Importance of Aptitude test in our life

The Aptitude Test can be used as a measure of the abilities of a person. These tests give the complete picture of a person’s mind. The aptitude test is of a great importance for the students studying in school or those people who want to change their profession. The test will give them a precise result of what is the actual abilities of a person. The importance of an aptitude test can be understood by the fact that they being widely used now for various purposes. Some of them are:

1. Placement Purpose:

If a job requires some specific skill or some particular trait in the person, it is evaluated by aptitude tests. For example, if you have applied for a data entry job, they will test your data checking skills or if you have applied for a job in the technical field they will test your mechanical reasoning or fault diagnosing ability. Mostly, the aptitude test is used in conjugation with a personal interview or a group discussion or both for job placement. It is difficult to cheat in an aptitude test, therefore, they are considered reliable by most of the interviewers. These tests give the interviewer an idea of the natural abilities, strength, and weaknesses of the interview.

2. Choosing a Career:

The result of the aptitude test tells us about the skills or abilities of a person. This result is of great help in choosing a career. A person will get to know what he is good at and he should choose a career accordingly. For example, a person takes an aptitude test and the result shows that the person’s verbal skills are excellent but the numerical skills are very poor. In this case, rather than choosing a career which requires him to enhance his numeric ability, it would be beneficial for him to choose a career which requires his verbal skills. Therefore, an aptitude test becomes guidance in choosing a career. One should definitely opt for an aptitude test before choosing a career. The right time for this test is after passing the 10th standard exam. It will guide you to choose the correct stream.

3. Academic Improvement:

If a student takes an aptitude test, it will directly or indirectly tell him his strong and weak subject. The student can, therefore, work on his weak subjects and improve them.

How to Prepare for an Aptitude Test?

If you are appearing for an aptitude test which is competitive or for placement purpose, here are some tips which could be helpful to you.

1. Learn Basics: 

There is no particular syllabus for aptitude test. Anything could be asked of you in the test. So, it becomes necessary that all your basic subjects, especially mathematics, is clear to you. You should know all the basics you learned in the school.

2. Everything is Important: 

In a competitive exam, even a single mark become very important. So, you should not leave any topic while preparing. Even if you find a topic difficult, do not leave it. Read that topic again and again or take help from your teachers. You do not know what will come in the exam, so you should prepare all the topics very well.

3. Practice:

As it is said, practice makes a man perfect. You should go for mock aptitude tests. There are many books available for aptitude. The internet is flooded with aptitude tests which are free of cost. Go for them. The more you will practice, your speed will increase. You will also come across many different types of questions, which might increase your knowledge. It is also possible that you may get the same question you practised in the test.

4. Know your Weak Points:

You should know in which topics you lag behind. You should prepare those topics first because you do not need much time to prepare those topics which you are good at.

5. Do not Waste Time:

Time is very precious. If you get stuck on a question and you do not find any way out, leave it for that particular time and come back to it later.

6. Be Careful while Attempting:

Most of the tests have negative marking. So just do not attempt the question if you are not sure about the answer. Do not assume your answer to be right.  A zero is always better than a minus one.

7. Avoid Gaps:

Avoid gaps in your practising routine as it can decrease your speed. Large gaps can make you forgetful. If you have a busy schedule on a particular day, try to take out at least 30 minutes for practising questions. Do not waste any day without practising.

8. Have a Fresh Mind:

Aptitude needs a lot of concentration which can be devoted only to a fresh and peaceful mind. If you had a fight with someone or you are feeling low or you have diverted mind, do not practice aptitude. If you will practice aptitude at this instance, you will get all your questions wrong because you will not be able to devote full concentration.

9. Take Care of Yourself:

Body and mind are interlinked. For a healthy mind, the body should also be healthy and vice versa. Sleep well and eat well. Take at least 6 hours of sleep.

Conclusion:

It is very important to include aptitude tests in education. As most of the multinational companies take the aptitude test of the person trying for the job, the tips and tricks for solving the aptitude tests must be taught to the students from the very beginning. If the students practice aptitude tests from the very beginning they will be able to solve them in proper time correctly. This would be beneficial for them when they go for recruitment. The schools should test the aptitude of the students at regular intervals so that the faculty can know the weak areas of their students. Moreover, it will tell the faculty if there is any fault in the curriculum or teaching methodology.

How to Overcome the fear of public Speaking

Fear of public speaking is a common form of anxiety. It can range from slight nervousness to paralyzing fear and panic. Many people with this fear avoid public speaking situations altogether, or they suffer through them with shaking hands and a quavering voice. But with preparation and persistence, you can overcome your fear.

1. Start Small

If you’re new to the world of public speaking, start small. Find a few friends and family to practice on. Begin by speaking to smaller groups and build up from there. The size of the audience makes no difference. If you know your topic, your pre-speaking fear will quickly evaporate.

2. Prepare Thoroughly

Nothing helps ease the fear of public speaking more than knowing your material. The ability to connect with your audience comes from having the confidence you won’t get lost during your delivery. Rehearse several times before the big talk. Time your presentation and always have back up material in case time is left over.

3. Don’t Just Memorize the Words

Mastering the art of public speaking comes not from memorizing word for word your entire speech. The real pros know their material by remembering key points and prompts on subtopics and examples to cover.

4. Avoid Common Bullets

The majority of business presentations and speeches are boring monologues filled with endless PowerPoint slides and bullet points. Trash the PowerPoint presentation and make your material the focal point of the talk. If you do use PowerPoint, take the approach of using visuals that quickly convey your message.

5. Reduce Stress

The most fearful moment of any presentation is the one minute before your stage entrance. Use the tactic of elite athletes by visualizing a positive outcome and using deep belly breathing to reduce stress and build confidence.

6. Find a Friend to Focus On

Prior to your public speaking on stage introduce yourself to a few members of the audience in the front row. During your talk look these people in the eye to ease your nerves and connect with your audience.

7. Engage the Audience

Creating a monologue presentation puts the entire task of informing and entertaining the audience on you. Make your talk a two-way interaction with questions and participation to reduce boredom and speak with ease. Having the group involved also gives you time to reorganize your thoughts if things are going off track.

Make public speaking part of your marketing plan and boost your business success. Your fear will evaporate over time and you will wonder why you didn’t start sooner.

Conclusion

If you can’t overcome your fear with practice alone, consider seeking professional help. Cognitive behavioral therapy is a skills-based approach that can be a successful treatment for reducing fear of public speaking.

Source

https://www.briantracy.com/blog/public-speaking/27-useful-tips-to-overcome-your-fear-of-public-speaking/

Why Introverts make great make leaders

Many people assume that extroverts are the ones who make great leaders. However, this is not always the case. It’s no secret that extroverted people are known for being outspoken, loud, talkative, highly social, and outgoing. They are excellent public speakers, make connections, and are quick decision makers.

Reasons

1. Introverts are Humble

Humility is not a quality you will find in many leaders. But it is what has pushed many introverts up the chain of authority. It helps them in managing people and makes them want to serve other people no matter their level.

It is this trait that makes introverts quietly confident. And they don’t boast about their accomplishments.

2. Introverts Are Great Problem Solvers

When faced with a problem, an introvert will persist until they get a solution. After all, the ability to solve problems is a bonus trait for any entrepreneur. Albert Einstein stated that his ability to stay with a problem longer is what made him seem smart. If you can solve problems in your business, employees will always remain productive.

3. They don’t get easily distracted.

Introverts aren’t exactly disconnected from other people and their environment, but they are better able to tune out the noise and concentrate. They draw their energy from within, and therefore they can easily focus on the task at hand without being distracted by loud conversations or other office noise.

The ability to concentrate amid distraction further enhances the qualities that make introverts great leaders to begin with. Their motivation for quality and productivity is easier to maintain, and they can focus on the needs of their team members without being sidetracked by other tasks or demands.

4. They’re Great Listeners

Because they are naturally very observant and thoughtful, introverts are also excellent listeners. Great leaders don’t just talk, they listen intently — to their employees, consumers, and anyone else around them. They’re vocal about their ideas but are also open to feedback and change. They take their employees’ ideas into consideration and really listen when they’re upset about something.

Introverts also know that listening is the key to learning…and learning is the key to growth — both as a leader and an organization.

5. Introvert leaders have deeper connections

Introverts rarely exist on the surface. Introvert leaders are likely to have fewer yet deeper connections with people. When introverts network, they don’t flit from one person to the next. That takes up too much of their energy. They are likely to spend the entire evening in the company of a small group of individuals which results in getting to know them better and forging deeper friendships that last for years. Introverts, by listening well, also build rock-solid connections that are cemented in mutual admiration and respect for each other.

6. Introvert leaders are creative

The ability to think deep helps introverts to be creative too. They observe the nature, people and patterns and apply them to leadership challenges they face and come up with creative solutions.

