When companies need written material, they typically use either a copywriter or a content writer. These types of writers specialize in creating marketing content for business. Understanding the difference between the two roles can help your company decide which one they need for your written content.


Copywriting is the creation of text for the advertisement or marketing of one specific company. It aim to raise brand awareness and persuade an audience to take a particular action, such as purchase an item. To do this, copywriters make their content interesting and memorable. Copywriting highlighting a product’s features by structuring it in the best possible perspective through brainstorming creative ideas. Some forms of copywriting include brochures, billboards, email campaigns, taglines, magazine advertisements, press releases, etc. The common job responsibilities of a copywriter is writing copy to follow the brand’s voice and style, collaborating with public relations team and other professionals on marketing projects, editing and proofreading copy to ensure accuracy and speaking with stakeholders to determine their content needs and requirements.


Content writing is the production of written materials to inform reader. These professionals strive to generate web traffic, using search engine optimization(SEO). Content writer also try to increase customer engagement with persuasive language and relevant content. They generate specialized materials for websites and other digital medium. During the process, content writers often research their topics to provide necessary facts for readers to understand topics fully and provide credibility. Some forms of content writing include blogs, newspaper articles, webpages, email newsletters, magazine feature, etc. The common job responsibility of a content writer is conducting research on industry related topics to create content, editing and proofreading content to improve readability for viewers, researching keywords and using SEO practices to improve web traffic to the company’s website, generating interesting headlines to attract readers and completing projects within designated deadlines.


  1. OVERALL GOAL- A copywriter creates content to persuade their readers, whereas a content writer produces content to inform their readers. Since copywriters are trying to sell a product or service, their copy ends with a call to action. Content writers have a more subtle goal of encouraging brand loyalty through writing articles that educate and entertain.
  2. LENGTH OF CONTENT- Typically, a copywriter writes short form copy and a content writers long form. Copywriters keep their text brief to engage their readers. However, content writers often write more in depth explaining a process or topic.
  3. ROLE WITHIN A COMPANY- A copywriter is a professional whose primary job is to create copy. Content writer often have other roles beyond writing. They may be an author, blogger, executive, software engineer or other individuals.
  4. TONE OF WRITING- Copywriters use a conversational tone when speaking to their viewers. Because content writers are more informative, their tone is often more formal.
  5. DEADLINES- Copywriters work on strict deadlines to meet their client’s requests. Since copywriters write longer content, their deadlines are usually more flexible to allow time for research.
  6. WORK ENVIRONMENT- Copywriters typically work for an advertising agency marketing for a company. Content writers work for a variety of companies from various industries. copywriters often work directly with a company, whereas content writers work through a third party.


  • Copywriters work for a variety of sectors, making it helpful to have experience writing for different fields, such as healthcare or technology.
  • To attract users, copywriters are empathetic in their writing to make their audience feel good.
  • Since copywriters work closely with marketing teams, it’s helpful for them to be a team player and work well with others.


  • Since content writers are trying to generate traffic to a business’s website, they use SEO and keywords to direct users.
  • To generate informative copy, content writers conduct research from other sources to back up their claims and facts.
  • In order to attract readers, content writers produce captivating headlines that make viewers want to read their articles.

national doctor’s day

National Doctor’s Day is celebrated on 1 July in India. Doctor’s are highly respected in the world, in which they are worshipped in India. By the way, man is not capable of comparing him to the God, but the doctor has achieved this status through his work. By the way, life is not human, but death is in the hands of God, but now God has given the right to give experience to a person by making him a doctor. We call this life donor a doctor, who gives birth to us, as well as sometimes saves us from death. In the field of medicine, doctor have progressed day by day. Today, a doctor can cure the most significant diseases. With the help of the wonders of science, doctors are able to reach here today. Celebrations are made to honour and salute the doctor’s dedication, work, loyalty and honesty.


Since it is celebrated on different days in different countries, the history of celebrating this day is also our own. Doctor’s Day in India was started in 1991 by the then Government of India. Since then every year, the first date of July is established to be recognized and celebrating as National Doctor’s Day. This day was ensured to honour and pay tribute to the legendary doctor and other Chief Minister of West Bengal, Dr. Bidhan Chandra Roy, across India. He was born on July 1, 1882, A.D in Patna city, Bihar, and died on this day 80 years later. He was a noted physician and renowned educationist of the country as well as a freedom fighter because he participated in the movements made by Mahatma Gandhi, and also took care of him in his fast. After Independence, he became the leader of the Indian National Congress Party and then later became the Chief Minister of West Bengal. He was awarded the Bharat Ratna Award in February 1961. Apart from this, Dr. BC Roy National Award was instituted in 1976 to remember him. The award was to pay him respect and tribute. Therefore, to honour and remember such a great personality National Doctor’s Day was started.


Be a person; a doctor plays a vital role in everyone’s life. On one hand, doctor play an essential role for the people, and on the other, doctor’s also fulfill their responsibilities towards their patients. In such a situation, his honour should be a matter of pride of us. For this purpose, the Government of India has started it as an awareness campaign, which is an annual festival and it helps the familiar people to become aware of the role, importance and precious care of doctors. This annual festival of doctor’s is a day of encouragement for all the doctors. This day is an eye opening day for those doctor’s who are not honest about their profession. By celebrating this day, he has awakened from his failed career due to a lack of commitment towards his job.


People celebrate this day in their way. But some organizations celebrate it in the following way-

  • On this day, health care organizations organize some medical checkup camps for the general public in many health centers and free public places.
  • In addition, general screening test camps are also organized between poor and senior citizens to assess health status, health counselling, talks on health nutrition and awareness of chronic diseases.
  • Free blood test, random sugar test, ECG, EEG, blood pressure checkup, etc. activities are organized to make aware of the critical roles of doctor’s in everyone’s life.
  • To encourage more young students toward the dedicated medical profession; some activities are organized at the level of schools and colleges, which discuss medical topics, quiz competitions, sports activities, new to make the medical profession more reliable and more responsible.
  • On July 1, most of the patients thank doctor’s and give them greeting cards, appreciation cards, bouquets, greeting messages through mail,etc. Special meetings, parties, and dinners are organized at health centers, hospitals, nursing homes or homes by doctor’s to remember the days of doctors and the importance of their contribution to the medical profession.

women empowerment

Women empowerment in India is the most effective tool for development as these days; women across the world are actively working as a leader and surpassing others in all spheres of life. As the entire world is grasping its breath and praying every single day for an incredible escape from thee COVID-19 pandemic, it is the women governors and nations steered by these amazing figures who are taking over the responsibility and marching ahead in the battle alone wherever required. Women empowerment in India is dependent up to a great extent on numerous different variables that encompass geographical setting, social status, educational status, and age factor. Actions on the women empowerment exist at the state, local, and national levels. However, women encounter differentiate in most sector like education, economic opportunities, health and medical assistance, and political participation, which demonstrates that there are substantial gaps between strategy advancements and real exercise at the community level. Crafting and execution of a concrete policy framework, dispersing civic awareness, and education concerning the empowerment of women can usher to accomplishing the desired missions in eradicating the plight of women in the society of India. The realm of women empowerment in India is limited to granting balanced rights to women. Still, it is also about assuring that they are ingrained and rightful partners in workforce.

The term women empowerment is all about authority, or the power embarked on women sharing indistinguishable rights. The term refers to the liberation of women from socio-economic restraints of reliance. Women comprise around 50% of the country’s population, and a bulk of them stays economically dependent on each other without employment. In the age of feminism, a small portion of women in India are freed and can employ their free will and are permitted to carve out their lives the way they want. But there is a considerable division of the women in this nation who require optimistic support. In most Indian villages and semi- urban cities, women are still denied fundamental education and are never authorized to continued higher education despite amassing the understanding required. Women are known for delivering multiple roles effortlessly per day, and thus, they are considered the backbone of every society. Living in male dominating societies, women play a wide range of roles, such as caring mothers, loving daughters, and capable colleagues. The best part is that they fit the bill perfectly in every role. Nonetheless, they’ve also stood as a neglected bunch of society in different parts of the world. In turn, it has resulted in women surviving the burnt of unevenness, financial trustworthiness, oppression, and distinct social evils. Women have been residing under the shackles of enslavement for centuries now that impedes them from attaining professionals as well as personal highs.

IMPORTANCE OF WOMEN EMPOWERMENT – In recent times, everyone is pointing on the empowerment of women. It’s right to say that women’s empowerment has become the necessity of the time. Women should possess liberty, faith, and self-worth to opt for their needs and demands. Discrimination based on gender is useless and is having zero worth by looking at the growth of women in the last few decades. Women are paid less and are treated as a cook and slaves in families, and their real potential fails to get highlighted. Women empowerment in India is required to overcome situations of such types and to provide them with their independent role in Indian society. Empowering women is a necessary right of women. They should have proportional rights to contribute to society, economies, education, and politics. They are approved to gain higher education and receive a similar treatment as men are receiving. Women empowerment in India is one of the principal terms for society’s overall development. There is nothing erroneous in participating in the development of society. In the world of corporates, women are playing numerous roles in meadows such as medical, engineering, and so on. Apart from taking part in the sphere of technology, they are energetically partaking in security services such as police, navy, military, etc. All these before mentioned services are taking the community to another level.


  • The problem of gender discrimination has affected the pace of women employment in India. Gender discrimination in all realms of action must be checked. Women must be furnished with a resort to take an active part in decision making at every level and direction procedures to attain the motive of empowering women. They need to get due admiration and prominence, which they rightfully earn on merit basis in society to accomplish their fate.
  • Education is the most vibrant factor of advancement and growth. It is the only significant tool for anticipating women empowerment in India and human resource development. It gives light to the possibilities for access to employment and making a livelihood, which in twirl revivify economic empowerment to women. In order to join the community of developed countries, people should understand the value and importance of women’s education and, thereby, put combined efforts to make India on the progressive track.
  • The mass media is responsible for playing a significant function to project and propagate associated issues, most specifically about women empowerment in India. The numerous programmes pertaining to women’s prestige revealed the mass media enable her husband to behave toward her wife with loads of honor and respect. He can remark his attitude and assist her in the the domestic domain to reduce stress and anxiety. The mass media performs a crucial role in repairing the attitude and way of conversation of husband and other family member toward women.
  • Women should empower themselves by becoming to be aware of their oppression, indicating initiative, and confiscating chances to bring a shift in their status. Empowerment must come from within the soul. Women need to empower themselves by bringing a major change in their attitude.

Women must know that opportunities will not reach their laps. They would have to determine ways to create them. They should fight back to rebuild their prominent position in Indian communities and societies. Women’s empowerment is valuable for the development and advancement of the family, community as well as the nation.

race discrimination

Race means being part of a group of people who are identified by their race, colour, nationality, citizenship, or ethnic or national origins. If you experience discrimination, this counts as race discrimination. Even if you’re not part of one of these groups, it still counts as discriminates against you because they think you are. This is known as perceived race discrimination. Rce discrimination is when you are treated unfairly because of your race, or because of the race of someone you are connected with, such as your partner. If race discrimination takes place in any of the following situations it is illegal and you may be able to take action about it:

  • employment and training
  • education
  • when providing goods and services, for example, banking, entertainment and transport
  • housing
  • any of the activities carried out by public authorities, such as the NHS, government departments, local authorities, the police and prisons

Race discrimination can be direct or indirect. It may also take the form of harassment or victimisation. Race discrimination does not need to be delibrated. Someone may be discriminating against you without realising it or meaning to, but this might still count as discrimination.

DIRECT RACIAL DISCRIMINATION- It is direct race discrimination to treat someone less favourably than someone else would be treated in the same circumstances, because of race. To prove direct race discrimination, it will help if you can give an example of someone from a different racial group who, in similar circumstances, has been, or would have been, treated more favourably than you. Racist abuse and harassment are forms of direct discrimination. One example of direct race discrimination is where you are from a particular racial group and an employer refuses to appoint you because, the employer says, you ‘wouldn’t fit in’ or ‘the customers would object’. It’s also direct discrimination if an employer turns you down for a job because of your connection with someone else of a particular racial group.

INDIRECT RACIAL DISCRIMINATION- It is indirect race discrimination to have a rule, policy or practice which people of a particular racial, ethnic or national group are less likely to be able to meet than other people, and this places them at a disadvantages. Examples of indirect discrimination might include an employer insisting that candidates for a job should have foreign qualification, the banning of wearing headscarves or insisting wearing skirts, an employer insisting that someone has English as a first language,etc. If you think that indirect race discrimination might have occurred, you may be able to make a complaint about it. However, if the person or organisation you are complaining about can show that there are genuine reasons for the rule, policy or practice and that it has nothing to do with race, this won’t count as discrimination. For example, an employer may be able to show why an employee needs to have gained their qualification in the foreign in order to work in a particular role. If they can do this, there won’t have been any discrimination.


