Infusing real-world experiences into your instructions will make teaching moments fresh and enrich classroom learning.
Relating and demonstrating through real-life situations will make the material easy to understand and easy to learn. In addition, it will spark their interest and get the children excited and involved.
Make time for brainstorming sessions in your classrooms. These sessions are a great way to get the creative juices flowing.
When you have multiple brains focusing on one single idea, you can get numerous ideas and involve everyone in the discussion.
These sessions will be an excellent platform for students to voice their thoughts without worrying about right or wrong.
Set some ground rules before you start. You can go for simple brainstorming or group brainstorming or pair brainstorming
5. Classes Outside the Classroom
Some lessons are best learnt when they are taught outside of the classroom. Organize field trips relevant to the classes or take students for a walk outside of the school.
Students will find this fresh and exciting. Without taking much effort, they will learn and remember what you teach them.
Airbnb is a community marketplace that allows property owners and travellers to connect to rent unique vacation spaces worldwide. The San Francisco-based Airbnb began operation in 2008 and currently has hundreds of employees across the globe supporting property rentals in nearly 25,000 cities in 192 countries. The Airbnb community users’ activities are conducted on the company’s Website and iPhone and Android applications.
Airbnb Scales Infrastructure Automatically Using AWS (3:18)
A year after Airbnb launched, the company decided to migrate nearly all of its cloud computing functions to Amazon Web Services (AWS) because of service administration challenges experienced with its original provider. Nathan Blecharczyk, Co-founder & CTO of Airbnb, says, “Initially, the appeal of AWS was the ease of managing and customizing the stack. It was great to be able to ramp up more servers without having to contact anyone and without having minimum usage commitments. As our company continued to grow, so did our reliance on the AWS cloud and now, we’ve adopted almost all of the features AWS provides. AWS is the easy answer for any Internet business that wants to scale to the next level.”
Airbnb has grown significantly over the last three years. The company uses 200 Amazon Elastic Compute Cloud (Amazon EC2) instances for its application, Memcache, and search servers to support demand. Within Amazon EC2, Airbnb uses Elastic Load Balancing, which automatically distributes incoming traffic between multiple Amazon EC2 instances. To quickly process and analyze 50 Gigabytes of data daily, Airbnb uses Amazon Elastic MapReduce (Amazon EMR). Airbnb uses Amazon Simple Storage Service (Amazon S3) to house backups and static files, including ten terabytes of user pictures. To monitor all of its server resources, Airbnb uses Amazon CloudWatch, which allows the company to easily supervise its Amazon EC2 assets through the AWS Management Console, Command Line Tools, or a Web services API.
In addition, Airbnb moved its central MySQL database to Amazon Relational Database Service (Amazon RDS). Airbnb chose Amazon RDS because it simplifies much of the time-consuming administrative tasks typically associated with databases. Amazon RDS allows complex procedures, such as replication and scaling, to be completed with an introductory API call or through the AWS Management Console. Airbnb currently uses Multi-Availability Zone (Multi-AZ) deployment to automate its database replication further and augment data durability.
Airbnb was able to complete its entire database migration to Amazon RDS with only 15 minutes of downtime. This quick transition was significant to the fast-growing Airbnb because it did not want its community of users to be shut out of its marketplace for an extended period. Tobi Knaup, an engineer at Airbnb, says, “Because of AWS, there has always been an easy answer (in terms of time required and cost) to scale our site.”
Airbnb believes that AWS saved it the expense of at least one operations position. Additionally, the company states that the flexibility and responsiveness of AWS are helping it to prepare for more growth. Knaup says, “We’ve seen that Amazon Web Services listens to customers’ needs. If the feature does not yet exist, it probably will in a matter of months. The low cost and simplicity of its services made it a no-brainer to switch to the AWS cloud.”
“The purpose of education has always been to every one, in essence, the same—to give the young the things they need in order to develop in an orderly, sequential way into members of society. This was the purpose of the education given to a little aboriginal in the Australian bush before the coming of the white man. It was the purpose of the education of youth in the golden age of Athens. It is the purpose of education today, whether this education goes on in a one-room school in the mountains of Tennessee or in the most advanced, progressive school in a radical community. But to develop into a member of society in the Australian bush had nothing in common with developing into a member of society in ancient Greece, and still less with what is needed today. Any education is, in its forms and methods, an outgrowth of the needs of the society in which it exists.”(1934)
“The function of education is to teach one to think intensively and to think critically. But education which stops with efficiency may prove the greatest menace to society. The most dangerous criminal may be the man gifted with reason but no morals. … We must remember that intelligence is not enough. Intelligence plus character—that is the goal of true education.” (1948)
“The main purpose of the American school is to provide for the fullest possible development of each learner for living morally, creatively, and productively in a democratic society.”(1954)
“[The purpose of education] has changed from that of producing a literate society to that of producing a learning society.”(1961)
“The one continuing purpose of education, since ancient times, has been to bring people to as full a realization as possible of what it is to be a human being. Other statements of educational purpose have also been widely accepted: to develop the intellect, to serve social needs, to contribute to the economy, to create an effective work force, to prepare students for a job or career, to promote a particular social or political system. These purposes offered are undesirably limited in scope, and in some instances they conflict with the broad purpose I have indicated; they imply a distorted human existence. The broader humanistic purpose includes all of them, and goes beyond them, for it seeks to encompass all the dimensions of human experience.”(1991)
The Clubhouse app brings an exciting twist to social media, but it has a long way of providing a more intuitive user experience. Here I give it a shot!
With enough apps to fill the social media space, Clubhouse is a refreshing concept of interacting with people by voice. And with big names like Elon Musk giving it a shot, people are flocking to try the app!
In a nutshell, Clubhouse allows you to follow specific topics and based on that, you will be suggested rooms in which you can voice chat with the rest of the audience. It is like a podcast where everyone can chip in. How does it make it any different from other social media platforms like Twitter — is that you don’t have to spend time synthesizing your thoughts into (limited) text. Instead, you can be more impromptu and engage more efficiently with the rest of the audience.
The app is currently available only for iOS (as of Feb’21) and is admittedly different looking than other apps in general. Like the use of emoticons ✌🏽 in buttons and the friendly-looking “squircle” shaped profile pictures!
Squircle profile pictures (room interface)
But when it comes to intuitiveness and usability, it does have problems at certain spots. And upon sharing my thoughts on the app’s UX with my fellow mates (to prune the perspective bias), they too had some views on similar lines.
Hence I decided to collect those opinions and try improving the interface with few ideas. This article will only cover the “room” interface and the rest of the app in further articles.
The room interface is the heart of the application, where the users spend most of their time. It has a grid for profiles of those present in the room, and they are split between stage (speakers+moderators) vs audience (listeners). Anyone from the audience can raise their hand, and the moderator then allows that person to be on the stage and speak.
The overall interface of the room is spotless and efficient, as you get to see only the image and the first name of a person. But the problem starts when there are many people on the stage, and it becomes one hell of an experience trying to figure out who’s is currently speaking. This is mainly because the active speaker never comes up in the grid of profiles, and if that person is not visible in the viewport, you keep scrolling up and down in the stage area tracking speakers.
Accompanying this rough behaviour, there are other minor issues like you don’t get to see the room’s plan or the count of speakers/audience or
The current design for room
If you click a profile, there comes a bottom sheet (that’s what material design calls it) with the bio of that person and a set of actions.
The current design for viewing profile inside a room
I started by picking the most impacting problem at hand — tracking the active speaker and re-did the interface for the stage area.
Ideated design for room
Another missing factor in the current design is room agenda/information, and there is no way to access that while being in the room. This becomes a problem when people join the space in the middle (thereby missing the introduction by moderator), and they have no way to know what that room is strictly talking about.
Also, with people switching to languages that may be unknown to some in the audience, it can be an excellent addition to have the language(s) in the room plan/information and, in a way, regulate it. 💬
Ideated design for room agenda/information
Lastly, I made some changes to the profile interface as well to improve the visual hierarchy of the content.
Ritesh Agarwal founded Oravel stays in 2012, which he later changed to OYO in 2013, which is currently valued at 8 Billion Dollars. Oyo Rooms has revolutionized the hotel industry by providing them with the proper way to increase their business and helped them to optimize their customer experience by completely renovates the rooms by solving the everyday problems related to hotel rooms; by this, they wanted to provide a consistent experience in their hotels across the globe. Oyo partners with hotels to offer a similar experience at a compelling price than the competition. Currently, Oyo has a total of 17000 employees across all locations, of which approximately 8000 are from India and other Asian countries.
Funding of OYO.
In September 2018, OYO raised $1 billion, of which the RoC filing for the amount of $100 million raised from Star Virtue Investment Ltd. was made on 13 February 2019.
In February 2019, Oyo received $100 million funding from the Chinese vehicle hire company Didi Chuxing.
In July 2019, Founder & CEO Ritesh Agarwal, through RA Hospitality Holdings (Cayman), signed a $2 billion deal to buy back shares from existing investors Lightspeed Venture Partners and Sequoia India, to increase his stake in the company to 30%. The company was valued at $10 billion with this deal.