Conclusion

Introvert leaders tend to be strong planners and motivated by long-term goals rather than immediate rewards. Introvert leaders are also motivated by productivity and seldom by ambition. Introverts are known to be highly creative and as a result, make wonderful creative leaders who see solutions in places where others don’t and provide abstract solutions where others can’t. So, embrace your introvert self and learn to leverage the unique traits that make you a better leader.

Source

https://www.greatplacetowork.ca/en/articles/5-reasons-why-introverts-make-great-leaders

Ways to motivate students to love the Subject

Lack of interest can be caused by difficultly concentrating, family problems, emotional difficulties, learning disabilities, and many other factors. Sometimes it’s just plain boredom – not everything is about fun all the time. Even the bubbling hormones running through the teenagers’ bodies can cause difficulty to concentrate on anything other than the schoolmate in the nearest chair.

TIPS

1. Develop A Reading Atmosphere:

It is often observed that students who have a keen interest in reading, develop a love for learning too because they are want to explore endless possibilities and opportunities. Reading not only helps them to develop a rich vocabulary, but it also helps them to process formal communication and concepts. Reading to the child frequently and having them read aloud will create an atmosphere for reading at home as well as in school. Let children pick their own book and make it fun for them instead of compulsion.

2. Encourage Different Types Of Learning Styles:

Every child has a different style of learning and there is no right or wrong style. Whichever technique the child is comfortable in learning should be encouraged. There are seven fundamental styles of learning, such as Visual, Audio, Verbal, Physical, Mathematical, Social and Solitary.

3. Share Your Enthusiasm For Learning:

When it comes to learning new things, enthusiasm definitely rubs off. Children definitely get inspired by you and if he/she sees that parents/teachers are enthusiastic about learning, they follow the same trait. Always tell the child that learning is a journey of exciting new discoveries. Take every opportunity and discover new information and see the child follow your footsteps.

4. Game-Based Learning Is The Key:

Game-based learning provides opportunities for deeper learning and development of cognitive skills. It motivates the children to learn more. When a child is engaged in a game, their mind experiences the pleasure of learning something new. This is the biggest factor in team-based learning. We often see the competitive spirit of the child come out in games and them wat to win it for themselves or the team. They want to perform at a higher level and outshine everyone. It’s a great way to introduce new ideas, concepts, and knowledge which motivates the children to learn.

5. Stay Organized:

Helping the child to remain organized will definitely go a long way in making him feel motivated to learn. Children at a young age are a bit disorganized which leads to being frustrated and worried when they cannot finish their assignment or project on time. When a child is organized, they feel in control, less overwhelmed and are motivated to learn.

6. Celebrate Achievements:

Celebrating and recognizing their achievements, no matter if they are big or small goes a long way in boosting their morale. It builds a positive environment and keeps them motivated to learn and challenge themselves to do better. It could be as small as getting ice cream or appreciating them in front of the whole class.

7. Make Every Day A Learning Day:

Turning every day into a learning day will help the child develop the internal motivation to learn something new(no matter how small or simple) in the classroom, at home or wherever he may be.

Conclusion:

So try these simple but effective ways to engage the Student in their learning process and make it a pleasant experience for them too. Student who take charge of their learning, become responsible and are driven to learn and explore new things.

Changes to be done in our Education System

A great majority of the engineers that are produced in the country today are unemployable. All of these cumulatively hint at the fact that there is indeed something that is wrong with the Indian education system. This article throws light at some of the ways in which we can bring about a change by improving the education system.

Education is not preparation for Life, its Life itself.

TIPS

1. Rote Learning

We have progressed with time; however, we still have not been able to move away from rote learning. The schools must be encouraged to introduce conceptual learning which avoids students to mug up what they are being taught. While this will help students to understand the concepts better, they will also be able to retain and apply them better.

2. Evaluation system

Marks still continue to play the most important card in deciding the future of children and this often comes down upon students as a burdening factor. The pressure of marks often makes students underperform.

Instead of focusing the evaluation on a three-hour exam, the focus of evaluation should be classroom participation by a student, projects, communication and leadership skills and extra-curricular activities.

Only then will the students give their best and be evaluated at their best.

3. Better training of educators

Teachers play the most important role in schools and hence, they should be given the best of class training. After all, they are shaping the future of the nation, the children. Teachers are often considered as second parents.

Thus, they should be imparted their training in a way that they can act as parents to the children away from their homes.

4. Technology

Students must be taught about technology right from the early years of their education so that it does not come like an alien thing in their later times.

Indian schools must embrace technology and education with an open heart and propagate the same to the students as it is there, where their future lies.

5. Equal respect to all the subjects

We continue to survive in the education system where science stream topples the stream hierarchy. Students are pushed to become a machine which only goes for high-profile subjects and subjects like languages, communications, arts are looked down and are not considered high-profile.

Students should rather be pushed to pursue the subject that they like instead of creating a differentiation between subjects.

Conclusion

The Indian education system must change for the better. It must give the students equal opportunities to shine better in the future. We need to let go of the old and traditional ways and enhance the teaching standards so our youth can get create a better world.

The Power of Consistency

Consistency is an art and the one who masters it is an artist. I believe that once you learn this art or start practising this art you can win like anything. Victory is guaranteed. This art is difficult because many people make it complex. Whereas, the nature of the art truly is extremely simple. YOU JUST HAVE TO DO IT.

Here are five benefits or reasons why consistency is an important habit to have. Knowing these reasons can be the motivation you need to give more attention to it.

1. It develops discipline and self-control

Forming a new habit can be challenging because it’s easier to go back to what you’re comfortable with. Your ability to be consistent requires self-control, which means you don’t allow yourself to get off track while staying focused on incremental improvement. This will help you develop the discipline required to keep going.

2. It builds a higher level of trust 

The level of trust you have with yourself shows up in the level of trust others have with you. Being consistent will help build momentum. This means you’ll also feel good about what you’re working towards.

3. It can fast track your improvement or development in any area

Consistency will lead to progress, which can speed up the achievement of what you want. This will build your self-confidence, which will help you set bigger and more challenging goals.

4. It will create accountability

Your results will reveal if you’re consistent or not. If you know you’re not on track, you can hold yourself accountable. This means you can adjust your actions or behaviour and keep progressing towards what you want.

5. It will help you stand out or be noticed

Small actions carried out repeatedly will amount to big results over time. When you do something for a long period, you will differentiate yourself from those who aren’t consistent. This can help you attract new opportunities that may not have been possible if you hadn’t been consistent.

How to be Consistent

Here are a few things to consider if you want to be consistent and become a more successful person.

  1. Have goals you want to achieve.
  2. Allocate time every week to the things that matter to you.
  3. Notice your triggers and what motivates you.
  4. Review your progress and ask for feedback regularly.
  5. Celebrate any successes you’ve achieved to maintain momentum and stay motivated.

Conclusion

You can accomplish anything you want in life if you have the right strategies and take the right actions consistently. When you accept consistency is an important habit, you can use it to your advantage, which will improve how you feel and the results you create.

Benefits of Self Learning

Students are beautifully made by nature, to self-direct their own learning. For almost all students, learning is innate, which is why they prefer learning on their own by exploring, observing, questioning, and participating. The learning instinct in them would work best if they are provided with opportunities to flourish

The benefits of self-learning can be different in terms of the types of leaner it develops. However in common, here are some of the importance and benefits of self-learning.

1. Learning at their own pace

During self-study, students learn at their own pace, focusing more on areas that interest them the most or that which they understand better. This helps reduce feelings of frustration, anxiety, or boredom that students may struggle with within a classroom setting.

2. Develops ownership of learning

This act of children taking up complete ownership of their learning can result in a sweep of knowledge for themselves.

They become their own masters. Students define what to do, how to when to, and how long to study or whether to re-study. By self-learning, students build an immense sense of self-confidence that helps them deal with all possibilities of their life.

They only get thirst to learn more and more but delve into deeper research to expand their knowledge. Such is the effectiveness of self-learning, which helps them to prepare for the future’s goal with resilience and complete immunity.
 

3. Better insights into learning

Students who self-learn have more opportunities to control their learning with better data insights. Learning Management System (LMS) these days come with adequate tools that let students be vigilant of their assessment performance with insightful data presentations and instant notifications about test scores.

Some software even details the number of time students spends learning with weblog analytics.

4. Freedom to use various models of learning

Students have a variety of learning modes to choose from. It could be from YouTube tutorials, books, podcasts, webinars, discussions, polls, activity walls, as they wish. Online learning software has most of these including self-learning through quizzes, PDFs, assignments, etc.
All that the students need to do is to choose the one that suits them the most that they find the most engaging and move on.

5. Most engaging learning experience through Mobile

Mobile learning is quite in now. Mobile tools as learning aids have become a part of higher educational institutions now.

Students use mobile phones to self-learn across multiple contexts, through social and content interactions. This sort of learning with their most favorite devices peps them up the most.

6. Learners demonstrate greater awareness

You know, self-directed learners demonstrate greater awareness while dealing with commitments. They are more focused when it comes to handling duties and responsibilities.
They even become ambassadors and try to generate awareness to their peers, and sometimes even to the broader community of learners.