It is illegal for an employer to discriminate against you because of race. This includes all employers, no matter how few people they employ. Most workers, including employees, agency workers, trainees and those who are self employed have protection from race discrimination at work. This includes recruitment, selection, promotion, training, pay and benefits, redundancy and dismissal, terms and conditions of work, etc. Trade unions have a duty not to discriminate against their members or those wanting to because members. There are some situations where employers are allowed to treat you less favourably because of your race and this won’t count as discrimination.


It is illegal for any school or college to discriminate against someone because of race. This applies to both state and private schools and colleges. A school or college must not discriminate in any of its policies and practices. This include admission policies, treatment of pupils, exclusions and decisions about pupil’s special educational needs or disabilities. Schools and colleges also have a duty to protect pupils against racial abuse and violence from other pupils, both on school premises or on the way to or from school.


If you think you’ve suffered race discrimination there are a number of things you may be able to do. These include:

  • talking to the person or organisation that discriminated against you
  • using grievance procedure or making a claim to an employment tribunal if it is an employment problem
  • publicising your case through the courts
  • taking legal action through the courts
  • giving details of the problem to an advice agency who may able to refer it to the Equality and Human Rights Commission, if you believe the problem is widespread

When deciding what action to take about race discrimination, you will need to think about what you are trying to achieve. For example, do you want financial compensation, justice or publicity? You will also need to think about how quickly you need to get a result. If someone has been violent or hostile towards you because of your race, you can report this to the police as a hate incident or hate crime.


Unemployment, also referred to as joblessness, occurs when people are without work and actively seeking employment. During periods of recession, an economy usually experiences high unemployment rates. There are many proposed causes, consequences, and solutions for unemployment.


  1. CLASSICAL-Occurs when real wages for jobs are set above the market clearing level. It causes the number of job seekers to be higher than the number of vacancies.
  2. CYCLICAL-Occurs when there is not enough aggregate demand in the economy to provide jobs for everyone who wants to work. Demand for goods and services decreases, less production is needed, and fewer workers are needed.
  3. STRUCTURAL-Occurs when the labor market is not able to provide jobs for everyone who wants to work. There is a mismatch between the skills of the unemployed workers and the skills needed for available jobs. It differs from frictional unemployment because it lasts longer.
  4. FRICTIONAL-The time period between jobs when a worker is searching for work or transitioning from one job to another.
  5. HIDDEN-The unemployment of potential workers that is not taken into account in official unemployment statistics because of how the data is collected. Foe example, workers are only considered unemployed if they are looking for work so those without jobs who have stopped looking are no longer considered unemployed.
  6. LONG TERM-Usually defined as unemployment lasting longer than one year.

MEASURING UNEMPLOYMENT-Unemployment is calculated as a percentage by divided the number of unemployed individuals by the number of all individuals currently employed in the workplace. The final measurement is called the rate of unemployment.

EFFECTS OF UNEMPLOYMENT-When unemployment rates are high and steady, there are negative impacts on the long run economic growth. Unemployment wastes resources, generates redistributive pressures and distortions, increases poverty, limits labor mobility, and promotes social unrest and conflict. The effects of unemployment can be broken down into three types:

  1. INDIVIDUAL-People who are unemployed cannot earn money to meet their financial obligations. Unemployment can lead to homelessness, illness, and mental stress. It can also cause underemployment where workers take on jobs that are below their skill level.
  2. SOCIAL-An economy that has high unemployment is not using all of its resources efficiently, specifically labor. When individuals accept employment below their skill level the economies efficiently is reduced further. Workers lose skills which causes a loss of human capital.
  3. SOCIO-POLITICAL-High unemployment rates can cause civil unrest in a country.

REDUCING UNEMPLOYMENT-There are numerous solutions that can help reduce the amount of unemployment:

  1. DEMAND SIDE SOLUTIONS-Many countries are unemployed worker through social welfare programs. Individuals receive unemployment benefits include insurance, compensation, welfare, and subsidies to aid in retraining. An example of a demand side solution is government funded employment of the able-bodied poor.
  2. SUPPLY SIDE SOLUTIONS-The labor market is not 100% efficient. Supply side solutions remove the minimum wage and reduce the power of unions. The policies are designed to make the market more flexible in an attempt to increase long run economic growth. Examples of supply side solutions include cutting taxes on businesses, reducing regulation, and increasing education.

FULL EMPLOYMENT-Full employment is the level of employment rates where there is no cyclical or deficient demand unemployment. Mainstream economists define full employment as an acceptable level of unemployment somewhere above 0%. Full employment represents a range of possible unemployment rates based on the country, time period, and political basis.

IDEAL UNEMPLOYMENT-Full employment is often seen as an “ideal” unemployment rate. Ideal unemployment excludes types of unemployment where labor market inefficiency is reflected. Only some frictional and unemployment exists, where workers are temporarily searching for new jobs. This classifies the unemployed individuals as being without a job voluntarily. Ideal unemployment promotes the efficiency of the economy. Lord William Beveridge defined “full employment” as the situation where the number of unemployed workers equaled the number of job vacancies available. He preferred that the economy be kept above the full employment level to allow for maximum economic production.

NON-ACCELERATING INFLATION RATE OF UNEMPLOYMENT(NAIRU)-The full employment unemployment rate is also referred to as “natural” unemployment. In an effort to avoid this normative connotation, James Tobin introduced the term “Non-Accelerating Inflation Rate of Unemployment” also known as the NAIRU. It corresponds to the level of unemployment when the real GDP equals potential output. The NAIRU has been called the “inflation threshold”. The NAIRU states the inflation does not rise or fall when unemployment equals the natural rate. As an example, the United States is committed to full employment. The “Full Employment Act” was passed in 1946 and revised in 1978. It states that full employment in the United States is no more than 3% unemployment for persons 20 and older, and 4% for persons aged 16 and over.


When companies need written material, they typically use either a copywriter or a content writer. These types of writers specialize in creating marketing content for business. Understanding the difference between the two roles can help your company decide which one they need for your written content.


Copywriting is the creation of text for the advertisement or marketing of one specific company. It aim to raise brand awareness and persuade an audience to take a particular action, such as purchase an item. To do this, copywriters make their content interesting and memorable. Copywriting highlighting a product’s features by structuring it in the best possible perspective through brainstorming creative ideas. Some forms of copywriting include brochures, billboards, email campaigns, taglines, magazine advertisements, press releases, etc. The common job responsibilities of a copywriter is writing copy to follow the brand’s voice and style, collaborating with public relations team and other professionals on marketing projects, editing and proofreading copy to ensure accuracy and speaking with stakeholders to determine their content needs and requirements.


Content writing is the production of written materials to inform reader. These professionals strive to generate web traffic, using search engine optimization(SEO). Content writer also try to increase customer engagement with persuasive language and relevant content. They generate specialized materials for websites and other digital medium. During the process, content writers often research their topics to provide necessary facts for readers to understand topics fully and provide credibility. Some forms of content writing include blogs, newspaper articles, webpages, email newsletters, magazine feature, etc. The common job responsibility of a content writer is conducting research on industry related topics to create content, editing and proofreading content to improve readability for viewers, researching keywords and using SEO practices to improve web traffic to the company’s website, generating interesting headlines to attract readers and completing projects within designated deadlines.


  1. OVERALL GOAL- A copywriter creates content to persuade their readers, whereas a content writer produces content to inform their readers. Since copywriters are trying to sell a product or service, their copy ends with a call to action. Content writers have a more subtle goal of encouraging brand loyalty through writing articles that educate and entertain.
  2. LENGTH OF CONTENT- Typically, a copywriter writes short form copy and a content writers long form. Copywriters keep their text brief to engage their readers. However, content writers often write more in depth explaining a process or topic.
  3. ROLE WITHIN A COMPANY- A copywriter is a professional whose primary job is to create copy. Content writer often have other roles beyond writing. They may be an author, blogger, executive, software engineer or other individuals.
  4. TONE OF WRITING- Copywriters use a conversational tone when speaking to their viewers. Because content writers are more informative, their tone is often more formal.
  5. DEADLINES- Copywriters work on strict deadlines to meet their client’s requests. Since copywriters write longer content, their deadlines are usually more flexible to allow time for research.
  6. WORK ENVIRONMENT- Copywriters typically work for an advertising agency marketing for a company. Content writers work for a variety of companies from various industries. copywriters often work directly with a company, whereas content writers work through a third party.


  • Copywriters work for a variety of sectors, making it helpful to have experience writing for different fields, such as healthcare or technology.
  • To attract users, copywriters are empathetic in their writing to make their audience feel good.
  • Since copywriters work closely with marketing teams, it’s helpful for them to be a team player and work well with others.


  • Since content writers are trying to generate traffic to a business’s website, they use SEO and keywords to direct users.
  • To generate informative copy, content writers conduct research from other sources to back up their claims and facts.
  • In order to attract readers, content writers produce captivating headlines that make viewers want to read their articles.

do’s and don’t of helping someone with an addiction

Knowing someone who has an addiction is not uncommon, but knowing the best way to help a loved one with an addiction can be confusing and even scary. When someone has an addiction, it can affect every aspect of their lives as well as the lives of their loved ones. You will inevitably be concerned about your loved one, and it can be difficult to know what to do and what not to do, but it’s important to remember that recovery is a solution. Once you’ve noticed the signs of addiction like alcohol addiction or an opioid addiction, for example you’ll need to know how to talk to and treat them in a way that is positive and helpful. There are several ways to do this, some easy to practice and others that require a little more effort and understanding on your part. Here are few do’s and don’t for helping someone with an addiction:


  • SHAME OR CRITICIZE:Human nature sometimes forces us to shift the blame because it’s easier to understand a problem if we know its source. But the cause of addictions isn’t so black and white, so there’s never really just one thing to blame. Most importantly, the person with the addiction is not at fault for the disease. Avoid implying or outright stating that the person is to blame for their addiction. Shaming or criticizing a family member who is struggling with alcohol addiction is often counterproductive to their recovery. Instead, talk with positivity and encouragement, offering the idea of a future of successful long term recovery. Provide verbal and physical encouragement rather than lectures and nagging.
  • EXPECT IMMEDIATE CHANGE:One of the best ways is to be realistic in your expectations. Long term recovery is not a quick fix. It’s an ongoing process for the person that takes time, effort and continued support from professionals and family alike. Some treatments may work for some time and then need to be changed. if one treatment doesn’t work, it doesn’t mean all treatments will fail. It just means you’ll have to find the specific one that will work for the person.
  • ENABLE THEM:There can be a fine line between helping someone with an addiction and enabling them. Sometimes when we think we’re protecting the person from the consequences of their addiction, we are actually enabling them to continue with potentially destructive behavior. Studies show that people with addictions are more likely to proactively seek treatment when they are forced to face the consequences of their actions. So, if you want to know how to help someone with addiction, allow them to make mistakes without the promise of your rescue.
  • GIVE IN TO MANIPULATION:When a person with an addiction is unwilling to seek treatment, they will resort to whatever they need to do to continue feeding their addiction. This may include lying or trying to guilt the people who care for them. It’s important to establish boundaries and learn how to say no. It may be very difficult to not react negatively or to stick to your established rules, but it’s necessary for everyone involved.
  • VIOLATE THEIR PRIVACY:In taking care of yourself and attending therapy, you may be tempted to vent about the person with addiction. While you should be as honest about your feeling as possible when getting therapy, it’s important to respect their privacy. This is especially relevant when discussing someone with addiction with friends or family. Make sure the person is okay being talked about and having their struggles discussed. If you attend counseling with the person, make sure you don’t reveal what was said in session to others. If the person attends therapy or counselling on their own and don’t want to discuss what they talked about in session, respect that and don’t push them into detail.


