate than a younger one. Things change by the passage of time and in the same way requirements of life also change during that duration. It is not necessary that people like those things, which their parents used to like 20 or 30 years back. In the same way trends, behaviours, fashions, attitudes, liking and disliking also change by the passage of time. So far your question that why is there a generation gap between parents and children can be narrated in the following terms. As I told you above that things change by the passage of time and in the same way demand and requirements of life also change. People have to adopt those things, which are currently required by the people and they are bound to adopt those requirements. Sometimes parents feel ill on the habits, attitudes and behaviours of their children but they don’t realize the current requirements of their children. They go on giving examples of the past and irritate their children for nothing. I think parents should only guide children properly and let them enjoy their present. By these conflicts, which take place between parents and children, it is said there is a generation gap. Dissimilarity stuck between the opinions and views of young people and their parents can be termed as a generation gap. The reason of generation gap is the dissimilar scale of priorities of both these generations. Parents talk on the basis of all those experiences that are results of the events and dealings they had faced in their lives while kids argue according to their surroundings and fantasies. When kids and parents are unable to make them agree with each other then this situation leads them to the state of disappointment. As a result of this situation kids avoid to talk to their parents and parents quench that their kids do not listen to them. Kids do not consider their parents in any matter and parents in certain situations leave their kids with their own good and bad while some situations lead both the parents and kids to the states of frustration and aggravation. The problem of generation gap is getting a value as a very serious issue for both the children and parents. This situation does not only make suffer these two parties but it affects the surroundings as well. In order to cope with this problem parents must think in a sharp and tactful manner because the kids are blameless and they do not adopt the things forcefully in a happy and satisfied manner.

These differences are so common in the tastes too. My generation has overly embraced the western influence in all forms of art to which there is a strong opposition from the earlier generation. My parents are admires of local traditional art forms and fear about the future of their existence. These traditional art forms are no doubt are very rich in their value and are essential features in our culture.
The ages between parents and their children are often large enough that they experienced their most impressionable years during a different culture than each other. Adolescence is often the time when people are most influenced by society around them and as our world keeps developing and changing, things rarely stay the same, causing generation gaps between parents and their children


What Is A Generation Gap?
Since time is ever moving forward and change is inevitable, the values, tastes and outlook on life are different with each generation. It is this difference that is called a generation gap. This often causes a lack of communication and understanding between the two generations since their view of the world was coloured by how society functioned during their adolescence.

Why do Generation Gap Exists Between Parents And Children?


Here are a few causes of generation gap between parents and child:

: 1. Lack Of Understanding
Different generations sometimes seem to speak a different language. Due to the changes in society from when parents were growing up, to how it is in the time of their children, even their way of thinking and what they deem to be normal tends to be different
2. Mistakes Are Rarely Tolerated
Parents often do not tolerate mistakes and tend to tell their children off. Children need to make mistakes to learn and grow in life, but if they only get punished for it, it widens the gap and creates a lack of proper communication.
3. Children Are Expected To Be Replicas
Parents often have dreams for their kids, and a lot of the time tends to force them in that direction without taking into consideration what their child wants.
: 4. Too Many Comparisons
Comparing children to each other or even to how you were as a child is another reason the gap becomes wide. This often causes them to lose confidence in themselves and can destroy any enthusiasm they may have previously had.


5. Not Enough Interaction
Due to the responsibilities of being an adult and the stress that comes from work life, parents often find themselves too tired to spend enough time with their kids every day. This causes a lack of communication and interaction that widens the generation gap.

How to Bridge The Generation Gap Between Parents And Their Children
Here are a few tips to help bridge the generation gap between parents and their children:

1. Keep An Open Mind
The way that kids think is different from how parents do. Parents often feel like because they have already been the age their child is currently, that they understand how their child thinks. The truth is, the world and way of life was different then than it is now and their mind-set will be very different and can also be shocking for some parents. This is why keeping an open mind and not assuming that they must be just like you were at their age is very important. You must also understand that there are some things that are acceptable in society and therefore acceptable to your child that may not have been acceptable when you were the same age. It is especially in those areas where parents need to try and keep an open mind so they can better understand their children.

  1. Communicate
    Making the time to communicate with your kids every day is very important. The simple act of talking about each other’s day at the end of the day can help you get to know each other and make it easier to speak freely around the other. Children need to know they can approach their parents with anything, something that can ultimately give parents peace of mind since they do not need to worry about their children hiding things that are important.


3. Listen
Parents need to allow their kids time to talk without interruption and listen to what they have to say. Learning your child’s thoughts and opinions makes them feel like what they want or feel matters to you, which in turn makes them feel much closer to you than before. Having a parent who listens as well instead of only talks and lectures will give your child more encouragement to listen to you in return.

  1. Understand
    With listening comes understanding and this means that you have to learn to put yourself in your child’s shoes and trying to understand how they feel and what they want from what they tell you. If you are able to understand where your child is coming from, you will be able to close that generation gap to some extent.


5. Unconditional Love
Love has a way of crossing boundaries and bringing people together if acted upon. So show your children how much you love them. This unconditional love and support that they get from you is very encouraging and makes children more inclined to show that same love and understanding back.

  1. Compromise
    People can disagree on things, no matter how close to each other they are. Parents and children are no different; however, rather than forcing them into your way of thinking or forcing them to do what you want them to do when they don’t want to, learn to compromise when possible. There are times when you need to put your foot down with your children, but coming to a compromise instead of dictating their every move will make them closer to you and make that generation gap a little smaller.

Climate change:A serious concern

Global warming and climate change are two terms that have been used interchangeably in recent times. While they are related, two concepts are not exactly the same thing. Global warming can be seen as a subset of climate change.

Global warming is the general increase in the temperature of the world. Climate change, on the other hand, includes variation in world temperature. However, it goes beyond just that. It is the general change in the climatic conditions of the world which includes wind patterns and precipitation.Climate change in the world can be caused by various activities. When climate change occurs; temperatures can increase a dramatically. When temperature rises, many different changes can occur on Earth. For example, it can result in more floods, droughts, or intense rain, as well as more frequent and severe heat waves. Oceans and glaciers have also experienced some changes: oceans are warming and becoming more acidic, glaciers are melting, and sea levels are rising. As these changes frequently occur in future decades, they will likely present challenges to our society and environment.

During the past century, human activities have released large amounts of carbon dioxide and other greenhouse gases into the atmosphere. Most of the gases come from burning fossil fuels to produce energy. Greenhouse gases are like a blanket around the Earth, trapping energy in the atmosphere and causing it to warm. This is called the greenhouse effect and it is natural and necessary to support life on earth. However, while greenhouse gases buildup, the climate changes and result in dangerous effects to human health and ecosystems. People have adapted to the stable climate we have enjoyed since the last ice age which ended several thousand years ago. A warmer climate can bring changes that can affect our water supplies, agriculture, power and transportation systems, the natural environment, and even our own health and safety. There are some climate changes that are unavoidable and nothing can be done about it. For example, carbon dioxide can stay in the atmosphere for nearly a century, so Earth will continue to warm in the future.

Global warming has really taken effect in the world over the last century. It is the unusually rapid increase in the Earth’s average surface temperature over the past century primarily due to the greenhouse gases released as people burn fossil fuels. Global warming is due to the enhancing greenhouse gases emission and build-up in the Earth’s environment. The gases that have an influence on the atmosphere are water vapor, carbon dioxide, dinitrogen-oxide, and methane. Almost 30 percent of incoming sunlight is reflected back into space by bright surfaces like clouds and ice. In the other 70 percent, most is absorbed by the land and ocean, and the rest is absorbed by the atmosphere. The absorbed solar energy heats our planet. This absorption and radiation of heat by the atmosphere is beneficial for life on Earth. Today, the atmosphere contains more greenhouse gas molecules, so more of the infrared energy emitted by the surface ends up being absorbed by the atmosphere. By increasing the concentration of greenhouse gases, we are making Earth’s atmosphere a more efficient greenhouse. Climate has cooled and warmed throughout the Earth history for various reasons. Rapid warming like we see today is unusual in the history of our planet. Some of the factors that have an effect on climate, like volcanic eruptions and changes in the amount of solar energy, are natural. Climate can change if there is a change in the amount of solar energy that gets to the Earth. Volcano eruptions can really affect climate, because when it erupts it spews out more than just lava and ash. Volcanoes release tiny particles made of sulfur dioxide into the atmosphere. These particles get into the stratosphere and reflect solar radiation back out to space. Snow and ice also have a great effect on climate. When snow and ice melts Earth’s climate warms, less energy is reflected and this causes even more warming. There are many different ways that plants, animals, and other life on our planet can affect climate. Some can produce greenhouse gases that trap heat and aid global warming through the greenhouse effect. Carbon dioxide is taken out of the atmosphere by plants as they make their food by photosynthesis. During the night, plants release some carbon dioxide back into the atmosphere. Methane is made while farm animals, such as cattle and sheep digest their food. Cars and trucks can effect climate by releasing carbon dioxide when fossil fuels are burned to power them. When wildfires occur, carbon dioxide is released into the atmosphere. However, if a forest of similar size grows again, about the same amount of carbon that was added to the atmosphere during the fire will be removed. Some effects that scientists have predicted in the past would result when global change was occurring: loss of sea ice, accelerated sea level rise, and more intense heat waves. Scientists have confidence that global temperatures will continue to rise for decades to come, largely due to greenhouse gases produced by human activities. The Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) stated that the extent climate change effects on individual regions will vary over time and with ability of different societal and environmental systems mitigate or adapt to change (The Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change). This has been the warmest decade since 1880. According to the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, 2010 and 2005 has been the warmest years on record. The earth could warm by an additional 7.2 degrees Fahrenheit during the 21st century if we fail to reduce emissions from burning fossil fuels (The National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration). The rising of temperature will have great effects on the earth’s climate patterns and on all living things. Industrial activities that our modern civilization depends upon have raised atmospheric carbon dioxide from 280 parts per million to 379 parts per million in the last 150 years (The Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change).

Global Warming – Main Factor for Climate Change:

The climate of Earth has become warmer over the last two million years and the most important reason for it is identified to be Global Warming. The unusual increase in the atmospheric temperature leads to various repercussions which even causes a shift in seasons.

Causes of Global Warming and Climate Change:

Burning of fossil fuels, deforestation and other human activities are cited to be the most important reasons for global warming which causes a variation in Climate.

Impact of Global Warming and Climate Change:

Melting of ice, floods, forest fire, intense rain are all impacts of global warming and all these causes change in weather conditions. Unusual Climate changes brings several health-related problems and unavailability of natural resources.

How Can We Stop Global Warming?

Global Warming can be prevented if we lead a simple and environment friendly life. Planting of trees and avoiding excess use of fossil fuels are better solutions.

Conclusion

In conclusion, we need to take part and try to stop global warming and other effects on climate change. If the earth’s temperatures continue to rise in the future, living things on earth would become extinct due to the high temperatures. If humans contribute to control global warming, this world would be cooler and the high temperatures we currently have would decrease. If everybody as one take stand and try to end most of the climate changes that are occurring, this world would be a safer place to live on.

Benefits of gross motor skills and physical activity

Even acute bouts of physical activity have been shown to improve cognition. One study revealed that preadolescent children who completed 20 minutes of treadmill training at a moderate pace responded to test questions on reading, spelling, and arithmetic with greater accuracy and had improved reading comprehension compared to children who had been sitting. In addition, the children completed learning tasks faster and more accurately were more likely to read above their grade level following the physical activity

How do gross motor skills/physical activity affect concentration?
Teachers know all too well how much effort is spent on trying to get and maintain students’ attention. Teachers try frequent questioning, moving about the room, changing tone of voice and many more techniques. An alternative method for teachers to increase attention, concentration and on-task behavior may be to incorporate bouts of physical activity throughout the school day. Research has shown that some children who participated in an in-class physical activity program improved their on-task behaviors by 20 percent. Additional research regarding physical activity and school performance revealed that physical activity may improve concentration (Taras, 2005). Active lessons that require more coordinated gross motor skills such as balancing, reaction time, etc. were associated with better concentration on academic tasks (Budde, 2008).

Suggestions to increase gross motor skills/physical activity during the school day
There are many ways to incorporate more physical activity and movement breaks into a school day. One of the easiest ways to increase physical activity time is to add physical education classes and recess. However, this can be the most difficult to accomplish within a school day since so much time is already devoted to structured learning. If additional physical education and recess time is not available, work on incorporating physical movement throughout the school day with brain breaks. During transitions from one subject matter to another, perform short bouts of exercises such as jumping in place, dancing to music or jumping jacks. Help teachers develop multisensory lessons that incorporate movement with academics. Not only will the multisensory activities increase movement time, but they may also assist kinesthetic learners to improve academically. By teaming up with members of the school and community, physical and occupational therapists can help make active changes to children’s patterns of physical fitness, health and cognitive function!

They help us move and do everything from lifting heavy items to typing on a keyboard. Motor skills and motor control begin developing after birth, and will progress as children grow. Having good motor control also helps children explore the world around them, which can help with many other areas of development.

Benefits of gross motor skills and physical activity

Recent research indicates that regular participation in physical activity may improve academic performance. Schools that have added physical activity into their curriculum showed a 6% increase in student’s standardized test scores when compared to peers who had inactive lessons . One comprehensive research review included 59 studies, indicated a significant and positive effect of physical activity on children’s achievement and cognitive outcomes, with aerobic exercise having the greatest effect . Ninety minutes per week of cardiorespiratory fitness has been associated with improvements in the cognitive control of working memory in preadolescent children. Children who participated in 90 minutes/week of moderate to vigorous physical activity during an after school program displayed improvements in working memory . Physically active lessons including physical activity breaks have been shown to reduce time-off-task (20.5%) and improve reading, math, spelling and composite scores . In another study, children who participated in physically active lessons had significantly greater gains in mathematics speed test, general mathematics, and spelling scores although no changes were seen in reading scores .

Physical education classes and recess offer opportunities for students to increase physical activity throughout the school day. Although, at times children are sedentary even during these periods. Research indicated that children who participate in physical activity during physical education lessons may facilitate immediate and delayed memory . Many studies show that the more vigorous the physical activity is the larger the effects on academic performance.

Role of school in child’s life

Role of School in a Child’s Life. … Schools provide growth and development conducive environment for children. They not only learn academic skills, but also learn many other life-skills. Sitting in the classroom in the company of peers they learn faster.

School is an integral part of child’s life
School can be an integral part of a child’s life. A child goes to school not just to gain knowledge or information but to learn the essential threads of group dynamics, adjustment, developing interpersonal skills to live in a connected world.

In the words of Aristotle, “man is by nature a social animal”. Since birth, he is in constant need of human interaction. The first human contact in a child’s life is his mother. But as the child grows and develops, his needs and requirements evolve.The home cannot provide all these requirements. Thus comes the role of school. It equips a child to face all experiences necessary for his growth and development till he reaches level of maturity to face the world.