7. Willingness to try out new things and learn new skills

Students’ curiosity to learn new things is triggered by self-paced learning. They nurture a willingness to try things out, view and handle problems from different perspectives, long for change, while they take pleasure in learning.

Students develop deep interest and enthusiasm while augmenting creative skills in the fields of sports, physical activities, singing, dancing, cooking, artworks, etc.

They also learn time management, how to set up goals, and move forward to achieving them. Students even bring forth strong problem-solving skills that give them the ability to identify problems and work on an effective solution to overcome them.

8. Students become an expert

Self-directed students become an epitome of perfection and exhibit characteristics that let their peers become motivated, persistent, self-disciplined, self-oriented, and target-oriented.
They develop a sense of accountability to comply with rules and become efficient and ingenuine.

9. Prompts more effective learning in students

Self-learners experience effective learning as they actively engage with whatever they learn. This has got more to do with an inner conscience that propels them to show more responsibility by moving from one topic to another.

Students start making connections to real life, which makes the learning remain fresh in their minds for the rest of their lives. In short, self-learners have a strong commitment to tasks, as they learn how to stick to a plan until they achieve their goals.

10. Boosts self-esteem and self-reflection of students

By self-learning, students become more confident learners. Being independent learners, they are well enough to try and master new things, all by themselves, which can be a major booster to the students.

Benefits of Reading Books

Books play a very important role in everyone’s life, especially in a students’ life. They are our best friends because they inspire us to do great things in life and overcome our failures. We learn a lot of things from them. Books are our best companions as they provide us knowledge unconditionally without asking anything in return.

Friendship with good books makes you a good person. In case when there is no one for your help, only these will become your companion in life. Books will always be there for you in your adverse times and bring positive value to our life.

“A room without books is like a body without a soul.”

They have always benefit to the reader.

1. Tell us about the History

In modern times, books are the only medium through which we can know about History. These tell us what all happened in the past. Books like “A Brief History of Time” by Stephens Hawking and “The Sixth Extinction” by Elizabeth Kolbert, etc. are some of the major books that tell us about the natural History of pastime.

2. Teach Positive values, Spirituality and Love

Books bring a realization of the values contained in our hearts. With the help of good story books, one can learn moral values, ethics in life, and become a good human being. It is necessary to gain some positive values in life which reflect the individual character as well as spirituality.

3. Make us Intelligent

Reading good books like autobiographies of many prominent personalities, philosophers and authors inspire us to become or to achieve something great like them. It also makes us intelligent as we gain a lot of knowledge by reading books.

4. Increase Self Confidence, Boost Memory and Imagination Power

Reading books and novels can also improve our memory, reduce stress, and increase mental power as well as knowledge. They also help us to improve vocabulary, concentration power & make our thinking skills stronger.

5. These are also the library of information

Books are considered as a “store of information” using which we can gain information by reading at any time. Reading is something that will always increase knowledge. Whether we study or teach anyone, knowledge goes on increasing with time.

Conclusion

Books are amazing things that can be both entertaining and beneficial to your health. They are almost like tools to a healthy lifestyle. Those who don’t read can’t understand the love for reading, but those who read on a daily basis know the importance of diving into a good book. The books that you choose to read is your preference. Often, people will read magazine articles or even textbooks if that is what they enjoy reading. Whatever you choose to read, you can count on the multiple benefits of reading to help both your mind and body.

Personal Development

Personal development skills are qualities and abilities that help you grow both personally and professionally. In other words, they are skills that help you nurture your personal development. Understanding and improving these skills can help you maximize your potential. This process is also known as self-development or personal growth.

How to improve your personal development skills

You can enhance your personal development skills by taking classes, learning from the people around you, gaining new talents and improving upon existing ones. Follow these guidelines to develop yourself personally:

Overcome your fears: Fear can prevent you from growing and progressing. If you are afraid of public speaking, for instance, take a class or join a group that helps people become better public speakers. If you are afraid of taking risks, find a mentor who can help you make good decisions and build your confidence. Grow and learn by trying things you might not be comfortable doing. If you are shy, try starting a conversation or introducing yourself to new people at a reception or workshop.

Read: Reading can expand your knowledge and vocabulary and keep you informed. It can also stimulate your mind and can improve your critical thinking skills. Try setting a goal to read at least one educational or motivational article a day, or one book a month.

Learn something new: Learn a new skill or topic, whether you do it yourself or sign up for a class. You might, for instance, take courses to learn another language, a new software program or how to write creatively. Consider watching a webinar on professional development topics such as entrepreneurship or social media marketing.

Ask for feedback: Approach a family member, friend, colleague or manager, and ask them to give you feedback on a recent project or accomplishment. Use their positive comments as well as their constructive criticism to find ways to improve. Sometimes you need an outside, unbiased opinion to get a different perspective.

Observe others: Watch and learn from the people who inspire you. This could be someone you know, such as a supervisor, family member or public figure. Identify the qualities you admire in them, and try to replicate those in yourself.

Network: By interacting with many types of people, you can learn new ideas and understand how to communicate and work with different personality types. You can also meet people and develop relationships that might help you in the future. Network through industry organizations and shared interest groups, or attend conferences and events on topics that interest you.

Keep a journal: Writing in a journal every day or week can help you gain self-awareness and reflect on recent events, decisions and conversations. You might keep a hand-written, private journal, or you might choose to share your thoughts and experiences by blogging. Use it to set and assess goals and progress.

Meditate: Many people meditate to gain clarity and awareness and to reduce stress and anxiety. Meditation can help you focus on your self-development and goals in a healthy, positive and calm way. Even scheduling a break from work or quiet time to yourself can help you relax and focus.

Get a mentor: If you need help identifying ways to build your self-development skills, talk to a mentor. This individual could be a manager, professor, someone you admire or a professional personal growth mentor.

Writing Tips

Every day, you write, whether it’s a college paper, blog post, work document, email, or social media update. Your writing represents who you are personally and professionally, so it’s worth it to hone your skills. Here are writing tips to help you communicate better in text.

How to get Started

1 Set writing goals

Maybe you want to write a certain number of words per day or upgrade your vocabulary. You can’t reach a goal unless you have one, so write that goal down and work toward it.

2 Write in the morning

For many people, writing comes easier right after a good night’s sleep. Grammarly’s research also shows early birds make fewer writing mistakes. (No matter when you write, Grammarly has your back. Try Grammarly to get more writing tips to help keep you on track.)

3 Write daily

Getting started on a big writing project can feel intimidating if you’re not used to the act of writing. Practice this skill daily—whether a short sentence or full paragraph—to get accustomed to the mental and physical concept of writing.

4 Get inspired by research

Before you begin writing, do some reconnaissance reading. Take notes as you read up on your subject material. Ideas will form as you research.

Here’s a tip: Once you’ve jumped into the writing process, don’t stop to do more research. Instead, add a placeholder like [RESEARCH] and keep rolling. You can come back to finalize facts and add references when your first draft is finished.

5 Always carry a notebook and pen

Inspiration can hit you at any time. Don’t leave a gripping pitch for a client, poetic sentence, or catchy project name to your memory. Write it down in a dedicated notebook, or create a note file on your smartphone. 

6 Experiment with writing prompts

One of the best writing tips for aspiring writers is using a prompt. You can find endless writing prompts online that are suited for all types of genres. Pick one that stimulates your imagination and encourages you to get creative.

7 Outline

If you often find yourself rambling on without a clear structure, start with an outline. Follow this simple, no-fail outlining process to organize yourself from the start.

How to prepare short notes for GATE Exam

Preparing notes is one of the important aspects of any students way of preparing for the GATE exam. It is very crucial to make notes so that you can revise the subjects in the last days of revision in the most efficient way. The notes must be precise and should be written in such a way so that you can revise the GATE Syllabus as soon as possible so that anything is not missed. Well, there is no method to make notes that one should follow, everyone has their own way to make notes but it is important so that it is helpful for you to understand at the time of revision and cover the full syllabus of GATE as much as it can. So if you are preparing for the exam then it’s very important to know how to prepare notes for GATE as the questions mostly rely on important concepts and formulae from the syllabus. So please go through this article to know how short notes as per the GATE exam pattern can help in your preparation.

How to make Notes for GATE:

A. Read the subject thoroughly:

  • Always read the subject fully so that you can understand what to know if you start to prepare notes before reading the subject then for the first few chapters you will make more notes than the other important chapters in the end.
  • The notes should always be precise hence to make precise study the subject and get the concepts.

B. Do, not Copy from textbooks:

  • Sometimes when students start making notes they generally copy the material from the textbook or article online. This must be avoided, because when we start making notes like that then when the notes are completed they become very bulky and not revisable in the end. Always prepare short notes and the material must be precise.

C. Use Highlights:

  • Always use some highlighting or coloured pens to make your notes helps you in revising quickly. Divide your concepts into the defined colours and use them to highlight your notes so you exactly know what you are revising.