  • HAVE COMPASSION:Addiction is a disease. Normally, we wouldn’t fault someone with a physical disease, like diabetes or cancer instead, we would likely be compassionate and willing to help them survive their illness. Addiction deserves the same compassion and understanding. Recognize that addiction isn’t a character flaw or a choice, but rather a disease. It’s also crucial to understand there may be external factors that encourage an addiction, like stress or mental illness. Addiction is often a coping mechanism for stress, providing temporary relief. The fleetingness of the relief may contribute to repeatedly seeking out potentially destructive habits that develop over time into an alcohol or opioid addiction.
  • EXPECT DIFFICULTIES:Rehabilitation can be difficult for the person. There are many reasons a person may be reluctant to seek treatment:
    • SHAME-They may feel like they will be looked down on or endanger their jobs and relationships by admitting to having an addiction.
    • STIGMA-Unfortunately, there is still a lot of stigma around diseases of the brain, like addiction and various mental illnesses, and your loved one may be unable or unwilling to expose themselves to it.
    • DENIAL-Someone with an addiction may not be willing or able to admit that they have an addiction at all, let alone consider treatment.
  • EDUCATE YOURSELF:Knowledge is power, and educating yourself on addiction and treatment is a benefit when learning how to help someone with an addiction. Educate yourself on the specific type of recovery that the person is in, so you can better understand that what he/she is going through and what sort of help is he/she is receiving. It’s also useful to learn about addiction in general. The more you know, the better you’ll understand what is going on and be able to better help the person.
  • SEEK COUNSELLING OR THERAPY:Addiction affects everyone, from the person in treatment to the person. It’s importance to ensure you’re well enough to manage the potential stress of helping someone dealing with addiction. Acknowledging that you may be in over your head and in need of professional help is normal and healthy. It’s also necessary for you to help your loved one to the best of your abilities.
  • TAKE CARE OF YOURSELF:Indulging in self care is not selfish, especially when you’re helping someone dealing with addiction. You cannot let the addiction of the person derail your own life. Continue with healthy activities, like hobbies and social outings, and take care to look after yourself. Therapy or counselling is part of that process, but indulging in activities that aren’t centered around the person is necessary. Determine what it is that you need to keep yourself well indulge in it.

independent children

Teaching a child to be independent is important because it teaches them to think for themselves, be self reliant and take on responsibilities in life. When you teach them to be independent, you are also helping them become confident adults who will successful in life. To become successful in life, you need to work for success by overcoming all the odds, at the same time believing in yourself. Fostering independence in kids give them the ability to believe in themselves. Many people push through their days and live their whole lives not doing the things they dream of, only because they are afraid. They don’t believe in themselves. They are afraid of failing and they have all these limiting beliefs that hold them back when they want to attempt something. Many of them come from childhood programming. As I live through and fight against my own limiting beliefs that got instilled in me as a child, I realize how much I can do as a mother to make my children’s life different. I know that if I teach them to be self reliant, they will grow up being more sure of themselves and venture out into their dreams. They won’t be afraid of failure and trying new things. Some of the things we should do to raise independent children are :

  1. LET GO OF YOUR FEAR AND SENSE OF CONTROL-If you have raised a toddler, you know how strong their will to be independent can be. There is no stopping them because they think they can do anything. If you have noticed children in general, they don’t have self doubts about what they can do anything and offer us help too. It is us adults who restrict children because we think of them as incapable. Of course, we can’t let them do anything they ask for. But we need to think before restricting them. So often I have been amazed by the ability of the kids to help in the kitchen or other household chores because I had clearly underestimated them. But if they insist, they should let them do it, it’s far better than how parents thought it would be. Therefore, now we should let go of may fear and the need to control. This alone can help them try various things and increase confident. Instead of judging them and saying”No” outright, we can say, “Let’s try to do this”.
  2. AGE APPROPRIATE CHORES-Encouraging kids to take part in household chores is a good idea to make them independent. Understand your child’s abilities and entrust them with appropriate tasks. Your son may not be able to do what your friend’s son does. Each child has different abilities. Therefore, don’t pressurize or compare them with others. The aim is to make them independent, not compare them with others and make them feel bad about themselves. It will lead to just the opposite effect, that is, develop low self esteem and a belief of “not good enough”.
  3. LET THEM FAIL-It might feel bad when you see the child struggling with something. You don’t want him to suffer. And love for him might interfere and you will want to do it for him. Children can sense your fear and it will gradually cause children to lose self confidence and have a tendency to be more dependent. So, let them do what they want on their own. Or if you think they are old enough to take care of some of their activities, encourage them to do it. You need to stop in only when something life- threatening happens. Otherwise, just trust and let go of your protective instincts. When they fail, let them try again and again. In fact, there is nothing called “failure’ in life. There are only “lessons”. Every time you try something and fail to achieve the desired result, you learn something new. This will open new perspective for them to view life.
  4. MAKE THE HOME ENVIRONMENT SUPPORTIVE-Kids can start doing the tasks that they want if we can set up home environment accordingly. Keep their clothes, toys, utensils and other belonging on the lower parts of storage shelves, so that they don’t have to seek your help for completing chores. You can ask them to get ready to school on their own. And also, they can pick up the toys after playing and put it back without anyone’s help. Keep a safe stool in the bathroom so that the toddler can brush his teeth by himself. Or, reach for things that will help him accomplish his tasks.
  5. LET THEM RESPONSIBILITY FOR THEIR ACTIONS-Kids should understand that there are consequences for their actions. Let them face it so that they learn their lesson from experience. For example, if the child keeps forgetting about keeping books in his bag according to the timetable, let him face the natural consequence once. The lesson from his experience will be far more effective than your constant verbal reminders. When he faces the natural consequences, he will be more self dependent on making changes. For smaller kids, you can them clean the mess they make or make them pick up the toys and ask them to keep everything where they belong.
  6. TEACH THEM TO MANAGE MONEY-Teaching kids about money management is a life skill that will decide how independent and successful they will be in the future. The child should be taught to able to let go of so many impulsive purchases and save money and regret, by asking this question to myself. And that decision would most probably be right. When kids ask for more toys, you should remind them about the toys they already have and that they simply don’t need another one now. Instill saving habits in them by encouraging them to save. If they want to buy a toy, help them count and save money for the target amount from their allowances. Now, I won’t ask my young kids to save money for whatever they want to buy. We provide for them and but them what they need.

write everyday

Writing everyday can benefit everyone, not only writers. It improves your memory, builds vocabulary, and refines your communication skills. Not to forget that writing can be very relaxing, especially if you lead a busy and stressful life. You can either start a dream journal, write down your daily adventures, or simply put the pen to the paper and see where it leads. There are no specific rules, just creating a habit of writing every day. And perhaps you will pen the next great novel. There are five reasons to give it a try:

  1. HELP WITH WRITER’S BLOCK – Every creative individual knows how difficult it is to face writer’s block. It is a terrible thing to deal with, and some writers don’t know how to get past it. Perhaps you are used to producing high quality text for your blog, but cannot even complete one paragraph without feeling unmotivated. Or you stopped working on your short story because of the thought of continuing to write is terrifying. You need to reduce the pressure, regardless of your current situation. and the best way to do so is to start writing a couple of sentences everyday. Many writers rely on that spark of imagination which inspires them to write. Some might even ask for help to get them going. So choose a time of the day when you will sit down and write. It might be difficult at first, but do your best not to feel stressed and write as relaxed as possible. Don’t be too concerned about the quality of your work because you can always come back later and edit it. Writing will become natural if you persist, which will do wonders for you productivity in the future.
  2. RELIEVE STRESS – Journalism is a form of writing that reduces stress, and there are several psychological studies that prove it. Putting down the events of your day on a piece of paper or even writing a life story about yourself will give you a better perspective of your current situation, and you will probably feel better once you share your emotions with a journal. This can have a positive effect on people who are very closed up and tend not to share their feelings with their friends and family. You can also use journaling to track your moods and this can give you an excellent overview. So after finishing a daily entry, don’t forget to add how you are feeling at that particular time. You might be able to recognize the reasons why you feel a specific emotion and learn how to cope with it in the future.
  3. MAKE A PROFIT – There are so many online jobs opportunities for writers that will provide the ability to earn some money while doing exactly what you love. If you always wanted to be blogger, now might be the time to publish your first post. However, if you want to attract an audience to your articles, you need to post often, and your work should be engaging. This means you need to practice writing and get better at you craft. The more readable and educational your work is, the more your audience will stop by.
  4. BECOME A BETTER WRITER – Consistency is the key when it comes to improving your writing skills. Stephen King, who is one of the most productive writers ever, claims that writing every single day is the reason why he is capable of completing more than one book a year. So the more you write, the stronger your writing skills will become. You will be able to communicate daily with your readers and discover your style. Writing daily can introduce you to different techniques that might be very fun for you, and ignite your imagination. You may try poetry because it can teach you even more about the creative process. Plus, this is where your vocabulary will come into play, because you will be able you use more obscure words and explore the meanings.
  5. EXPAND YOUR VOCABULARY – It doesn’t matter if you are professional writer or not, having good vocabulary can help you out in numerous situations. Now that we are in era of online communication, everyone is searching for shorter and easier ways to share our thoughts with the world, which makes our vocabularies smaller and smaller. If you notice that you cannot find a right word in a business meeting or while writing an email, it might be time to start writing more. You can begin by learning one new word every single day and making a habit of using it in your writing. If you are worried that you might forget the words after a couple of days, dedicate a single page of your journal to making a complete list of the ones you used in the past. You can revisit the list and throw in a couple of expressions into your current project.

emotionally independent

We all know the unpleasant feeling of being dependent on someone or something. You remember all the times your parents gave you money for something, you needed money to take a ride, borrow something from your friend and so on. You felt uncomfortable and a little disappointed by the fact that you had to rely on others to survive your day. Then, as you were growing up, you realized that you can do most things yourself. You gained knowledge, started a job, found your own place, increased your income and got out of debt, brought a car and everything you needed and became independent. Or at least you thought so. You settled down and everything was looking great at that time. But then many thoughts started popping up in your mind. Many unpleasant memories, unsaid words, feelings and emotions you didn’t enjoy, even people from the past. It was all in your head, that’s for certain. But it became much more important and crucial and suddenly you couldn’t enjoy all the things you’ve accomplished and worked so hard for.

Maybe you abandoned your inner world because you were concentrating too much on the outer self with its material objects, people, circumstances and primary needs. Suddenly, all that was inside started to affect what was outside and the balance was lost. At that moment, you became emotionally dependent. Mentally dependent and spiritually dependent. And worse, you realized that you’ve always been that way.Emotional dependence is a state of mind which we have all experienced at some point. It’s when your mind is full of uncertainty, you are indecisive, other people manipulate you and affect you in some way, you let everyone treat you the way he wants and feel vulnerable, dependent, weak and confused. It is often said that with all the things going on in the world today, we just can’t become fully independent. But there are some things to work on that can keep it to a minimum and let us be free and enjoy life. Here’s a quick guide to be emotionally independence:

  1. ACCEPT YOURSELF-Stop denying who you are or who you were. It’s nice to have a great desire to improve yourself and become that new “you”, but first you have to get to know the one you have now. Be aware of your strengths and weaknesses.
  2. LET GO OF THE PAST-In my opinion, one of the worst ways to live your life is to be stuck in your past. To constantly get back to it, remember past events and people and to be full of regrets. Some people always think that they could have done better if things had been opposite. They wish they hadn’t done this or that. It’s a vicious circle and once you’re in it, you forget to live your life and soon end up being a sad person with no joy and dreams.
  3. DECIDE FOR YOURSELF-Living consciously and being emotionally independent requires making reasonable, logical decisions and most importantly ones you take on your own. Stop relying on others to do things for you, or manipulate you only because they are more decisive, sociable or in control of the situation. Define exactly what you want from life and don’t be afraid to say it out loud. You will also need to trust yourself and become more confident in what you say, do or think. Think for yourself and even if you make mistakes, accept that and just try to do better next time. But don’t let others push you, change you mind and decide for yourself.
  4. DON’T GET TOO ATTACHED TO PEOPLE-Everyone loves his family, kids, friends, pets and relatives, but some people tend to get too attached to others and that rarely ends well. We do our best when we act as individuals and have our own point of view. So spare some time to analyze you relationships with the people in your life and decide whether you are too dependent on someone. If you see the world through someone else’s eyes you most probably depend too much on them. It’s better to expect less from others so that they won’t disappoint you, because that will hurt your feeling and won’t bring peace to your family.
  5. TAKE FULL RESPONSIBILITY- This is something you’ll have to do one way or another if you are willing to reach success, happiness, mental stability and emotional independence. It means that you are completely aware of your thoughts, actions and feelings and accept them as they are. Take responsibility for how you feel, because no matter what, you are the one who chose to feel that way. Realize that you are the only one who is responsible for everything that has happened to you. You are in charge of what you say, how you look, how you react yo things, how you feel and how you behave. Understand that, take responsibility and move on learning how to be emotionally independent. It will be much easier this way.
  6. ACCEPT JUDGEMENT AND CRITICISM-People love to talk about others and to point out their bad sides. They do it all the time. But how you are going to react is up to you. Whatever you do, there will be someone to judge it. So don’t try to please everyone and answer people’s expectation. I know that every human being wants to be accepted by others and we feel good when they like us but we are dependent on people’s opinion. To start living a free and peaceful life, you need to stop yearning for attention and acceptance and to just do what you think is right.