School can be an integral part of a child’s life. A child goes to school not just to gain knowledge or information but to learn the essential threads of group dynamics, adjustment, developing interpersonal skills to live in a connected world.

Schools provide a plethora of platforms through scholastics, co- scholastic activities, values through life skill education, personality development, sportsmanship spirit and team abilities, which help any child to evolve as a responsible individual.

Our school life is always the best time of our lives. Furthermore, it is the only time where we can meet our friends. Our School time is the only time which we all enjoy a lot. We get to play many games. Also, we get to study my favorite subject. Above all, we get to play with my group of friends and spend a good time with them.

Schools are the second home for children. The way in which their personalities mould depends not only on the parental upbringing but also on the way they are evolved in their school lives. Imparting just the bookish knowledge makes the student dumb and insecure when it comes to challenging the competitive world. Steps are being taken in some private and missionary schools, but reaching out to every corner of the country is a matter of concern. Now the question arises that what reforms can be brought about to inculcate the triggering of child personality development at school.
Firstly, one needs to realise the apparent meaning of child personality development. Personality means the set of qualities which makes a person distinct from the other. When such qualities emerge in the growing age of children, it is known as child personality development. Now when the pace of the world is advancing, it has become very crucial to make your child stand out from the rest and be unique. So how can this be achieved? The answer is simple. It has got to be worked out at the root level to bring the best out of them. Therefore, the development of a child in a way he/she becomes socially, morally, and ethically progressive is the need of the hour. The way in which schools respond to this context matters a lot. If the focus is just on grades and marks, there is a possibility that the quality of students would be limited. An ideal school is the one which focuses on both the studies as well as co-curricular activities to enhance their thinking ability. It’s not important to tell them the answers to the problems; rather it’s important to teach them how to hunt for the answers. Incorporating the logics in the mind of children would make them smart and productive.
Some of the strategies that can be undertaken by the schools to help achieve overall development of children are as follows:

The pre and primary school role:
The roles played by the preschools and primary schools have great significance over a child’s personality development. It is therefore required to improvise the method of imparting knowledge in them. Apart from games, organising cultural programs, learning disciplinary tasks, clay modelling, celebrating national and international festivals at school and upholding various competitions, there are points which often go neglected. These include the assessment of children based on how they are able to interact with their teacher and also among themselves and helping them understand the perks of learning things so that they become active participants. Sports activities which build up their presence of mind must be part of their regular activities. Children must be taught to get rid of their stage-phobia from the very childhood.


The Secondary education role :
After a child finishes the primary education, most of the developments will have already taken place. But there are certain things which can only be taken care of during this phase. Here, it the role of the schools to make the children self-confident and motivated towards their prime goals. Regular workshops and seminars can be used as a platform to gain and share information. The ethics taught in school remains lifelong. So things like valuing life, caring for animals, respecting cultural diversity and religions should be positively fed into their hearts and minds.

Some basic qualities like being humble, polite, non-gullible and generous should be taught in special classes of value-education. A period should be separately allocated for group discussions on various topics which can improve their intellectual skills and groupism. Lessons on music, art, craft, yoga and physical education should be given to one and all, right from the kindergartens. Proper nurturing by the school faculty can do wonders to the child development from a very appropriate age. It’s high time that the school administrations adopt the effective learning to ensure the quality development of its students and hence the future of our country.
Most school staff are already aware of the physical benefits of exercise, such as strengthening of the heart and lungs, preventing weight gain, healthy bones, good posture and more. However, many are not aware of the potential brain-boosting benefits of physical activity with regard to school performance. How does physical development affect learning? What does the research say?

Many students are missing out on opportunities to accomplish this important physical activity. For example, years ago kindergarten was meant to teach children how to play, listen, follow rules and interact with peers. Now kindergarten teachers, and even preschools teachers, are forced to spend more time on structured, academic instruction. This frequently translates into more seatwork time and less movement and active free play time.

Physical education class and recess are usually the first things cut when more academic time is required for remediation in reading and math skills. At the end of the day, the children are spending too much time in a sedentary mode. Research indicates that this sedentary lifestyle has a negative effect on cognitive development.

How does physical development affect learning?
What is the importance of gross motor skills? Gross motor skills are completed by using the larger muscles in the body to roll, sit up, crawl, walk, run, jump, leap, hop, skip and more. Regular participation in these types of physical activities has been associated with improved academic performance and important school day functions, such as attention and memory. Even a baby’s ability to sit up unsupported has a profound effect on their ability to learn about object.

One of the greatest brain gains of exercise is the ability for physical activity to improve actual brain function by helping nerve cells to multiply, creating more connections for learning .Research has shown that an increase in physical activity has a significant positive effect on cognition, especially for early elementary and middle school students .As an added bonus, being physically fit as a child may make you smarter for longer as you grow old.

Ways to improve Your Personal Development Skills

Personal development can contribute to your maturity, success and satisfaction. Many people build personal development skills throughout their lives to better themselves and reach their goals. They can do this through education, advice from a mentor, self-help and more. In this article, we will describe some of the most important personal development skills.

What are personal development skills?
Personal development skills are qualities and abilities that help you grow both personally and professionally. Understanding and improving these skills can help you maximize your potential. This process is also known as self-development or personal growth.

You can use personal development skills to:

Reach goals
Advance in your career
Improve your strengths and talents
Better yourself
Find fulfillment

Examples of personal development skills: Examples of personal development skills
Personal development skills can be traits or qualities you already have or ones you can gain through education and training. People will value different personal development skills depending on their goals, but here are some examples of skills people commonly aim to develop: Interpersonal
Organization
Problem-solving
Self-confidence
Adaptability
Integrity
Work ethic
Leadership
Communication
Communication includes your ability to speak, write and listen. With these skills, you can understand what others are saying and feeling and also convey your own ideas and feelings. Good communicators can speak clearly and confidently, using a tone that is positive and appropriate for the situation.

Interpersonal
Also called people skills or social skills, interpersonal skills are the verbal and nonverbal behaviors and reactions to interactions with other people. They affect your ability to build relationships and make impressions on others in social situations.

Organization
Organization skills include the tidiness of your physical and digital spaces as well as your ability to plan, schedule and prioritize. Good organization can help save time, prevent miscommunications and improve efficiency.

Problem-solving
Problem-solving is your ability to handle challenging or surprising situations. Good problem-solvers can stay calm when they encounter obstacles and assess all their options to find the best solution.

Self-confidence
Self-confidence is the belief in your abilities, actions and decisions. If you have confidence in yourself, you might be more likely to pursue ambitious goals, try new things and believe you can succeed.

Adaptability
Adaptability is your ability to adjust quickly and easily to new things. People who handle change well often get along with a variety of personalities and thrive in any environment. They can remain calm in surprising situations.

Integrity
People tend to trust those who are honest and stand by their values. Integrity means doing what is right and telling the truth, even if it is not what they want to hear. Having integrity can lead to a good reputation and opportunities for advancement : Work ethic
Work ethic includes not only hard work but also reliability, responsibility, quality, determination and discipline. People with good work ethic tend to be productive and have a positive attitude.

Leadership
Leadership is the ability to guide people. Good leaders can motivate others and help them reach a shared goal. They build confidence and improve morale.

How to improve your personal development skills
You can enhance your personal development skills by taking classes, learning from the people around you, gaining new talents and improving upon existing ones. Follow these guidelines to develop yourself personally:

Overcome your fears. Fear can prevent you from growing and progressing. If you are afraid of public speaking, for instance, take a class or join a group that helps people become better public speakers. If you are afraid of taking risks, find a mentor who can help you make good decisions and build your confidence. Grow and learn by trying things you might not be comfortable doing. If you are shy, try starting a conversation or introducing yourself to new people at a reception or workshop.
Read. Reading expands our knowledge and vocabulary and keeps us informed. It stimulates our minds and can improve our critical thinking skills. Try setting a goal to read at least one educational or motivational article a day, or one book a month.
Learn something new. Learn a new skill or topic, whether you do it yourself or sign up for a class. You might, for instance, take courses to learn another language, a new software program or how to write creatively. Consider watching a webinar on professional development topics such as entrepreneurship or social media marketing.
Ask for feedback. Approach a family member, friend, colleague or manager, and ask them to give you feedback on a recent project or accomplishment. Use their positive comments as well as their constructive criticism to find ways to improve. Sometimes you need an outside, unbiased opinion to get a different perspective.
Observe others. Watch and learn from the people who inspire you. This could be someone you know, such as a supervisor, family member or public figure. Identify the qualities you admire in them, and try to replicate those in yourself.
Network. By interacting with many types of people, you can learn new ideas and understand how to communicate and work with different personality types. You can also meet people and develop relationships that might help you in the future. Network through industry organizations and shared interest groups, or attend conferences and events on topics that interest you.
Keep a journal. Writing in a journal every day or week can help you gain self-awareness and reflect on recent events, decisions and conversations. You might keep a hand-written, private journal, or you might choose to share your thoughts and experiences by blogging. Use it to set and assess goals and progress.
Meditate. Many people meditate to gain clarity and awareness and to reduce stress and anxiety. Meditation can help you focus on your self-development and goals in a healthy, positive and calm way. Even scheduling a break from work or quiet time to yourself can help you relax and focus.
Get a mentor. If you need help identifying ways to build your self-development skills, talk to a mentor. This individual could be a manager, professor, someone you admire or a professional personal growth mentor.

Personal development skills at work place
While personal development skills can benefit all parts of your life, these may be useful in the workplace and help you advance your career:

Be an active listener. Be an active listener. Part of being a good communicator is paying attention to what other people say. Concentrate on understanding what your coworkers and clients are saying so you can remember that information and respond well. Use effective and professional listening and communication skills in everything from phone conversations to job interviews.
Work well with others. Good people skills make you a valued team member. You should be able to collaborate with and motivate others. Have the social skills to build relationships with colleagues, clients, customers and acquaintances of all types and backgrounds.
Organize your time, work and
: Organize your time, work and materials. Plan out tasks so you can complete them quickly and easily. Know what projects to prioritize if you are handling more than one. If you are well-organized, you may be better able to meet your deadlines.
Work through challenging situations. When dealing with a problem, assess your options and determine the best solution. Know when to ask for advice or research different scenarios. People who can think critically and work through complex problems are more likely to make good decisions both in life and work.
Believe in yourself. If you have confidence in your decisions, others may be more likely to believe in you as well. This positive energy can help motivate and instill confidence in those around you. You are better able to handle challenges and reach goals if you approach them with confidence rather than doubt.
Adapt to change. Be flexible so you can deal with changes in work and life easily. Adaptable people can work well both alone and on a team, manage multiple projects, work under a variety of conditions, accept new ideas and more. Being able to respond well to change can also make these situations less stressful for everyone involved.
Be truthful. Honesty is the foundation of a positive relationship with colleagues and supervisors. Practice good ethics and stand by your values. Integrity can bring you respect, satisfaction and a good reputation at work.
Be committed to and passionate about your job. People with good work ethic tend to be productive, reliable and determined to do quality work. This dedication can help you complete tasks on time and motivate your peers.
Guide those around you. Being a good leader requires confidence, vision and communication. People with these natural leadership skills can help their team progress and be productive without being controlling.

How to develop your skill set to advance your Career

A skill set is a combination of abilities, qualities and experiences you can apply to perform tasks well. These can include soft skills such as interpersonal skills, organization and leadership as well as technical skills such as research, computer programming, accounting writing and more.

Spending time on improving your ki skills can help you achieve personal career goals such as earning a promotion or becoming an expert on a certain topic. Your skill set can be applied to progress in your current career or expanded to earn a job in a different field or industry.

What is a skill set?

A skill set is a collection of skills and abilities. Each person has a different skill set depending on their interests, natural abilities, personal qualities and technical skills. Skills can expand your professional competency and allow you to perform your job well.

You can gain and improve skills with education and experience. The more advanced you are in performing certain skills, the more likely you are to get or progress in a job.

Types of skill sets

There are two main types of skills that make up your skill set—soft skills and hard skills.

Soft skills generally pertain to interpersonal skills and other personality traits that allow you to communicate and work with others. Soft skills are also transferable, which means they are valuable for any job no matter the industry.

Examples of soft skills

Adaptability
Communication
Conflict resolution
Creativity
Decision making
Leadership
Motivation
Teamwork
Time management
Hard skills, also known as technical skills, are capabilities you use to perform a task related to a specific job. You can gain or improve these skills through training, tutorials and practice.

Examples of hard skills

Accounting
Copywriting
Data analysis
Event planning
Foreign language fluency
Graphic design
Information technology
Mathematics
SEO/SEM marketing
Read more: Hard Skills vs. Soft Skills

One considerable difference between hard skills and soft skills during the hiring process is that you can list and verify hard skills, while soft skills are typically displayed during in-person interviews. If certain soft skills are relevant and required for a certain job, you might consider listing these on your resume alongside your technical skills.

Hard and soft skills can be further broken down into the following groups:

Hybrid skills are a combination of hard and soft skills—many employers expect individuals to have both to succeed. A good example of a hybrid skill is customer service. While you need to have exceptional soft skills such as communication and conflict resolution, you might also be expected to be proficient with spreadsheets or a specific customer service management system.
Transferable skills are skills that apply to any job, no matter the level or industry. Transferable skills are typically soft skills such as problem-solving and communication, and sometimes hard skills, such as mathematics and writing.
Job-specific skills are the capabilities required for a certain position including both hard and soft skills. You usually gain these through education or on-the-job experience. Pay attention to the job description when searching for jobs to understand what job-specific skills the employer expects from their ideal candidate.

How to determine your skills

When searching for a job, displaying your most advanced, relevant skills on your resume will help employers understand why you are a good fit for the job. If you are not sure what skills you have, consider spending time answering the following questions:

What do you enjoy? The tasks that come easily to you or that you enjoy often translate into useful skills. For example, teaching people or those around you solve problems can translate to strong communication, active listening and problem-solving skills.
Do you receive praise or compliments on certain abilities? Consider the skills your managers or colleagues have noticed or complimented in the past. For example, you may have received high scores for teamwork on a performance review. You should also take note of what people come to you for help on.
What previous accomplishments do you have? Consider the times when you accomplished something at work, big or small. You might have won an award or simply completed a project that had better-than-expected results. What skills helped you to do those things?

How to develop new skills

If you want a job in an industry that requires different skills than those you currently have, there are many ways to expand your skill set or to develop your current skills for a better chance at promotions or raises.