D. If Possible make Digital notes:

  • Now-a-days people are preferring notes on an online/digital form like on Notes or google docs. This allows revising your notes anywhere and anytime on your phone, tablet or laptops.
  • Since the exam is going to be in an online form for GATE so it also prepares to concentrate on a screen for long as some students feel a little difficult to do so.

E. Be Disciplined:

  • Only notes preparation is not effective until we revise them. Hence it is very important to know that you need to revise the notes with a lot of discipline and also prepare them with discipline.

F. Don’t copy Be Original:

  • Make your notes by yourself. Sometimes we are influenced by others and in copying them we lose our originality. Make your notes yourself so that it is original in itself. The strategy should be made by yourself only.

Conclusion

There are still other innovative methods used by students to make short notes. Few students even jot down the points on the books itself in the margin area. Some students go to an extent of taking screenshots of the concepts and underlying the important lines in the screenshot itself. Hence, making good notes is vital for your preparation.

Qualities of a Good Leader

A leader is important because he/she can inspire others in a group or organization to achiever more and be better. A leader must have certain qualities that can turn her/him into a role model for others to follow and be respected. The different attributes can be learned through training and dedication.

1. Positive Attitude

Being the most significant characteristic that defines leadership, positive attitude is essential energy that a leader must have. Attitude is what shapes a leader. It’s not necessary that each member of a team will have the same approach, but imbibing a positive attitude in each of them can put an idea to life, regardless of the difficulty. Taking your group on an outing, offering snacks at work and appreciating each one without bias will keep them on track.

2. Accountability

Passing the buck on to others in situations challenged by failure is easy. But taking the responsibility of it and being accountable is what separates an employee from a leader. Accountability and Transparency go hand-in-hand. Larry Robins, a hedge fund maverick, once wrote an apology letter to his investors explaining about his failure to turn their funds into profit. Then, he started another hedge fund company without charging any brokerage free to his beloved investors to is what defines accountability.

3. Communication

Communication, as the definition goes, is the process of disseminating information from one party to another.  A leader must have the ability to communicate the vision in mind to his/her team members in a more definite and precise manner. Even a small amount of gap in communication can lead to chaos. Hence, the communication of a leader must be clear and crisp so that the entire team shares the same vision and goals.

4. Focus

The more a leader is focused, the better the outcome of his/her engagement with the team. The subordinates will typically follow the point of discussion set forth by the leader. ‘Focus is a trait that defines the pace of productivity and commitment to the team towards work. Therefore, it is important for the leader to ensure that the focus is crystal-clear and priorities for the team are set early on. Distraction from focus will eventually lead to poor productivity and hindrance in triumphing the goals set to be accomplished.

5. Responsibility

A good leader is never afraid to take responsibility. Inculcating this value will not only show that you are accountable and transparent but also will inspire others to take responsibility for their share of actions. While parents have a responsibility to nurture their child and educate them, a politician should give good governance to people of his/her country. While a teacher has a responsibility to inspire learning, a CEO has the responsibility to lead and execute a company’s strategies, and achieve the long-term goals.

Conclusion

The universal myth that leaders are born and not made is no more accurate, given the examples of several great leaders we have today. There is no denying that everybody can become a leader, but it is true that not every leader can be significant. A leader is one who takes up those and completes in collaboration with his team. Hence success and real leadership are synonymous.

Sources

https://grademiners.com/blog/leadership-qualities-that-you-must-include-in-what-makes-a-great-leader-essay

https://www.toppr.com/guides/essays/leadership-essay/

10 Things not taught to students in school or college

1. Get used to the ups and downs of life. In life , things are never always good or always bad. Learn to go with the flow and make the best of any situation.

2. People respect you more if you respect yourself. Do not show off before you prove yourself.

3. Do not make the mistake of thinking you can get a high post or attain overnight success after graduating college. It take a lot of hard work and effort.

4. If you think your teacher is strict, scary, hard, and dangerous, wait until you meet your boss. Your old teachers will pale in comparison.

5. Do not blame yourself for your defeat, just learn from your mistakes and move forward.

6. Your parents were not as boring and unimaginative before you were born, they matured after caring for and nurturing you.

7. Consolation prizes are only in school. In reality the rules are different for those who fail. There are No Second Chances for Losers.

8. In real life, you do not get vacation after a few months of work, like you do in school. You do not get the luxury of teachers i adult life. You have to rely on yourself and teach yourself.

9. What is shown on TV is not the reality of life. In reality there is Work and only Work.

10. Study Constantly and work hard. Do not tease your friends there may come a time that you have to work under them.

Let’s save the water together

Water has become a highly necessary part of human being’s existence on Earth. Thus, the importance of water can be compared to the importance of air. All living organisms whether it is human, animals, or plants. Everyone is completely depending on fresh and potable water.

1. Turn off the taps

Leaving a tap running while brushing teeth uses 6 litres of water a minute. And by fixing a dripping tap you can save over 60 litres of water a week.

2. Boil what you need

Only boils has many cups of water as you need for yourself or your tea round- you’ll be saving water, money, energy.

3. Shower with less

It’s easy to linger in the shower when you’re sleepy in the morning- four minute timers can help. And switching to an efficient shower head will allow you to lather up in less water.

4. Save up your dirty clothes

Washing a full machine load of clothes uses less water and energy than 2 half-loads. This means lower bills as well.

5. Get a low-flush toilet

The average UK household flushes the loo 5,000 times per year. Modern dual-flush systems use just 6 litres or 4 with a reduced flush , much less than the 13 litres for each old-style flush.

6. Eat less meal

Rearing animals of meat and dairy is incredibly water-intensive. By cutting down on the amount of meat you eat, you could slash your water use drastically.

7. Steam your veggies

As well as using less water than boiling, steaming retains more nutrients. If you do boil, try adding the water used as a tasty stock to soups. Or let it cool and use it to water house or garden plants.

8. Reduce food waste

It takes a lot of water to produce our cereal, fruit and other food. More than half of the 7 million tonnes of food and drink UK households bin every year could be eaten. So plan a week’s menu and go shopping with a list – get more handy advice from love food hate waste.

9. Time your gardening

Water outdoor plants in the early morning or at the end of the day. This stops water evaporating straight away in sunlight and heat. Also, water onto the soil rather than leaves. This makes sure the liquid goes straight to the roots, where it’s needed.

10. Catch rainwater

Installing water butts saves you turning on the tap to water the garden – saving up to 5,000 litres of water a year. And your plants will thank you for rainwater rather than treated tap water. You can also cut water use by 35% by watering plants manually instead of using automatic sprinklers.

How to learn new things

Find out new information

1. Follow the news to keep up with current events

You can learn something every day by paying attention to the news. You can watch news on TV or listen to the radio. You can also read traditional newspapers or follow online news sites.


2. Read books and articles to expand your awareness

Reading is one of the most effective ways to learn. Make a point to read every day. It can be for an hour before bed, or just for 10 minutes on your lunch break. Both fiction and non-fiction are great choices.


3. Explore the Internet to discover new things

The internet has an endless supply of information and there is more added everyday! You can use a popular search engine to search for a specific topic. 

4. Take a class to keep your mind engaged

If you’re already a student, you’re all set! But don’t worry, even if you’re done with your formal education you can continue to take classes.

5. Watch online videos to see how things are done

In addition to reading on the internet, you can learn a lot by watching videos. If you’re a visual learner, videos can be a really useful tool for you.

6. Ask questions to gather additional information

This is one of the simplest ways to learn something new. Make it a point each day to ask someone a question. No matter what you ask, you’re guaranteed to learn something.

Learn new skills

1. Study a new language that interests you

Learning a new language is a great way to expand your knowledge. You’ll need to go over your vocabulary and grammar daily, so this will help you achieve your goal of learning something new every day. 

2. Play a musical instrument if you love music

Learning to play a musical instrument requires daily practice. Each day, you can challenge yourself by learning new notes, new scales, or even a whole new song. 

3. Try dancing for a fun activity

Dancing is another skill that takes a lot of hard work. Try taking dance classes at a nearby community center or dance school. You can practice your steps at home and continually learn new routines.

Open-minded learning

1. Observe your surroundings to notice new things 

Learning something new can be as simple as just paying closer attention to the things around you. 

2. Keep your memory strong

You want to be able to retain what you learn, so work on keeping your memory fresh. Physical health is important for this, so eat a balanced diet and get regular exercise. You can also boost your brain health by doing crossword puzzles and playing other types of word games.

3. Apply your knowledge to your daily life

There are a lot of ways that you can integrate the things you learn into your routine. When you learn something that would be interesting to you, take note. Then think about how you can use the information to your advantage.

Sources

https://blog.thinkherrmann.com/learn-something-new-every-day

https://zapier.com/blog/learning-new-skills/

Benefits of Game Based Learning

Game-based learning, as the name suggests, is gameplay with defined learning goals, and designed to present subject matter in the form of a game to help learners understand the concepts. Often in a simulated environment and gain experience of their applications in a virtual environment before using them in the real world.