In 2019, OYO registered a record revenue of about 950 million dollars. A 4.5X growth compared to the previous year, which was 211 million dollars.
Acquisitions by OYO.
In the meantime, with increasing business, OYO has acquired several companies; for example, In march 2018, OYO Acquired Chennai-based service apartment operator Nova scotia Boutique Homes. In March 2016, OYO acquired the team of Qlik Pass to expand itself in the data science sector.
Founded in 2010, Paytm started as a prepaid mobile recharge website. Currently, its business is not only limited to recharge. Still, it has expanded as an online payment platform including mobile recharges, utility bill payment, wallet payment, and wallet-to-wallet and wallet-to-bank transfers for many leading internet-based companies like Bookmyshow, Makemytrip, FoodPanda, IRCTC, and many others.
It was founded under the implemented idea of Vijay Shekhar Sharma and has got the first-mover advantage in the mobile industry. The company has been backed up by Alibaba group and Ratan Tata. The firm raised $575 million from Alibaba group for a share of 25% in the company.
Paytm is growing faster, and they have over 20 million registered users as per their current data. Their website and mobile app have been transformed into a fully-fledged e-commerce marketplace offering categories from electronics, mobile phones, sports & health, home & kitchen, books, baby & toys, and many more types.
The app downloaded on various platforms has touched the mark of 7 million. The additional features added, like Bargain power which is not currently available at any other marketplace, and a unified dashboard has made the selling and buying more interesting. Monthly order of over 15 million is completed over here.
In his initial college days, Vijay Shekhar has started his firm Xs! Corporation with his batchmate Harinder Takhar, which offers web guide services to clients. They received seed money of 20,000 from one of the Angel investors. They merged two of their more friends with them and worked for the company till 1999. After that, they sold it to Living Media India for half a million dollars which is now the India Today group.
After selling the firm, Vijay worked for some time in a company but soon got bored. He had two lacks with him, which was enough for him to start a company independently. Along with his colleague, Rajiv Shukla, co-founded One97 Communications Ltd, a mobile value-added services company. But in the 9/11 tragedy, their business crashed. His partner left him. He was with no money now. He started using public transport, lived on two cups of tea. It was again a hard time for him. His father asked him to take a job. The whole family members were willing to get him married, but no girl was ready to marry him!
For sustaining his life, he took up a job. But the zeal of doing something of his own keeps his interest alive from inside. Observing the popularity of smartphones, he decided to do something around it, and in December 2010, he launched Paytm a mobile wallet. Paytm has 50 million consumers doing 60 million transactions a month and is expected to touch 100 million consumers by the end of 2015.
Paytm in February 2014, launched its mobile-based marketplace and recently has launched a seller-dedicated app with a zero-commission model.
Besides, Paytm has also contracted with IRCTC to make Paytm wallet one of the online payment options while booking a ticket. IRCTC processes around 180 million transactions every year; Paytm has a strong base of 60 million wallet users who can use their wallets instead of using plastic card details. These wallet holders can shop over the app and pay with Paytm wallet across 21,000 merchants.
Over the next six months, the Noida-based firm is considering 25,000+ tickets per day using Paytm wallet on the IRCTC platform.
According to a report, “Paytm claims to earn revenues of over $500 million now, but Sharma says this will jump to $2 billion by December 2015. Half of Paytm’s run rate will then come from the e-commerce marketplace push. And the focus will be on getting more users. Alibaba also echoed its view, and Erik Jing of Alipay says, “We don’t care about profitability. We care about SMEs, users on the Paytm wallet.”
Paytm has recently joined in the hyper-local venture by starting grocery delivery in Bangalore. The hyper-local market has raised more than $60 million over the past two months from various venture capitalists.
Paytm has shot up to its business as it has just raised $575 million from the Chinese e-commerce company Alibaba Group. In the same month, India’s leading investor and businessman Ratan Tata has also invested in the company. Paytm will utilize the fund in recruiting fresh talent, acquisitions, marketing, and brand building.
Gurgaon-based Paytm, Grofers, grabbed $45 million while PepperTap snatched $12 million from the investors.
The company currently deals in mobile, DTH recharge, bill payments, bus tickets, data card recharges, an e-commerce marketplace, payment gateway, Paytm deals, and coupons.
Vijay Shekhar said, “We do 400,000 orders per day, which is second highest in the country after IRCTC”. Over 50% of the orders are from the mobile app making use of the largest mobile commerce platform. An amount of INR 500crore is allocated for marketing in 2015, “said the founder.”
(This article is not owned by me, this is used just for reference)
Warren Buffett was born in Omaha in 1930. He developed an interest in the business world and invested early, including in the stock market. Buffett started his education at the Wharton School at the University of Pennsylvania before moving back to the University of Nebraska, where he received an undergraduate degree in business administration. Buffett later went to the Columbia Business School, where he earned his graduate degree in economics.
Buffett began his career as an investment salesperson in the early 1950s but formed Buffett Associates in 1956. Less than ten years later, in 1965, he was in control of Berkshire Hathaway. In June 2006, Buffett announced his plans to donate his entire fortune to charity.2 Then, in 2010, Buffett and Bill Gates announced that they formed the Giving Pledge campaign to encourage other wealthy individuals to pursue philanthropy.3
In 2012, Buffett announced he was diagnosed with prostate cancer.4 He has since completed his treatment. Buffett recently began collaborating with Jeff Bezos and Jamie Dimon to develop a new healthcare company focused on employee healthcare.5 The three have tapped Brigham & Women’s doctor Atul Gawande to serve as chief executive officer (CEO
Buffett follows the Benjamin Graham school of value investing. Value investors look for securities with prices that are unjustifiably low based on their intrinsic worth. There isn’t a universally accepted way to determine inherent worth, but it’s most often estimated by analyzing a company’s fundamentals. Like bargain hunters, the value investor searches for stocks believed to be undervalued by the market or stocks that are valuable but not recognized by most other buyers.
Buffett takes this value investing approach to another level. Many value investors do not support the efficient market hypothesis (EMH). This theory suggests that stocks always trade at their fair value, making it harder for investors to either buy stocks that are undervalued or sell them at inflated prices. They trust that the market will eventually start to favor those quality stocks that were undervalued for a time.
Investors like Buffett trust that the market will eventually favor quality stocks undervalued for a specific time.
Buffett, however, isn’t concerned with the supply and demand intricacies of the stock market. He’s not concerned with the activities of the stock market at all. This is the implication in his famous paraphrase of a Benjamin Graham quote: “In the short run, a market is a voting machine, but in the long run, it is a weighing machine.”6
He looks at each company as a whole, so he chooses stocks solely based on their overall potential as a company. Holding these stocks as a long-term play, Buffett doesn’t seek capital gain but ownership in quality companies extremely capable of generating earnings. When Buffett invests in a company, he isn’t concerned with whether the market will eventually recognize its worth. He is concerned with how well that company can make money as a business.
Warren Buffett finds low-priced value by asking himself some questions to evaluate the relationship between a stock’s level of excellence and its price.7 Keep in mind these are not the only things he analyzes, but rather a summary of what he looks for in his investment approach.
Sometimes return on equity (ROE) is referred to as a stockholder’s return on investment. It reveals the rate at which shareholders earn income on their shares. Buffett always looks at ROE to see whether a company has consistently performed well compared to other companies in the same industry.8 ROE is calculated as follows:
ROE = Net Income ÷ Shareholder’s Equity
Looking at the ROE in just the last year isn’t enough. The investor should view the ROE from the past five to 10 years to analyze historical performance.
2. Company Debt
The debt-to-equity ratio (D/E) is another crucial characteristic Buffett considers carefully. Buffett prefers to see a small amount of debt so that earnings growth is being generated from shareholders’ equity instead of borrowed money.9 The D/E ratio is calculated as follows:
Debt-to-Equity Ratio = Total Liabilities ÷ Shareholders’ Equity
This ratio shows the proportion of equity and debt the company uses to finance its assets. The higher the percentage, the more debt—rather than equity—is funding the company. A high debt level compared to equity can result in volatile earnings and significant interest expenses. For a more stringent test, investors sometimes use only long-term debt instead of total liabilities in the calculation above.
3. Profit Margins
A company’s profitability depends not only on having a good profit margin but also on consistently increasing it. This margin is calculated by dividing net income by net sales. For a good indication of historical profit margins, investors should look back at least five years. A high profit margin indicates the company is executing its business well, but increasing margins mean management has been highly efficient and successful at controlling expenses.
4. Is the Company Public?
Buffett typically considers only companies that have been around for at least ten years.10 As a result, most of the technology companies with their initial public offering (IPOs) in the past decade wouldn’t get on Buffett’s radar. He’s said he doesn’t understand many of today’s technology companies’ mechanics and only invests in a business that he fully understands.11 Value investing requires identifying companies that have stood the test of time but are currently undervalued.
Never underestimate the value of historical performance. This demonstrates the company’s ability (or inability) to increase shareholder value. Do keep in mind, however, that a stock’s past performance does not guarantee future performance. The value investor’s job is to determine how well the company can perform as it did in the past. Determining this is inherently tricky. But evidently, Buffett is very good at it.