Here are several ways you can develop professional skills:

Set goals for yourself. Setting specific goals to improve your career helps you stay on track with your development. Make sure your goals are measurable, achievable and relevant to your profession or your goals. Then, consider organizing a timeline to achieve your goal by setting a beginning and end date, as well as smaller goals to achieve along the way.
Find a mentor. A professional mentor is typically a superior you respect and trust. Once you find your mentor, you can reach out for informal meetings, which can then naturally develop into a professional relationship.
Seek feedback about strengths and weaknesses. You can ask superiors, colleagues or even friends or family about your strengths and areas for improvement. It is important to seek feedback from people who will give you honest critiques rather than automatic praise. Once you identify your weaknesses, you can focus on developing those skills.
Review job descriptions for positions you want. These job descriptions will give you an idea of the transferable skills you have, as well as the job-specific skills you will need. Once you identify the skills you need, you can research job shadowing or education programs that can provide you with the necessary skill set to transition into that position.
Enroll in an online degree program. Companies often encourage employees to further their education with a degree, and some offer tuition assistance or reimbursement. If you are advancing your career with a related program, such as accounting and finance, you may also find that many of your credits are transferable.
Take continuing education courses in career-related fields. These courses are often taught by professionals with experience in their field. For some professions, continuing education courses are required to stay current in the industry. Many colleges and universities offer continuing education courses in a variety of fields.
Take advantage of company training. Many companies use independent training departments with experts in different fields that train on specialized skill sets. Check in with your supervisor about what your company has to offer and which courses would be especially beneficial for your professional growth.
Participate in job shadowing. Job shadowing is a great way to learn more about the day-to-day responsibilities of another profession and to learn new skills. Generally, it is best to choose individuals who are experienced or perform well in their positions. Job shadowing usually involves following a professional while they perform their job duties and learning about different skills.
Join a professional association in your field. In a group setting, you have the opportunity to converse with colleagues about your industry and to discover skills you may want to develop. These professional associations are usually available on local, state, national and international levels.

Which skills to include on your resume

To determine which skills to list on your resume, carefully review the job description. This will include both the technical and soft skills the employer is looking for in their ideal candidate. It is important that you include the technical skills they list if they align with your own personal skill set. Technical skills show your potential employer that you have the necessary training or education for a particular role. Depending on the role, you might also list relevant soft skills on your resume.

You should also include any skills that you feel set you apart from other candidates. For example, you might include that you have strong relationship-building skills. While this skill might not necessarily be required for an IT job, for example, IT administrators can be even more successful with strong interpersonal skills.

Your resume should only include the most relevant skill sets for the job role you seek. Remember to consider your skills in each of the following categories:

Job posting skills: Skills, qualities and traits listed in the job description. Include accomplishments that verify these skills in your professional history section.
Transferable skills: These are the key skills that can be used in multiple jobs, such as basic computer programs or team building.
Job-related skills: These are the skills that are required for you to perform a certain job, such as accounting or computer programming.
Adaptive skills: These are the personal traits or skills you use in daily life, such as patience or confidence. Example of adaptive skills includes relationship building, the ability to learn quickly, flexibility, coachability, responsibility and more.
Skills from others in the industry: Find more skills by looking at examples of other professionals who are in the same field. This will give you an idea of what skills and abilities are valued by employers.
Universal skills: These may include skills like critical thinking or punctuality. It is typically good to add a few of these, but do not oversell yourself. Only a few universal skills are needed. If you have more technical skills relevant to the position, put those down instead.

Explore Benefits of Online Learning for students


Online learning is affordable, accessible, and available.

These are the most favorable reasons behind the popularity of online education. Read on to find out what attracts students to prefer online learning.

Online Courses Are More Convenient:
This convenience comes in many forms. They don’t need to visit the college/university campus or follow any fixed schedules. They can obtain education anytime, anywhere. They don’t require to stick to a college/university routine, instead, they can master skills or learn new skills with their ongoing job, career, or other responsibilities.

Flexibility Creates Opportunity:
Flexibility is crucial to everyone in this hyper-connected 21st century. Learners will be able to study during their own time and pace. They can continue their ongoing jobs, other academic schedules, and accountabilities. This flexibility appeals to learners as it creates more opportunities to identify their potentials without putting any other thing on hold.

Reduced Costs:
As everything is virtual, there is no commuting cost associated with it. It is cost-effective compared to campus education because it is easy to attend and there is no application and other fees. Also, easy access to the online material is an added advantage, saving your hefty cost on books.

Meet People Across The Globe:
Geography is no longer an obstacle to learning and accessing the best educational material. When you enroll in any online classes, you may meet people from different backgrounds, cultures, and environments. This networking helps overcome challenges and establish a unique level of a bond between classmates and instructors.

Ideal for Everyone:
There is a wide range of subjects available for a different group of people. Whether you are a professional, high school graduate, college graduate, or simply want to enhance or learn skills, online education is ideal for everyone. From biology to space science and from technology to tools, there are online educational sources for every subject.

Technology has provided a lot of opportunities to educators also. More and more courses are being designed online and there are many benefits of it.

Here are some benefits of online education for teachers.

Online Learning: Benefits For Teachers
They can go ahead at an individual pace
They can save a lot of time by eliminating the commute to a physical place
They can track student’s progress online with the help of better tools
They can utilize the best resources available on the web to design the content
They can access a wide variety of modern teaching/learning platforms
Educators can incorporate interactive, immersive, and innovative technologies to make education effective and fun
Teachers are at the center of educational systems. While technology-driven education makes learning easier and fun, there are several challenges faced by educators in making a successful online program.

Challenges Faced By Educators: Area Of Concerns
No F2F Connection:
Due to the virtual classroom environment, there is no face-to-face communication. Sometimes, this trait is not effective enough to better connect with students.

Difficult To Track Practical Knowledge:
There are many tools and technologies to track the progress of students but educators won’t have real-life practical information about students’ performance. What they have gained and how they are applying in the real world is difficult to observe.

Technical Difficulties:
It is important to ensure having the proper equipment to make remote teaching effective. Not just reliable internet but proper webcam, headphone, laptop/pc help them make most of the virtual teaching.

Different Time zones:
In remote education, students can belong to different parts of the world. While they have the flexibility to learn anytime, anywhere, it is quite difficult for the instructor to cop up due to different time zones. Sometimes students need an immediate solution to their queries and delay in that cause results in ineffective learning.

Practical Tips For Students And Teachers To Make Online Education Effective:
Tips For Educators:
Choose Effective Teaching Methodology:
How will you deliver the content? What suits your students most? Live class at a specific time or self-paced learning? Choosing the right blend of teaching methodologies help achieve great engagement and better outcomes for your students.

Use Of Technology:
An effective learning management system has best-designed courses, interactive sessions, simulations, and graphical information that help students stay engaged throughout the program. You can lock/unlock videos, materials as per progress, add gamification, and decide the length of sessions based on the complexities of the topic.

Constant Communication:
Communication is a critical factor in making a successful education program. While it is not possible to have face-to-face communication, make sure your students know how and when to contact you. Give them feedback and instructions whenever necessary. Give them plenty of chances so they can speak for their queries and troubles. Educators need to engage students as much as they can to make it fun and easy to attend without getting them bored.

Continuously Evolve:
Eventually, you will figure out what works best. Administrators can support teachers to deliver best and teachers can ensure students have the best resources that help them grasp faster and better.

Think Of Ways To Motivate Students:
Every student learns differently and at a different speed. Being a teacher, your goal is to motivate students to they can stick to the course from start to finish. Motivate them in different ways and involve them in every discussion and methods so that they can get the full benefit of online classes without physical presence.

Tips For Students:
Choose A Quiet, Distraction-Free Study Location:
This is very important. Stay-at-home environment locations are often full of distractions. With the right software and hardware setup, build a study atmosphere that encourages productive behavior.

Self-Discipline Is Must:
In any online study, self-discipline is the key to achieve success. Prioritize your tasks and give dedicated hours to online study in case of self-paced courses. In scheduled live sessions, stay away from distractions during that time so that you can take full advantage of this mode of learning.

Create Long-Term Plans:
A long-term plan with equal attention to the subjects and lessons help make this journey easier. Stay organized and self-monitor your progress with customized strategies that will work. Explore your subject, raise questions, and be regular to create a perfect classroom atmosphere. Communicate with the teacher and other students, more and more.

Building Enhanced Digital Education Systems Amid Corona Crisis:
There is much more that needs to be done.

Universities, colleges, students, and teachers – no one was prepared for this pandemic and emergency remote teaching. Universities must make quick decisions and adapt to this new normal of education. Many universities are offering their online courses along with regular offline schedules. And several universities haven’t considered any online activities yet. Organizations that lack the necessary infrastructure, experience, and budget to explore remote mode are facing difficulties.

On the other side, online education platforms are observing a surge in new joiners and a range of topics to be explored.

At this time, preparing for the future is a strategic decision. Higher Ed institutes must embrace digital capabilities to achieve resilience.

How Health care mobility is Enhancing Patient Health ?

In the era of COVID-19, everyone has understood the importance of healthcare software solutions and the worth to invest in it. The pandemic has grabbed the entire world in its fist. From the superpower to under-developed nations, everyone is struggling very hard to come out of it.

There is a horde of patients getting infected and admitted to the hospitals. And that causes worrisome situations for the entire medical fraternity. The sudden increase in the rate of positive patients caused a shortage in ventilators, ECGs, and other medical equipment.

Furthermore, it is highly contagious and can be spread with the droplets of an infected person. This indicates that social distancing should be maintained between patients and healthcare experts.

Therefore, healthcare mobility could turn out to be a boon in the current situation of COVID-19. It is not a new concept but could be more effective and relatable to the current situation.

What Is Healthcare Mobility?
In the modern world, everyone is dependent on mobile phones, smartphones, and tablets. Handy devices have made their lives easier and simpler. With just a few clicks, you would be able to purchase or avail of the goods and services, respectively.

Healthcare Mobility also aims to transform and replace obsolete/conventional medical methods to mobile devices. There are many benefits of implementing healthcare mobility, such as:

To reach the unapproachable areas where there is a lack of medical facility.
Telehealth & Telemedicine could better connect the patient and doctors.
Real-time tracking the patient’s records could help professionals to make decisions.
Of course, it doesn’t mean that there will be complete restrictions on going to dispensaries or hospitals, but the task that can be done through the use of mobile and technology will be executed with it.

Parties Benefitting With Healthcare Mobility:
Patients
Physicians
Consultants
Practitioners
Insurance Companies
Laboratories
Products To Be Built For Healthcare Mobility:
Mobile Applications (Android/iOS/Windows)
Tablets & PC web- apps
Scanners (RFID and Barcode)
Enterprise Mobility Platform
Hospital Systems
Apps or Management Solutions For Healthcare Mobility:
mHealth Apps
Patient Care Management Portal
Operation & Workforce Management
Chronic Care Management
Nurse Applications
Medication Management
Other Applications
Apart from the above mobility solutions, what stands out different and unique is mHealth. The use of mobile devices in healthcare could be a big relief to mankind. Let’s understand the concept:

Contours Of mHealth
The use of mobile (portable) devices in healthcare is for the betterment of patient care. It tracks, collects, analysis, and delivers the information of the patient to healthcare experts for understanding and making agile decisions.

mHealth was first coined in 2003 by Prof. Robert Istepanian of Kingston University in London. Since the introduction, many developed and superpower nations have accepted it. But due to the mobile device penetration, the demand has sprouted up in the developing nations as well.

Due to an increase in demand for mobile apps, mHealth becomes an opportunity for entrepreneurs to invest and build robust applications that could cater to the demand for healthcare units.

What Technologies Can Be Used For Enhancing Patient Care?
Information Technology is a broad term that has emerged as on-time solutions to numerous industries. Similarly, healthcare mobility is one of the verticals that require an agile process and automated workflow.

Different technologies have proven to be nascent in offering proper medical facilities to the patients who are unapproachable to the hospitals.

Beacons
Hospitalization is a gruesome journey where patients have to wait in queue for booking appointments, routine checkups, treatments in severe cases, and many other stages. And that becomes a daunting task.

The slow procedure may divert the patients to the hospitals that are offering quick and timely responses, which may result in losing the customer.

Minimizing the Waiting Period:
The longer the waiting period, the negative it will impact the patients’ journey and experience. Here, installing beacons could reduce the waiting time for the patient and visitor.

Visitors could fill up the forms and clear the other formalities through their handy devices. Also, beacons could remind the patients and visitors of the document required for admission.

Setting up beacons at the reception area could guide the user and reduce their appointment time. It will positively impact the patient’s journey, which will indirectly benefit the profitability of the hospitals.

Helpful to Frontline Warriors:
Beacons are a robust & smart technology that can become a helping hand for the medical experts. The physicians can analyze the medical history of the patient with the help of beacons attached to the patient’s bedside.

It can allow them to understand what medical cure is required, what allergies are a patient suffering from, what type of blood he/she is having, and other vital pieces of information for making life-saving & quick decisions.

Wearables
It is no doubt that advancement in technology has led to modifying its shape and structure. From Super Computers that were larger to the wrist bands, the technology has shown us various shapes.

Wearable devices are one of the innovations that not only take care of the user but are also helpful for the healthcare industry. The industry can leverage it in the finest possible ways. It can monitor the patients’ on-time activity that could help in delivering care and diagnosis.

Wearables have multiple uses, i.e., tracking patients, managing & monitoring, weight control, collecting heart and pulse rate, and many more things. There are mainly two types of Wearables – Healthcare professionals & Patient Care.

Healthcare Experts could reap the advantages like tracking and gathering information on the footsteps of the patients, video recorders, and gyroscopes. On the other hand, the ones who are end-users (Patients) can use it for tracking their pulse rate, activities, calorie tracking, blood pressure, physical strains, etc.

Telehealth & Telemedicine
Telehealth is a collaboration of technology and health that focuses on reaching the unapproachable grounds to enhance patient care. Telehealth App Development has paved the way in delivering the cure to the patient and quickly progressing into the medical sphere.

It advocates changing the habits of patient’s perspectives towards medical and hospitalization. With the use of mobile devices, the patient can connect to medical professionals via the use of it. The interference of Telehealth in healthcare has positively impacted the industry.

Also, if you see the current COVID-19 scenario, the statistical data shows a 50% hike in the use of Telehealth to connect with the experts. Undoubtedly, post COVID-19, a large number of the population would prefer Telehealth.

On the other hand, Telemedicine means connecting with patients using different modes such as call/text, video call using PCs, tablets, or mobile phones.

People are often confused between Telehealth & Telemedicine. Unveiling the major difference is Telemedicine is a subset of Telehealth, which means the former offers clinical support while the latter delivers non-clinical extension.

Nursing Applications
Nurse apps are one of the creative healthcare mobility solutions that could contribute in enhancing patient care. With numerous responsibilities, the nurses are accountable for each and every service that they have to deliver.