1. Development of  “Soft” Skills

Non-digital gaming develops valuable soft skills. Soft skills can be defined as people skills and management skills, a group of personality traits that can include social graces, communication, language skills, habits, empathy, time management, teamwork and leadership. They may also include other traits such as a growth mindset, self-awareness, and resilience. Participating in a card game allows players to develop these soft skills in a safe and nurturing environment. Players work as a team, practice oral communication skills, and learn to disagree, strategize, build consensus, and achieve a goal. 

2. Game-Based Learning Stimulates the Imagination

Game-based learning allows learners and instructors to visualize 3D models in real-time and at scale. This helps to make learning more contextual, more real and therefore more enjoyable and relevant to the learners. A virtually enhanced world encourages the learners to use their imagination and discover new possibilities in a fun and interactive way. Interactive learning facilitates deep learning, increasing the possibility of retaining information for a longer time.

3. Helps With Fast Strategic Thinking & Problem-Solving

Most games require children to think quickly. Moreover, they have to utilize their logic in order to think three steps ahead in order to solve problems and complete levels. This is great because it is something which helps children in later life as they develop their logic, their accuracy and their ability to think on their feet and outside of the box.

4. Sharpens Memory

Learning concepts through visuals leads to better retention power and sharpens the minds of kids. Visual Learning leads to a decrease in learning time, improves retrieval of information that leads to faster concept grabbing for students.

5. Allows students to judge their own potential in a wider peer group

In game-based learning which is implemented amongst a vast audience, the students can understand where they stand among their peers from all over the world. Learners can challenge other learners on various subjects and topics, thus understanding their potential level as compared to other people from their own school, country or around the world.

Conclusion

The aim of an educational institution should be all-round development of learners, and gaming is an important means of attaining that.

Sources

https://www.indiatoday.in/education-today/featurephilia/story/game-based-learning-358375-2016-12-17

Benefits of Bilingual Language

Being bilingual is a skill that is highly valued in today’s workplace and society. Being well-versed in two languages not only widens the career prospects but also broadens the thinking capacity and the knowledge-base of the individuals.

1. Cognitive benefits 

Bilingual students are able to use two languages at the same time, switching consistently, it develops skills for functions such as inhibition, switching attention, and working memory. Students who are being educated bilingually, often perform better on tasks which require multi-tasking, decision making and problem solving, even though they have nothing to do with the language.

2. Academic advantage


In addition to the enhanced cognitive functions, switching between two languages easily helps children develop their literacy skills and enhance their verbal intelligence and social skills.

Along with the flexibility of switching between languages will be a more flexible thought process. They learn to focus on the key elements of the conversation / topic at hand. Younger children learning in a dual-language environment understand more the finer points of how language works. Their logic process and ability to distinguish sound, intonation and accent makes them more likely to pay attention when a teacher is speaking in class.

3. Improved memory

Children who learn a second and third language have better memories and are more cognitively creative than single language speaking counterparts. Research has indicated that bilingual people are usually better at remembering names, directions and items than those who speak one language.

4. Broadens career opportunities

Being fluent in an extra language can make a candidate stand out among prospective employers. It also open doors to extra opportunities that those without these skills may miss out on.

5. Children with a bilingual education are more adaptable

Language isn’t just about learning sets of words and grammar, it is also learning about another culture and another way of life. The advantage of bilingual education gives children a broader outlook and brings them closer to different races and nationalities.

Source

https://blog.globalindianschool.org/my-child-can-speak-multiple-languages

https://www.npr.org/sections/ed/2016/11/29/497943749/6-potential-brain-benefits-of-bilingual-education

Tips to prepare for an Interview

When you’re interviewing for a job, the little things can make a big difference. Even a small mistake can cost you a job offer. Take the time to prepare so you can make the best possible impression at every job interview you go on.

These interview techniques cover all the basics you need to know polish up your interview technique and ace a job interview.

1) Be punctual

It is mandatory to be on time at a job interview. Not just on time: come early. It will show your future boss how punctual and organized you are. If you’re not 10 minutes early, you’re 10 minutes late!

2) Do research on the company

You need to know the company like the back of your hand. Make sure to visit their website and collect information about their history and values. In addition, they might ask you why you’re applying for this position.

Tip: work on the job offer to be ready to answer questions about the job. Per example: What are the tasks related to the job?

3) Body Language (nonverbal communication)

Nonverbal communication plays a major role in a job interview. Are you looking at your feet? Do you have your arms crossed? Do you lean on the back of your chair? All these signs will show inward-looking attitudes to the interviewer and he won’t feel free to get to know you better. Make sure to keep this in mind. Also, employers will be looking at your appearance and how you present yourself. Dress sober and clean.

Tip: Don’t forget to give a nice and firm handshake to the employer before and after the interview.

4) Be polite

Give your best smile and be friendly with every employee you will meet. The employer might ask employees what they thought about you after your interview.

5) Be prepared for your interview

If you want to show how serious and motivated you are about the job, always bring with you your CV, cover letter and references. The employer will be impressed by your organizational skills! 

Sources

https://in.indeed.com/career-advice/interviewing/interview-preparation

https://www.prospects.ac.uk/careers-advice/interview-tips/how-to-prepare-for-an-interview

How to improve Creativity

Creativity is the most difficult thinking skill to acquire, and also the most sought-after. We value it in our music, entertainment, technology, and other aspects of our existence. We appreciate and yearn for it because it enriches our understanding and can make life easier.

1. Keep learning

Once you’ve developed some creative skills, it’s important to keep on challenging yourself and acquiring new knowledge to inspire you and help you grow. Whether you simply make an effort to read more in your spare time, or look into taking more actual courses, constant learning is vital to boost your creativity.

2. Do what you love

When you actually love your job, you are naturally going to be more inspired and enthusiastic about creative problem solving and coming up with new ideas. A task that you keep putting off is going to be very difficult to approach with a positive, creative attitude.

Find a hobby that lets you be creative that you love to do, such as playing an instrument, painting, or even a sport that completely places you in the present.

3. Take a break

Although creativity is absolutely a skill you can train yourself to be better, it’s important to also not put too much pressure on yourself. If you’ve been sitting at your desk for hours desperately seeking new ideas and solutions and coming up with nothing, take a break.

Get a change of scenery, clear your head, and take your mind off the task at hand: when you come back to it with a fresh set of eyes, you might suddenly find the idea you’ve been waiting for sitting in front of you the entire time!

4. Surround Yourself With Inspiration

Surroundings also play a role in the creative process. Stimulating environments can facilitate creativity, so surrounding yourself with things that you find inspiring and motivating can help.

5. Make time for creativity

Many people make the mistake of simply waiting for inspiration to strike, and therefore don’t see creativity as a skill that can be honed and developed when you need it. Try to re-frame the way you see your creative skills and actually make time for creative thinking.

Conclusion

Creativity is not given to certain few individuals at birth. Most psychologists agree that creativity is equally distributed within the population. The truth is, most people use only a small portion of their natural creative abilities. However, if you implement the above tips, you will definitely notice a considerable improvement in your creative thinking abilities.

Sources

https://www.verywellmind.com/the-most-unusual-psychological-tricks-to-boost-your-creativity-4022442

https://www.edutopia.org/article/4-ways-develop-creativity-students

Importance of technology in education

Currently, we are living in a world of technology and we are simply surrounded by technology everywhere. Technology has just become an unavoidable part of our life. It affects our life in numerous ways like shopping, socializing, connecting, playing and most importantly learning. With the presence of technology increasing day by day it is of utmost importance that technology should be used for education as well. Technology basically plays a crucial role in the system of education.

  • First and foremost, technology greatly increases the scope of education. The correct use of technology will help the students to prepare for their future career. The access to technology has become very easy and convenient in the recent times and hence its importance has also greatly increased. With the advent of wireless technology, it has even become more simplified.
  • The integration of technology in the education system will be the most effective way of providing education. Most importantly, technology is a great way to achieve diversity in the styles of learning and this diversity will be of immense benefit for the students in their future life & career.
  • Technology provides an effective way of interaction. The students are able to interact with their classmates more and more by encouraging collaboration which is very beneficial for effective learning.
  • Technology helps the students to prepare themselves for the real world after the education is completed. As we are currently living in a technological world and the nation is becoming more & more dependent on technology it is extremely important that technology is inculcated among the students so that they do not face any kind of problem in their future life. The students are becoming tech savvy from their school life itself so they would not have to face any difficulties in their future career and life. Technology has the capability of making the students successful in their future and hence its importance.
  • Implementation of technology in the education system helps the students to focus and get engaged. The students of today simply love technology and hence they will definitely be interested in learning if the thing what they love is integrated into their system of learning. Technology will simply attract the students towards learning if technology is a part of the education.
  • The classroom has become a happier place with technology. The students get extremely excited about being able to use the technology themselves which increases their interest towards learning. With constant and continuing advances in the world of technology, the students are able to get improved access to the various educational opportunities.
  • Technology has been improving on a daily basis and with the advent of mobile technology which is readily available, the students are able to get the latest information at a single click. The access to information has become extremely quick and convenient at the same time which is much easier as that ever before.