One important point to remember about public companies is that the Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC) requires that they file regular financial statements. 12 These documents can help you analyze essential company data—including current and past performance—so you can make important investment decisions.
5. Commodity Reliance
You might initially think of this question as a radical approach to narrowing down a company. Buffett, however, sees this question as an important one. He tends to shy away (but not always) from companies whose products are indistinguishable from those of competitors and those that rely solely on a commodity such as oil and gas. If the company does not offer anything different from another firm within the same industry, Buffett sees little that sets the company apart. Any characteristic that is hard to replicate is what Buffett calls a company’s economic moat or competitive advantage.13 The more comprehensive the moat, the more challenging it is for a competitor to gain market share.
6. Is it Cheap?
This is the kicker. Finding companies that meet the other five criteria is one thing, but determining whether they are undervalued is the most challenging part of value investing. And it’s Buffett’s most important skill.
To check this, an investor must determine a company’s intrinsic value by analyzing several business fundamentals, including earnings, revenues, and assets. And a company’s intrinsic value is usually higher (and more complicated) than its liquidation value, which is what a company would be worth if it were broken up and sold today. The liquidation value doesn’t include intangibles such as the value of a brand name, which is not directly stated on the financial statements.
Once Buffett determines the company’s intrinsic value as a whole, he compares it to its current market capitalization—the current total worth or price.14
Sounds easy. Well, Buffett’s success, however, depends on his unmatched skill in accurately determining this intrinsic value. While we can outline some of his criteria, we have no way of knowing exactly how he gained such precise mastery of calculating value. The Bottom Line
As you’ve probably noticed, Buffett’s investing style is like the shopping style of a bargain hunter. It reflects a practical, down-to-earth attitude. Buffett maintains this attitude in other areas of his life: He doesn’t live in a huge house, he doesn’t collect cars, and he doesn’t take a limousine to work. The value-investing style is not without its critics, but whether you support Buffett or not, the proof is in the pudding.
(This articles is not mine it is just used for reference.)
Firstly, we are going to bear what CRED is. So CRED is an Indian fintech startup based out of Bangalore, Karnataka. Kunal Shah founded it within the year 2018. CRED’s main feature is to permit users to create mastercard payments through their app, that the users get rewarded. Later, CRED added certain more features like making house rent payments and introducing short-term credit lines. By 2021, the corporate had onboarded over 6 million users & processed about 20% of all mastercard payments in India. CRED is currently valued at $2.2 billion as of April 2021. Despite many huge profits, the corporate also posted losses of around Rs. 360 crores in 2020, caused mainly because of the high expenditure on marketing and advertising campaigns. Many new startup ecosystems are coming into today’s world, and that they all primarily work on a model named- The cash burn model. Behind such an incredible business model and putting in of a totally new startup, three significant steps were taken: Step 1- Cash burn rate:
The cash burn rate is that the cash spent or used over a selected time, which may be determined through income statements. And it indicates the negative income. This rate is sometimes calculated by new businesses and is employed to investigate the cash spent or the expenditure for generating revenues or cash flows. during this model, a brand new company comes, they see and address a major problem in society and supply a selected solution for that & for that purpose, they gather colossal funding. Through the budget, they entice the potential customers, and after customers avail their services, they offer huge offers, which seems quite unbelievable from time to time. For example, when Jio came for the first time, it invested nearly Rs.1.5 lakh crores, and it initially started providing completely free internet within the country. They identified a big problem of internet accessibility within the biggest democracy of the globe. Therefore, they invested and commenced a corporation named Jio. the same as this, CRED identified three significant problems in mastercard payments: Banks kindle the price of hidden charges. Banks charge late fees and take huge penalties. In late fees, interest rates became very high, as per-day interest rates were counted. Many times, the mastercard holders weren’t able to think why they’re charged most. So, for these three problems, CRED urged the people to form mastercard payments through their medium at the proper time and ensured the purchasers that they might get rewards from the corporate. Initially, they even gave IPOD as an award. This helped the purchasers in saving their money. Step 2- Habituation:
Kunal Shah wanted to make such a difference that folks do not get back to the normal methods, but instead, they’ll become habitual of the new model. In a meet, he asked a pair of audiences to convey ratings (out of 10) to 2 different models (One being traditional and therefore the other being a replacement model). He said if the difference of ratings between the 2 is over 4, then the new model are going to be more efficient, and that they will attempt to make it the mainstream model. And if the difference is below 4, people should persist with the standard one. the 2 models he took, for instance, were those of the taxi services. One was the standard method, and therefore the other was online mode ( ola & uber). The audience responded more to the new one. This gave him the thought. Step 3- Goldmine profitability:
During this stage, after implementing the strategies, the gross margin rose to such an extent that investors, at some extent in time, weren’t ready to decide where to place their money. Such an amazing idea and a distinct model by Kunal Shah revolutionized the complete finance cycle and brought a replacement dimension to fintech.
21st Century is the most stressful period for all of us, where there are not one but many factors responsible for this type of condition, which is very hectic; this may lead to many other challenges which anyone can face this time. The work from home category of jobs has its downsides too, which may be as;
1. Lack of efficiency due to the surrounding environment.
2. Sometimes lack creativeness due to hectic seclude.
3. Sleeping issues due to long hours of setback, And much more.
But nowadays, we are forced to work mostly from home due to this Covid-19 pandemic, which has made us lazier, more lonely, dumber, and much more. Due to this pandemic, people are losing their jobs, leading to a significant financial crisis for all humans; most working-class people have lost their jobs and returned to their villages for survival. Mental stress due to salary deduction, Health issues, financial issues, personal issues, and much more. They are more responsible for the instability of mental health. Extra stress may be responsible for problems which are;
1. Feelings of fear, anger, sadness, worry, numbness, or frustration
2. Changes in appetite, energy, desires, and interests
3. Difficulty concentrating and making decisions
4. Difficulty sleeping or nightmares
5. Physical reactions, such as headaches, body pains, stomach problems, and skin rashes
6. Worsening of chronic health problems
7. Worsening of mental health conditions
Depression due to these situations may cause effects in married couples too, which may lead to harmful conditions if not handled properly on time. The teams may have communication issues due to work pressure and other similar reasons. The character of a person affects drastically due to loneliness because there is a common saying in all of us; ‘Empty mind is devils’ house’, which means if we are busy, then our thoughts change negatively.
We must stay fit and healthy out of this busy schedule, which may help in reducing our mental instability. Some ways to cope up with mental health and to stay mentally healthy are;
Take care of our body by doing meditation and yoga, which helps control our brain and keep it calm.
Taking a balanced diet can also help reduce stress, which realizes good hormones in our body to make us free from other pressures.
Exercising regularly will make our muscles accessible, which can eventually help improve mental and physical health.
Avoid excessive alcohol, tobacco, and substance use.
Continue with routine preventive measures (such as vaccinations, cancer screenings, etc.) as recommended by your healthcare provider.
Get vaccinated with a COVID-19 vaccine when available.
Make time to unwind. Try to do some other activities you enjoy.
Connect with others. Talk with people external icon you trust about your concerns and how you are feeling.
Connect with your community- or faith-based organizations. While social distancing measures are in place, try connecting online, through social media, or by phone or mail.
To become an IAS officer, you must clear the civil services exam conducted by the UPSC. This is one of the toughest exams in India, although not impossible to crack. The civil services exam has three stages, each stage eliminating candidates who do not clear it.
The examination process usually starts in February, details of which are provided in the IAS Notification.
Starting with about 5 lakh candidates in the first round, only about 700 – 1000 are left at the end of the final game, which is the interview. Among those, only about a hundred can get the post of the IAS!
The IAS officer performs several varied tasks depending on his/her posting and department.
Much of the work involves an administrative charge of a district/area/department, policy formulation, policy implementation, heading PSUs, etc.
An IAS officer can also be sent on missions abroad or assigned to a department directly under the central government.
There are provisions to depute IAS officers to private organizations for short tenures as well.
IAS officers’ functional roles depend on the type of assignment they get. There are three types of tasks given to them:
State Secretariat/Public Sector Undertakings
IAS Officer Power
Powers and Responsibilities of an IAS Officer: An IAS Officer as a civil servant is responsible for the law and order and general administration in the area under his work. Generally, the functions of an IAS officer are as follows:
The tasks and responsibilities of IAS officers change at various points in their careers.
At the beginning of the trade, an IAS Officer joins the state administration at the sub-divisional level. As a sub-divisional magistrate, he looks after general administration and development work and law and order in the areas under his/her control.
The District Officer, variously known as District Magistrate, District Collector, or Deputy Commissioner, is the most esteemed and distinguishable post held by the service members.
At the district level, IAS officers are mainly delegated with district affairs, including implementing developmental schemes.
During the ordinary course of their career, the officers also oblige in the State Secretariat or Head of Departments or Public Sector Undertakings.
To take care of daily affairs of the government, including forming and implementing policy after consulting the minister of the concerned ministry.
Supervision of the implemented policies.
We are traveling to places where the policies are being implemented.
Responsible for personal care for the expenditure of public funds on the implementation of policies as the IAS officers are accountable to the Parliament and State Legislature for any indiscretions that may happen.