Mobile applications for nurses could ease their routines as well as medical tasks. From reminding them for the shifts to maintaining schedules for the patients, it will help with the day in and day out activities.

It enhances their productivity and allows them to focus and properly deliver care to the patients. The app is designed in such a way that it includes shift reminders, schedules for patients, updating medical records, reminders to give medicines to patients, etc.

Mobile Carts
The combination of mobile computing carts and electronic health records could better offer care to patients. The carts are internally connected with mobile devices of the medical team and patients, which will help them to coordinate and discuss.

As patients would expect to be constantly in touch with their physicians, these mobile carts could make it possible for them. Also, with the constant interactions, it will create loyalty and trust amongst them.

Personalized communication could be effective and improve the quality of care given to patients. The frontline warrior could access the lab tests, reports, scans, X-rays, and fetch the files from the internal medical system. Also, it can help in reviewing them at the patient’s bedside.

Post-Care Treatment
Mobile Technology doesn’t only focus on in-patient treatment and care but also emerges as delivering post-care treatment. The discharge may find a tedious task for the patient, and that’s where mobile devices and applications play a crucial role.

The entire paperwork and document at the time of discharge are successfully submitted to the patient’s mobile device. The post-care treatment is equally important as in-patient care.

Mobile apps are certainly a big relief for the doctors as well as patients, and building effective apps using the latest technology could become a helping hand for the patients.

Internet Of Things
The Internet of Things (IoT) is the next big thing in the cognitive technological world. Its main function is to streamline and automate the process and deliver agile results.

Implementing IoT in the Healthcare Industry would be beneficial for the vertical. It will take the industry one step closer to the modern and technologically advanced version of the world.

Basically, IoT will help care providers the most by enabling them to access the data from the patients. There are many machines and tools attached to the patients at the time of hospitalization, and this will transmit the data to the doctor’s mobile device.

Also, installing IoT at hospitals could allow help in stock keeping and understanding what medical types of equipment are required in the hospitals. This way, IoT will not only enhance patient care but also will help in managing medical stocks.

Wrapping Up
The Healthcare Industry has witnessed the effectiveness of mobile technologies, and that’s the reason it has started investing in it. The complex decision does not take a long time with the help of mobility in healthcare.

There are already numerous applications and mobile devices installed in hospitals and are also planning to invest more in mobile technologies. Still, if you are looking for someone to guide you through your journey of mobile app development, then connect with the application development company and reap the knowledge and benefits.

Changing educational inequality in India

Educational inequality is the unequal distribution of academic resources, including but not limited to; school funding, qualified and experienced teachers, books, and technologies to socially excluded communities. These communities tend to be historically disadvantaged and oppressed. More times than not, individuals belonging to these marginalized groups are also denied access to the schools with abundant resources. Inequality leads to major differences in the educational success or efficiency of these individuals and ultimately suppresses social and economic mobility. See Statistic sections for more information.

Measuring educational efficacy varies by country and even provinces/states within the country. Generally, grades, GPA scores, test scores, dropout rates, college entrance statistics, and college completion rates are used to measure educational success. These are measures of an individual’s academic performance ability. When determining what should be measured in terms of the educational success of an individual, many scholars and academics suggest that GPA, test scores, and other measures of performance ability are not the only useful tools in determining efficacy. In addition to academic performance, attainment of learning objectives, acquisition of desired skills and competencies, satisfaction, persistence, and post-college performance should all be measured and accounted for when determining the educational success of individuals. Scholars argue that academic achievement is only the direct result of attaining learning objectives and acquiring desired skills and competencies. To accurately measure educational efficacy, it is imperative to separate academic achievement because it captures only a student’s performance ability and not necessarily their learning or ability to effectively use what they have learned.

Much of educational inequality is attributed to economic disparities that often falls along racial lines and much modern conversation about educational equity conflates the two, showing how they are inseparable from residential location and, more recently, language. Educational inequality between white students and minority students continues to perpetuate social and economic inequality.

Throughout the world, there have been continuous attempts to reform education at all levels. With different causes that are deeply rooted in history, society, and culture, this inequality is difficult to eradicate. Although difficult, education is vital to society’s movement forward. It promotes “citizenship, identity, equality of opportunity and social inclusion, social cohesion as well as economic growth and employment” and for these reasons, equality is widely promoted.

Unequal educational outcomes are attributed to several variables, including family of origin, gender, and social class. Achievement, earnings, health status, and political participation also contribute to educational inequality within the United States and other countries.

India is regarded as a humongous laboratory for sociological experiments by many researchers. This is fundamentally because of the large social stratification, contrasting societies and complicated blends within a society itself, which are enough to provide new insights to social enigmas frequently. The disparities in India are so high that it would be hard to believe that the country that hosts 100 billionaires in Forbes lists, also houses the largest fragment of poor and hungry in the global tally. This is the economic scenario, but it is one of the most influential factors affecting other disparities such as education. On the other hand, such complexities are often interrelated augmenting one other. Educational inequality is the situation or the system in which there exist large disparities in the society on the opportunity and access to education. This is a result of a complicated social structure, which is shaped up by long standing social norms, believe and most importantly, by contrasting economic divisions.

Educational inequality forms up gradually as an ongoing process. Education is affected by social, political and economic status of people. Individuals who are from wealthy section of the society always have the privilege to reach out for better schools and institutions. While those from the deprived section are prone to lower quality, in the process, the system contributes to a deepening chasm. On the other hand, the educationally enlightened group gains more access to political and economic system turning them to be favorable to suit their interest of their own kinds. Such a structure has an adverse effect in the deprived section affecting them from multifarious direction. It is evident from the observation that if educational inequalities can be decimated, a huge change will follow in the social structure. However, to obtain the very change educational disparity, impetus from political and economic sector is inevitable.

India has transformed in a short span to be one of the most progressive nations. Series of economic reforms, industrialization, privatization and other steps by government has wiped out the impasses of Indian society to large extents. This has substantial onus on the unorganized education system of the nation integrating it to be more effective as well as holistic. However, the gap is still serious and it seems there is still much to be done. The gradual change in the economy of the country has influenced education in diverse way. Government has taken extensive initiatives to develop the system to be holistic and equally delivering. The gap is being created by the private players that have turned education to a lucrative business. The equation of investment to create profit has rendered private education a competitive edge. This competition to provide quality in education has taken some of the institutions to heights with global standard. In the same time, this also has an adverse effect creating more spaces dividing privileged and under privileged education. While government budget for education has become increasingly incompetent to compete with private funding, educational inequality has become more conspicuous among the less privileged section of society comprising of lower middle class and the deprived, especially in primary schooling.

As disparities in India are rooted in diverse fronts apart from economic conditionings, the attempts to unify the populace through education are directed to address various issues. The provision of reservation based on caste is a reflection of these very attempts. Such mechanisms are proved helpful to great extents, but some serious drawbacks are implicated time to time. Educational disparities are gradually changing towards the brighter side. Comparing the India before a couple of decades to that of the nation in 21st century, contrasting progress is observed.

Educational development of the country is a joint effort of government, private players and the Non-governmental entities. Earlier it is pointed out that private entities are fueling inequality in education while contributing to the progress. In contrast to this, Non-governmental organizations are playing a pivotal role. In current times, the contribution of this particular sector is substantial in eradicating educational disparities. A number of social enterprises have come up with excellent innovative measures to provide quality education to the deprived section. The greatest advantage in the methodology is that, these organizations tend to provide quality education comparable to private entities but they are devoid of any requirement of huge money as required in private sectors. These organizations target the deprived section of the society and most of the times, sections that are deprived of minimum privilege of schooling. NGOs as well as CSR activities carried out by large corporations are huge stimulus in propagating quality education among deprived sections. However, as inequality is prevalent across the country, these initiatives are not adequately distributed. Most activities of NGO are concentrated around villages and areas closer to cities. To make this approach more effective and to spread them across nook and corner of the nation, more social- initiatives must be developed. In addition, the government should stress on NGOs their allied activities for educational equality.

India has grown to be one of top economies of the world. Rapid urbanization as well as migration of rural folks to urban centers has become a pertinent trend in the nation. In current times, educational disparity is gradually being denuded as a result of various factors in the development mechanism. This is certainly a good tiding, but still there is more to be done.

A good public education system means public spending- but not necessarily public provision. In the independent sector where schools depend on fees, it is often the case that once the family background is controlled, the actual benefits of private schooling disappear. But in systems where access is not limited by selection or wealth, privately- managed schools can contribute to better outcomes. 25% of all K- 12 schools are private schools, accounting to 40% share in student enrollment. There is a tremendous increase in the enrollment of private schools in rural India and declining enrollment of government schools. Utilization of private schools is higher, more so at the primary and secondary level as compared to the government schools. India has more than 3, 39,000 private schools, growing in the last five years and a large number of schools across India tie- up with International Boards. The Private education sector in the top 20 sates account for nearly 55% share of enrollment at the secondary and higher education.

Importance of effective communication

Proper communication can help you to solve a number of issues and resolve problems. This is the reason that one must know how to communicate well. The skills of communication essential to be developed so that you are able to interact with people. And able to share your thoughts and reach out to them. Communication is one of the important tools that aid us to connect with people. Either you are a student or a working professional, good communication is something that will connect you far ahead. Proper communication can help you to solve a number of issues and resolve problems. This is the reason that one must know how to communicate well. The skills of communication essential to be developed so that you are able to interact with people. And able to share your thoughts and reach out to them. All this needs the correct guidance and self-analysis as well.

Meaning of communication


The word communication is basically a process of interaction with the people and their environment. Through such type of interactions, two or more individuals influence the ideas, beliefs, and attitudes of each other.

Such interactions happen through the exchange of information through words, gestures, signs, symbols, and expressions. In organizations, communication is an endless process of giving and receiving information and to build social relationships.

Importance of communication


Communication is not merely essential but the need of the hour. It allows you to get the trust of the people and at the same time carry better opportunities before you. Some important points are as follows –

Help to Build Relationships
No matter either you are studying or working, communication can aid you to build a relationship with the people. If you are studying you communicate with classmates and teachers to build a relationship with them. Likewise in offices and organizations too, you make relationships with the staff, your boss and other people around.

Improve the Working Environment
There are a number of issues which can be handled through the right and effective communication. Even planning needs communication both written as well as verbal. Hence it is essential to be good in them so as to fill in the communication gap.

Foster strong team
Communication helps to build a strong team environment in the office and other places. Any work which requires to be done in a team. It is only possible if the head communicates everything well and in the right direction.

Find the right solutions
Through communication, anyone can find solutions to even serious problems. When we talk, we get ideas from people that aid us to solve the issues. This is where communication comes into play. Powerful communication is the strength of any organization and can help it in many ways.

Earns more respect
If your communication skills are admirable, people will love and give you respect. If there is any problem, you will be the first person to be contacted. Thus it will increase your importance. Hence you can say that communications skills can make a big change to your reputation in society.

Introduction
Effective workplace communication skills are among the skills we assume every worker picked up along the way. The problem is that not all the communication skills and habits we picked up at home, in school or social circles are appropriate in the workplace. Some people would be fired immediately if they communicated in the workplace the way they do at home or among friends.

Understanding how to speak, write and manage your nonverbal messages is critical to your success at work. As you will discover from a few surveys we will review, CEOs of Fortune 500 companies, Human Resource Managers, and other business leaders rate communication skills highest among the skills needed to advance in the workplace.

What is Communication?
Communication is simply the sending of a message to another person. The person sending the message first needs to formulate the message in his head. This involves determining the meaning that the sender intends to convey to the other person. To formulate the meaning of the message, the sender usually draws upon his background attitudes, perceptions, emotions, opinions, education, and experience.

The message is then sent to the listener through both verbal talking and non-verbal gestures. The person receiving this message then interprets its meaning. To do this, the listener uses his background, attitudes, perceptions, emotions, opinions, education, and experience.

Effective communication exists between two persons when the person receiving the message interprets it in the same way as the sender intended it. Sounds really simple doesn’t it? Well, it can be.

Communication is essential for achieving managerial and organizational effectiveness. Without communication, employees will not be able to aware of what their co-workers are doing, will not have any idea about what their goal are, and will not be able to assess their performance. In absence of channels of communication, supervisors will not be able to give instruction to their subordinates and management will not receive the information it requires to develop plans and take decision.

Good communication always helps employees become more involve in their work and helps them to develop a better understanding of their jobs. Clear, precise and timely communication of information also prevents the occurrence of organizational problems. Effective communication is essential for achieving organizational goals, but ensuring such communication has been a major problem for most organization.

Although the word “communication” is often used, there has been no consensus among communication experts regarding the definition of communication. In general, communication may be defined as the process by which the information is exchanged between individuals.

There are many components to communication. Consider verbal communication skills, listening skills, written memorandums/email, telephone skills and non-verbal communication. Also, reflect upon all the people we communicate to: subordinates, peers, supervisors, customers, and groups of people. In addition, ponder some of the reasons, why we communicate: to get and give information, to discipline subordinates, to make assignments, and so on.

Why is Effective Communication Important?
We already know that communication is a big part of our daily existence. Even when we don’t want to communicate, the very actions we take not to communicate such as being quiet in meetings, avoiding people, declining to respond to emails or give feedback, communicate something about us.

In a survey of 480 companies and organizations conducted by the National Association of Colleges and Employers and published in the Wall Street Journal, effective communication ability ranked first among the desirable personal qualities of future employees.

Importance of practical knowledge

Knowledge can be defined as familiarity with something, which can include some facts, information about a particular topic or subject, descriptions of experiment or study, or skills acquired through experience or education. Knowledge can be of two types:

Theoretical knowledge
Practical knowledge
Theoretical knowledge may be attributed to the theoretical clarity of a particular topic or subject, wherein person has quite an understanding about the things going around, and the principle of their working, but cannot control the things. For example, if a person studies about a car and its engine parts in a classroom from books and presentation slides, he would, of course, have knowledge about what are the parts of the car, and what is the principle of working, but he would lack practical knowledge about it. In the absence of this practical knowledge, the usefulness of that car for him is zero. He cannot drive that car without proper practical knowledge, he cannot repair it in the case of some fault, and he doesn’t know anything about its machinery. Theoretical knowledge may be something that would help an individual to gain a good grip over practical knowledge. Knowledge is incredibly important to any career and life in general.

The world is progressing day by day, and we are getting more and more modernized every day which demands a lot of changes from some previous conventional techniques that were followed. Rapid changes in working life, society and information technology have increased the demands for experts in every field. Today the need for expert professionals is raising day by day who are expected to have good knowledge, excellent social and communication skills and who are able to utilize their skills in a positive way in life.