Conclusion

Technology is helpful in many ways especially in terms of education. It helps students to develop interest and learn new things. Nowadays a newly born child gets used to a mobile phone and when kids will get their education on these platforms, they will just love it.

Sources

https://myessaypoint.com/the-importance-of-technology-in-education

https://www.cram.com/subjects/Importance-of-Technology-in-Education-Essay

Best places to study on campus

Studying is a must in college. It’s how you turn those grades into a degree. Unfortunately, studying can sometimes be a hassle to your busy schedule. Also, finding a quiet place to study and keep you focused can be an issue. Typically, it’s hard to study in your dorm or your apartment with all the distractions around you. You may want to hang out with your friends or watch some Netflix. However, you have to get up and start studying!

Here are some of the best places to study on your campus:

OUTSIDE:

Depending on the weather outside, studying under a tree or at a picnic bench can be the perfect study area. You can enjoy the outdoor weather while studying your notes and getting your homework done.  If you don’t want a lot of noise where you’re at, try finding a place on campus away from the dorms where you can study.

CAMPUS LIBRARY:

The most obvious option is the campus library. Everyone goes to the library for peace and quiet. It’s a distraction-free zone to get all your work done. Your library will usually have study rooms or quiet floors. Take advantage of the study rooms! You can rent one for a certain amount of time and its a great option to getting a lot of work done without distractions. Watch out during finals week in the library. Hoards of students will come to study and it might be a distraction for you. Try renting out a room a week or more in advance so you’ll be guaranteed to study without the distraction of all the new students in the library.

Empty Classrooms:

Another area to study is in an empty classroom. Generally, by the end of the day, most teachers and students will be out of the classrooms. This is your chance to study in a classroom where no one else can distract you and you can get some excellent studying done.

THE PARK:

Going to the park is a natural way to improve your mood as you surround yourself with nature. Furthermore, many people enjoy being outside rather than staying in a room or building. Consequently, studying at a park table, bench, or picnic area can boost your mood and inspire creativity and focus.

Not only do you receive natural light and vitamin D, but you also become more connected to the outdoors. Finally, consider bringing food and a drink so you can enjoy the breeze and eat a good meal. This will help you stay focused and provide optimal energy throughout your study session.

commons ROOM:

Finally, there’s the commons. Everyone knows about it, and only few utilize it for their studying needs.

This is a great place to study, so long as you pick the right times. It can get busy during meal times and other high traffic times throughout the day, but later at night or earlier in the morning, this is going to be one of the most quiet places on campus.

So if you’re an early bird or a night owl, definitely consider this option.

SOURCE:

https://www.thoughtco.com/places-to-study-3211504

https://howtostudyincollege.com/how-to-get-good-grades/where-to-study/

Tips of Hair Care

Spending too much on expensive shampoos, but not getting the desired results that you see in TV ads? It is mostly possible and very common, because we see overly exaggerated results on TV, since these ads are designed to attract customers. But, reality speaks a different story. Follow these easy and simple beauty tips for hair to give that luster and shine, and flaunt your hair like the models do…

TIPS AND TRICKS

1. Cleanliness is important

The most important reason for hair fall is dandruff and itchy scalp. Therefore, maintain good cleanliness for beautiful and healthy hair.

2. Avoid hot water

Skip hot water showers, because hot water will make your hair dry and brittle as it strips protective oils from your hair. Thus, prefer a temperature which is just a bit warmer than your body temperature.

3. For that shiny soft hair

Prepare a mixture of 1 cup of your daily conditioner and 2-3 tablespoons of honey. Apply this mixture evenly on your wet hair. Leave it for 30 minutes and wash it off thoroughly. This mixture will close down your hair’s cuticle and give your hair that amazing shine.

4. For bouncy hair

Apply a one to one mixture of warm water and apple cider vinegar to your hair. Rinse it thoroughly after 5 minutes to get rid of the apple cider smell.

5. For strong hair

Use almond oil to treat dry and damaged hair. It is a very simple procedure, pour some almond oil in a bowl and heat it for 40 seconds. Then evenly distribute on your hair. Leave it for 30 minutes and then rinse normally with shampoo and conditioner using cold water.

6. Moisturize your hair

Pour a little beer in your wet hair. Distribute evenly and massage your scalp with your fingers for 20 minutes. Then rinse it thoroughly to get rid of the beer smell. Do this procedure once a week for salon smooth hair. It is recommended that people with sinus and cold should avoid using this treatment.

7. Let your hair air-dry

Allow your hair to dry by itself instead of using a blow-dryer or hot rollers. Using this artificial mode of drying technique will make your hair more brittle and dry. If you have no time to let your hair air dry, then use blow-dryer sparingly and make sure you use a warm setting instead of a hot setting.

8. Good diet

Drink lots of water and eat a healthy diet of raw fruits and vegetables. The most effective home treatment for hair care is a healthy diet. You are what you eat, and what you put into your body will be reflected on the outside.

Sources:

https://www.femina.in/beauty/hair/homemade-hair-care-tips-109902.html

https://www.lorealparisusa.com/beauty-magazine/hair-care/all-hair-types/best-hair-care-tips.aspx

Tips to boost your immune system

In the current pandemic, “How to strengthen the immune system?” “What are immunity-boosting foods?” “How to improve immunity?” “Foods that help you boost your immune system?” are some of the most searched queries. There are many ways to boost your immunity naturally or by supplements. Here are some immunity boosters you should include in your daily diet. 

1. Eating the right food

Eating a healthy and well-balanced diet is one of the most important things to boost your immunity. Try to include whole foods, fruits in your diet, and avoid taking a large amount of salt, sugar, or processed foods.

Nutrients are an essential part of building a healthy immune system. A good healthy diet with plenty of fruits, vegetables and lean protein is a good source of most of these nutrients. Supplements can be included as per the advice of your doctor to fill any nutritional gap.

Vitamin A: It is a powerful antioxidant and acts as a natural defence against illness and infection.

Source: Sweet potatoes, pumpkin, carrots, and squash.

Vitamin C:  It is an antioxidant that fights against free radicals in the body.

Source: Citrus fruits (like orange, lemon), leafy green vegetables, strawberries, carrots, bell peppers and many more fruits and vegetables.

Vitamin D:  Vitamin D protects you from a number of health problems and it keeps your teeth, bones, and muscles healthy. The body creates vitamin D from sunlight on the skin when outdoors, but you may need a supplement to fulfil the requirement.

Source:  Sun

Vitamin E: Antioxidant that fights infections in the body.

Source: Spinach, almonds, peanuts, broccoli, and hazelnuts.

Folate (folic acid): It helps the body form healthy red blood cells. Folic acid deficiency can lead to a weakened immune system. Folate reduces the risk of unusual birth defects such as spina bifida in unborn babies.

Source: Beans, peas, leafy green vegetables, broccoli, and brussels sprouts.

Iron: Iron forms an important part of haemoglobin that absorbs oxygen and carries it in the blood to take it to the rest of the body. 

Source: Beans, nuts, fortified breakfast cereals, soybean flour, and dried fruit. 

Zinc: It helps to control inflammation in the body.

Source: Beans.

2. Exercise

Engaging your body with regular exercise daily or 3-4 days a week can strengthen your immune system. Other than this, it also helps you sleep better and reduces your stress levels.

3. Get Quality Sleep

When you sleep, your body produces proteins called cytokines, which fight against infection and inflammation. So, not getting enough sleep will impact the immune system. If throughout the day your body is feeling fatigued then probably you aren’t getting enough sleep.

4. Manage stress

There is a wide body of research that links stress levels with immune function.

When we’re stressed, the immune system doesn’t function as well. That’s because stress causes the body to release hormones, such as adrenaline, dopamine, norepinephrine, and cortisol, which can decrease the body’s ability to make lymphocytes — the white blood cells that help fight off harmful viruses or bacteria. 

Some activities that help alleviate stress include meditation, yoga, and grounding techniques like mindful breathing.

5. Drink plenty of water

To function properly, your immune system relies heavily on the nutrients in your bloodstream, which mostly consists of water. Without water, the cells and tissues of your immune system don’t receive the nutrients they need. Your immune system also relies on water to flush out germs and waste materials.

Conclusion:

You can make several lifestyle and dietary changes today to strengthen your immune system. These include reducing your sugar intake, staying hydrated, working out regularly, getting adequate sleep, and managing your stress levels.

Sources:

https://www.insider.com/how-to-boost-immune-system

https://www.insider.com/how-to-boost-immune-system-quickly

How to overcome DEPRESSION

If you feel depressed, it’s best to do something about it — depression doesn’t just go away on its own. In addition to getting help from a doctor or therapist, here are 5 things you can do to feel better.