It’s better to trust your intuition and heart rather than relying on what society thinks is right. The best way to react to criticism is with understanding. Try to put yourself in the position of the one judging you and who knows maybe he has a point there and you are doing something wrong. Or by judging you, he is actually expressing how he feels inferior to you. Or maybe he has some issues and this is the only way he can let all the anger he keeps inside go. Express compassion, be kind and show love. Most of the times this is all people need and the minute they receive it from someone, they give the same in return. So, that’s how to be emotionally independent.

career counselling

Generally, counselling is the process of helping an individual by giving him/her guidance, moral support, and exploring solutions for his/her problems. Counselling is mainly related to a professional who helps you out from the problems. This professional is known as Counsellor who expertise in understanding human behavior, their personality, and knows well how to give the right direction to their thoughts. Career counselling is a process with the primary focus on helping the person to understand himself as well as work trends so that one can take a wise step in terms of his/her career and education. Career Counselling helps in sort out the range of problems such as low concentration levels, poor time management, and trust issues with the parents and family, non-agreement between parents and children on the career selection.

Nowadays, career counselling is become a need of the hour, as most student pick commonly known streams as their career. It is an effort for students; give them guidance while they are choosing their career paths as per their interest and stream of academics. There are a number of factors that influence your career development, including your interest, abilities, values, personality, background, and circumstances and career counselling is the way that will help you to know and understand yourself and the world of work in order to make a career, educational, and life decisions. Through the career counselling, the counsellor comes to know about the interests and also the strengths and weaknesses of the candidate which further helps in selecting the appropriate career for the candidate. The objective of career counselling is not only help you in making the decisions you need to make in your career path but also give you the knowledge and skills you need to make future career and life decisions.


There are some services listed below given by the career consultants or counsellors to their customers.

  • Career Counselling
  • Training and Development
  • Skill Test
  • Career Guidance
  • Career Workshop
  • Admission Guidance
  • Study Abroad
  • Education Planner
  • Group Discussion Tips
  • Placement Assistance

Career counselling plays a vital role in the student’s life. There are several roles played by career counselling in the making of a student to a professional as discussed below:

  1. DEVELOPMENT OF STUDENT-By teaching the subjects to students cannot develop them intellectually. Self knowledge is the factor which enhances the intellectual of learners. It is the forgotten factor in our educational system. So, it’s the primary focus of the counselling process. Counselling helps the students to understand their self so that they come to know about their needs and interests.
  2. DETERMINE THE POTENTIAL-There are various students who have clear thoughts about what they want to become, whereas, on the other hand, there are various others who are either in dilemma or have no idea about their career preferences. Career counsellors conduct the regular aptitude test and counselling sessions which can help students in finding out the right career options and fields in which they show interest. On the basis of these counselling results, students can make the right selection regarding in which course they want to enroll in order to accomplish their career goals.
  3. VARIOUS CAREER OPPORTUNITIES-Career Counsellors are well aware of the jobs in the market and the skills that are required for specific fields. For instance, there are many rewarding fields such as bartending, ethical hacking, astrophysics,etc. that are still un-tapped and many people are not aware of these streams. There are also other careers such as Aviation and Defence, about which you may not know how to get into them. Hence, with the help of their experience and knowledge, a career counsellor helps you explore and discover various career opportunities for career selection and growth.
  4. CLARITY ON FUTURE GOALS-Every student has set a goal to achieve in his life. There are various question roaming in the mind of a student like what ambitions or targets do you have? Where do you see yourself five years from now? The best aspect of career counselling is that it is objective and strategic. A clear picture of your goal can be created informing you about where you will head and what obstacles you will face on this journey. After having a serious discussion with the counsellor, you should be confident of the fact that the future you are heading for is fun-filled and something that you will be able to stick on to for long.
  5. IDEAL COURSES-These professionals provide you with the best information about the ideal colleges and courses in India as well as overseas. If you want to stay in India or overseas then you might have some knowledge about the future aspects of the courses which you want to do. But if you want to go overseas for studies and for career growth, you might not have all the information related to that country’s market. You do not know whether the future for that field is growing or diminishing. In this case, career advice from experts is the best way to understand the prospects of an option in different countries.
  6. AIM LEADS TO SUCCESS-A counsellor can help the students to choose the right aim and help them with the process of achieving it. Futhermore, an experienced counsellor can help them with a well planned track to reach the goal. A step by step career map of reaching the goal in a realistic manner helps the students to achieve their desired career faster. With right goal setting, a person can attend career success over a very short time period.

However, candidates who are willing to take the career counselling should be aware of the consequences if they choose the wrong consultant because it is related to your future and a single wrong will be harmful to your coming life. Your career consultant or counsellor should be experienced so that they serves you in a better way. After consulting with your counsellor, do homework on the suggestion provided by the consultant. Check over the internet, books and magazines about the course and college which you are going to choose. Nowadays, various online career websites are available on the internet, on which you can check anything related to your career queries. Career counselling is to get the necessary guidance from a qualified professional that would help the student in making the right choice regarding his or her career. Career counsellors should try and use the best elements from various approaches in their work. Their allegiance should, ultimately, be to find the best ways to useful to clients. So, you should consult with them before taking any career related step.


The word “yoga” itself is like complete science which unites body, mind, soul and universe. Yoga derives from the ‘use metal’ of Sanskrit language, which means that the soul’s union with God means that yoga has so much power, that it can make you attain immortality. Some people understand yoga as simple and easy but it is more than that. Yoga is a spiritual discipline, in which the whole of life is imbibed. It is a science, as it provides practical ways to control the body and mind, making deep meditation possible. And it is art, unless it is practiced spontaneously and sensitively, it will only give superficial results. Yoga is not just a system of beliefs, but it takes into account the effects of body and mind, and brings them into mutual harmony. Yoga works primarily by the propagation of energy in the body through pranayama, or energy control. Yoga teachers how, through breath control, a higher place of mind and awareness can be attained.


There is no written evidence available about the discovery of yoga, but it is believed that yoga oriented in our country India. The 2000 year old “Yoga Sutra”, written by the Indian sage Patanjali on Yoga philosophy, is considered to be a complete guide to control the mind and emotions, and develop spiritually. The Yoga Sutra is one of the oldest text of Yoga in existence. It provides the framework for all modern yogas. Yoga is quite famous for its postures and rugs. Fitness was not the primary goal of yoga, but seekers and followers of yoga practice also focused on other practices, such as expanding spiritual energy using respiratory methods and mental meditation. Even after such an old history, yoga started gaining popularity towards the end of the 20th century. After the 1920s and 1930s there was an explosion of interest in yoga, first in India and later in the West.

Yoga originated as an ancient practice whose specimens of origin originated in India around 4000 BC. Stone carved figures of yoga postures can be found in the Indus Valley, reflecting native postures and practices. Yoga was developed to establish harmony between heart and soul on the path of divine enlightenment. Also, it was discovered that yoga also helps in curing many diseases like diabetes and high blood pressure and reduce physical injuries and chronic pain. Yoga has helped in curing many diseases. And as yoga is becoming increasingly popular outside India and in so many different cultures, the practice has been transformed into teachings and and means in many different schools.


  • Increases muscle strength
  • Protects cartilage and joint breakdown
  • Projects you spine
  • Perfects your masculinity
  • Strengthens your bone health
  • Increases your blood flow
  • Keeps heart rate regular
  • Lowers your blood pressure
  • Increases your immunity
  • Controls your adrenal glands
  • Makes you happy
  • Provides a healthy lifestyle
  • Reduces blood sugar
  • Helps you focus
  • Relaxes your system
  • Improves your balance
  • Maintains your nervous system
  • Relieves tension in your organ
  • Helps you sleep deeply
  • Gives you peace of mind
  • Erase your pain


If you do yoga under the guidance of a well educated yoga practitioner, then it is very safe and beneficial for you. But in many circumstances it can also be more harmful for you. Some of the disadvantages are :

  1. If you get hurt due to yoga, it can be a hindrance in your continuous practice. But the injury caused by yoga is very rare and serious.
  2. If you are pregnant or have a medical problem such as glaucoma, high blood pressure and sciatica,etc., consult your doctor before practicing yoga. In this case, some yoga postures may need to be changed or avoided.
  3. If you have recently started learning yoga, you should avoid extreme positions and difficult techniques, such as headstand, padmasana and forced breathing.
  4. If you are doing yoga for a health problem, then take special care not to ignore the traditional medical care for that problem, nor to replace yoga with that problem.
  5. The practice of yoga helps develop the body and mind, although it cannot be used as an alternative to any medicine. Under the supervision of an educated yoga teacher, it is very important and importance to learn yoga etc.

music and its importance

Music calms our mind and relaxes our body. It is one of the best forms of art. Composing music can be great an experience as listening to it. Singing can be even more exhilarating. Both verbal and non-verbal forms of music offer a soothing effect to our senses. The benefits of music are uncountable. Here are some of its benefits for which we should truly thankful.


Music helps in getting rid of negative thoughts and emotions. During our day we are faced with several situations that raise our stress levels. Small things such as getting stuck in traffic jam, clash of opinion with friends or parents or even a piece of news read in the news read in the newspaper can cause stress. Music helps us unwind. It makes us forget these unnecessary things that can otherwise keep our mind occupied the whole day and hamper work. It is a good idea to turn on your favourite song or play a musical instrument of your choice whenever you are feeling low. This will distract you from the unnecessary thoughts in your mind and calm your senses. It can lift up your mood instantly.


Studies reveal that music can boost your power to concentrate. As we sit to study or work, our thoughts often wander and we are unable to maintain focus. This way a work that can be accomplished in one hour may take two – three hours or even longer. Music has the power to keep us focused in the here and now. It does not let our mind wander and thus help us concentrate on what we are doing rather than thinking about something completely different. It also increases our attention.


Music has the power to connect us with our inner self. It takes us to the deep recessses of our mind and helps us understand who we really are and our purpose in life. It also helps us find out our hidden strengths. Thus, it serves as a great means to create a better self image. This further helps in boosting our confidence level.


Each one of us is dealing with some fear or the other. While some are worried about their future others keep stressing about their past events. People also suffer from different kinds of fears such as fear of walking on a busy road, fear of staying home alone, fear of travelling, fear or nervousness of attending a social event. While some of these fears are momentary others are inherent and difficult to overcome. music can help combat fear and make you feel better during situations that make you anxious. Just keep your earphones with you. Plug them in and play your favourite music to distract your mind and calm down during such situations.


Music renders strength by helping people connect better with themselves as well as those around. It aids in better self expression. One can express verbally as well as non-verbally by way of music. Music also serves as a coping mechanism for things we cannot let go. Many such things keep our energy levels down and hinder out productivity. Music helps us cope up with such feelings and thus renders strength. It can bring about a positive change in our life and increase our sense of control. It supports healthy feelings and hence bars the possibility of various physical as well as mental health problems.


The best thing about music is that it can be listened to anytime and anywhere. You can hear it while driving or travelling by a public transport or when you are exercising in the gym or trying to relax at home. Just turn on your favourite track and enthuse yourself with positivity. Music works on different levels to promote a healthy life.

Intellectually challenged students

Special needs is an umbrella term for a wide array of diagnoses, from those that resolve quickly to those that will be a challenge for life and those that are relatively mild to those that are profound. Children with special needs may have developmental delays, medical conditions, psychiatric conditions, and congenital conditions. These special needs require accommodations so children can reach their potential. No matter the reason, the special needs designation is useful. It can help you obtain needed services, set appropriate goals, and gain an understanding of child and the stresses your family may face. Some of the biggest challenges of working with special needs students are as follows:

  • LACK OF PARENTAL SUPPORT-You can pour your heart and soul into your efforts as a special education teacher but if the child’s parents are not on board, all of that work could be for nothing. Having a positive relationship with the parents of your students is essential.
  • LACK OF APPRECIATION-Teachers do not teach because it is prestigious or high paying career they do it for love of the students. Still, a little appreciation goes a long way, especially in a challenging and stressful field like special education.
  • TOO MUCH PAPERWORK-Every special needs child needs an Individual Education Plan and each one can easily reach 10 to 20 pages long. Not only do these plans take time to develop, but there is a lot of documentation that needs to take place. This is all on top of your regular teaching duties which include curriculum planning, progress reports, lesson planning and more.
  • SCHEDULING CHALLENGES-Many special needs students have special schedules for their school day depending on which classes they are able to take and taking into account their needs for additional services like occupational or speech therapy.
  • WORKING WITH OTHER TEACHERS-As a special education teacher, you have to develop your own curriculum for your students, but you also need to know the general education curriculum so you can work with your students to help them with their regular classes. Collaborating with other teachers can be very difficult, especially if they do not understand the challenges of special education.
  • TOO MUCH DOCUMENTATION-In addition to develop each student’s IEP, you also need to collect data and provide evidence of student growth. If you claim that your student is struggling in a particular area, you need hard data to back up that claim and then you need to develop a plan for improvement.