IAS officers at various levels like a joint secretary, deputy secretary make their contributions in the process of policy formulation and decision-making, and the final shape of the policy is given, or a final decision is taken with the agreement of the minister concerned or the cabinet depending upon the significance the issue.
Laws related to IAS Officer power:
Code of Criminal Procedure (1973): Sections 107, 108, 109, 110, 133, 144, and 176 list powers for maintaining law and order given to Magistrates.
Tenancy Laws define the powers of a collector regarding revenue.
National Disaster Management Act lists out powers of Chief Secretaries and Magistrates while directing disaster relief operations.
Arms Act, Drug Licences Act, Essential Commodities Act, etc., list out IAS officers’ power to enforce regulations in different situations.
These are the primary laws that deal with the powers of IAS, though there are close to 300 laws that define them on a case-to-case basis. These rules are also provided in an abridged form in All India Service Manuals, updated from time to time by the Department of Personnel and Training.
The service manuals also list out the IAS conduct rules. All civil servants are answerable to state and central legislatures.
After the 7th Pay Commission’s implementation, civil servants in India get a good take-home pay package.
An IAS officer’s basic per month salary starts at Rs.56,100(TA, DA, and HRA are extra) and can reach Rs.2,500,00 for a Cabinet Secretary.
Apart from the decent monthly income, they also get amenities such as reasonable accommodation, official vehicles, household staff, subsidized electricity, water, etc. To learn more about the IAS officer salary, check the linked article.
Life of an IAS Officer
The IAS is a perfect opportunity for people who wish to impact the lives of their fellow citizens positively. Bringing electricity to the homes of the poor, giving health and sanitation facilities to those who don’t have access, making roads to connect remote places can all be just a day in your life as an IAS officer.
Moreover, an IAS officer hobnobs with the who’s who of society. At the apex level, you could even be having tea with the prime minister regularly! For more on the life of an IAS officer, click here.
IAS Officer Training
Candidates who successfully clear the UPSC IAS Exam get the first taste of life as an IAS officer as soon as they join the Lal Bahadur Shastri National Academy of Administration (LBSNAA) for initial training.
The day-to-day life of an IAS officer during training is very disciplined and starts at 6 am sharp.
The following is the schedule usually followed at LBSNAA:
6 am: Morning exercise/horse riding training for 60 minutes
7 am to 9 am: Free time for morning activities
9:30 am onwards: 8-10 hours of academic activity, including lectures, sports, and extracurricular activities.
Officer trainees are left free before and after dinner to socialize and prepare for the next day. Outdoor activities such as treks to nearby rural areas to learn to cope with adversity and understand the lifestyle of rural India are an integral part of the training.
The training of IAS officers also includes Bharat Darshan (a study tour of India). Read more on the IAS Officer Training here.
Once a trainee graduates as an IAS officer, their schedule changes according to their allotted post.
A typical day for an officer posted in the field would begin at 9 am and would involve:
Going through various daily reports.
Supervising various daily tasks of the department or district.
I was visiting different areas to review the implementation of developmental activities and meetings.
These activities can stretch into the late evening and usually end by about 9 pm.
During emergencies such as natural disasters, riots, etc., an IAS officer might put in continuous work coordinating response and relief teams well beyond regular duty hours. (source. byjus)
Sweet potatoes are so brilliantly orange, thanks to their alpha and beta carotene. The body converts these compounds into the active form of vitamin A, which helps keep your eyes, bones, and immune system healthy. These phytochemicals also operate as antioxidants, sweeping up disease-promoting free radicals. One medium sweet potato-or about 1/2 cup-provides nearly four times the recommended daily value of vitamin A, plus some vitamin C and B6, potassium, manganese and lutein, and zeaxanthin.
This green powerhouse packs vitamins A, C, and K (which helps with bone health), as well as folate. There is another reason broccoli frequently earns a top spot on “superfoods” lists: it delivers a healthy dose of sulforaphane, a type of isothiocyanate that is thought to thwart cancer by helping to stimulate the body’s detoxifying enzymes.
Oats are a breakfast staple and quite the superfood. Eating more oats is an easy way to up your fiber intake, a nutrient most of us don’t get enough of. Fiber is good for our guts and waistlines and keeps us full-all essential qualities in breakfast food. Plus, oats are whole grain, and plain oats don’t have any added sugar. So for a superfood meal or snack, start with plain oats and turn them into healthy meals and snacks like blueberry oatcakes, homemade granola to enjoy fruit and yogurt, or DIY energy bites with peanut butter.
What can’t nuts do? They’re packed with healthy polyunsaturated fats and magnesium, two essential nutrients for heart health. These nutrients may also offer protection against insulin resistance, which can lead to diabetes. In addition, antioxidant compounds found in nuts, including ellagic acid and resveratrol, can reduce the wear and tear on your body from free radicals. In turn, this lowers inflammation, which may reduce cancer risk. Plus, nuts provide insoluble fiber, which studies suggest may help you stay healthy by feeding beneficial gut bacteria. Spread nut butter on toast, grab a handful of nuts for a snack, or make your simple trail mix.
Yogurt contains probiotics or “good bacteria” that help keep our guts healthy. It’s also rich in calcium. Just 1 cup of yogurt provides nearly half the recommended daily value of calcium and delivers phosphorus, potassium, zinc, riboflavin, vitamin B12, and protein. Choose Greek yogurt for an even more considerable protein boost, and whenever possible, reach for plain. Flavored yogurts tend to have lots of added sugar which adds calories without nutrition.
This content does not own by me, it’s just used for a reference.
Despite our best efforts, our educational development remains at a low level.
The following are the main problems faced in the progress of education:
Lack of funds:
The lack of sufficient funds is the main problem in the development of education. The outlay for education in Five Year Plans has been decreasing. Due to insufficient funds, most educational institutions lack infrastructure, science equipment, and libraries, etc. Due to this reason, desired results cannot be achieved.
Expensive higher education:
University, professional and technical education has become costly in India. Technical and professional institutes like IIM’s fee structure is relatively high IIM’s charge Rs. 2 lakh per semester for MBA classes. It is beyond the reach of the commoner. The privatization of higher education has led to the growth of profit-hungry entrepreneurs. Now a day’s higher education is a much costly affair.
Neglect of Indian languages:
The medium of instruction, particularly in science subjects, is English. So rural students who are not well versed in English cannot study science properly in English. They suffer a lot; Indian languages are still underdeveloped. Standard publications are not available in the Indian language.
The problem of Brain drain:
When intelligent, talented, and deserving candidates do not get suitable jobs in the country, they prefer to seek employment. So our country is deprived of good talent. This phenomenon is called ‘Brain drain.’
Despite constitutional directives and economic planning, we are not able to achieve cent percent literacy. -Even now, 35 percent of people remain illiterate. In India, the number of illiterates is almost one-third of the total illiterates in the world. Advanced countries are 100% literate; the position in India is quite dismal.
Wastage of resources:
Our education system is based on General Education. The dropout rate is very high at the primary and secondary levels. Most of the students in the 6-14 age groups leave the school before completing their education. It leads to wastage of 5nancial and human resources.
Our educational system is of General Education in nature. The development of technical and vocational education is quite unsatisfactory. So our teaching is unproductive. Hence the number of educated unemployed persons is increasing day by day. This has become a significant concern for Govt.
Problems of primary education:
Our primary education is ridden with too many problems. A large number of primary schools have no buildings to talk of basic facilities like drinking water, urinals, and electricity, furniture and study materials, etc. Large numbers of primary schools are single-teacher schools, and many schools are even without teachers. So the drop rate is very high and a cause of concern. Concluding, we can say that there is a quantitative expansion of education, but we are still lagging in qualitative development.
Some of the major changes introduced in the New Education Policy are as follows:
By 2030, one large multidisciplinary college in every district– By 2030, all higher education institutions will become multidisciplinary institutions, and each of them will at least have an enrollment of 3,00 students. By 2030, be at least one large multidisciplinary HEI in or near every district. The aim is to increase the Gross Enrolment Ratio in higher education, including vocational education, from 26.3% (2018) to 50% by 2035.
Music, arts and literature to be taught in all colleges: Departments in Languages, Literature, Music, Philosophy, Indology, Art, Dance, Theatre, Education, Mathematics, Statistics, Pure and Applied Sciences, Sociology, Economics, Sports, Translation, and Interpretation, etc. will be introduced in all higher education institutions.
M.Phil to be discontinued: According to the NEP 2020, M.Phil will be discontinued. The details regarding the same will be released soon.
Sanksrit will be mainstreamed- It is time that Sanskrit will be mainstreamed with a strong offering in schools, and three language formula will be adopted in higher education.
Vocational Skills to be Taught: Every student will be taught a vocational skill of his/ her choice by the time they complete their schooling. Students will also be taught coding from Class VI.
No Rigid Separation Between Arts and Science Curriculum: There will not be a huge difference between the curriculum of these two streams, and all subjects like Music will be taught.
Internships Will be Included from Class VI: From 6th grade, candidates will have to do internships of 10 days with local trades or crafts.