Depression makes you cynical and is deeply self-damaging. Depressed people only hurt themselves more.

Ways to overcome Depression:

1. Exercise regularly

Exercising regularly is one of the best things you can do for your mental health. According to me exercise can help in the treatment and prevention of depression in several key ways:

  • It increases your body temperature, which can have a calming effect on the central nervous system.
  • It releases chemicals like endorphins, which can boost mood.
  • It reduces immune system chemicals that may worsen depression.

2. Get plenty of sleep

Getting plenty of high-quality sleep is necessary for both mental and physical health. According to the National Sleep Foundation, people with insomnia have a tenfold risk of developing depression compared to those who sleep well.

To get better sleep, you can:

  • not look at any screens for two hours before bed (including your phone!)
  • meditate before bed
  • have a comfortable mattress

3. Stay away from toxic people

We’ve all met that person who just makes us feel bad about ourselves. Sometimes they’re an outright bully, and other times they subtly put us down to make themselves feel better. They may even be someone who takes advantage of us. Regardless of the specific situation, toxic people should be avoided at all costs. They can lower our self-esteem.

To avoid toxic people, you should:

  • Stay away from anyone who makes you feel worse about yourself.
  • Cut people out of your life who take advantage of you.
  • Know the signs. If someone spreads rumors or talks badly about someone as soon as they leave the room, they’re likely to do the same for you.

4. Nurture yourself with good nutrition

Depression can affect appetite. One person may not feel like eating at all, but another might overeat. If depression has affected your eating, you’ll need to be extra mindful of getting the right nourishment. Proper nutrition can influence a person’s mood and energy. So eat plenty of fruits and vegetables and get regular meals.

To prevent depression with your diet, you should:

  • Eat balanced meals with lean protein, and lots of fruits and vegetables.
  • Reduce high-sugar and high-fat foods.

5. Try to notice good things

 Depression affects a person’s thoughts, making everything seem dismal, negative, and hopeless. If depression has you noticing only the negative, make an effort to notice the good things in life. Try to notice one thing, then try to think of one more. Consider your strengths, gifts, or blessings. Most of all, don’t forget to be patient with yourself. Depression takes time to heal.

Conclusion:

Depression can make you feel like you’re living in a black hole that you’ll never escape. Fortunately, that’s not true, and you can learn how to stop being sad. One day, you’ll make it out and find that your life has a lot of greatness to offer you.

Keep in mind that although the above suggestions can be effective, depression that perseveres should be investigated further, and seeing a doctor to talk about any symptoms and get medical advice is a step in the right direction.

Sources:

https://kidshealth.org/en/teens/depression-tips.html

https://www.lifehack.org/articles/lifestyle/fifteen-simple-ways-overcome-depression-and-sadness.html

How to get Healthy and Glowing Skin

Tips

Glowing skin means different things to people. Many people use the term to refer to skin that looks healthy and “awake” rather than dry, dull, or unevenly textured. For some, healthy skin results in a natural glow.

Healthy skin is something that most people can work towards. Typically, healthy skin will appear:

  • smooth, with few breaks or blemishes
  • adequately hydrated, being neither too dry nor too oily
  • fairly even in color, rather than red or inflamed

It is important to note that healthy skin does not mean perfect skin. Perfect skin is not attainable. Skin can be healthy and glowing, while also having normal characteristics, such as:

  • visible pores
  • fine lines and wrinkles
  • birth marks
  • occasional blemishes

Skin Care:

Cleansing

Cleansing products help remove dirt, makeup, and excess oil from the skin. When choosing a cleanser, it is important to look for one that is gentle, pH-balanced, and does not include harsh chemicals or soap.

Cleanse the skin upon waking up, before going to sleep, and after sweating. Use warm water rather than cold or hot, and pat the skin dry with a clean towel.

Moisturizing

Moisturizers add water to the skin. For best results,  recommends applying moisturizer immediately after cleansing in order to to trap moisture in the skin.

People with oily skin may prefer an oil-free moisturizer, while those with dry skin may prefer something heavier that contains oils or butters.

Sun protection

Sunlight contains UV light, which can cause burning, sun damage, and visible signs of aging. Applying an SPF product before going outside is an easy way to reduce the risk.

Apply sunscreen to all areas of exposed skin, including around the eyes and neck. When the sun is at its strongest, stay in the shade or wear lightweight clothing and a hat to cover the scalp.

Diet For Glowing Skin

A) Best Fruits For Glowing Skin

  • Papaya
  • Oranges
  • Banana
  • Guava
  • Mangoes
  • Kiwi

B) Best Vegetables For Glowing Skin

  • Carrots
  • Spinach and other green leafy vegetables
  • Broccoli
  • Tomatoes
  • Bell peppers

C) Dry Fruits

  • Almonds
  • Walnuts

D) Green Juice For Glowing Skin

This green juice contains a plethora of essential vitamins and minerals that will maintain the health of your skin from the inside and make it glowing and soft.

E) Drink More Water

If you’re exercising regularly, it’s essential to replace the fluids that your body loses through sweat. Drinking the recommended daily amount of water (approximately 8 glasses or 2 litres) keeps your skin hydrated and can help prevent it from feeling dry, tight and losing its natural, healthy-looking glow.

Conclusion:

Naturally glowing skin is typically skin that is healthy and hydrated. People can work towards this by gradually implementing a skin care routine, as well as by making changes to their diet or lifestyle where necessary.

Sources:

https://www.thebodyshop.in/how-to-get-glowing-skin

https://www.stylecraze.com/articles/simple-home-remedies-for-glowing-skin/

How YOGA is an essential part of our life

Yoga is a systematic practice of physical exercise, breath control, relaxation, diet control, and positive thinking and meditation aimed at developing harmony in the body, mind, and environment. The practice entails low-impact physical activity, postures (called asanas), breathing techniques (pranayama), relaxation, and meditation. Most people are familiar with the physical poses or yoga positions but don’t know that yoga involves so much more.

Yoga

BENEFITS OF YOGA :

1. Yoga benefits in weight loss

Sun Salutation and Kapal Bhati pranayama are highly useful for losing weight. Moreover, with regular practice of yoga, we tend to become more sensitive to our body and its needs. This, in turn, helps keep a check on our food intake and body weight.

2. Yoga Gives you Better Flexibility and Posture

Yoga must become a part of your daily routine to get a body that is strong, supple, and flexible. Regular yoga practice stretches and tones the body muscles and also makes them strong. It also helps improve your body posture when you stand, sit, sleep or walk. This would, in turn, help relieve you of body ache due to incorrect posture.

3. Yoga Improves Immunity

Our system is a seamless blend of the body, mind, and spirit. An irregularity in the body affects the mind and similarly, unpleasantness or restlessness in the mind can manifest as an ailment in the body. Yoga poses help massage organs and strengthens muscles while breathing techniques and meditation release stress and improve immunity.

4. Boosts Your Self-Confidence

As yoga aims towards improving your mind-body connection, your self-esteem increases. It teaches you to accept yourself and your body without any judgment. This helps in increasing your self-confidence.

5. Brings Positivity in Life

When you perform yoga on a regular basis, there are many hormones in your nervous system that get stabilized and help you calm down. Yoga helps you connect with your inner self, which brings clarity and encourages you to focus on your life goals. You begin to look at your life with a renewed zeal and energy.

6. Yoga helps for inner peace

We all love to visit peaceful, serene spots that are rich in natural beauty. Little do we realize that peace can be found right within us and we can take a mini vacation to experience this any time of the day. Yoga is also one of the best ways to calm a disturbed mind.

7. Improved Concentration

Practicing even basic yoga exercises can help relax the mind and senses. A calm and healthy mind helps focus better. The ability to focus on one thing at a time is imperative to improved concentration. While there are emotional exercises prescribed by psychologists to develop laser-like focus and concentration, science is witness to the finding that nothing works better than an hour devoted to yoga every day.

8. Improves Your Sleep

As yoga relaxes your mind and helps reduce stress, it facilitates better sleep. It also improves your sleep patterns. Once you start a regular daily practice of Yoga and meditation you will see your circadian rhythm stabilize.

9. Helps in Anger Management

You can control your anger issues by performing yoga on a regular basis. The meditation and breathing exercises calm your nervous system, which decreases your anger and irritability. This results in reduced blood pressure and helps you lead a healthy and stress-free life.

10. Builds Muscle Strength and Tone

For the health-conscious, adding yoga to a daily exercise routine can increase strength and build muscle. Though many people practice yoga as an essential weight loss measure, specific yoga poses are designed to enhance body strength and sufferance.
Balancing yourself on one leg or your arms and holding these poses for a specified time helps increase your muscle strength and tone. Also, practicing a series of sun salutation cycles every day shapes muscles in your arms, legs, abdomen and back, and increases your core strength.

Conclusion:

Thus, it can be said that yoga is a miracle and if it is done then it will guide you throughout your life. 20-30 minutes per day Yoga can change your life forever by promoting the balance between your physical, mental and spiritual health.