Theoretical Knowledge
Theoretical knowledge is as important as the practical one. Without having the proper theoretical knowledge, practical knowledge may sometimes prove to be dangerous. As they say, that a little knowledge is a dangerous thing. Theoretical knowledge and learning are necessary parts of expert knowledge. Formal learning occurs normally in a prescribed learning framework and in an organized learning event in the presence of a tutor, who himself must possess clarity of facts. For this reason, theoretical knowledge is usually gained by theoretical studies. Theory generally teaches us ‘why’. It helps you understand why one technique works while the other fails. Theoretical knowledge generally serves to focus on giving complete knowledge that builds the context and helps you set a strategy for dealing with the practical application. Theoretical knowledge can often lead to a deeper understanding of a concept through seeing it in context of a greater whole and understanding the why behind it, but still practical gives out the much wider review of the facts.

Theoretical Knowledge vs Practical Knowledge
As discussed earlier, when it comes to knowledge there are different kinds of knowledge and different ways of acquiring each kind. On one side is theory and on the other side is the practical application of theory. We cannot sideline one form or the other. Both types of knowledge are important and both make you better at whatever you do. Whether it is theoretical or practical knowledge, both are important. Both works hand in hand with each other and even if we decide to compromise on one form, there is a great amount of risk involved when related to your career. Those who really want to advance the furthest in life have to acquire knowledge at both ends of the spectrum and acquire it in a variety of ways. Neglecting one can also prove to be a great loss.

Practical Knowledge
Practical or informal knowledge manifests itself as skills or ‘‘knowing-how’’. Practical knowledge is very important to understand how things actually work. As it occurs and develops in those concrete situations where it is learnt, it is contextual and social in nature and helps you acquire the specific techniques that become the tools of your trade. Practical knowledge leads to a much deeper understanding of a concept through the act of doing and personal experience. Practical knowledge is found to be of much use in our actual day-to-day work. There are a lot of things you can only learn through doing and experiencing; no matter how hard you try to learn that through theoretical means. For example, if you try to learn how to drive a car by theoretical means, you will probably spend your whole life to learn and still won’t be able to drive without proper practical training, hence practical is the must. Where theory is often taught in the idea of a vacuum, the practical is learned through the reality of life.

Both of the above are important. You won’t survive in any career unless you can bring results and to do that you need practical knowledge. There’s no avoiding to any one of these. At the same time learning how to solve a specific problem only teaches you how to solve that same problem again. Practice can only take you so far. Theory helps you apply what you learned solving one problem to different problems. And practical is the application of theoretical basics in real. The basic difference between theoretical knowledge and practical knowledge is that theory teaches you through the experience of others, on the other hand in practice you tend to learn with your own experience with the particular task. Advantages of practical training are:

Acquisition of Knowledge: Practical training or Internship allows participants to acquire the practical knowledge and abilities offered by the professional world which they wish to form part of, and at the same time to improve their curriculum vitae. Though you may have theoretical knowledge about the subjects and topics, still it is not enough. You cannot achieve career heights with just theoretical knowledge. It is very important to possess practical knowledge along with some theoretic concepts. Without practical knowledge, things are really incomplete. It is like having a bicycle without tyres.
Entering the World of Employment with a Bang: Having a sound practical knowledge gives you an opportunity to show the organization your professional potential with a view to a future job offer. If you have some excellent professional skills, you would not have any problem entering a professional life. Also, it would become really easy for a student to face the transition from a learner to professional when he has a good knowledge of all the facts related to his topics. You tend to impress you seniors and stand a chance to be among the best employees of your organization if you have good practical knowledge. Remember the first impression is last, and if you are successful in giving out the first impression successfully at your job, you tend to gain the trust of your seniors and also some useful tips from them.
Makes Resume More Presentable: Students have the opportunity of applying the reality of work to the theoretical knowledge acquired in the classroom, thus adding a new professional experience to their curriculum vitae. Hence having a good practical knowledge or some internship can become a highlight of your resume. During your interview, you can clearly make a good impact talking about your practical experience and the fact that you already handled a practical situation can be useful for you in getting a job. Today competition is very high and it is not enough to secure a job based on your academics. Time has changed and organizations are looking in for talented individuals who can effectively handle work without wasting time and money on training.
Work feels Good: Students entering professional life are found to fell really bored with the official work if they are new to such behaviour. Having a prior knowledge not only makes your work easy, but you also tend to enjoy, what you do. Things come in a really organized way in your life if you have prior experience of some practical work. Practical knowledge is something that a lot of student’s lack, because of this reason they are not able to understand well their jobs and tend to make mistakes and this behaviour may lead to a feeling of getting bored from your job. Having practical knowledge tends to make things interesting for you.
Conclusion
It is very important for every individual to possess sufficient knowledge to lead his life smartly and successfully. It does not matter if you are a student, professional or a businessman. Knowledge is something very important in the life of an individual. Gaining theoretical knowledge is important but without practical knowledge, it is of no use. Practical knowledge empowers an individual to achieve something that he has been studying about. It is worth noting that not only in professional life; you need to have in good practical approach for your life in general. Hence it becomes really important for proper growth and utilization of your knowledge that you have a practical edge too, otherwise, there is no point having theoretical knowledge also, when you can’t apply it in practice.

Ways to keep motivated during the covid -19 pandemic:

We are in the midst of unseen, even unimaginable times. Suddenly the standard way of doing things has changed. For us human beings, any significant change surfaces fears, anxiety and discomfort like nothing else. People are afraid of whether they will still have their jobs and incomes in a couple of months. The tendency is to fall into survival mode naturally. The focus of the entire world at the moment is on the lower band in Maslow’s hierarchy of needs.

Any stressful situation can be leveraged as an opportunity to elevate your leadership to the next level. Instead of just getting by and existing, use this opportunity to thrive. How can you do that?

As the game has changed, the way to play the game must change too. What you are used to doing in the past will not work anymore in these times.

A common concern I am hearing from executives is how do I keep the team motivated and engaged during these times. The usual water cooler chats are not happening anymore. Most people are used to only discussing work during the scheduled virtual meetings. The connection that people felt seems to be intangible and less real now. I noticed different people dealing with work from home scenarios differently. A particular director who is usually very high strung seemed uniquely relaxed while working from home, while another typically cheerful VP seemed extremely stressed and wound up.

Here are a few ideas to keep the team engaged during these times:

Accept, accept, accept: It cannot be business as usual. Even if you are resilient enough to keep going at past levels of productivity, you must recognise that that kind of pressure can break a few people. One of my clients complained that his manager is single and is using this time to push others and work extra hard. However, my client has little kids at home, and both he and his wife are finding it very difficult even to get basics done. Empathy must be practiced by the bucketload right now.
Keep yourself in the maximum mental health. If you are not feeling great, how do you expect to inspire others? Try a few things with yourself. You can then share those tips with your team. The stress-energy that used to get automatically expended may now exist in your body as these uncomfortable emotions. Letting go is extremely important in whichever way you choose to release, such as exercising, meditating, reading, or other hobbies, talking to people, or even sleeping it out. Start by empathising with yourself. Extend kindness to yourself first.
Each person is handling this situation differently. Ask open-ended questions to understand where each team member is at. What are their particular strengths and challenges in the current environment?
Organise virtual happy hours or coffee chats. Some teams are getting everyone together and talking about topics other than work, being vulnerable, and sharing more personal tidbits.
Reach out for short unscheduled water cooler chats virtually. Pick up the phone and reach out to a co-worker to connect with them—just like running into them in the break room.
Some companies have assigned a virtual room where people can come to hang out if they feel lonely or have some free time.
Exercising together could be a good stress buster and bonding activity
Feel free to share your real self. With many people working from home, they have kids and families around that become part of the calls, whether we want it or not. Instead of being embarrassed about it, own up to the situation. For example, if your child barges into the room, feel free to take a few minutes to get them settled and then come back to the call. Trust people to understand.
Some leaders are restless and feeling that they are not doing enough to help solve this at the team, organisation or at a global level. I had this experience personally. I had to remind myself that every little thing helps. The most crucial thing is to stay focussed and do what you do best.
It’s important to recognise that these aren’t normal times, and your productivity is likely not at its peak right now. And that’s okay.

  1. Set some daily goals

Setting daily goals can help you to make your day as productive as possible, but be realistic with the goals you set. Don’t make them too big or you could end up feeling disappointed with yourself.

Write your tasks down in a list, and then break those tasks down into three or four smaller tasks. Reward yourself when you complete a task.

Little things like, once you complete a task, get up from your desk and go for a walk outside.

It will not only motivate you to complete tasks but will also provide you with a boost of endorphins that physical exercise provides.

  1. Plan your day to include work and relaxation time
    Working from home can make it hard to shake the temptation to work non-stop, or becoming easily distracted by television or other things around the home… and then feeling like you aren’t completing your tasks you set for yourself.

By planning when you will work and when you will relax can help you to manage a healthy work-life balance at home.

For many, the conventional 9-to-5 schedule with a lunch break in the middle of the day and a mid-morning or mid-afternoon break helps to stay focused.

After 5 pm, put down the work, go for a walk, make some dinner, and relax for the rest of the night and deep dive into that Netflix series that you’ve been itching to watch.

For some, that may not work as you have children at home who need assistance with online learning. So why not arrange with your manager to work in shifts? i.e. get up early; but don’t forget to maintain your routine, and work for several hours. Then take a break to undertake other tasks and then log back, when the time is right to complete the rest of the day.

The most important thing is that you can dedicate a chunk of your day to work and then keep your work out of your relaxation time.

  1. Try the Pomodoro technique — social distance style
    The Pomodoro1 technique consists of working for a period of time and then taking a break. It could be every 25-minutes you take a five minute break, or every 90-minutes you take a 10-minute break, etc, just work with what works for you.

For many, taking regular breaks to chat with your colleagues in the office, is a natural part of the work day, (and you are subconsciously following the Pomodoro technique) and so working from home can be hard when you’re sitting alone at a desk.

Thanks to the many video conferencing platforms—like Zoom, Teams or Facetime—you can still work with friends virtually!

Schedule times throughout the day for a quick chat or video conference with your colleagues, or if you are working on something as a team, why not arrange a 25-minute brain-storming session, and then go on a five minute (virtual) group walk around your neighbourhoods?

You’ll be motivated to stay focused with everyone while the timer is running, and you’ll get a chance to catch up with friends on your breaks.

  1. Schedule virtual get-togethers with friends
    Social distancing can be the hardest part of this pandemic, especially people who enjoy the social aspect of getting together. But that doesn’t have to stop and you don’t have to say good-bye to your social life.

Why not schedule virtual get-togethers with your friends? Ideas like Friday night drinks, Netflix parties, virtual trivia nights or even group dinner parties, where you all decide on a theme and then compare how you’ve interpreted the theme.

Not only will it ensure that you keep in contact with your family and friends, but you can have fun, and it gives you something to look forward to.

  1. Prioritize your mental health
    Taking care of your stress levels and anxieties at this time is vitally important. If you are feeling you’re not motivated, have a look and see what your blocks are.

To maintain on top of your mental health, make sure you incorporate a bit of exercise into each day, even just a walk around your block, or neighbourhood.

Take time to eat balanced meals and try not to work through lunch – step away from your desk and take a lunch break.

Maintain good sleep patterns, and don’t stay up until two in the morning. Do you normally go to bed at 10pm? Well, continue that, and ensure that you get at least eight hours of sleep a night.

Allow yourself time to enjoy TV and social media but set limits on how much news you are consuming. One suggestion is to set times when watch, read or listen to the news, i.e. 30-minutes in the morning as you’re getting ready and then again whilst you are cooking tea.

  1. Be okay with not being highly productive right now
    You may find that some days you are highly motivated and get through more tasks than you had planned, but other days you have no focus at all. It’s okay, nothing is normal right now, and we all need to listen to ourselves.

Go through your list, and prioritise what ‘has’ to be done, and what can be moved to the next day. Don’t forget to talk to your supervisor or manager, or even your friends if it isn’t work related.

We all place expectation upon ourselves, but at the present moment, it’s okay to expect less from yourself right now.

By talking through how you are feeling, and setting yourself smaller goals, with some additional fresh-air breaks, you will find that your motivation will increase.

Staying motivated can be tricky, but you can help make it a bit easier for yourself by setting realistic tasks and taking time to care for yourself.

Though this pandemic can feel like it will be endless, it will eventually pass. Staying motivated can help refocus our attention away from these stressful changes and towards a more hopeful future.

Introduction to social education in India:

Democracy is meaningless in a country where people are illiterate. In India social education corresponds to adult education, which is the greatest national shame. But in the progressive countries it is more than adult educa­tion. In those countries, even the educated receives social education. For full­est development of an individual social education is essential. Education is a lifelong process.

At the end of formal education, social Education can make an individual a true, dutiful and responsible citizen. For citizenship train­ing social education is thus a must. A citizen must not be a misfit in the State and in the society at large. He must be a productive and useful citizen. Social Education can deeply help in this regard.

In Allahabad in Jan 1949 Maulana Abul Kalam Azad emphasised that adult education should not be limit­ed to making people merely literate. It should also include education so as to prepare every citizen to play his part in a democratic social order. Since then adult education is known as “social education” in the country.

Maulana Abul Kalam Azad (1949) defines Social Education in the following way:

By Social Education we mean education for the complete man. It gives him literacy, so that the knowledge of the world may become accessible to him. It will teach him how to harmonize himself with his environment and make the best use of physical condition in which he subsists. It is intended to teach him improved crafts and modes of production so that he can achieve economic betterment. It also aims at teaching him the rudiments of hygiene both for the indi­vidual and community, so that our domestic life may be healthy and pros­perous. Lastly, this education should give him training in citizenship.

The Central Ministry of Education defined social education in 1963 in the following ways:

  1. Social Education is adult education. It means functional literacy.
  2. Social Education is education for desirable social change.
  3. Social education is education for the betterment of the individual’s social, economic and political and moral life.
  4. Social Education is education which enables a community to assume direction of its own development.
  5. Social Education is education for better work, better rest, better use of leisure and recreation.

UNESCO named Social Education as fundamental education and de­fined it as …….The only means to elevate mankind emotionally intellectu­ally, morally and materially.

Indian Education Commission (1964-66) has given three essential ingre­dients of social education:

(1) It must be work based and aimed at creating attitudes and interests and imparting skills and information for efficient doing of a work.

(2) It must create interest in the illiterate to participate actively in vi­tal national problems and in the social and political life of the country.

(3) It must impart skills in 3 Rs. so that he can continue his education independently.

OBJECTIVES OF SOCIAL EDUCATION

From Individualistic Point of view:
(1) It is needed for those who do not get formal education. It is spread of literacy among grown-up illiterates.

(2) Vocational improvement by providing training according to the need of the locality.

(3) Providing Health Education on fundamental principles and rules of hygiene.

(4) Making conscious about the healthy forms of recreational enjoyment suited to the needs of the community.

(5) Promoting self-development.