Things you should keep in mind while dealing with special needs children:

  1. IDENTIFY-When you’re introduced to a child with a disability for the first time it’s very important you find out what it is that may impair them. It can be difficult to identify the impairment , particularly in young children. All of this information will help you first interact with the child and understand why they may react in specific ways.
  2. CONSISTENTLY INTERACT-Don’t be intimated or hesitant to interact! Sometimes it takes a few tries and methods to find the right one that appropriately engages that child but it’s imperative that you presist! Remember to introduce yourself, try and make eye contact as much as possible and explain the activity clearly.
  3. OBSERVE-It’s important to take notice of what works and what may not when it comes to each children with special needs. You need to observe everything about the child.
  4. BE PATIENT-Sometimes it’s frustrating, and often it can feel as if any progression you do make is very quickly lost. Don’t be disheartened by this! Developmental delays are common, and it’s important to continue with the methods you’ve found to work, communicate with the parents if possible and most importantly allow the child to build their trust in you.
  5. COMMUNICATION-Whether it’s talking to the child themselves, their parents or other figures of authority in the child’s life and open communication is essential. Particularly if the child is mute or has a behavioural or learning disability, it can be challenging to receive any feedback from them. Try speaking to the individual child’s parents or teachers to gauge some form of feedback as well as to share any headway you may have made.

negative effects of social media on youth

Technology advancements have been a blessing to human beings, and today, computers and mobile devices have been a part of our daily lives. The internet is also a part of the technology that many of us have come to appreciate. Basically, in this day and age, it is the internet that makes many the world go round. Social media, for instance, is a part of the internet that has created a greater avenue for people to interact across the globe. Nowadays, social media negative effects are not unknown. Sadly, our youth have taken on the use of social media to the extend that it can have some very severe effects on their overall well being if not monitored or restricted.

As much as social media is known to a great social network tool, its evils in society cannot be overlooked. Youth are susceptible to potential harm posed by social media usage. If not recognized on on time and handled, these negative impacts of social media can be risky to the health and social well being of the youth. The negative effects of social media on youth are as following:

  1. ANXIETY-We are more curious about knowing what other people are doing rather than spending time for ourselves. Those who spend more time on social media become victims of depression and anxiety because it adversely affects the thought processes and mood. Good mental health is important for study, career, and personal life. Thus, it is recommended to spend only half a hour per day instead of wasting your whole day.
  2. DECREASED ACTIVITY-Teenagers who use social media heavily do not spend enough time on activities that definitely increase mental abilities, skills, and physical movement. Those who exercise daily, their body releases endorphins that signal our brain to stay positive and reduce depression. Thus decreased activities reduce thee secretion of endorphins and it is causing depression.
  3. POOR CONCENTRATION-Today negative effects on social media on students can be seen easily. Different tasks, such as schoolwork, classwork, or homework, require more concentration to deal with something important, but now teenagers have a habit of simultaneously using social media. Most of them consider it multitasking, but it is not. Researches show constant interruption has an adverse effect on attention and reduces learning and performance.
  4. SOCIAL ISOLATION-There is a statistical relationship between the use of social media and social isolation. When teenagers see pictures or videos of a party where they were not invited, it can bring anxiety. It is known as “fear of missing out”. Most of the time, teenage children believe they are connecting to different persons using social media, but actually, they are out of the present moment and their lives. It can become a cause to feel more isolated and a reason for FOMO.
  5. SLEEP DEPRIVATION-Social media is among the leading causes of sleep deprivation in teens nowadays. They are constantly worried about what their friends are posting and sharing. Adolescents can stay active on social media for longer durations. And if they do these, especially during sleep time or just before the sleep, then there is a high possibility of their sleep being disrupted. The reading can help you understand the importance of sleep and the associated risks of sleep loss.
  6. LOWER SELF ESTEEM-Most teen girls start comparing themselves with celebrities after spending time on social media and want to look slim, pretty and rich like them. It is normal to copy those persons they admire or consider a role model in the teenage. This imitation can negatively affect their self respect and dignity. Different studies outcomes are that girls who spend more time on social media to portray themselves like celebrities are isolated from friend circles. Their friends will not accept them.
  7. CYBERSTALKING-Smartphones are connecting people. But, negative effects of smartphones on youth can be seen today. If you’re always sharing your location, then social media friends know where you are. Teenagers are used to updating their status, share what they’re watching, listening to, reading and where they check-in. This habit becomes an addiction and make them hyperactive because they always look for new updates from their friends. They check every notification and alert to respond because they believe responding on time is necessary.
  8. CYBERBULLYING-A bullying is the use of social media to communicate false, embarrassing, or hostile information to specific users. Among the major effects of social media, cyberbullying is an evil that has become such an atypical today. victims of prolonged cyber bullying often end up with psychological problems like depression, loneliness, anxiety and some even become suicidal.

ways to prepare for a social media internship


Whatever you’re interning, you’ll probably focus on a few key platforms: Twitter and Facebook for most business, along with maintaining a blog, but sometimes Instagram, YouTube and Pinterest too. Interning for a brand aimed at teens or twenty somethings means you’ll need to brush up on Snapchat, even if you don’t use it personally, whereas you’ll clock up the hours on Pinterest if your company targets women interested in crafts, interiors or wedding. Whatever the focus is, know each network’s best practice and, of course,#don’t #hashtag #every #word!


Anyone who hasn’t worked in social media assumes it’s just a case of posting a few tweets and hoping for the best but no. That’s why even the most experienced social teams keep an eye on industry websites and try to learn from top influencers. Websites like Mashable and Social Media Examiner will be your bread and butter, so bookmark them now to pick up trends and buzzwords. Plus, look at case studies of crisis management on social media, to see how brands have survived bad publicity or online disasters. Recent uproars revolves around fake news stories shared on Facebook, and the disappointing new look of Toblerone bars.


Who competes for attention with the company? There should be a few stand out rivals in the market wherever you’re interning, be it a tech start up, a magazine or a bank. Check out any rival’s influential followers and watch how they engage with their audience. Success isn’t about copying what everyone else is doing, but you can learn from their examples.


Find out which social media monitoring tools the company uses before you start your internship and you’re one step ahead. If you’re not sure, there’s no harm in trying some of the most popular tools on the market for scheduling posts and monitoring hashtags : Hootsuits, Buffer and Tweetdeck. The right tool will make your easier, allowing you to reach fans at peak times and keep track of your progress.


Work out which platforms benefit your company the most, and if there’s anything they could potentially do to interact with followers, such as posting more photos to their timeline, or ask questions to interact with people. Also, look at their. This is really important if your internship involves taking the initiative without many pre-existing guidelines or rules, or if you’re joining a large social media team, because it’ll be up to make things consistent.


Ideally you should have removed any unflattering posts when you were applying for internships, but if you haven’t done so already, it’s time to take them down. Once you start interning you’ll be retweeting, liking and sharing content through your own accounts too, so your profile must be employer friendly.


Arrive with a few ideas on how to increase fans, followers and bran awareness – all useful to have as back up if you get quizzed during a team meeting. Look at bloggers, vloggers and influencers who could potentially get involved with the company.

Now you’re prepared for your internship, you can make the most of it and hopefully kick start your social media career. Good Luck!

online classes: tips for student success in this “new normal”

Due to COVID-19, many, if not most, college students have been learning fully online, finishing out their semesters or courses from home and in front of the computer. Though the initial transition from on-campus classroom to virtual classroom has passed, there’s still a need to keep students motivated and on the path to success especially as uncertainty surrounds upcoming terms and the likelihood of returning to “normal” campus life. Though beneficial in a variety of ways, like expanding access, creating more affordable education options,etc., online only learning presents some challenges to students. When asked how they felt about transitioning to online classes, the students we interviewed voices concerns like: By recognizing these challenges, educators can better understand their students and offer up the right type of support or resources at the right time. Some techniques that students do to overcome obstacles to find success in online classes:


  1. CHUNKING- Chunking can be used to break down large concepts to prevent overlearning and strain on your short term memory. For example, when learning operations on fractions in a Math class, you can chunk it into the following pieces: adding and subtracting fractions, mutiplying fractions, dividing fractions.
  2. THE POMODORO METHOD- With this technique, you work for 25 minutes on a task, then take a short 5 minute break. You repeat until you’ve worked through four 25 minute “Pomodoro” session. After that, you take a 30 minute break. The underlying goal of the method is to avoid procrastination and overlearning by giving yourself a reward for focused, hard work.


Only you can motivate yourself which is called internal motivation. Try setting smart goals for each class. Print out a blank transcript and write in your classes and desired grade based upon your goal. Tape the transcript where you can see it daily. In addition, write motivational quotes on Post it notes and place them on your bathroom mirror.


Create a next action list or to-do list and then prioritize the items on your list. Many students suggest beginning work on any larger assignments first since you might need to complete several small actions or to-do in order to finish. Try to break down work to daily tasks alongside smaller,one off assignment.


Don’t place too many items on your list that you know you can’t complete. This way, you’ll be able to complete your action list. Also, look closely at the items you’re placing on your list. It should boil down to three things: organize your list, prioritize and execute.


There are several ways to take notes as you listen to online lectures or videos. Some options or techniques include making notes, concept mapping and diagrams. Of course, it depends on the subject matter. Some people prefer informal note taking in the formal of bullet prints/notes. Whatever method you choose, review your notes within 24-48 hours to fill in the missing points.


Establish a new routine; schedule out time that you can study, take care of daily tasks and make time for yourself. Understand this is temporary and that you can adapt. Start meditation and other exercise to train your brain and attention span. Study in small sessions and take frequent breaks.

So, continue to follow your dreams and goals, and push through your online classes. Also, surround yourself with a good support group of friends.

world blood donor day: the world needs more blood to survive

The provision of blood has always been an important aspect of healthcare. A well functioning blood system should be an absolutely necessity and top priority of the healthcare policy. Safe blood is critical both for treatments and urgent interventions. It can help patients suffering from life threatening conditions live longer and with a higher quality of life and supports complex medical and surgical procedures. Blood is also a vital for treating the wounded during emergencies of all kinds and has an essential, life saving role in maternal and neonatal care. But access to safe blood is still a privilege of the few. Most low and middle income countries still struggle to make safe blood available because donations are low and equipment to test blood is scarce. Globally, 42% of blood is collected in high income countries, which are home to only 16% of the world’s population.


India has always been home to natural disasters and communicable diseases, which demands the inflow of the vital fluid on the regular basis. However, a global study published that India has the largest absolute shortage of blood units among all the countries in the world. The study reveals a staggering shortage of almost 41 million units in 2017. This existing shortage is exacerbated by the fact that almost 10-11% of collected blood is wasted each year in the country. This means India has cumulatively wasted over 3.4 million blood units from 2014 to 2017. Besides adequacy, the safety of blood is yet another matter of concern. As per the National Aids Control Organisation (NACO), over 1342 people across India have contracted the HIV infection from contaminated blood transfusions during 2018-19. The data reveals that over 7218 people have contracted HIV through the blood transfusion route over the last five years. The data which opens up serious safety and quality concerns underline the fact that zero risk blood supply is still a distant reality in the country.

For quality, safety and efficacy of blood and blood products, well equipped blood centers with adequate infrastructure and trained manpower is an essential requirement. However, there is a sizable shortage of trained healthcare professionals in the field of transfusion medicine throughout the country. The Ministry of Health and Family Welfare had long before formulated a National Blood Policy with an aim to ensure easily accessible and adequate supply of safe and quality blood and blood components procured from a voluntary non-equipped premises, which is free from transfusion transmitted infections and is stored an transported under optimum conditions.