IITs to follow Holistic approach: IITs will have to follow a more holistic approach and multidisciplinary education with more arts and humanities as per the New Education Policy
Academic Bank of Credit to be established: An Academic Bank of Credit (ABC) will be set up to digitally store the academic credits earned. The 4-year course may also lead to a degree ‘with Research’ if the student completes a rigorous research project within the respective time frame.about:blankImageUpload an image file, pick one from your media library, or add one with a URL.UploadSelect ImageInsert from URL
Importance to Practical Assignments, Skill Development: The New Education Policy emphasizes practical knowledge and skill development which will begin from class 6th.
Single Common Entrance Exam for all Colleges: According to the NEP 2020, there will be a single common entrance exam for admission to all higher education institutes, which NTA will hold. The entrance exam will be optional and not mandatory.
New System of Education: The 10+2 system will be divided into 5+3+3+4 format. The New Education Policy has changed the school education system to 5+3+3+4 format. This means the first five years of the school will comprise the foundation stage, including three years of pre-primary school and classes one and class 2. The next three years will be divided into a preparatory stage (classes 3 to 5), three years of middle stage (classes 6 to 8), and four years of secondary stage (classes 9 to 12). Schools will not have any rigid formation of arts, commerce, or science; students can take up whichever courses they want.
Ramp Up Digital Learning: To ramp up Digital Learning, a National Education Technology Forum NETF will be created, and e-courses in 8 regional languages will be uploaded.
Multiple Entry and Exit System: With the help of the academic bank of credits, multiple entries and exit system will be introduced in the higher education sector. This will allow students to take a sabbatical and then join back their studies after some time without losing any credits. Students will also be free to choose major and minor subjects for their degree.
India to be Promoted as Foreign Study Destination: Every institution will have an International Students Office to host foreign students. Colleges will be promoted to provide premium education at affordable costs.
Foreign Colleges Can Set Up Colleges in India: Top 100 Foreign Colleges will set up their campuses in India as per NEP. They will be given special dispensation and regulations to set up the campuses.
Expenditure on Education: The expenditure on education will be changed to 6 percent of the total GDP, as opposed to earlier, which was 4 percent of the GDP. Both State, as well as Central Government, will be working together on the expenditure.
Benefits of New Education Policy 2020
Some of the essential benefits of the New Education Policy 2020 are as follows:
The New Education Policy will give students practical knowledge instead of just pushing them towards rote learning.
It will help students to develop scientific temper from a young age.
The NEP aims to make it easier to set up new quality of higher educational institutes which will be at par with the global standards.
Since NEP will make it easier for foreign colleges to set up their campuses here, many students who cannot go abroad due to multiple reasons will experience it and get global exposure.
The New Education Policy 2020 has been approved by the Union Cabinet and renamed the HRD Ministry as Education Ministry. Also, there will be a single regulator for all the higher education and MPhil to be discontinued. During the New Education Policy announcement, Prakash Javadekar informed that the main agenda behind introducing the same is the need of the hour, and it will prepare the students to face the challenges of the new world. Moreover, the NEP will promote skill-based education and enhance the practical skills of the students.
Addressing the nation on 74th Independence Day, PM Modi stated that the New Education Policy would play an essential role in making India self-reliant. According to him, the NEP has been introduced with the aim objective to strengthen research and innovation in the country.
NEP focuses on the National Research Foundation because innovation is essential for a country to progress. Only when research and innovation are strong enough will we be able to go into this competitive world.a
The New Education Policy 2020 has been approved by the Union Cabinet and renamed the HRD Ministry as Education Ministry. Also, there will be a single regulator for all the higher education and MPhil to be discontinued. During the New Education Policy announcement, Prakash Javadekar informed that the main agenda behind introducing the same is the need of the hour, and it will prepare the students to face the challenges of the new world. Moreover, the NEP will promote skill-based education and enhance the practical skills of the students.
Addressing the nation on 74th Independence Day, PM Modi stated that the New Education Policy would play an essential role in making India self-reliant. According to him, the NEP has been introduced with the aim objective to strengthen research and innovation in the country.
NEP focuses on the National Research Foundation because innovation is essential for a country to progress. Only when research and innovation are strong enough will we be able to go into this competitive world.
Self-respect is a form of self-love wherein a person values his or her own unique and unrepeatable approach to living Life. It is having an understanding and appreciation of the underlying character traits of one’s True Self—and most importantly—making life choices and decisions from that authentic aspect of a person’s personality.
This is very different than relying on one’s ego or False Self persona that serves as a cover to show the world only “the good stuff” of a person’s personality.
The reason self-respect is so important is that it is the gift we give ourselves when we become less motivated to please others in order to get their approval and more motivated to live a life of authenticity and personal integrity despite whatever anyone else thinks about us.
However, it is also very difficult for me to show respect to others if I am lacking self-respect. For example, it’s the same as if I wanted to give money to someone, I would first need to have money in my pocket in order for me to give money to that person. The same goes for respect. I can only give it to someone else if I have it inside me—for myself—in the first place.
By. Dr. De’Andrea Matthews
Having self-respect helps others to see and treat you with dignity and worth.
Self-respect is the knowledge that you know your self-worth and that you expect to be treated well and respectfully as a result. Having self-respect helps others to see and treat you with dignity and worth.
Often the backbone of self-respect is knowing your values and living by them. Having self-respect usually means that you need to stand by your character and be willing to defend your values and actions. This can be hard in today’s world when so many influencers are out there to challenge our values.
That said, I would offer that healthy connection to others- either in friendship or in love- cannot come without self-respect. When we treat ourselves with self-love and dignity, we help set a course for others to do the same.
Without self-respect, even the most well-meaning partner, who initially sees their loved one as deserving the best, will start to lose this vision and will begin to see and treat his/her partner only as well as the person values him/herself.
We end up attracting and receiving only as much respect and love as we give ourselves. This can be hard to understand when you are young and fall in love!
I recommend and work on to help individuals come to understand and live by their value system in my practice. We all have core values at some level within us but forget to live by them because there are so many messages being sent to us by outside influences- media, peers, family, etc.
When we take the time to hone in on our core values and begin working to live by them, we begin to exude self-confidence and self-respect. This shapes our interactions and helps others to grow more confident and respectful towards us.
When we live by our values and are willing to accept responsibility for our actions and choices because they are based on these, we find that our interactions with others become more genuine and worthwhile.
Ultimately, our relationships among family, friends and loved ones are positively affected and become more authentic. All of this stems from our need for self-respect.
Self-respect is the feeling of confidence and pride in one’s self. I first earned this from my mom. This lesson came when I was in the fourth grade, and a classmate invited all the students in our class except a couple.
I was one of those not invited for some reason. I must have talked myself into an invite or something because an invitation was ‘put’ in our mailbox a day before the party. The other kids’ were mailed a week before. I was so happy. My mother was not when the whole story came out. So she wouldn’t let me go.
She told me, “if you can’t be the tablecloth, don’t allow yourself to be the dish rag. As the dish rag often gets thrown out with the dishwater.”
“What did this saying even mean?” I thought.
What it meant, she explained, was never allow yourself to be second best by anyone. She told me, “if you don’t stand for something, you will fall for anything.” That I was as just as good as the desired kids and never allowed anyone to believe anything less, has always stuck with me.
Remember when “the customer is always right” drove how brands and customers interacted? Then, it was all about customer service, meeting their needs in that particular moment. Well, that was before the internet age. What used to be an effortless interaction that had a beginning, middle, and end, say, in a physical store, is now an open-ended relationship that can happen spontaneously anywhere and anytime—in your product, a brick and mortar store, a mobile app, a web portal, or your contact center. The term for this business-customer ongoing dynamic today is customer experience (CX). But, what is customer experience? CX refers to the ongoing relationship between a customer and your company.
Why Is Customer Experience Important?
Customer experience has been getting so much attention recently that empirical evidence amounts that being customer-centric has very real payoffs.
According to a PwC report, customers are willing to pay a premium of up to 16 percent for a good customer experience. Furthermore, Watermark Consulting reports the companies they identify as the Top 10 Customer Experience Leaders in the U.S. outperform the S&P and have three times higher returns than those they identify as CX laggards.
Customer experience shifts the business perspective from a sole focus on profit to focusing on customer needs, wants, and goals. Making that shift lets you align your investments, products, and services accordingly, ensuring that they solve the correct problems and the ones customers are willing to spend money to get solved.
This, in turn, impacts the following two metrics that are critical for any business wanting to maintain a healthy bottom line.
Improving Customer Retention and Decreasing Churn
Customers are armed with readily available information about their options and have the power to switch providers at the click of a button. This means that having satisfied customers is vital if you want to ensure they keep coming back and buying more from you. A lost customer means a loss of revenue and an increased cost in other areas to compensate for that loss. Research shows it costs five times more to attract a new customer than to retain an existing one.
Decreasing Customer Acquisition Cost
Excellent customer experience also has an impact on how effective your company is in acquiring new customers. A happy customer is more likely to become an advocate and refer you to other customers. And in an age where people no longer trust advertisements and 20–50 percent of all purchasing decisions are based on word-of-mouth (McKinsey), customer advocacy is shown to increase marketing effectiveness by as much as 54 percent and significantly decrease your cost of acquiring new customers.
What Makes a Good Customer Experience?
