Problems of Education:
Despite our best efforts, our educational development remains at a low level.
The following are the main problems faced in the progress of education:
Lack of funds:
The lack of sufficient funds is the main problem in the development of education. The outlay for education in Five Year Plans has been decreasing. Due to insufficient funds, most educational institutions lack infrastructure, science equipment, and libraries, etc. Due to this reason, desired results cannot be achieved.
Expensive higher education:
University, professional and technical education has become costly in India. Technical and professional institutes like IIM’s fee structure is relatively high IIM’s charge Rs. 2 lakh per semester for MBA classes. It is beyond the reach of the commoner. The privatization of higher education has led to the growth of profit-hungry entrepreneurs. Now a day’s higher education is a much costly affair.
Neglect of Indian languages:
The medium of instruction, particularly in science subjects, is English. So rural students who are not well versed in English cannot study science properly in English. They suffer a lot; Indian languages are still underdeveloped. Standard publications are not available in the Indian language.
The problem of Brain drain:
When intelligent, talented, and deserving candidates do not get suitable jobs in the country, they prefer to seek employment. So our country is deprived of good talent. This phenomenon is called ‘Brain drain.’
Despite constitutional directives and economic planning, we are not able to achieve cent percent literacy. -Even now, 35 percent of people remain illiterate. In India, the number of illiterates is almost one-third of the total illiterates in the world. Advanced countries are 100% literate; the position in India is quite dismal.
Wastage of resources:
Our education system is based on General Education. The dropout rate is very high at the primary and secondary levels. Most of the students in the 6-14 age groups leave the school before completing their education. It leads to wastage of 5nancial and human resources.
Our educational system is of General Education in nature. The development of technical and vocational education is quite unsatisfactory. So our teaching is unproductive. Hence the number of educated unemployed persons is increasing day by day. This has become a significant concern for Govt.
Problems of primary education:
Our primary education is ridden with too many problems. A large number of primary schools have no buildings to talk of basic facilities like drinking water, urinals, and electricity, furniture and study materials, etc. Large numbers of primary schools are single-teacher schools, and many schools are even without teachers. So the drop rate is very high and a cause of concern. Concluding, we can say that there is a quantitative expansion of education, but we are still lagging in qualitative development.