(6) Developing social skills, social efficiency and social fitness.

(7) It is training for the improvement of the adult’s economic status.

(8) Inculcation of a sense of rights and duties of citizenship.

From Sociological Point of View:
(1) For promoting social cohesion and national solidarity.

(2) National efficiency and National development. It is needed to aug­ment national productivity.

(3) Development of cultural heritage and values of a Nation.

Education is given in social context and not in the vacuum. Education is irrevocably linked with the class structure of a society, social mobility, ba­sic values and social norms. Education aims at both individual as well as so­cial development. The education given by any society to its children can be expected to be in keeping with the views and ways of life of that particular society.

In India Social Education chiefly means literacy campaign among the illiterate youths and adults. There is a separate Adult Education Directo­rate attached to the Ministry of Education, Government of India, which has given highest priority on this greatest social problem.

In the 6th Five Year Plan rupees 2 hundred crores was allotted for adult education. It is 10% of the total educational outlay. It is no doubt a bold step forward but it was not implemented in right earnest. The Central Government has undertaken a Central programme for Adult Education.

How to remove the examination stress.

Exam stress affects most students in varying ways. It is important to manage this stress and find little ways of helping to eliminate the risk of burnout.

For some students, exams can be a breeze; revision is second nature to them and they could ace an exam with their eyes closed. But for others, sweaty palms and heart palpitations are just a part of the territory, and it seems that nothing is more impossible than sitting down and revising. Here are some handy tips that can help to dissipate stress and make sure you can get through exam season.

  1. Take regular breaks and schedule in fun things to look forward to
    Even the most intense exam timetables will allow a little time for a study break. This can include 20-minute breaks during your revision day, and longer activities that you can look forward to. Go out for dinner with friends, go to the cinema, attend a gig, anything that you like doing in your spare time that will take your mind off exams. Spending a little time away from the books will leave you feeling more refreshed and relaxed the next time you revise.
  2. Exercise and get outdoors
    Easily one of the most frustrating things about exam season is that it seems to occur just as the weather brightens up. Use this to your advantage and go out for a walk, or a run, or head to the gym or swimming pool. As well as keeping you healthy, exercise is known to boost your mood and can help to make you more productive while revising
  1. Don’t (always) listen to others
    As the old saying goes: “comparison is the thief of joy”. While it is helpful to discuss topics with fellow students and often to revise together, try not to compare other peoples’ revision to your own. Chances are you’re doing just fine, and listening to other people talk about what they’ve learnt will only stress you out and may make you feel like you aren’t progressing as well as them. Plus, if they themselves are stressed this can rub off on to you and other people’s stress is not what you need right now.
  2. Speak to someone
    If the stress gets to a point where it is overwhelming, and is affecting your day-to-day life, try and speak to someone about it. Your university or school should have a service where you can speak to people about your concerns, and will be able to offer more advice on how to manage it. If that seems like too big a step, open up to a family member or a friend about the pressure you feel. You’ll be amazed to know that you aren’t alone in feeling like this.

9 Quick ways to eliminate examination stress.
1) Watch a film, a TV show or listen to a podcast or comedian that makes you laugh.
Drink some herbal tea or a hot chocolate. It’s a well known fact that hot drinks are known to soothe the soul (avoid too much caffeine though!).
2) A shower or a bath can help to relieve stress.
3) Cook or bake something. Just the thought of having something delicious to eat can bring you joy. As a bonus side note, try and cook something healthy too. You can’t feed your mind well, if you don’t feed your body well.
4) Get some sleep. The virtues of a good night’s sleep during exam season should not be underestimated.
5) Keep things in perspective. Yes, exams are important. But you are so much more than your exam results.
6) Avoid other stressed people. You know the ones I mean. The ones with cue cards outside of the exam hall, frantically trying to remember key dates and equations. They will do nothing for your stress levels.
7) Avoid the exam “post-mortem”. You don’t need to know how other people fared in the exam. You’ve done your best, you can’t go back and change your answers so the second you step out of the exam hall, focus on your next exam.
8) Be flexible. While having a revision time table is one of the best tools in your arsenal for exam success, don’t be too hard on yourself if you don’t stick to it. If you accidentally oversleep, don’t write the day off.
9) Write
down everything you feel like you need to do and try and tick one thing off. Just the act of feeling like you are in control of your revision can help.

Education in India- An Introduction

Education in India is the prime constituent of Human Resource Development which in turn shapes the socio – economic fabric of our country. No doubt the earlier visionaries have laid such great stress on developing the intellectual capital of our country.

The government’s utmost priority to eradicate illiteracy can be gauged from the fact that it has incorporated education as a constitutional and fundamental right for children between the age group of 6 to 14 which is compulsory and to be imparted free of cost.

The government through its various programmes and campaigns has accorded education the status of a nationalistic crusade in its endeavour to completely eradicate illiteracy from the country.

Education in India – Demographics

The literacy rate as per census 2011 was 74.04% of the populace which is way below the world average of 83.4% in 2008. Census statistics reveal that the rapid growth in literacy transpired after 1991, which was triggered due to the ushering of the computer era. However the literacy rate is favourably skewed towards the male populace and also localised to the urban areas, which over the years has diminished rapidly.

The current statutory budget allocation on the education sector has been 3.8% of the GDP but the ground level implementation and response has been phenomenal due to the introduction of the mid day meal, adult education, distance learning and audio visual learning programmes undertaken by the government and NGO’s which have been very effective in promoting literacy.

Education in India – Quantification.

After China and U.S., India has the largest higher education system in the world in terms of enrolments. As per MHRD Annual Report 2011-2012, the number of students enrolled in Indian universities and colleges in the year 2012 was 1.6 crore. India also has the largest higher education system in the world in terms of the number of institutes.

The number of universities in India in FY 2012 was 659 and colleges were 33023. The Human Resources Development Ministry has projected 30% of students to pursue higher education by 2020 which will entail a further addition of 800 universities and 35000 colleges to the current tally. Of the total national student population 15% pursue the technology/engineering degree programmes while 85% pursue the bachelor’s degree programmes.

The Indian education sector is expected to grow at a compound annual rate of 16% in the forthcoming five years. Analysts anticipate the current market size of the Indian education sector to grow to Rs 6,02,140 crore in FY – 2015 from Rs 3,41,180 crore in FY – 2012. A large student pool, leading to generation of substantial revenues has enthused market players to substantially invest in the sector. Foreign direct investment to this sector in FY 2012 stood at Rs 18.73 crore.

Education in India – Future

A knowledge society has immense potential to graduate up the value chain in the era of increased globalisation. This aspiration of the Indian middle class to further their lifestyles has unleashed its propensity to substantially invest in harnessing the growth of intellectual capital. No doubt that the world looks at India as “The Talent Powerhouse”.

Education in India today is a fervent zeal of every citizen and prosperity is its fruit. Education system in India is not that much regularized in terms of examination, the type and system of examination gets on changing as the current need in the society. Generally there are three types of examination, first is the general examination conducted by various board across the country for the secondary and higher secondary levels. Second are the entrance exams which are conducted for securing admission in particular college and university .Third are the competitive exams for obtaining the job at specific segment in the country.These types of examination are more of focusing on allotting a job opportunity to the students. Student can take up these exams only after the completion of any graduation degree or in the final year of completion. These exams are of the objective type only covering the various aspects of current market needs and wants. Competitive exam tries to pull out the best talent possible for a particular job profile. Curriculum of competitive exam generally includes reasoning ability, mathematics, data interpretation and general knowledge. It is the exam which s not confined to particular sector or faculty it test the overall ability and knowledge of the student.

Role and importance of technology in business.

In the last decades preceding the 90’s,the technology has overhalued the way we do things. Whether it’s for business or social purposes, we no longer rely on traditional methods and. thanks to fast and evolving technological advancements today.

IT Is Indispensable
The role of technology in the business landscape cannot be overstated. It’s imperative that you employ a workforce that is techsavvy at least in the basis. Getting your staff up to date with emerging trends not only boosts productivity, but it has immense bearing on your bottom-line. Today, the IT department in every business, big or small is indispensable. IT experts are largely attributed to the changing dynamics at the organizational level. These experts are becoming crucial given their capacity to help a business maintain its competitive edge.

Every business relies on technology in big and small ways. As technology evolves, businesses have an overriding need to incorporate some form of technology. Simply, the same technology cannot afford to remain at the backend; it’s an integral component of any discerning business front end. There are several elements that technology has transformed for the better. Technology contributes in:Improving Communication
In many ways than one, technology simplifies communication. Whether it’s a social connection or you are trying to relay mission critical data, things are no longer want they used to be. IT is fundamental for effective communication internally and externally. In house, technology streamlines the types off data relay that occur between sections or departments. There is a need for an organisation to stay up to date with new email marketing tactics or ways of sending company wide data via digital platforms. Externally, technology has made communication easy and ubiquitous.

Propels Marketing and Business Growth
From an external communication point of view, a business will use new technology to advertise and break into new markets. Forward thinking enterprises advertise digitally with a view to drive traffic. Even though yours is a brick and mortar business, technology has to be part of your marketing mix, if you expect to grow your revenue. Remember, a highly seasoned IT team is the key to your success. You need experts who are conversant with search marketing, web optimization and social media targeting.Streamlines Decision Making
Decision making in any business is a critical process. You need technology to streamline the decision making process. There is a need to keep track of customer and market data. Technology in form of business relevant software facilitates error free reporting. You have a guarantee of accuracy with metrics drawn from the finance, marketing and customer engagement departments. It is technology that captures critical data and helps a business to see its weak areas, and ways of how to strategize accordingly.

Boosting Your Competitive Edge
Nowadays, other businesses in the same niche as you are spending more to market and advertise. The need to stay on top of the completion is crucial. Nobody wants to associate with a brand that is barely visible online. Your competitors are using technology to weigh you up and to drive their traffic. Technology is using viable online tools to drive your sales.Enhancing Customer Relationship
Reputable CRM management systems let you discover what your customer base wants. It’s advisable to target the right customer at the right time to avoid them crossing over to your competitor. Even though the technology you rely on is compatible with your existing systems, there is the issue of smart threats and cyber threats. The cloud storage makes it critical to have robust cyber security measures to keep your assets and data safe.

Maintain Industry Relevance
Whether you are in the real estate, health, warehousing or freight industry, there is a form of technology designed to inject efficiency into your operations. If you are leveraging these technologies to break into new market, save lives, boost sales or for crop production module, technology will have made its impact.

What remains is to ensure that you keep on top of things. Technology in the business landscape is never static. You don’t want to be overtaken by events, trends or your competitors. Remember, communication is one factor that you need to grow. Always make sure that you capitalize on advanced communication methods and channels to stay relevant and wiser.Technology helps businesses maintain data flow, manage contacts, track processes and maintain employee records. Technology makes it possible for businesses to operate efficiently and effectively with minimal manpower and helps to reduce the cost of doing business. Technology helps business operations by keeping them connected to suppliers, customers and their sales force. Because of its ability to streamline operating costs, technology delivers instant access to supplies and information, so businesses are better able to offer affordable pricing of goods and services without sacrificing quality
Internet Presence
Establishing an Internet presence is necessary even though your business may not be an ecommerce type business. It allows current and potential customers to view your products and services conveniently online. An Internet present gives businesses the ability to reach potential customers worldwide. Certain products or services may not be in large demand where you live or establish your business, but people in other parts of the country or the world may be searching for exactly what you have to offer.

Accounting
With accounting software, many businesses are able to handle accounting functions without the need for a CPA. The technological advances in accounting software have turned tracking sales, invoicing, employee records and payroll into simple tasks with no specialized training required. Some programs include notifications that alert the business owner when quarterly taxes and bills associated with operating costs need to be paid.
The Future of Technology in Business
Contrary to popular belief, the progress of technology shows no signs of slowing. In fact, with the advent of the PDA and other high-tech devices, developers are finding new and very innovative ways to assimilate these products into society. A prime example of how technology has redefined business operations can be seen oni the use of social networking sites by advertising on YouTube, Facebook and Twitter. “The rate of change in technology is as much today as any time in my experience,” says 40-year tech veteran Andrew S. Grove, from Intel Corp. The speed at which a computer is able to access information doubles about every 18 months, and Internet connection speeds are doubling even faster. Use of PDAs in the medical profession have become commonplace.
5 Reasons for Accelerated Business Growth

The technological revolution has improved businesses this century in the following five primary ways:

  1. Information technology has given business the tools to solve complex problems.

Improved hardware (more memory, faster processors, sharper visual displays, etc) combined with smarter applications (Mindmapping software like X Mind, collaborative software like Kanban boards, organizers like Google calendar, etc) have made it easier to research data, analyze it, and plan scalability. Many tools available to solve complex problems.

  1. Information technology allows businesses to make better decisions.

Good decisions in business are based on solid market research. This can be done through engaging teams through video conferences, reviewing public sentiment on social media and industry forums, and using online 3. Information technology has improved marketing.

Internet marketing using online advertising methods (SEO, PPC, Facebook Ads) are far more accurate ways than traditional marketing of finding target audiences, discovering their needs, and building a marketing campaign to persuade them to buy. It’s difficult to see how many people read a newspaper ad. It’s easy to figure out how many people clicked on an online banner.

  1. Information technology has improved customer support.

Customers can receive support from multiple channels telephone, emails, social media platforms, webinars, and so on. Additionally, customer relationship management systems help businesses understand customer behavior.

  1. Information technology has improved resource management.

Cloud computing allows a company’s employees to use any device anywhere in the world to access their enterprise level software.

Innovation is the Wave of the Future

If the purpose of business is to increase profits, then innovation is the way to make more profits, faster. The story of Jan Koum gives us a clue how much big businesses value innovation. He went from food stamps to billionaire because of his invention of WhatsApp.There are endless explanations of why technology in business is relevant. Whether or not we like it, the role of technology in business grows and will only continue to grow. Organizations have to take advantage of new technological innovations for their activities, their workers and the underlying. Companies can no longer determine technology’s value to organizations but must take advantage of technology. Innovation is growing rapidly; prices are falling and innovations are continuously being made. You can get business technology news very easily in a very convenient.

Importance of competitive exams

The purpose of competitive exams is not only to judge your talent but also to test your management and planning skills. The whole concept of any competitive exam is based on strategic thinking and smart work.

“Life is a race.. if you don’t run fast.. you will be like a broken anda..”

Most of you have watched the movie 3 Idiots and can easily recall this dialogue where the head of an institute was trying to teach a life lesson to students. Indeed, it’s true and one must learn from it.

Nowadays, competition is getting tougher day by day and the doorway into the best of the academic institutes is just not straightforward. It requires a lot of hard work, dedication and most importantly, consistent efforts. The reality of tough competition can be seen through this data.