With more than 80% of companies expecting to compete solely based on CX, ensuring your customers have a great experience is critical if you want to keep your competitive edge. The thing with competing based on CX is that you aren’t just designing an experience that is better than others offering similar products and services; you are also building experiences that are judged (even if only subconsciously) with all the other experiences they have in their daily lives and with companies such as Uber, Amazon, and Airbnb. This “circle of influence” is what ultimately shapes their expectations about what “great” really means.
Make It Effortless
Your customers are impatient, and they expect everything to be easy and “right now.” In fact, Google data shows that searches for “same day shipping” have grown 150% since 2015. So, a great customer experience is all about effortlessness and speed: how easy you make it for customers to do business with you and how quickly you meet their needs or solve their problems.
A great example of effortless done right is Amazon’s 1-click to buy. Amazon took the checkout process, which is the biggest point of friction for customers, and made it just as easy as selecting the item for purchase. As a result, Amazon has been able to massively increase conversions of existing customers and generate billions of dollars of additional revenue. If your goal is to improve customer experience, identify the biggest points of friction in your customer journeys and reduce the effort customers have to expend there.
Make It Consistent
According to Forrester, 95 percent of customers use three or more channels to connect with a company in a single service interaction. This means their experience is shaped, not by their interaction with a single channel, but rather by what McKinsey calls a cluster of interactions that spans multiple channels. And thus, their satisfaction and propensity to buy again from you will be the result of their overall experience across all of them. That is why consistency is so critical.
According to McKinsey, to ensure consistency, you should focus on three main aspects of customer experience:
Customer Journey consistency: Ensuring customers have a good experience that spans all the channels they interact with in their individual journeys.
Emotional consistency: Ensuring you elicit consistency-driven emotional connections with customers.
Communication consistency: Ensuring communications and key messages convey the same values at every interaction point.
There is approximately $80 trillion in circulation worldwide, but only $5 trillion is paper-based.1 The rest is tied up in assets such as savings accounts, long-term deposits and stocks. These are usually represented digitally, meaning all of this wealth is stored as 1s and 0s.
Why have different currencies if money is primarily electronic? Wouldn’t it be simpler to adopt a universal currency that could be used for all people for all transactions around the globe?
Economist John Maynard Keynes argued for such a system in the early 20th century — long before digital money existed.2 In the years since there’s been growing support for a common currency. Is this a good idea? Let’s take a look.
The benefits of adopting a universal global currency
Standardization removes confusion and friction, making it easier to collaborate. This is especially true when relevant actors hail from different backgrounds, nationalities, or cultures.
NASA’s Mars orbiter is a perfect example of what happens when group efforts don’t follow standardized rules. One engineering team used imperial measurements, while another team used metric. As a result, the $125 million orbiters eventually vanished — never completing its original mission.3
You don’t need to be part of the space program to appreciate the benefits of standardization. All you have to do is travel abroad without an adapter. Or try to convert one currency to another. There’s unnecessary friction involved.
Standardizing the world’s money would remove that friction. Better still, conversion fees would disappear entirely, allowing you to keep more of your money. And businesses would benefit from more accurate forecasting if currency fluctuations were removed from the equation.
The benefits of a common currency don’t stop there.
Trade would become easier, precisely what happened when EU member countries adopted the euro as their official currency.4
Pricing manipulation would become harder, and countries wouldn’t be able to make their exports artificially cheaper.
Developing nations wouldn’t be as susceptible to hyperinflation. With stable prices, they could invest more heavily in long-term economic development.
The dangers of adopting a universal currency
With a universal currency in place, individual countries would still control fiscal policy (i.e., how they choose to tax and spend money). But they would no longer be able to control the value or supply of that money through monetary policy (i.e., minting new bills or adjusting interest rates). This poses a serious problem.
During the Great Depression, for example, the United States government was able to spur economic development by increasing the supply of money through monetary easing, also known as quantitative easing. This approach — originally suggested by common currency supporter Keynes — worked, for the most part. The government used monetary easing again during the 2008 economic crisis.5
With a universal currency, the supply and value of money would no longer be controlled at the national level. The entire world would have to agree on how many bills should be in circulation, and what interest rates to adopt.
We can already see the limitations of this approach in the EU, where a country such as Greece is unable to dig itself out of crippling debt. Because this tiny nation doesn’t control its money supply, it can’t print more bills or adjust interest rates.6
A universal currency would also make the global monetary system even more centralized. There would have to be some oversight committee making worldwide decisions that affect everyone. It wouldn’t matter if such a committee was appointed or elected — that much centralized power would potentially open the door to unfettered corruption, graft and abuse.
Because of these risks, it is very unlikely that the world will adopt a universal currency in the near future. At least not willingly. (copywriting)
Anger is one of the seven universal emotions which arise when we are blocked from pursuing a goal and treated unfairly. At its most extreme, anger can be one of the most dangerous emotions because of its potential connection to violence. Therefore, it is a common emotion to seek help in dealing with.
The primary message of anger is, “Get out of my way!” and communicates anything from mere dissatisfaction to threats.
When we’re angry, it’s possible to experience other feelings such as fear (of inflicting harm to ourselves or others) or disgust (for the person or thing blocking you from your goal). If you were taught that feeling anger is “bad,” you might even feel embarrassed or shameful for having felt the emotion at all. Furthermore, if you were angry and it leads you to do something you considered to be inappropriate, you may feel regretful.
What makes us angry
We all get angry about some of the same things, but each of us have our own hottest triggers.
Common Anger Triggers:
Interference: if the interference is deliberate, the anger can be more robust and can be felt toward oneself for being unable to remove the obstacle
Someone trying to hurt us or a loved one physically or psychologically
Another person’s anger: one of the big problems with anger is that it is difficult not to reciprocate
Betrayal, abandonment, rejection
Observing someone breaking the law or a cultural rule like cutting inline
Physical effects of anger
Anger triggers the body’s ‘fight or flight response. Other emotions that trigger this response include fear, excitement, and anxiety. The adrenal glands flood the body with stress hormones, such as adrenaline and cortisol. The brain shunts blood away from the gut and towards the muscles in preparation for physical exertion. Heart rate, blood pressure, and respiration increase, the body temperature rises, and the skin perspires. The mind is sharpened and focused.
Health problems with anger
The constant flood of stress chemicals and associated metabolic changes that go with ongoing unmanaged anger can eventually cause harm to many different systems of the body.
Some of the short and long-term health problems that have been linked to unmanaged anger include:
Suggestions on how to express your anger in healthy ways include:
If you feel out of control, walk away from the situation temporarily until you cool down.
Recognize and accept the emotion as normal and part of life.
Try to pinpoint the exact reasons why you feel angry.
Once you have identified the problem, consider coming up with different strategies for how to remedy the situation.
Do something physical, such as going for a run or playing sport.
Talk to someone you trust about how you’re feeling.
Unhelpful ways to deal with anger
Many people express their anger in inappropriate and harmful ways, including:
anger explosions – some people have very little control over their anger and tend to explode in rages. Raging anger may lead to physical abuse or violence. A person who doesn’t control their temper can isolate themselves from family and friends. Some people who fly into rages have low self-esteem and use their anger as a way to manipulate others and feel powerful. For more information, see ‘What is violence against women?’ on the White Ribbon Australia website
anger repression – some people consider that anger is an inappropriate or ‘bad’ emotion and choose to suppress it. However, bottled anger often turns into depression and anxiety. Some people vent their bottled anger at innocent parties, such as children or pets.
Air is the critical building block for sustained life on a planet, but with a combination consisting of various gases that we commonly call it has to Air. For example, Nitrogen 78%, Oxygen 28%, Other gases like Neon, Carbon Dioxide, Hydrogen, Xenon, Argon, Krypton, Helium, and others add up a total of 1%. This a type of combination of Air which our lungs are used to.
But what about Space, which is a giant vacuum area where all the living things do not exist. If an event occurs in the Space due to which this empty area with vacuum gets starts slowly filling with air. What will then happen after?
The changes which we may first face could be as follows:
1. We could hear the supernovae (stars) explosion sounds without specialized equipment because sound can travel through the air. Still, there’s a catch to listen to the sound we must closer to the object, almost impossible supernovas are very big with immense temperatures.
2. The other effect could destroy life from our planet, which will happen due to friction.
3. After the presence of air outside our planet and its surroundings, it may increase our planet’s atmospheric pressure. It is leading to the crush of all living beings in just a few hours.
4. Then the moon will start to come closer due to friction, leading to a slowing of the rotational speed of earth, and then eventually stop, and their orbits will change.
5. Eventually, the temperatures will rise due to increasing atmospheric pressure; after some time, the earth with the moon will submerge into the sun.
6. Other effects of this situation will turn gaseous planets like Jupiter and Saturn into bright stars due to air and pressure.
Dogecoin is a cryptocurrency which was made with a fun and friendly brand picture that aims to be a supportive introduction to cryptocurrency. Billy Markus, the creator of dogecoin ,an Oregon programmer, who came up with the concept for a kind of “joke” cryptocurrency. Which was to used to be used as a friendly introduction to cryptocurrency to the beginners. And it was not mayn’t to go mainstream as it is going now a days.