The COVID-19 outbreak has caused unprecedented challenges to the blood bank supply. The lockdown period has witnessed a drastic decline in the number of blood donors. According to the Indian Red Cross Society’s weekly updates as of June 4, blood units collected were less than a hundred while the demand exceeded almost two times the available units. Blood Banks all over the world are dependent on voluntary blood donation from healthy individuals to make their blood supplies. Since there continues to be a demand for blood and blood components, especially for those patients depending on blood transfusions as a life saving measure, like Thalassemics, or to mitigate blood loss in accident victims, pregnant women and critically ill patients, supplies of safe blood must continue to be maintained at blood banks throughout the country. Activities and actions plans for blood collection and voluntary blood donation, therefore, are required to be continued judiciously even during this period to meet the blood requirement of the nation.

Healthcare workers, all around the globe have a major role to play in ensuring a safe and adequate supply of blood in hospitals and blood centers. Let’s call on more people all over the world to become lifesavers by volunteering to donate blood on regular basis.


For 2021, the World Blood Donor Day slogan will be “Give blood and keep the world beating”. The message highlights the essential contribution blood donors make to keeping the world pulsating by saving lives and improving others’ health. It reinforces the global call for more people all over the world to donate blood regularly and contribute to better health. A special focus of this year’s campaign will be the role of young people in ensuring a safe blood supply. In many countries, young people have been at the forefront of activities and initiatives aimed at achieving safe blood supplies through voluntary, non remunerated blood donations. Young people from a large sector of the population in many societies and are generally full of idealism, enthusiasm and creativity.

world day against child labour

The International Labour Organization (ILO) launched the World Day Against Child Labour in 2002 to focus attention on the global extent of child labour and the action and efforts needed to eliminate it. Each year on 12 June, the World Day brings together governments, employers and workers organizations, civil society, as well as millions of people from around the world to highlight the plight of child labourers what can be done to help them.


Not all work done by children should be classified as child labour that is to be targeted for elimination. Children’s or adolescent’s participation in work that does not affect their health and personal development or interfere with their schooling, is generally regarded as being something positive. This includes activities such as helping their parents around the home, assisting in a family business or earning pocket money outside school hours and during school holidays. These kinds of activities contribute to children’s development and to the welfare of their families; they provide them with skills and experience, and help to prepare them to be productive members of society during their adult life. The term”child labour” is often defined as work that deprives children of their childhood, their potential and their dignity, and that is harmful to physical and mental development. It refers to work that:

  • is mentally, physically, socially and morally dangerous and harmful to children;and/or
  • interferes with their schooling by; depriving them of the opportunity to attend school; obliging them to leave school prematurely; or requiring them to attempt to combine school attendance with excessively long and heavy work.

The worst forms of child labour involves children being enslaved, separated from their families, exposed to serious hazards and illness and left to fend for themselves on the streets of large cities o, often at a very early age. Whether or not particular forms of “work” can be called “child labour” depends on the child’s age, the type and hours of work performed, the conditions under which it is performed and the objectives pursued by individual countries. The answer varies from country to country, as well as among sectors within countries.

2021 THEME

For the global anti-child labour community, we are particularly looking forward to 2021 being the International Year for the Elimination of Child Labour. The issue of child labour has seen real progess in the last 20 years. There are 100 million fewer children in child labour now, a stunning number. ILO Convention 182 on the Worst Forms of Child Labour is the only universally ratified Convention in ILO history, with Convention 138 (concerning Minimum Age for Admission to Employment) not far behind with only 14 countries left to act. Both conventions contribute to the national legacy policy frameworks necessary for the prevention and remediation of child labour. The current development agenda and framework of the Sustainable Development Goals includes a specific and separate target to end all forms of child labour by 2025, per SDG target 8.7. Further, the global alliance 8.7 is spreaheading the achievements of this target, bringing all stakeholders together and encouraging countries to commit to accelerate efforts to address child labour via their ‘Pathfinder Country’ mechanism, resulting in commitments by 22 countries to date.

With this significant progress, there have also been setbacks. As per available estimates, the total number of children in work globally stands at an incredible 152 million, with the pace of reduction slowing in the past couple of years. Child labour in agriculture, which is largely informal and under regulated, has increased and now stands at 108 million. This highlights both the progress in the formal sectors of the global economy and the tremendous need to redouble efforts in the informal sector.

National child labour laws and policies remain under enforced and under resourced. Examples of this include weak labour inspection systems that barely touch the informal economy where the majority of child labour is found, and delayed review or publication of national lists of hazardous work prohibited for children under the age of 18. The biggest setback has been the year long and continuing pandemic which is reversing the progress made thus far, keeping children out of school and increasingly into work with the socio-economic impacts further pushing already vulnerable communities to the margins.

parent-child communication

Loving parents create loving children. Your relationship with your children and how attached you are to them indicates how the child is going to be in the future. Your children who grow with a secure and healthy attachment to their parents stand a better chance of developing happy and content relationships with others in their life. A child who has a secure relationship with parents learns to regulate emotions under stress and in difficult situations. It promotes the child’s mental, linguistic and emotional development. It helps the child exhibit optimistic and confident social behaviors. Healthy parent involvement and intervention in child’s day to day life lay the foundation for better social and academic skills. A secure attachment leads to a healthy social, emotional, cognitive , and motivational development. Children also gain strong problem solving skills when they have a positive relationship with their parents. The relationship between parents and children not only needs to be strong but also flexible because you can’t behave with a ten year old in the same way you behave with a three year old.


Parenting is a full time job with perks and challenges that grow as the child grows. Here, we take a look at the parent child relationship at various stages :

  1. TODDLERHOOD – When the child becomes a toddler, the focus is on shaping the child’s behavior by teaching, guiding, and nurturing them. Parents facilitate the socialization process subtly during the first two years and prepare the child to fit into a social group or the society at large.
  2. SCHOOL AGE – When the child starts elementary school, there is a shift in the focus from parents to peers, but this does not change the dynamics of the parent child relationship. With the child’s increasing cognitive and social skills, they goes beyond the home setting. This is the time when the communication becomes two way. The child is a position to tell the parent what he wants, and express his likes and dislikes. Your parenting style will decide if the communication will be two way or a one way. Parenting styles remain the same as the child grows and the style used in the preschool age continues to affect even in the middle childhood age.
  3. ADOLESCENCE – Teenage is a turbulent and vulnerable phase, which brings about physical and psychological changes in the child. Parents should acknowledge and understand their teen’s needs, support them, and give them the freedom they new without being overly controlling. Parents with love and acceptance by adopting a positive approach even during challenging times can be an effective way to guide teenagers.
  4. ADULTHOOD – Adulthood is the time when stability starts setting in. The parent and the grown up child are now able to relate to each other. Adult children are sometimes torn between their personal and aged parents. It can be quite stressful to balance the two. However, most adults do maintain a healthy relationship with their parents. The requirement and priorities of one family are different from those of another. For instance, the bond you share with your child may not be the same as the one your friend shares with their child. This means that your type of parent child bond is different from that of your friend.


  1. SET SOME PARENTING GOALS- Whether you want to raise a healthy and disciplined child or have a healthy parent child relationship, identify your goals and understand what you need to do to achieve them.
  2. BRING IN WARMTH AND STRUCTURE IN YOUR INTERACTIONS- Treat every interaction as an opportunity to connect with your child. Be a warm and receptive parent, who encourages interaction. structure your interaction by having rules, boundaries, and consequences in place and ensure that your children understand them.
  3. GROUND RULES ARE A MUST- Ground rules tell your children how to and how to behave. Rules have to be set by discussing with the child, coming to a mid point between the parents’ and the child’s needs. You can firmly implement such rules which are comfortable and meaningful to both. But having too many rules is not a good idea.
  4. ACKNOWLEDGE AND EMPATHIZE WITH YOUR CHILD- Whether it’s a happy or difficult situation, acknowledge your child’s feelings, understand them, and reassure them that they can depend on you to solve all their problems.
  5. TAKE A PROBLEM SOLVING APPROACH TO CONFLICTS- When your child has a problem, try to look for a solution instead of punishing your child. Punishments demoralize your child and they lose trust in you. But when you work with them to find a solution, they also learn.


  1. POSITIVELY REINFORCE YOUR CHILDREN EVERY DAY- It can be by words “very good” or a physical gesture such as a part on the back or hug. The experience of early interpretation touch is linked with self esteem, life satisfaction, and social competence in the later years of the child. It also positively affects the child’s physical and psychological development.
  2. PLAY WITH THEM- Become a child when you are playing with your kids. This allows them to cooperate with you. Indulge in activities such as building Lego sets or pretend-play with the little ones, or pair up for video games or a game of basketball or cricket.
  3. LAUGH TOGETHER- Parenting doesn’t always have to be serious. Sharing a few lighter moments help in building some great memories.
  4. HAVE ONE ON ONE INTERACTION- Take time out from your daily lives to interact with them about their needs and how they plan to meet them. Have some parent child time every day to express your love for them, play with them together and do something together.
  5. LIVE THE MOMENT- From the moment your children wake up till the time you put them to bed enjoy the moments with them. Be present, enjoy, and live the moment. There can’t be anything more fulfilling than that.

reduce wasted food by feeding hungry people

We should all provide food for the poor. So many families die everyday of starvation while we waste our food. If we do’t have food to keep us moving and staying healthy its not possible to work and make a living for ourselves and our families. Everyone should have the right to live a healthy life especially when there are tones of food being wasted every year. Thousands of people are dying because of hunger. No one deserves to go through the main of starvation, thefts why we should all provide food for the poor. All human beings need food to survive and there are so many people who wasted their food every day. Food is one of the main things needed in life and some people are going without it. One million children under the age of five to die (45%) every year and about one out of six children in developing countries are underweight. If wealthier people have a large amount of food and money they should help provide the amount of nutrition needed to lower the risk of hillier dying around the world. Everything we eat does something to our body in some way and the nutrition in the food we eat helps the cells in our bodies to execute their relevant functions. We all need to survive and because people are dying of starvation and we need to help the people in need. There is more than enough food being produced in the world to feed everyone.


Large manufactures, supermarkets chains, wholesalers, farmers, food brokers, and organized community food drives typically give food to food banks. Restaurants, caterers, corporate dining rooms, hotels, and other food establishments promptly distribute perishable and prepared foods to hungry people in their communities. Many food banks and food rescue organizations will pick up food donations free of charge, saving donors time and money. Many non-perishable and unspoiled perishable foods can be donated to local food banks, soup kitchens, pantries, and shelters if the transactions is managed properly.


  • Food pantries, food banks and food rescue programs are available across the country to collect food are redistribute it to those in need.
  • Food banks are community based, professional organizations that collect food from a variety of sources and save the food in warehouses. The food bank then distribute the food to hungry families and individuals through a variety of emergency food assistance agencies, such as a soup kitchen, youth or senior centers, shelters and pantries. Most food banks tend to collect nonperishable foods such as canned goods because they can be stored for a longer time.
  • Food rescue organizations operate food rescue programming, which includes the retrieval of excess food from donors and/or the delivery of donated food directly to clients or to other organizations that redistribute food to clients. These organizations may also offer other programming, such as educational or skills training and thee repurposing of donated food into meals or other food products, etc., and many of them apply software solutions, like apps, to coordinate the redistribution of excess food by volunteers or other organizations.


  • Leverage your existing relationships with food banks to donate food after events.
  • Reach out your local grocers, restaurants, venues or schools to suggest that they could donate wholesome food that will be waste.
  • Create a schedule for pick up of donated food from the organization or business on the weekly or monthly basis.
  • Use donated food to feed the hungry or elderly of your community or for events held at your facility.
  • Become a volunteer for a food rescue organization to help transport food from donors to food recipient organizations.

mahatma gandhi’s great-granddaughter imprisoned

Mahatma Gandhi’s great granddaughter, Ashish Lata Ramgobin, 56, has been sentenced to seven years in jail by a South African court in connection with a six million (Rs 32.2 billion) rand fraud and forgery case. Ashish Lata Ramgobin was accused of fraud after businessman S.R.Maharaj paid rand 6.2 million to her for clearing imports and tariffs on non-existent consignments from India. S.R.Maharaj was promised a share of promised, PTI reported. The daughter of renowned rights activist Ella Gandhi and the late Mewa Ramgobin, Lata Ramgobin, was also denied appeal by the Durban Specialized Commercial Crimes Court, convicted. During the trial, Brigadier General Hanwani Murauji of the National Public Prosecutor’s Office (NPA) provided Lata Ramgobin with forged invoices and documents to convince investors that three linen containers were shipped from India. At that time, Lata Ramgobin was released on the bail of 50,000 rand.