In 2018, around 11.5 lakh students registered for JEE Main and 2,31,024 students qualified for JEE Advanced and at the end only 31,988 (that too after the revised cut-off) students qualified JEE Advanced. These candidates will fight for 11,279 seats available in the IITs in India.

To prepare yourself for the challenging path, you are required to take initial steps at a very early age. Students, irrespective of their career interest, should start appearing in various national and international-level competitive exams.

Nowadays, there are various exams conducted by govt or private bodies for students from class 1 onwards. These may include Olympiads, NTSE, NMTC and many more.

Advantages

  • Early exposure to learning and competition builds confidence and sharpens skills which raise your level from other students on the same platform.
  • Competitive exams will enhance the skill of understanding the application of concepts, which is required in a broader context when we appear for exams like JEE, NEET, Civil Service and many others.
  • Exams develop IQ, logical and analytical thinking and build a strong foundation for a career.
  • They open doors to enter foreign universities including worldwide number 1 university, MIT. Medallists in International Olympiads have a fair chance of getting into top-class foreign universities compared to others. Few colleges have reserved seats for such scholars.
  • Competitive exams also help out in choosing a career as students start identifying their areas of interest while getting a deeper knowledge of subjects.
  • Awards, rewards and scholarships not only provide financial assistance in further studies but also boost morale while moving ahead in the future.

There are no drawbacks of appearing for such competitive exams and it’s just a myth that they can hamper regular studies. An early step will articulate your journey of success.

Important tips and strategies on competitive exams preparation.

The purpose of competitive exams is not only to judge your talent but also to test your management and planning skills. The whole concept of any competitive exam is based on strategic thinking and smart work.

Traditionally, studying for long hours, having loads of competitive books around the study table, cutting aloof with the surrounding, and many more such ideas will simply worsen the case. Therefore, be smart, focus on the strategy and start preparing for competitive entrance examinations with the proper mix of planning, time management and smart work.

Distributive learning:

It is advised by experts and physiologists that you should avoid working on a continuous stretch. Taking breaks is equally important as it helps your brain to work flawlessly.

Innovative learning:

Choose your study material wisely as it will allow you to work smartly and prepare for government exams without wasting your precious time and effort.

Smart Learning:

The punch of uniqueness and the ability of stand out from the crowd can guarantee success in the era of stiff competition. Every aspirant must plan to do something different and work on it effectively. For instance, it is clearly observed that in any entrance exam, current affairs is that section where you can score maximum marks in no time at all, and save your time for the rest of the sections. Focus on practicing general awareness questions more and more with study material.

Concept-based learning:

Here is an important point to note. Any aspirant preparing for whatsoever competitive exam should know about it fully. For example, if you are preparing for IAS, you should be aware of its exam pattern, curriculum, syllabus, toppers views, and many more things. It gives you a clear idea of what you are up to, and thus helps you to prepare for the entrance test in a proper and planned way.

Practical learning:

No matter how hard you work while preparing for competitive exams, if you are not solving mock test papers, you will not be able to judge your skills. Therefore, start solving mock test papers.

Indian education system need serious reforms

Indian Education System Needs Serious Reforms

Our Indian  Education System needs serious reforms and changes. India needs reforms from basic itself. The preferred choice of learning is memorizing facts. Here to judge the student’s talent has only one parameter i.e. percentage in board examination. So students just mug up and indeed Indian education is spoon feeding.

There is no practical knowledge in our education system. Our education system mainly focuses on theoretical knowledge. Some basic theoretical knowledge is needed but our education system focuses more on the theoretical knowledge. The Indian education and social systems are very hard on kids and completely ignore their feelings, opinions and ambitions. Kids are pushed to study from the age of 3. Non performers are treated as dolts and ostracized by parents and society. My opinion is this, our education must be all round developer. It should be based on creative rather than mugging. Practical or Visualize education must be promoted.

In India we say IIT’s and IIM’s are the best institutions. To get admissions in these institutions one has to do lot of hard work all throughout days and nights. Those who get admissions in these institutions, it’s a boon to them.

But if we consider the global level, where do these institutions stand??

According to “THE TIMES HIGHER EDUCATION” only two institutions in India are among the top 200 universities. They are IIT-Delhi at 154th rank and IIT-Bombay at 174th rank . No other universities from India, whereas in United States, there are 58 universities in that list and Harvard University at the top most. In UK, there are 29 universities, in china there are 8 and in Japan there are 9 universities.

There was a joke to describe the situation of Indian Education System –

A student is sitting idly in class while others are furiously jotting down the professor’s words.

Professor:  why are you not taking notes??

Student: I already have it from my grandfather.

What I m trying to tell is we are following the same algorithm again and again. And  we are expecting a wonderful result. If we want to get the desired output, we have to make changes in that algorithm and execute it. Or else we will keep on saying that India is a developing country.

To put in a nutshell –

India Reforming its education will become Developed from Developing.

Indian Education system in needs serious reforms and the steps that should be undertaken are:

  • Despite having the desire and skills, thousands of students in the country were not able to pursue higher education. Only 15 per cent of the students in the country have access to higher education. This situation should change. The Central and State governments should work towards making the higher education accessible to all.
  • The varsities were burdened with the conduct of examinations, evaluation and publication of results. This needs a change. The universities should take up more research, publish research papers and bring in more innovative technologies.
  • According to a global survey conducted in 74 countries, India was ranked 73rd in terms of quality of education, while China got the top spot. We need to do more to improve the quality of our school education.

Thus, it is high time that we take certain steps immediately so that not only the level of education is increased which will enhance an individual’s knowledge but also it will in turn lead to the up liftman of the country that we really need and certainly India will become one of the best in terms of education and soon it will be a developed nation. Hence, it can be rightly said that Indian Education System Needs Serious Reforms.

Reforms should begin with schools

Schools play a vital role in shaping a person’s social and professional growth. The conventional schools in India focus on nurturing the children to face the competitive world outside. Examinations and assignments are encouraged by them as tools to assess the capability of the students. Whether a child was knowledgeable or not depended on the marks he/she scored. Many activists today who oppose the Indian Education system are of the opinion that the schools teach the students in learning things by-rote and not to understand things through application. National Survey conducted few years back reveals that, more than 80% of the school principals in India blame rote-learning as the reason for poor standards to learning in students passing out from schools. Of these, nearly 70% of them felt that the curriculum followed in India today did not give sufficient scope for creative thinking.

“Focus should be on Skill-based Education: Give a man a fish and you feed him one day, teach him how to catch fishes and you feed him for a lifetime”

Latest trends in the Indian Education System

A typical Indian classroom is characterized by long hours of lectures by the teacher with very little focus of the students ability to comprehend. However, Indian Education system today is seeing many technology-driven innovations for students. Smartclass from Educomp is such an example. Smartclass is essentially a digital content library of curriculum-mapped, multimedia-rich, 3D content. It also enables teachers to quickly assess how much of a particular lesson students have been able to assimilate during the class. Once a topic is covered, the teacher gives the class a set of questions on a large screen. Each student then answers via a personal answering device or the smart assessment system. The teacher gets the scores right away and based on that, she repeats parts of the lesson that the students don’t appear to have grasped. Another example is the launch of YouTube channel Edu India, which is an Indian curriculum focused education channel. Some other players in this sector who have come up with innovative ideas in changing the education system are Everonn Education, NIIT, Core Education & Technologies, IL&FS, Compucom, HCL Infosystems, Learn Next, Tata Interactive Systems, Mexus Education, S. Chand Harcourt and iDiscoveri. We also see a lot more schooling options available today as a replacement to the conventional mainstream system. In his article, Vaibhav Devanathan of LaughGuru has emphasized that the high-level of stress in students caused by the mainstream schools have given rise to various alternative methods of schooling in India like Montessori schools, Krishnamurti schools, Home-Schooling and Gardner’s Model.

Future

Indian Education Systems predominantly follows the system laid by the British. Although we can boast of having the IITs, IIMs and some of the best law and medical colleges, India’s contribution to the world of innovation is close to none. Our education system should therefore focus on churning out not just engineers, but also entrepreneurs, artists, scientists, writers etc. all of whom are influential in the development of the economy.

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Benefits of technology in education:

Using the new technology in education has become a center point of many researches and studies. Modern education has to combine with modern technology to come up with best results. The teacher and the student both can use the technology to enhance the teaching and learning strategies. On the other hand, many people are worried of the possible harmful effects of using technology in the classroom or at home. Will children lose their ability to relate to other people? Will they become dependent on technology to learn? Will they find inappropriate materials? The same was probably said with the invention of the printing press, radio, and television. All of these can be used inappropriately, but all of them have given humanity unlimited access to information which can be turned into knowledge. Appropriately used- interactively and with guidance- they have become tools for the development of higher order thinking skills.

To begin with, TV the invention that helps us to get useful information in easiest way.” I think, the most important advantage of television is that it is a huge source of informations, knowledge and entertainment.” (wojtas Dodano, 2003). Although TV is not a new invention, people try to find many new ways to use it as a communication tool. Some of the TV’s benefits that it may help the learners in different ways. For example, the learner of English Language -or any other language- can find a collection of programs, movies, series, documentary and educated programs and channels that they can use to learn the language they want. Moreover, TV is an easy, cheap, and available tool to communicate with all over the world and know the latest news anytime anywhere. To focus more on language learning, TV can help in many ways. For example, the learner can watch the movie while reading the subtitles, or watch a simple language program to strengthen the listening skills. TV can also present many different shows, not only entertainment, but also News, documentary programs, educated programs, historical and scientific movies.

Secondly, the internet, which become the most popular technology these days. It can be consider as the “best” way to keep in touch with friends from all countries over the world. In other words, the internet makes our earth as a small village. It actually has so many benefits; we can mention here the use to search for information and data for academic purposes. Students can always use the internet to get more information for their researches. It also became a popular way to communicate, you can send emails, use chat, voice chat, or even video chat with your friends and family. If we take a closer look, internet is playing an essential role in education nowadays. In his article, Muthukumar said that the Internet is a complex storage area containing a huge maze of information from a variety of sources. It has become a famous source of information for many people worldwide. The Internet wave has also hit the educational landscape in many big ways. The use of technologies such as the Internet as a teaching tool in schools is not the issue now since it is pervasively used. Relatively, the issue is how to effectively employ such technologies and harness fully the new opportunities created by them to promote positive student learning experiences.

Computer assisted learning is being widely used by teachers and studied by researchers. Teachers use computers inside classrooms and give the students assignments to integrate the technology with the homework. A number of studies have been done concerning how the use of computer for language learning affects the development of language learners’ four skills (listening, speaking, reading and writing). Most report significant gains in reading and listening and most CALL programs are geared toward these accessible skills because of the current state of computer technology. However, most reading and listening software is based on drills. On the other hand, using current CALL technology, even with its current limitations, for the development of speaking abilities has gained much attention. There has been some success in using CALL, in particular computer-mediated communication, to help speaking skills closely linked to “communicative competence” (ability to engage in meaningful conversation in the target language) and provide controlled interactive speaking practice outside the classroom. Using chat has been shown to help students routines certain often-used expressions to promote the development of automatic structure that help develop speaking skills. This is true even if the chat is purely textual. The use of videoconferencing gives not only immediacy when communicating with a real person but also visual cues, such as facial expressions, making such communication more real.The challenging process of educating is in demanding need for solutions on how technology will change education. Society seems to be fascinated by the eruption of technological advancements in the educational field. In 1981 about eighteen percent of U.S. public schools had one computer for instructional use. By 1991 that percentage increased to ninety-eight percent (Alhalabi p.22). Technology has changed and will change many ideas of education the potential of educational systems captivates the lives of many students and teachers.
             The effects of technology in the classroom are related to both the teacher and the students. In the past classrooms were lecture driven. With technology involved in education, the students are more active in their learning. The teacher is no longer the center of attention. They play the role of a facilitator or guide of information and not so much of an information source. Technology in the classroom allows the students to be more active with the opportunity of communication of information. By being active the students are then more likely to generate their own choices on how to obtain, manipulate, or display information (Bridgforth). This gives students a higher confidence level.
             Teachers reported students had an increase in motivation when using technology. Because of their willingness to work with technology as opposed to a normal classroom setting of boring lecture, helps motivate students to learn. “Technology is the ultimate carrot for students. It’s something they want to master. Learning to use it enhances their self-esteem and makes them excited about coming to school,” stated a fifth grade teacher (Cradler p. 5).
             Technologies also give an opportunity for students and teachers to learn from a broader perspective of learning other skills. Instead of having the social norm of “lecture, notes” type of classes, students get to be active in learning with such a broad area of students.In the current age, we are in, technology has become an important factor. Every day comes new gadgets or software that make life easier and enhance the already existing technology and software. Simplifying life does not just play a technical role in our lives.

The importance of the technology sector is constantly increasing. The more technology advances, the more benefits it provides to students at every level of education.

There are numerous reasons why technology is such an important aspect of learning in schools. Whether we like it or not, technology is everywhere; And our students must know the technology to survive in post-secondary education and the professional world.

Does technology improve education? 

This is a big question that we need to answer. If it doesn’t improve education, is it worth a try?

When teachers are using technology effectively, it will engage students in the learning process. This was revealed in a study published in the British Journal of Educational Tech. 

The study does not neglect the importance of the teacher. In fact, researchers say that “when professors have more ‘sophisticated’ ideas of teaching, they probably use teaching strategies that result in students being actively involved in the teaching and learning management.”


Students are praised by such technology, so we can find a way to use it to promote business.

Conclusion:

So how does technology support education? Easy; It makes it even better. When teachers introduce tech in an appropriate way, it keeps students engaged. This makes the evaluation easier. It prepares students for the future.


Now that we understand the importance of tech, we have no choice but to use it better our students expect it from us. Both teachers and students are the driving force of the education system. Students tell us what they need and we find the best ways to provide them with this kind of knowledge.

Importance of examinations in student’s life

Exams have an important role in the process of learning and in the whole educational institution.” Exams and tests are a great way to assess what the students have learned with regards to particular subjects. … Strengths and weaknesses can also be assessed through exams.

Importance Of Exam: Why Exam Is Necessary

Many of the students get irritated when they heard the words of an exam because their exam mentality is very poor, maybe they don’t know about the importance of exams.

Generally, students give oral and written exams in their schools/colleges. They have a wrong belief like an exam is not necessary but if they try to think in a detailed positive manner at that time they able to understand the benefits of exams.

Today Iam trying to change the exam’s viewpoint about the importance of the exam and why an exam is necessary.

Why Exam Is Necessary

Confidence:

The exam develops confidence which increases a student’s personality in a hard-working manner.

At exam time, students become conscious about their exam performance and they do hard work and try to give the best performance.

When they get good marks they feel happy and their marks help to increase confidence level.

Enthusiasm for competition:

An exam is just like a type of healthy competition for proving more knowledge and skill.