He reasoned that a more lighthearted coin, rather than Bitcoin, would have a greater chance of gaining mainstream acceptance. According to google, although Dogecoin is nowhere near the scale of Bitcoin, the ‘joke’ currency’s market cap has risen from more than $1 billion in early January to $47 billion on Saturday of June.
Dogecoin is dubbed as a “meme cryptocurrency.” Dogecoin (DOGE) is an open-source cryptocurrency that is based on a fork of the Litecoin code. As the name implies, it is mainly based on the Doge meme that swept the Internet in 2013.On a year-to-date basis, the token has climbed approximately 7,000 percent. DOGE achieved its all-time high of $0.73 on 8 May 2021, driven by optimistic tweets by Elon Musk.
Exciting Facts About Dogecoin.
1. Dogecoin is an open-source, peer-to-peer digital currency popular among Shiba Inus around the world. “Doge” is our fun and friendly mascot!
2. The Shiba Inu is a Japanese breed of dog that has become popular as an online meme and is associated with Dogecoin.
3. Dogecoin has one of the most active and most prominent communities in the cryptocurrency world. This group has banded together to support a variety of charitable endeavors and other ventures. They were also able to fund a NASCAR race.
4. Unlike Bitcoin, Dogecoin has no upper limit, which means more than 100 billion doge coins in circulation.
The Foundation of all languages is known as “Sanskrit.” The core words are taken from Sanskrit and then later modified accordingly by the people as per their convenience, because of this see a large variety of languages. Still, the abbreviations change; therefore, after every 2-4 km, the same language changes its tone by which it makes challenging for a newbie while communicating with the local people of a particular area.
These are some fundamental building blocks of the Sanskrit language. Combining these alphabets form words that are later combined to form a sentence or many sentences. In Forming sentences, there are some rules in Sanskrit, the law which we commonly called as grammar. The grammar of Sanskrit is a little hard to learn, but after learning, it makes it easy to form sentences and narrate them to anybody.
The primary source of all medical, chemical, and other proven knowledge has come from these scriptures written in Tad Patras, which were more durable than paper and sometimes waterproof. All the knowledge which we know today has come from Vedic Rushes. The Rigveda, Yajurveda, Samaveda, and Atharvaveda are Vedas famous in the Sanskrit language, covering almost all aspects of all subjects.
Sanskrit has the most extensive library of words; every word has a synonym in this language. In the future, NASA will use Sanskrit as their primary coding language because the research has proven that Sanskrit is better to code than in binary. The matter is the village in which the primary language of these local people.
Pollution is the leading cause by which the human is slowing destroying themselves including other living organisms. Because of these different types of pollutions, we are causing damage to all our nearby ones, including ourselves, birds, animals, fishes, and all other living beings. Carbon dioxide is increasing daily, which means the surface temperatures will also grow simultaneously due to excessive use of Refrigerators, TVs, Air Conditioners, Smart Devices, etc. E-Waste is also increasing due to toxic metals like Mercury, Potassium, Sulphur, Lead, and other hazardous chemicals.
Suppose humans created an eco-friendly, biodegradable solution for each polluting product, then there will be plenty of benefits for both environment and humans. The services will be:
1. All our domestic cattle animals, such as cows, buffaloes, bulls, etc., will get safer, and there will be a hazardous item they can consume.
2. All other vehicles, planes, trucks, trains, bikes, boats, etc. We, Will, shift towards the different fuels such as hydrogen, electricity, aluminum fuel cells, etc., which will reduce 1/3 of the pollution then and there itself.
3. All the energy production facilities will only use renewable energy and other respective non-polluting energy sources. This will reduce the number of radioactive particles in the air, and the air quality will be much cleaner.
4. The temperature of the atmosphere will be drastically reduced or will normalize, by this nature will start to heal itself, all the ozone holes will be closed, all the melting icebergs will again begin to freeze, and this will stop increasing sea levels in result the cities located near sea coast will be much safer to live.
5. the essential aspect of this change will be climate change; all the weathers will be stabilized, which will result in reduced deadly storms, no untimely rain, fewer chances of drought, etc.
6. Aquatic life will enhance itself rapidly, there will be less danger to coral riffs present in and out of the seashore, all the fishes will be saved from getting extinct. The remaining things will be stabilized and, in return, will get clean air with no pollutant to inhale.
So what do you think what can happen apart from this……..
We all use social media apps very often to not care about our privacy and share our sensitive information on the internet. The product for these companies by which they earn a profit, not small but huge the amount varies between Billions of Dollars the Big Tech Giants, such as Google, Facebook, Instagram, Amazon, etc. Take every bit of information which we browse on the internet. It uses search history, Browsing history, Gmail details, contact details, etc. All these types of information are collected and sold by these forms to every site or who wants this information to promote their product to their targeted audience.
If we carefully observe that, while browsing on the internet when we open a particular website, we all see the advertisements related to our previous search history. The system is this much integrated that even if sometimes, using a VPN is not enough to protect our data from these companies. Sometimes we can consider that they are taking our data for some important purposes. Still, nowadays, as hacking is very often, sensitive data from companies like Facebook is leaked or getting hacked every few days.
As revealed by a slew of whistleblowers, the global surveillance infrastructure and the potential weaponisation of data has created a perverse atmosphere where Privacy is just a figment of the imagination. Countries like China keep an eye on their every movement on the internet. In China, their citizens are not allowed to talk against their government, and the internet is also under the control of China.
Nowadays, Privacy is just treated as a joke. Where some companies are trying to protect the privacy of their users, for example, Apple. In Apple, the user’s data is treated as their priority, where all the information is kept encrypted.
Coronavirus An Artificial virus Or Naturally ModifiedVirus.
This pandemic firstly started in Wuhan, China. The first patient was diagnosed positive with the virus in December of 2019. It is considered that the virus was leaked from the research facility situated in Wuhan, China. Some people say that China was working on this virus for the last 3-4 years until they reached their specific goal; the virus was modified to attack the respiratory system of a being and then affect the lungs to produce excessive cough by which the breathing of a particular being could be challenging. It was contagious, which means it can spread quickly by talking, by air, by coming in contact with another human, and many more.
After few days, the virus spread rapidly amongst the citizens of China and later the whole world. If it is a secret bio-war? Started by china to establish their dominance over the globe to conquer or show their power to the world, these are not going signs because it may begin the cold war between China and the rest of the countries. Because in China, the possible Covid positive patients were ever recorded are 90,000 only from which the 80% are already recovered as per their sources. Then why the rest of the world is still facing this pandemic that came from this country. Suppose it was accidentally released from the lab, then why they are still hiding the sources of the origin of the virus.
If this virus was created by mother nature to protect herself and warn humans to stop their activities, such as excessive use of resources, another thing could destroy their own. If it is possibly true, then why it started only in china? Why not in any other country or place. Where there is perhaps the most destructive of natural resources, also as per rumors, it is considered that when some people were eating bat, then the virus was transmitted from this dead animal, after this, the virus self mutated itself to be compatible as per human body. And still, the virus is mutating and making itself more critical day by day.
In the end, whatever may be the cause of this pandemic, I would like to tell you that take care of yourself with your family.
All the existing vehicles will be electric, and most pollution will come to an end. The governments of countries such as all the European countries, Canada, USA, India, China, and other countries will almost become carbon neutral in teams of energy production. The growing energy demand will be fulfilled by renewable source energy such as Tidal energy, Solar energy, wind energy, etc.
Space mining will start by this time, which the resource will be extracted from the meteoroids, which can be used in further research studies and mine metals like gold, iron, copper, etc. This will form a completely new field in the space industry, giving a boost to space travel. By these means, humans can explore more insights into space easily. Mars will play a key role in exploring deeper space. This mining will be done on an asteroid belt situated in front of Mars. This red planet can perform the role of docking station for the raw material collected during mining and then as a transfer medium to transport it back to earth.
Quantum Computer is the fastest computer that humans have ever made. It is so powerful that if a supercomputer takes thousands of years to solve a problem, this monster can solve it in few minutes. This type of computer holds the computational power to simulate the prototype of the universe in just minutes. With this kind of power, the scientists will have the power to invent such bacteria’s which convert synthetic matter into organic matter. And with the combination of Artificial Intelligence Quantum Computer, the humans and I will solve most of their problems in just seconds. Quantum Internet a network where there will be no limits of speeds. All the data will be processed instantly, with no buffering, no lag, no latency. This network will be unhackable as the data sequences will be changing a trillion or quadrillion times per second.
Humanoid Robots will play a key role in changing our lifestyles; they will be replacing today’s IoT devices. These robots will be able to work 24/7 all day without any break, which will increase the production rate of a factory, and as these robots do not take a salary, this will be profitable for companies to implement. They will serve themselves as our everyday friend; they will communicate with us and have the ability to think and give their opinion on a certain topic while making conversation. These robots will help humans to take care of their child and pets.
In the other sectors such as medicine, Nanobots will be the next breakthrough by which humans can destroy lumps, cancer cells, and all other certain diseases as fast as possible. The technology in smart devices will be more advance as smartphones will be extinct, and smartwatches will take action as our smartphones with a very long battery life up to 2-3 months on a single charge. The holographic projection technics will be evolved, which will later replace TV’s, Laptops and Desktops.