Lata Ramgobin met with S.R.Maharaj, Director of the New Africa Alliance Footwear Distributor in August 2015. Mahatma Gandhi’s great granddaughter told Maharaj that he had imported three containers of linen for the South African hospital group NetCare. NPA spokesman Natasha Kara said,” Lata Ramgobin is facing financial difficulties in paying import costs and tariffs and needs money to get goods through the port.” She told Maharaj that she needed 6.2 million rand. To convince him, she showed her a purchase order for the item she claimed. Later that month, she sent him what appeared to be an internet care invoice and the invoice to prove that the item was delivered and payment was imminent. in addition, she also sent him a conformation that the payment was made from NetCare’s bank account. Maharaj signed the contract with Ramgobin for her family qualifications and internet care documents.

He then discovered that the document had been forged and filed a criminal complaint. Ramgobin is the founder and secretary general of the Participatory Development Initiative of the NGO International Center for Nonviolence, describing herself as an,” activist focused on the environment, society and political interest.” Many other descendants of Mahatma Gandhi are human rights activist, including Lata Ramgobin’s cousin Kirti Menon, the late Satish Duperia, and Uma Duperia Mesley. In particular, Ramgobin’s mother, Ella Gandhi, has been internationally recognized for her efforts, including receiving national honors in both India and South Africa.

Mahatma Gandhi’s great granddaughter imprisoned for 7 years in South Africa for Rs 3.2 billion fraud.

lakshadweep : paradise in trouble

A series of controversial changes by a BJP appointee is causing concern on the island chain. The island chain of Lakshadweep is in ferment. A string of regulations proposed by it’s administrator, Praful Khoda Patel, a politician of India’s ruling Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP), has stirred a storm in the archipelago. Calls are mounting for withdrawal of the controversial rules and Patel’s recall. An archipelago of 36 island, Lakshadweep lies in the Arabian Sea. It is just 220 to 440 kilometers from the southern Indian state of Kerala. Its 70,000 strong population is predominantly Muslim. Their cultural and social identity could be under threat. Lakshadweep is a Union Territory, which means it is administered by the federal government through an administrator. The archipelago’s administrator has traditionally been drawn from the bureaucracy. Patel is the first politician to be appointed to the post. A junior minister for home affairs in Gujarat when Prime Minister Narendra Modi was chief minister of the state, Patel is known to be close to Modi. Patel is aslso administrator of the Union Territories of Dadra and Nagra Haveli and Daman and Diu. The policies he adopted there, which were similar to the ones he has introduced in Lakshadweep, have allegedlly benefited lobbies close to him while ignoring local residents. locals fear this will be the case in Lakshadweep too. Patel was appointed as Lakshadweep’s administrator in December 2020. Soon after taking charge, he scrapped the stringent quarantine measures for travelers from the Indian mainland to the archipelago. As a result, Lakshadweep, which had managed to remain COVID free in 2020, soon because a hotbed of coronavirus infections. On May 22, the union Territory reported a total tally of 6,611 positive cases. Its positivity rate is highest in the country. Additionally, Patel has introduced a slew of draft legislations that could have wide ranging impact on the island, and the lives and livelihoods of Lakshadweep’s residents.

A proposed land development plan gives the administrator vast powers to take over land and relocate people, and provides for stringent penalties for those who resist. The plan allows for mining and exploitation of minerals resources in the islands. Under the new rules, the slaughter of cows and transport of beef products has been made an offense. The Prevention of Anti-Social Activities (PASA) Regulations provides for detention of a person without any public disclosure for a period of up to a year. The Patel administration has sought to justify the new rules by claiming that they are aimed at boosting economic development and promoting the archipelago as a tourist destination on par with neighboring Maldives. Indeed, tourist infrastructure in Lakshadweep is rudimentary and unempolyment is high. Providing the economy with a shot in the arm would be welcomed. However, critics point out that the law facilitates the transfer of land to corporations and would result in indigenous communities losing ownership of their land. It provides legal cover for the administration to take over land with or without people’s consent. It is the administration’s prerogative whether or not compensation needs to be paid. Locals fear that they will not benefit much from the development plan. already, fishermen have been evicted from the coast; shelters for their boats have been destroyed to clean up beaches for the setting up of resorts. It has impacted the livelihood of many fisherman. Additionally, the kind of development envisaged under the Patel will “cause the delicate ecology of the island to unravel,” according to marine biologist and scientist Rohan Arthur.

Importantly, there is concern that the BJP’s Hindutva agenda is driving Patel’s reforms. Steps like the beef ban and removing meat from students’ meal are seen as communal and anti-Muslim moves. The administration has also removed restrictions on the sale of alcohol. These moves have hurt the sentiments of Lakshadweep’s predominantly Muslim population. Protests are growing on the island and in social media. In addition to local residents, celebrities and opposition political parties are calling for withdrawal of the controversial legislations. They are demanding that Patel be recalled. Lakshadweep is strategically located. It lies close to the Maldives and important Sea Lanes of Communications in the Arabian Sea and Indian Ocean. The island chain has provided New Delhi with little reason for concern so far. However, the recently introduced changes could turn a peaceful population into an angry and restive one.

which is better google meet or zoom?

Two of the most popular video communication tools for remote work and learning are Google Meet and Zoom. The two services are used by workplaces and classrooms around the world. both provide the ability to interact with other participants through video conferencing, enabling businesses and schools to conduct remote meetings and lessons through a variety of apps and devices. Google Meet and Zoom are both video conferencing services and they offer a lot of the same features. But one service may be better fit for your needs depending on the size of your team and what other applications you plan to use. When it comes purely to video conferencing features, zoom has a slight edge over Google Meet, offering a comprehensive assortment of options at various price points. Zoom’s most expensive plan provides support for the largest number of participants. That said, if you’re looking for a bigger collection of application to use in tandem with your video conferencing service, them Google Meet might be a better fit. The platform, formerly known as Google Hangouts Meet, comes bundled with other helpful Google services as a part of a Google Workspace subscription.


Zoom is a dedicated video conferencing service build by a company that is mainly focused on that platform. As such, Zoom is a little more comprehensive than Google Meet. Sure, Meet scores points thanks to its seamless integration with other Google apps, and the fact that it comes bundled with the host of other services, but if you’re really only looking for a video conferencing platform, those other apps won’t matter at all that much. Google Meet caps out at 250 participants and 24 hours, but Zoom can support up to 30 hours and has an option to add support for up yo 1,000 participants for an extra fee. Most teams won’t need the expanded support that Zoom provides but for some businesses, this ability could be the deciding factor. When it comes to general features, Meet and Zoom both offer many of the same basic functions, like call encryption, support for up to 720p HD video, and presentation models that allow for screen sharing to other participants. Google Meet has also made some big improvements over the lat few months by adding additional options that were initially only found on Zoom, like polls, a tiled gallery layout for larger calls, and video filters so you can change your background. both Zoom and Meet will let you split up calls into breakout rooms as well. You can go further with both video conferencing services by hosting a session with a whiteboard. Participants in Meet and Zoom can also raise their hands if they have to say something in the class or company meetings.


Zoom offers support for the most amount of people and the longest meeting times, but that doesn’t necessarily mean that it’s right option for everyone. Zoom’s edge over Meet has diminished greatly over the last few months as Google added a lot of new features. Still, if you just want a service purely for the video conferencing, then Zoom has a slight edge.

That said, if you want to use other Google services that come included with a Google Workspace subscription, then Meet will be more than good enough for your remote work or learning needs.

You can get Google Meet from the Google Workspace website, or sign up for Zoom at the Zoom website.

world food safety day

On 20 December 2018 the United Nation General Assembly adopted resolution 73/250 proclaiming a World Food Safety Day. Starting in 2019, every 7 June will be a time to celebrate the benefits of safe food. Food safety is the absence or safe, acceptable levels of hazards in food that may harm the health of consumers. Food borne hazards can be microbiological, chemical or physical in nature and are often invisible to the plain eye: bacteria, viruses or pesticide residues are some examples. Food safety has a critical role in assuring that food stays safe at every stage of the food chain from production to harvest, processing, storage, distribution, all the way to preparation and consumption.

with an estimated 600 million cases of food borne illness annually, unsafe food is a threat to human and health and economies, disproportionally affecting vulnerable and marginalized people, especially woman and children, population affected by conflict, and migrants. An estimate three million people around the world in developing and developed countries die every year from food and water borne diseases. Food is the starting point for our energy, our health and our well-being. We often take granted that it is safe, but in an increasingly complex and interconnected world where food values chains growing longer, standards and regulations are that much more important in keeping us safe.


  • Access to sufficient amounts of safe and nutritious food is the key of sustaining life and promoting good health.
  • Unsafe food containing harmful bacteria, viruses, parasites, or chemical substances, causes more than 200 diseases ranging from diarrhea to cancer.
  • An estimate of 600 million almost 1 out of 10 people in the world fall ill after eating contaminated food and 420000 die every year, resulting in the loss of 33 million healthy lives.
  • Children under 5 years of age carry 40% of the food borne disease burden, with 125000 deaths every year.
  • Diarrhoeal diseases are the most common illness resulting from the consumption of contaminated food, causing 550 million people to fall ill and 230000 deaths every year.
  • Food safety, nutrition and food security are inextricably linked. Unsafe food creates a vicious cycle of diseases and malnutrition, particularly affecting infants, young, elderly and the sick.
  • Food borne diseases impede socio-economic development by straining health care system, and harming natural economies, tourism and trade.
  • Food supply chains now cross multiple national borders. Good collaborations between governments, producers and consumers helps ensure food safety.

2020 THEME :

In 2020, thee second observance of World Food Safety Day, we all have a chance to recognized the people who help keep our food safe. 2020 was about promoting awareness and urging action by highlighting what everyone can do to ensure safe food. whether you grow, process, transport, store,sell, prepare or consume food, you have a role to play in keeping it safe.

With the five steps below you can see how everyone is involved in food systems and has a part to play in keeping food safe:

  1. Ensure it’s safe – Governments must ensure safe and nutritious food for all.
  2. Grow it safe – Agriculture and food producers need to adopt good practices.
  3. Keep it safe – Business operations must make sure food is safe.
  4. Eat it safe – All consumers have the right to safe, healthy and nutritious food.
  5. Team up for safety – Food safety is a shared responsibility.

pride month

To outsiders, Pride Month might seem like a month of glittering parties and parades, but it’s so much more than that. The catalyst for Pride is actually a riot. These days, however, the LGBT community around the world uses it as a time to get together and celebrate how far we’ve come. It’s a time to recommit to the work that must still be done to achieve equality. It’s a time to reflect on the progress we’ve made as a community and celebrate those who made this progress possible. Since the uprising, LGBT folks and allies have fought hard to give the community the right to marry, to start families, to fight discrimination, hate speech, and hate crimes, and to simply allow queer folks to exist. During this month, we acknowledge the progress we’ve made sometimes loudly and always proudly while also being realistic about how far society still has to go. It’s time to amplify the voices that urgently need our support, especially rural, Black and Brown, and transgender communities.

All around the world, Pride Month is celebrated in June. It can be a little confusing for those new to Pride because not all major queer events actually happen in June. Some like the multi-day lesbian centric music festival usually takes place in April, Women Fest is also held in September. In general, though, the major parties, parades, and other festivals generally takes place in the month of June or somewhat close to it.

the Pride Month was started through The Stonewall Uprising took place on June 28, 1969, in New York City. At this time, police would frequently raid gay bars and harass the queer community, as there were still many laws on books banning homosexuality. Greenwich Village’s Stonewall Inn was among the most popular gay bars, and while it had been raided before, on that particular day in June, the queer community fought back and protested hard for several days. After that, things were never the same again and this was a very good thing. The first official Pride parade began the following year on the anniversary of the Stonewall Riots, with Christopher Street Liberation Day. Some folks celebrate Pride Month by attending picnics with queer friends while other spend time in the community via ZOOM events, and still, others simply donate to their favorite LGBT community.