Every student prepares themselves as they participate in the competition and most of them to prove themselves better than other students, they try to get more score and also built a new strategy for reading, they improve their writing skills for better marks.

Self-analysis of own skill:

The exam evaluates the student’s ability of learning. It is an effective way to analyze the knowledge of students. It is a measurement of how much they learn and constraint in the study. An exam is for self-improvement.

Achievements:

Often, students take an exam as a career at that time they are very serious about the exams and they prove themselves for their goal and they get the achievement.

Some schools/colleges enhance the student’s knowledge by giving them awards and certificate and motivate students to increase their intelligence which is the proud moments of hardworking not for individuals but also it is all about the support of their parents and teachers.

Learning:

Each and every step of life, we face new situations and learn from them.

An exam is a major factor in learning. students learn the lesson of patience, discipline, and leadership through exams.

Exam help to introduce own skill. Exam develops thinking, logic and makes quick decision-making.

Scholarship:

Sometimes, not each parent are capable to provide the best knowledge for their children at that time scholarship is one of the options for students to study.

An exam is one of the gateways to achieve scholarship and study for further higher education.

Easy judgment for teaching:

Exams is an analysis of the student’s understanding and grasping power. It is the judgment of how students are capable of their study. Parents and teachers analyze the potential of the study.

5 Reasons Why Exams Are Important

1. Instills discipline 

You can say what you want about exams but they do help you to become more disciplined. The fact that you have to prepare months in advance to conquer examinations in the summer can most definitely set you up for the real world. Take this life skill and use it to become successful in the career path of your choice. Discipline is a key trait of all success stories and this routine will guide you and be your knight in shining armour if you want to make it to the top. 

2. Gives you the ability to stay focused under pressure

During the exam, you are put under extreme duress to remember pieces of information which you may have learnt at the beginning of the year. Now this takes extreme focus and dedication to remember that far back and to also apply it to the question in hand. If you can take this as a life lesson, you will be well on your way to glory. The top individuals all possess the trait of being calm during the storm and if you can acquire this trait and focus all of your energy into remaining calm, even in the worst of situations, there is no limit as to what you can do. 

3. Qualifications you need in life are only acquired through examinations

In your lifetime, you will come to realise that you need certain qualifications to pass a certain stage in the job process. These qualifications will only be under your name if you pass exams. This is a very good reason as to why exams are important. They are the pathway to a job and without qualifications, your career path becomes very limited.

4. Time Management

Time management is a key skill in life and this skill is definitely acquired through the practice of exams. Before the exam, you would need this skill to learn how to manage your time revising. During the exam, you need to learn how to answer each question in a timely manner so that you leave yourself enough time at the end to review your work. In the exam process, time management is integrated every step of the way. This will instill this life skill in you which will dramatically help you to meet deadlines in your dedicated career.

5. Improve Learning

The exam process improves learning and your ability to take on new information. Going through exams will make your brain adapt to being given new information and it will be able to recall facts and figures more efficiently because it is so used to doing so. Being a good learner is most definitely a good trait to have. Some legends claim that they never stop learning. If they put that much respect on this trait, then you should.

We all remember the exam period in schools. The daunting experience of entering the examination hall, finding your name on the exam desk and taking a seat with a booklet with blank paper and unknown questions. The sweaty hand palms and sickness feeling that seems to have made you forget everything that you have been revising for over the last previous few weeks (or in my case few days, I have always been a bit last minute). In all those years of school, college and university I always wondered what the main purpose was for exams. What would this stress achieve later in our lives? Luckily I am able to look into all this and finally learn that the stressful weeks truly are beneficial.

“Exams have an important role in the process of learning and in the whole educational institution.”

Exams and tests are a great way to assess what the students have learned with regards to particular subjects. Exams will show what part of the lesson each student seems to have taken the most interest in and has remembered.

With every pupil being so individual, exams are also a great way for teachers to find out more about the students themselves. The test environment comes with added stress, which allows teachers to work out how their students argue and how they think individually by their works, which is a great attribute for them to keep in mind for future class activities.

Strengths and weaknesses can also be assessed through exams. The teachers will be able to understand where more attention in class may be needed when teaching the particular subject. A pattern of weaknesses may be apparent when marking the works. This is where mock tests are a great technique to use when teaching before the formal examinations. This will give students and teachers the opportunity to understand where their weaknesses may be, in time for the preparation of the formal exam. This will give them all the chance to ensure that they are able to achieve the best of their abilities in class, thus helping them in the future.

School becomes more demanding as you get older. As you grow as a person, you also do as a student and the school curriculum becomes more demanding. Exams allow higher education establishments to assess whether the students applying are going to be able to deal with the work demand. Although this idea of “ranking students capability based on grades” seems harsh, it is an easier way for them to assess the students’ potential, which becomes even more important with regards to higher education establishments.

The exam process is beneficial to the school in regards to assessing where faculties and particular classes need more focus or resources. Schools need to ensure that they are offering students the best that they are able to and exams are a great technique to use to monitor the progress and effectiveness of that particular class. School administrators can see where improvement may be needed within the school, college or university based on the students’ grades. Studies have shown that a “happier class has higher grades” so a pattern of similar average results may indicate the motivation that a particular class may have or not.

After reading about all the benefits and advantages gained, it just goes to show that the stress, pulling my hair out was all worth it in the long run. I have found my strengths and weaknesses, applying them to where I am now. I am starting to realise that the age old saying “school is the best days of your life” could actually be true… 

Contribution of education to social progress

Education is the process of learning and expanding culture, and, as it contributes to the improvement of the human condition through better knowledge, health, living conditions, social equity and productivity, is a central tool for social progress. Education is expected to foster social progress through four different but interrelated purposes: humanistic, through the development of individual and collective human virtues to their full extent; civic, by the enhancement of public life and active participation in a democratic society; economic, by providing individuals with intellectual and practical skills that make them productive and enhance their and society’s living conditions; and through fostering social equity and justice. The expansion of formal education, which was part of the emergence of the nation states and modern economies, is one of the most visible indicators of social progress. In its expansion, education created a complex web of institutions distributed according to different paths along the life course, from early education through the school cycles to the final stages of higher education, continuing with the provision of forms of lifelong education. This web of institutions is subject to breaks and cleavages that reflect their diverse and multiple historical origins and purposes and the asynchronous developments in different regions. From primary schooling, education institutions grew horizontally (by learning fields, subjects, or occupations) and vertically (by levels and credentials.) The allocation of children and young people to different tracks and institutions, by a mixture of choice and assignment, is a core process in formal education that often reflects and reproduces preexisting inequalities. The chapter presents the main actions needed to allow education to fulfill its promise to promote social progress considering the four purposes of education. On a global level more research informed policy is required and a balanced approach to educational reform, including teacher education, by putting more emphasis on the civic and humanistic purposes. Governance structures that are flexible, participatory, and accountable considering the political and social context are recommended. The new agenda of Sustainable Development Goals for 2030 established in 2015 calls for a new cooperative paradigm based on the concept of “full global partnership” and the principle of “no one will be left behind.” Sustainable Development Goal 4 for Education aims “to ensure inclusive and quality education for all and promote lifelong learning”. This provides a broad framework for education’s contribution to social progress. To achieve this, it is necessary: (1) to expand access and improve the quality of early childhood education, as a precondition for life-long educational success in all its goals; (2) to improve the quality of schools, including in learners’ direct interactions with their peer groups, educators and the surroundings; in institutional characteristics such as group size, student-teacher ratio, teacher qualifications and spatial and material conditions, and in the provision of a meaningful and relevant curriculum; (3) to enhance the role of educators, considering that teachers are not just carriers of knowledge and information, but role models that have a significant impact on children’s dispositions towards learning and life more generally; (4) to make higher and vocational education more inclusive and socially relevant, thereby enhancing the opportunities for students of all sectors of society to further their education in a meaningful and practical ways, eliminating social and cultural restrictions to access and reducing the dividing lines between high and low prestige and esteem between institutions and careers. Additionally, appropriate use of the opportunities created by the new digital technologies is recommended. These are not a magic bullet that will replace existing educational institutions and create a new learning world. But they can be powerful instruments to improve the quality and relevance of education and its contribution to social progress.Culture, “that complex whole which includes knowledge, belief, art, morals, law, custom and any other capabilities and habits” (Tylor 1870) is the most distinctive element of human societies, and in its broadest sense education is the process of facilitating learning or the acquisition of culture. Education takes place informally, starting with the interaction of children with their parents and relatives, but becomes to a large extent formal in complex societies, as it is codified (in primers, manuals, catechisms, handbooks) and provided by specialized institutions (churches, schools, universities, professional guilds, academies) according to specific methods (lecturing, memorization, demonstration, interpretation, collaboration, practice, experimentation).In most societies, education is a valued asset: more education is expected to enhance specific dimensions of culture (religious beliefs, citizenship, professional skills, humanistic values, critical thinking), fostered by different institutions and sought by individuals and families as a means of achieving or securing social and economic standing and prestige. As the notion of social progress becomes entrenched, more and better education becomes considered one of its main instruments.The expansion of formal education, which followed the emergence of the nation state and the modern economy, is one of the most visible indicators of social progress. Until the early 19th century, advanced learning was limited to a small elite of priests, bureaucrats and specialists, provided by universities and other prestigious learning centers, usually associated with the churches. The notion that all persons should be able to read the sacred books was part of the Jewish, Christian and Muslim traditions, but was never fully practiced and mostly limited to men (Hanna 2007, Vincent 2000, Gawthrop and Strauss 1984, Botticini and Eckstein 2012). This notion was adapted and spread out by the modern, industrialized Western nation states, and exported to some degree to their colonies and areas of influence. By the end of the 19th Century, the United States, Australia, Canada and New Zealand had already reached universal schooling, followed closely by Northern Europe. In Asia, expansion of primary education started in Japan, followed later by Taiwan, Thailand, Sri Lanka and the Philippines. In Latin American and Africa, it expanded first in areas with strong European immigration, such as Argentina, Chile, Uruguay and Southern Brazil, as well as in South Africa and Zimbabwe (Benavot and Riddle 1988).

Conclusion

The section focuses on characteristics of institutions, educators and principals that contribute to their ability to work towards the four goals enabling social progress rather independently of specific cultural and national contexts. They are expected to put learners in the position to actively participate in shaping their educational careers, gather information and have confidence in their ability to overcome challenges and uncertainty. Learners have to be prepared for overcoming social barriers – both of a personal nature and with regard to society in general.Educational institutions should not only focus on their respective educational duties but also recognize their shared responsibility for social progress, for successful incoming and outgoing transitions and for the complete educational careers of their students. This responsibility about what happens before and after learners are part of their own institution also needs to be better anchored within universities. This is recommended as they are actively involved in the training of educators in many countries.

Education: biggest tool of progress.

Education is very important tool for everyone to succeed in life and get something different.

help a lot in lessening the challenges of life. Knowledge gained through out the education periods enables each and every individual confident about their life. It opens various door to the opportunities of achieving better prospects in life so promote career growth. Many awareness programmes has been run by the government has been run enhance the value of education is in rural areas. It brings feelings of equality among all people in the society and promotes growth and development of the country.

Education plays a role in the modern technology world. Now a days there are many ways to enhance the educational level. The whole criteria of education have been changed now. We can study through the distance learning programs after 12 standard together with the job. Education is not so costly anyone with less money may study continuously. We can get admission in the big and popular universities with fewer fees the distance of learning. Other small training institutes are providing education to enhance the skill level in particular field education is must for both men and women equally as both together make a healthy educated society. It is an essential tool for getting bright future as well as plays a most important role in the development and progress of the country. Citizen of the country became responsible for the better future and development of the country. Highly educated people become the base of the developed country so proper education makes the bright future of both the individual and the country. So, proper education makes the bright future of both the individual and the country it is only educated leaders who build the nation and lead it to the height of success and progress. Education makes people as perfect and noble as possible.

Good education give many purpose to the life such as enhancement of the personal advancement increase social status increased social health economical progress success to the nation set goals of Life make us a way to work towards many social issues and give solution to solve environmental problem and other related issue. Now a days education has become very simple and easy because of the implementation of distance learning program. Modern education system is fully capable to remove the social issues of illiteracy and inequality among people of different religion and caste.

Education developed the people’s mind to great level and help in removing all the differences in the society. It makes us able to become a good learner and understand very aspect on life. It provides ability to understand all the human rights social rights duties and responsibilities towards the country.

It is often said that education holds a magnificent place in an individual’s life. A person with proper education has better understanding of things happening around him/her and is better able to face challenges in all walks of life. An educated mind is the one which rules the world. Education in layman’s language is restricted to receiving marks or having a degree which is necessary to earn money for a living. But education isn’t just restrict to just that much. There are schools and colleges developed as a part of educational institutions where knowledge is imparted to students. Here, education is one which provides a platform for healthy growth of knowledge, skills, talents and for overall development of personality of an individual.

In ancient times, girls and women were deprived of receiving an education because they were married off at an early age. Giving her an education was considered a burden to the family as dowry was also practised when she was to get married. Poor families who could not afford to send their children to school made their children work from an early age in hazardous industries which was extremely unhealthy and dangerous for their life. Child labour is now illegal. They say the pen is mightier than a sword which clearly states that education is a weapon more powerful than others. An educated person can live a respectful and dignified life and can impart moral and social values by sharing their knowledge with others. Article21 – A of the Indian Constitution speaks about the basic Right to Education.

Savitribai Phule was one such woman who fought to educate the women and girls in her time and kick-started the process of education. In the present era, women are as adept, qualified, educated and able as men are. A woman is today no longer dependent on others but independent due to education and has earned herself a respectful position. Today the thought of male dominance needs to be transformed and equality needs to prevail in all walks of life. The word education itself states

E-Enhancement.

D-Directive.

U-Understanding

C-Confidence.

A-Achieve

T-Target

I-Intelligence

O-Opportunity

N-Narrative

Thus, along with the changing scenario women too should be educated and receive an equal footing with men. There are numerous crimes that occur predominantly against women like sexual violence, rape, molestation, human trafficking, acid attacks, etc. The news, everyday, flashes with stories of domestic abuse, sexual violence, rapes, discrimination on the basis of gender where a woman in society is not valued, is objectified and is always blamed for whatever happens. Women haven’t received justice and this needs to change. An idea of development starts with the ideals of equality, unity, togetherness, growth, in order to attain prosperity. Education helps to remove illiteracy, unemployment, poverty, and unnecessary evils which obstruct the development process. Education in one’s life can help improve the standard of living. Various programmes have been conducted in order to spread awareness about the rights of women, their legal rights, the importance of a girl child, the need to educate a woman and empower her to move ahead in all walks of life. An educated, aware and literate country can fasten the process of development and progress in all walks of life and help it transform from a developing one to a developed one.