Electricity is the future fuel of all existing and upcoming vehicles, machines, and other things. Before 2030, We humans will be part of an extraordinary historic moment: The first human to step on Mars. This can be from any country; this will set up a millstone for the space journey of humans. NASA is also planning to send humans again on the moon by 2024 by their Artemis Program. This the human will explore the blind part of the moon, which is untouched.
In the future, there will be wireless charging lanes that charge up the EV’s and will help the cars to maintain a high range. This concept is a bit expensive to implement, but its benefits are of its own. Also, it will power the electric Trucks( both Pickup trucks and heavily loaded trucks), it will benefit both conventional and other transport sectors. This wireless charging is the setup formed by loading copper coils to create a magnetic field and then transfer it to the opposite, which is present on the vehicle.
Overpopulation will be the leading cause because a significant part will not have access to clean water. By this, we may face problems regarding e-waste, plastic waste, medical waste, and other such wastes. The scientists will discover bacteria that can convert plastic into an organic form; due to overproduction, some regular living organisms will become extinct. People will face problems due to rising sea levels, increasing temperature, and climate change. Like the hurricanes will be more powerful and may occur frequently. Blackouts may be the common thing in many places, etc.
Other developments will be done in the medical sector. Scientists will discover antiaging drugs by which the human skin will remain fresh and healthy, cure many diseases, and implement A. I will increase the survival chances of an infected person. Artificial intelligence will play an essential in developing and making our life easier. Self-driving cars, trucks, airplanes will become a common thing. Quantum Computers will be the next generation of computers, which will help scientists solve significant problems as soon as possible.
Elon musk is the person of vision who has established his dominance over many sectors such as electric vehicles, the space industry, and recently satellite internet. He is the owner of the world’s most renowned companies, some of which are,
The Boring Company.
SpaceX is working on sending humans to Mars by 2025. For this, they have developed an efficient way which they call “Starship.” Starship is of its kind flying ship that is self-sustained in how it can take off on its own and land on the surface on its own. This Starship will play a key role in setting up a new colony on Mars.
At the beginning of the mission, there will be some complications about how the payload of the life support and all other necessary equipment will be delivered. There will be a small space center above the mars orbit waiting for the crew to dock themselves after completing the mission.
After landing on Mars, the crew will adjust themselves as per the situation. And from this, the jobs of various scientists begin; firstly, the geologist will per from specific tests to judge the various mineral values and different aspects. Then, the role of botanists comes where they examine the soil on Mars for testing the salinity of the ground.
And shortly after few days, the crew will come back to earth. This will be the start of humans settling on mars by 2050. In between meantime, the space travel industry will become a regular thing as we travel by airplane today. As there is water on Mars in the form of ice, there are some chances that it is possible to set a new civilization on this red planet.
PLASTIC is the great invention by Leo Baekeland in 1905, Which was the first synthetic compound mass-produced at that time. This was then later adopted as the universal alternative to the wood as well as the other natural compounds as it was easy to produce it in large quantities, in a short duration of time.
In the early 1950s, adoption of plastic was in high demand and a total of 6.3 billion tons of plastic was produced since then, from which 9% was recycled, 12% was burned and the remaining was left to decompose by throwing some into oceans, some in landfills, some on land, like this, it is increasing day by day from that year.
Till now we have produced the amount of plastic that weighs around half of the earth’s weight. Due to this the pollution rate has increased in a significant manner by which the marine life has affected a huge amount. Many fishes and other aquatic life have got extinct and it is continued till now.
World Without Plasticwould be much different to as it is today, In which the people would use organic instead of synthetic. which will be a boon for marine life and other living beings. The nylon, polyester, may not be existed and there would be a limited variety of clothes be excited due to which there would be many fever fashion item be ever made.
The digital revolution which we are in today would not be in existence, due to which we may be still be living in the early 1800s where there is no plastic in which we can print the PCB’s of the computers, no TV’s, no Phones, Music Systems, and many other things would not be there.
There would not be preserved food as plastic has good qualities to preserve any item for long time, then we could relay on local venders to supply fresh food to all the people, because of this we may have a problem that not every fruit or vegetable could be eaten at any time, and then we could eat these fruits and vegetables seasonally.
So, these are my thoughts on this topic, what do you think what could happen more ?. Please comment.
Petrol is the byproduct of crude oil which is extracted from deep sources beneath the earth. Which is further filtered to produce diesel, kerosene, etc. Now the 98% of the vehicles in the world are running on petrol and which is the major cause of pollution nowadays, only the Cars and Trucks are responsible for about 5% contributor to the pollution alone in which the main fuel of source is petrol with diesel. With the increase in use of petrol as the main source of fuel the carbon emission have seen an increment of an about 100% in last 100 years.
Petrol is a sustainable source of fuel as of now, till they are availability. But after the extinction of the petrol, we need to find more sources of the fuel which can take the place of petrol.next generation of fuels are as follows :
Hydrogen is a clean fuel that can be used in fuel cell, in which the byproduct only water is produced. Hydrogen can be produced from a various means of resources , such as natural gas, nuclear power, biomass, and renewable power like solar and wind. These qualities make hydrogen an attractive fuel option for transportation and electricity generation application. It can be used in cars, in houses, and in many more appliances for a clean energy.
Production of Hydrogen is done by various methods.
Thermal processes for hydrogen production typically involve steam reforming, a high-temperature process in which steam reacts with a hydrocarbon fuel to produce hydrogen. Many hydrocarbon fuels can be reformed to produce hydrogen, including natural gas, diesel, renewable liquid fuels, gasified coal, or gasified biomass. Today, about 95% of all hydrogen is produced from steam reforming of natural gas.
Water can be separated into oxygen and hydrogen through a process called electrolysis. Electrolytic processes take place in an electrolyzer, which functions much like a fuel cell in reverse—instead of using the energy of a hydrogen molecule, like a fuel cell does, an electrolyzer creates hydrogen from water molecules.
Biological processes use microbes such as bacteria and microalgae and can produce hydrogen through biological reactions. In microbial biomass conversion, the microbes break down organic matter like biomass or wastewater to produce hydrogen, while in photobiological processes the microbes use sunlight as the energy source.
These are some methods by which hydrogen can be produced.
Electricity is highly recommended source of energy as it is widely adopted by the mankind in the hole world. This type of energy is the clean and clear. And can be produced by various processes such renewable energy and non renewable energy.
Sunlight is one of our planet’s most abundant and freely available energy resources. The amount of solar energy that reaches the earth’s surface in one hour is more than the planet’s total energy requirements for a whole year. Although it sounds like a perfect renewable energy source, the amount of solar energy we can use varies according to the time of day and the season of the year as well as geographical location. In the UK, solar energy is an increasingly popular way to supplement your energy usage.
Wind is a plentiful source of clean energy. Wind farms are an increasingly familiar sight in the UK with wind power making an ever-increasing contribution to the National Grid. To harness electricity from wind energy, turbines are used to drive generators which then feed electricity into the National Grid. Although domestic or ‘off-grid’ generation systems are available, not every property is suitable for a domestic wind turbine.
As a renewable energy resource, hydro power is one of the most commercially developed. By building a dam or barrier, a large reservoir can be used to create a controlled flow of water that will drive a turbine, generating electricity. This energy source can often be more reliable than solar or wind power (especially if it’s tidal rather than river) and also allows electricity to be stored for use when demand reaches a peak. Like wind energy, in certain situations hydro can be more viable as a commercial energy source (dependant on type and compared to other sources of energy) but depending very much on the type of property, it can be used for domestic, ‘off-grid’ generation.
There are even more processes such as tidal energy, biomass energy.
2. non renewable energy
Coal comes from the remains of plants that died hundreds of millions of years ago. It has the highest level of carbon of all fossil fuels.
Oil – also known as petroleum – can be extracted and refined in order to make products such as gasoline, diesel, and jet fuel.
Natural gas was formed from the remains of tiny sea plants and animals that died millions of years ago. It is mainly composed of methane.
Nuclear energy is released when atoms’ nuclei are fused together (fusion) or split apart (fission). Nuclear power plants produce electricity through nuclear fission.
Nvidia launced GeForce RTX 3080 Ti, GeForce RTX 3070 Ti at Computex 2021
Nvidia has announced its 3080Ti along with 3070Ti which will give a competition to AMD’s Radeon 6000 series of graphic cards. AMD Radeon 6900XT is the best competitor of Nvidia’s 3080Ti. This is an update over RTX 3080 which includes an increment of 2GB GDDR6X which makes it in total of 12GB VRAM with GDDR6X memory. With an increase of about 18% in memory interface of 384-bit which same as RTX 3090 compared to 320-bit.
Specifications of RTX 3080Ti.
Boost Frequency : 1.67GHz.
Cuda Cores : 10240.
Tensor Cores : 320.
RT Cores : 80.
ROP : 112.
Memory Bus : 384-bit.
Memory : 12GB.
TDP : 350 watt.
Price : 1,22,000.
The RTX 3080ti is 1.5X faster than 2080Ti.
Along with 3080Ti the 3070Ti was also announced which comes at an price of 61000.