In India leading online sexual and reproductive health information platform, love Matters India is celebrating Pride for an entire week from June 10 to June 16 with their campaign #AgarTumSaathHo : Celebrating Support, Acceptance and Allyship”. With this campaign, the platform will display stories of support and acceptance that people have received or extended towards members of the community. Their mission is to extend knowledge of the LGBT community and also encourage acceptance of the community in the society to create a harmonious bond between those who are not a part of the LGBT community. During this campaign, they will also host a letter writing workshop, where one can write letters of support to any person with whom they wish to communicate.

does india need to vaccinate kids before covid-19 third wave

These concerns come at a time when several Indian states have reported a shortage of vaccines for the 18-44 age group. A section of the medical community in Bengaluru as in other parts of the country are asking for safe and efficient vaccines for children to be made available ahead of the third wave of the Covid-19 pandemic. This,as they are expecting children to be the most vulnerable section of the population in the third wave. It should be noted that schools, especially for junior classes, have largely remained closed since the onset of the pandemic in March 2020. Currently in India, ZyCoV-D and Covaxin is under trial for children above the age of 12. In certain nations like the US, Canada and Singapore, vaccines like Pfizer have already been approved for the use for children above the age 12. Dr. Mayuri Yeole, associate consultant of Paediatrics said vaccination is important not only for immunity but overall well being of children too. “Vaccination will not only help boost their immunity, but also make attending schools and outing stress-free. It will help them live their childhood, and not be confined within four walls.” Like the flu vaccine, it seems essential to have a Covid-19 vaccine for children too while it may not prevent children from contracting the novel coronavirus, it will help reduce the morbidity and mortality which we are anticipating with the third wave. Some experts are of the belief that the government should currently focus on vaccinating the 18 and above population at first in wake of large scale vaccine shortage, as they see children as less likely to have severe diseases.

While consolidated pan India data on children’s mortality due to Covid-19 is not available, according to Karnataka government data, 105 persons of the age group 1-19 years have died due to Covid-19. In Mumbai, the number of deaths between 1-19 years of age group was 52. Usually, the children who pass away have had chronic illness and were already vulnerable. across the globe, the rate of death and even hospitalisation among children is significantly lower. It was found that the infections in children were slightly higher but statically insignificant compared to adults. Serosurvey detects presence of antibodies and not virus which means that children were exposed to the virus at the similar degree but they were highly asymptomatic.

Instead of prioritising children’s vaccination over the population of 18, the government shoul focus on pressing areas of malnutrition, immunisation against basic diseases in children. We cannot compare ourselves with the West where many places even have surplus vaccines while our children are dying due to lack of access to basic nutrition. We are creating unnecessary panic when we have vaccinated only 3% of the population fully. we should focus on frontline workers, the over 60 age group, and then the people with comorbidities should be prioritised. There is no urgency to vaccinate children as they are less prone to severe disease. One reason is that their immune system is under development. And they are given vaccines like MMR, chicken pox and H1N1 and others. So, unlike older people, their immunity systems are much more active. If we don’t vaccinate the parents first, there will be difficulty in managing the children. So, if we can protect the parents, to a large extent, we can naturally prevent infection among children.

weird laws in the world

Every country is different, and every country’s laws are different. Sometimes these laws border on the seriously ridiculous, and other times they point to important cultural values that might be different than your own. Some of these are listed below :

  1. IT’S ILLEGAL TO CHEW GUM IN SINGAPORE – Sometimes we all suffer when fools break the rules. After vandals used chewing gum to mess with the Mass Rapid Transit system and the Housing and Development Board spent $150,000 a year to clean gum liter, Singapore banned all gum substance in 1992.
  2. IT’S ILLEGAL TO FEED PIGEONS IN VENICE – With thousands of pigeons descending upon Saint Mark’s Square and Venice, lured by the tourist readily handing out food in exchange for Instagram worthy photos, Venice lawmakers officially made it illegal to feed the pigeons in 2008. It is said the cleanup from birds cost each citizen 275 euros per year, so now, the tables are turned.
  3. IT’S ILLEGAL TO WEAR HIGH HEELS TO THE ACROPOLIS – The country banned high heels at the acropolis in 2009. Greeks put this ban in place to protect its ruins from damage caused by sharp shoes. The ruins are nearly 2,500 years old, so be respectful and wear some soft-soled shoes when you visit.
  4. DON’T WEAR YOUR WINNIE THE POOH T-SHIRT IN POLAND – The cuddly little bear all stuffed with fluff also does not wear pants. Because of this, Poland issued a ban on Winnie the Pooh around playgrounds and schools, finding the A.A.Milne character a bit too risque for the likes of impressionable children.
  5. IT’S ILLEGAL TO WEAR A MASK IN PUBLIC IN DENMARK – Not only masks, the Danish government wants to stop anyone from covering their faces in anyway in public places. The controversial ban went into effect in August 2018. Officials claim the ban helps to properly identify people during crowded events, should anything negative happen and someone need to be identified.
  6. CLOSE THE GATE OR YOU’LL BE FINED IN NEVADA – Gates in Nevada are used to keep in livestock, and anyone not closing and fastening a gate when outside city limits can receive a fine.
  7. IT’S ILLEGAL TO PAY WITH TOO MANY COINS IN CANADA – When making a payment that is more than $10, its is illegal to pay with more than a single coin under the Currency Act in Canada.
  8. IT’S ILLEGAL TO CLIMB A TREE IN TORONTO – This goes for Ottawa, Toronto and even in the middle of the forest too unless you have a permit. In 2013, one your tree climbing enthusiast earned himself a $365 ticket for climbing in Bellevue Square Park.
  9. YOU MUST WALK YOUR DOG DAILY IN ROME – Rome’s strict laws again animal cruelty include the walking of pet dogs. If the owner mot walk their dog once a day minimum they could be fined $625.
  10. IT’S ILLEGAL TO BUILD A SANDCASTLE IN SPAIN – Spain despises your attempt at making sand castles so much you can be fined if caught building one in Spain. And the fines vary by location at their discretion. On the island of Majorca, for example, you could pay 100 euros, but you could pay up to 1,500 euros in Galicia .

positive body image

We are bombarded everyday with images of perfection: perfect lives, perfect bodies, perfect children, all held up for inspection via social media. these images are hard to live up to, so perhaps it is no wonder that charities warn that mental health problems are rising, especially among young people. Ut is, however, possible to take steps to protect yourself against the onslaught of perfection. One powerful weapon to develop is a positive body image, an acceptance of your body and both its good and bad points. This helps you to become confident and comfortable in your own skin.


Body image is how you see yourself physically, both when you think about yourself, and when you look in a mirror. Body image can be affected by stereotypes and beliefs, including those of the people around you as well as your own. Having a positive body image does not mean that you think everything about your body is perfect. After all ,nobody is perfect, no even supermodels. Instead, positive body image means accepting your body for what it is, celebrating your natural shape and size, and how your body performs. People with positive body image understand that personal appearance has very little to do with ability or character . They are confident and comfortable with themselves, and do not waste time worrying about their body.


Developing a positive body image ,or, helping someone else to do so, requires three key skills or characteristics:

  1. GOOD SELF ESTEEM-Those with low self esteem may also have a more negative image of their bodies, because they have a generally low opinion of themselves and their abilities. Both are also linked to self confidence. Improving your self esteem requires building up your view of yourself. It means taking control of your inner dialogue, and ensuring that it becomes more positive. Instead of focusing on what might go wrong, it is important to focus on what is already good.
  2. A POSITIVE ATTITUDE -The second element, a positive attitude, is closely linked to self esteem. Positive thinking is the idea that you can change your life by thinking more positively. We should try to avoid perfectionism as nobody is perfect and trying to be perfect in any sphere is only going to lead to problems in the long term. Avoid making comparisons and try to simply celebrate others’ successes as well as your own. Not rushing to judge is likely to make you kinder and pleasanter to be around.
  3. EMOTIONAL AWARENESS AND SELF CONTROL, SOMETIMES CALLED EMOTIONAL STABILITY-Finally, to manage your views about your body, you need to be aware and in control of your emotions. There will be times when you see or hear things that will upset you, and affect your view of your body. At these times, you need to be able to understand what you are feeling, and why, to help you manage and master those feelings, and avoid them affecting your body image on a permanent basis.


A poor or negative body image can be starting point for serious mental illnesses, including eating disorders such as anorexia, as well as anxiety and depression. Building and maintaining a positive body image is therefore important. Learning to accept yourself and your body or even just to give yourself a break now and then is one of the most important skills for the mind.

peer pressure isn’t all bad

We all share the need to connect with others,no matter the age. We want a sense of belonging at home and within the community. Being accepted by peers is an important part of adolescence. Teens yearn to fit in and to be seen in a favorable light. As a result,peers often have a strong influence on teens behaviors,choices and actions. Too often, we assume peer influence is harmful. We tend to associate peer pressure with one forceful teen pushing another into doing something negative. But there are plenty of positive ways peer influence their teen counterparts.

There are five major positive types of peer pressure :

  1. INSPIRING POSITIVE CHOICES- There are plenty of ways young people influence others to make good choices. For example, if a group of friends takes part in a volunteer project, it may inspire others to join in on something they may have otherwise not gotten involved. In a girl’s case,she works harder to get good grades because her peer is committed to doing well in school. They have a strong work ethic, and now so does she.
  2. PICKING UP HEALTHY HABITS – Fitting in fells good. It can even help in contribute to overall health. Friends who make healthy choices for themselves may encourage your teen to do the same. Whether it’s joining the school track club, choosing a healthy option instead of junk food, or making it easier to say no in a situation where drugs or alcohol are present, peers often act as positive role models. Other times, they may use peer pressure to inspire your teen to give up established bad habits and begin new healthier ones.
  3. SHARING NEW EXPERIENCES – Trying new things can be hard. It takes courage and confidence. For young people, trying something new along with friends can be inspirational. Sharing new experiences with others can make them feel more confident. Whether it’s trying out a new roller coaster, presenting a school report in front of the class, or going on a first double date, there’s strength in numbers. They may build even stronger bonds through sharing first time experiences.
  4. OFFERING MORAL SUPPORT – Adolescence can be challenging as young people try to answer huge questions, like, “Who am I?” and “Do I fit in?” Good friends support each other. They try out ideas with one another before going outside their trusted circles. Or, they may learn to solve conflict together. The goal is for them to struggle through hardships and celebrate successes, together. And as they support one another through ups and downs, they build their own internal strength and resilience the power of their connections to others.
  5. SOCIAL MEDIA AS A POSITIVE FORCE – When used appropriately, social media has its own benefits. Its a space for young people to quickly run ideas pat each other and gain support from one another.It can be particularly critical for teens who are isolated in their own communities, but can find peers with similar interests or struggles online.And because social media allows interactions beyond schools, homes or local communities, the idealistic youth voice can be amplified and elevated to address social problems.In other words, it’s a space for teens to further connect and make their voices heard.

Parents shouldn’t try to pick teen’s friends. Instead, they should monitor the teens as a part of a balanced parenting style. They should encourage positive friendships and connections by exposing them to a wide variety of healthy activities .By giving teens support and love while setting safe boundaries and modeling and discussing good character, we guide them to make their own , positive choices. As they learn to navigate peer culture, they’ll need to strike a balance between being themselves and fitting in. They are free to do so when parents love them for who they are and provide safe boundaries for them to explore within. the positive result? Teens who learn to think for themselves and make the most out of their connections to others as they travel the road to adulthood.

Coping with stress during pandemic

The Covid-19 pandemic has had a major effect on our lives. Many of us are facing challenges that can be stressful, overwhelming,and cause strong emotions in adults and children. Public health actions,such as social distancing are necessary to reduce the spread of Covid-19,but they can make us feel isolated and lonely and can increase stress and anxiety. Learning to cope with stress in a healthy way will make you, the people you care about,and those around you become more resilient. Stress can cause difficulty in sleeping,change in appetite, worsening of mental health, frustration etc. It is natural to feel stress, anxiety,grief and worry during covid-19 pandemic.

There are various ways in which we can cope with stress:

  1. Take care of your body- Try to eat healthy and balanced meals, get plenty of sleep, do meditation or exercise regularly, and get vaccinated with covid-19 vaccine when available.
  2. Take breaks from news- It’s good to be informed,but hearing about pandemic constantly can be upsetting. Consider limiting news to just a couple times a day and disconnecting from phone,tv,and computer screens for a while.
  3. Make time to unwind and connect with others- Try to do some other activities you enjoy. Talk to people you trust about your concerns and how you are feeling.

Taking care of yourself can be better equip you to take care of others. During times of social distancing, it is especially important to stay connected with your friends and family. Helping others cope with stress through phone cls or video chats can help you with your loved ones feel less lonely or isolated.

Mental health and crisis-

If you are struggling to cope, there are many ways to get help. Call a healthcare provider if stress gets in the way of your daily activities for several days in a row. During times of extreme stress, people may have thoughts of suicide. Suicide is preventable and help is available. Free and confidential crisis resources can also help you or a loved one connect with a skilled, trained counselor in your area .