Sources:

https://www.fastread.in/explore?infoID=1003

https://www.hopkinsmedicine.org/health/wellness-and-prevention/9-benefits-of-yoga

HOW TO MANAGE OUR PRECIOUS TIME

Time management is the ability to use time efficiently, which gives maximum benefit. It is said that if you acquire this technique then you can achieve anything in life, although efficient time management seems as easy as it is not easy. It takes too much effort in efficient time management. Self-discipline is the key to managing your time well.

TIME

 “If you can not manage your time, you will not be able to arrange any other part of your life”

Importance of time management

IMPORTANCE OF TIME MANAGEMENT

Good productivity

When you have a plan, you just have to implement it correctly. There is no need to waste time for what you do not have to do in the work, but what to do next, so that the level of productivity needs to be increased.

Increase motivation level

When you set a goal, it is imperative to increase your motivation level naturally. Work hard to get your goal so that you can prove yourself.

Make better decisions

Time management is about making the right plan of time. When you plan your work, evaluate all the good and evil that helps you make better decisions.

Increase in quality of work

If you will see what you need to do and what to do during your day, then the planning part will be completed automatically. You only need to pay attention to your work, which will increase the quality of your results.

Less Stress

Time management helps you to accomplish your tasks in less time and with fewer efforts. In this way it is also a great way to deal with stress.

Tips for efficient time management

TIPS

Here are some suggestions that can help you manage your time efficiently:

Make a list

Pick up pen and paper, write down all the necessary tasks that you complete in the morning every day.

Prioritize your work

If you have written all your work on paper then give them priority immediately. Do not ignore the importance of fulfilling your tasks in the correct order.

Scheduled time

To manage your time efficiently, you have to set the time to complete each task you write.

Check

Keep doing things as you have come to fulfill them. Along with the happiness of success, it inspires you to work hard.

Take off

Do not work one after the other. This can make you feel frustrated that can interfere with your productivity. Therefore it is often recommended to take a break in between the tasks.

Sleep well and eat healthy

If you do not complete your 7-8 hours of sleep every night, you will not be able to concentrate on the work, so that time management will be affected. Balanced diet pays a bigger role in time management.

Exercise

The workout is very useful for time management. It not only keeps you fit but also reduces stress levels and increases your strength to focus. With this you can manage your time well and complete your tasks efficiently.

Conclusion

Arranging time is easy to speak instead of doing it Dedication and determination are needed to stay focused on your goal and manage your time efficiently. Once you master this art, you are sure to succeed in your work.

Source

https://corporatefinanceinstitute.com/resources/careers/soft-skills/time-management-list-tips/

https://memory.ai/timely-blog/time-management-techniques

OPPORTUNITIES AFTER GATE EXAM

The GATE exam is one of the most prestigious exams for engineers who are aiming to secure a job in PSU’s and Govt. sectors or pursue higher education in the premier institutes such as IIT’s/NIT’s/IISc etc. Now students in the third year of engineering can also appear for GATE which will give them an opportunity to outshine themselves and help them ace the exam one year prior.

Apart from the career opportunities defined above, GATE is the pathway to many other opportunities which would provide wings to the careers of candidates.

For candidates who are still having doubts regarding preparation for GATE Exam, here is a list of 7 reasons why one should prepare and attempt to ace at the GATE exam which will surely boost their morale and compel them to prepare and excel for the GATE Exam.

1. Assured Job Placements

  • Companies are more inclined towards recruiting M. Tech (ME) students during placements. More jobs in R&D departments generally are offered to GATE qualified candidates as compared to BE/B. Tech students.
  • It is an opportunity for a student to get technical profile jobs in their dream companies. The top-rated universities offer highly paid packages to GATE qualified students too.

2. Expertise in subject/domain specialization

  • It is an opportunity for students to earn Masters in Technology degree in their area of interest subjects, for those students who have missed their chance of IIT’s, IIIT’s and NIT’s in their JEE Advance or JEE or AIEE exam.

3. Stipend and scholarship

  • Reputed Institutes like BARC also considering or Specify GATE SCORE CARD mandatory for their various courses offered by the institute. It is also a stipend-based course with an average stipend of ₹ 15000/- to ₹ 20000/- for GATE qualified students. Some courses named as self-supporting courses also asked for a valid GATE Score Card in BARC.

4. Junior Research Fellowship

  • GATE qualified candidates in the Engineering discipline are also eligible for the award of Junior Research Fellowship(JRF) & Senior Research Fellowship(SRF) in CSIR Laboratories. JRF & SRF are stipend bases fellowships. The stipend amount generally lies between ₹ 15000/- to ₹ 20000/- for CSIR laboratories.

5. PSU hiring

  • Even if you are not interested in the master’s degree, there are public sector companies which recruit through the GATE score.

6. Post-Graduation from abroad

  • Quite a few foreign universities in Singapore and Germany consider the GATE score for their entrance process. This could open up international opportunities for you – both academically as well as professionally.

7. Teaching Jobs

  • M. Tech (M.E) Degree also provides the opportunity for those who wish to apply for faculty in top educational universities. These top educational universities offer Asst. Professor designation to their candidates with highly paid packages of 5-7 lacs per annum.

CONCLUSION

Quality preparation, as well as rigid discipline, is required to ace the GATE exam as it tests the knowledge and understanding of various engineering fundamentals. 

SOURCES

https://www.careerlauncher.com/gate/why-gate.html

https://www.geeksforgeeks.org/benefits-of-writing-gate-exam/

STAYING MOTIVATED WHILE STUDYING

Some people say that the hardest step in studying is to get started. Once you have taken the first step, the rest is easy, they suggest.

Other people, however, find it difficult to stay motivated when studying, especially when the end seems a long way away.

ttps://images.app.goo.gl/a6rHK581RBYowCfeA

A Strategy for You👉

There is no single strategy that will work for everyone in supporting ongoing motivation.

However, there are plenty of options that you can try, to see if they work for you. If they do, you should incorporate them into your ongoing strategy. If not, then put them aside and try something else.

The important thing is whether your strategy keeps you motivated, not whether other people agree with you.

Tips for staying motivated👇

1. Designated study space

The first step to help you motivate yourself to study at home involves creating a designated space for your learning and revision to take place. Whether it’s a desk in your bedroom, or a portion of the kitchen table, make sure you sit in this same space each time you want to study, so your body gets into a routine of knowing that this is the space in which it needs to focus. 

2. Effective study schedule

One of the greatest benefits of getting up and going into school and/or college or university, is that you follow a structured timetable that helps your body get into routine. As humans, we need routine to help our brains know where and when to focus our attention, as well as when to relax. Therefore, it’s essential you create your own schedule/timetable to ensure you can study efficiently at home.

3. Break the task down into manageable chunks

A big task, such as writing a dissertation, or revising for an extended period, can be demotivating because it seems so big.

Breaking the task down into manageable chunks can therefore help make it seem less daunting.

4. Try different study approaches

Especially when you first start studying, you will not necessarily know what works for you. 

tps://images.app.goo.gl/Lpx19WcA7caLYqDA9

It is therefore worth trying different approaches, to see which you find most productive.

It is also worth varying your studying to keep you interested. Some days you may want to look at one subject, and try another on a different day. You may also find it helpful to vary your style of working. You could, for example, try working in different places, and varying whether you work alone or with friends.

5. Exercise regularly

When you’re focused on studying for a major exam, it’s common to overlook exercise.

But, as far as possible, get 20 to 30 minutes of physical activity every day.

This is because regular exercise is vital if you want to study effectively and stay motivated.

Aerobic activity, such as swimming, jogging or walking, sends oxygen, blood and nutrients to your brain.

This helps you to think and concentrate.

Conclusion

The key to getting motivated to study is organising your time and work, and knowing how to use your mind effectively.

Sources

https://www.daniel-wong.com/2018/04/23/get-motivated-to-study/

https://learningenglishwithoxford.com/2020/03/30/five-motivated-studying-home/

KEY TO SUCCESS IN LIFE

What is Success ? 👈

Success is something that makes our life meaningful. It is the highest point in the ladder that one wishes to climb upon. We all would have played the game of snake ladder. In this game, we are bitten by the snake many times especially when we reach easily towards target. The same is the story of success. The ladder for the success is full of challenges and we have to be ready to face and overcome these challenges to be successful in our life.

We need to work hard and value our time to make our dreams come true. Success is only granted to those who deserve it. They are the people who work accordingly to accomplish the goals of their life and make their dreams come true. Failure is a part of success. Despite being depressed with our failure we must try to learn from it. It helps us in knowing about our mistakes. The meaning of success is different for everyone. To someone, it is getting a good position, good wealth, etc. According to me, the real success lies in thing that you love and want to do. Success in that thing will make you happy and satisfied. For example dancing, singing, studies, sports, etc.

Steps For Success👇

  • Decide the Goal – We all must have a goal in our life. Life without aim is of no value. An aim in our life helps us to be focused and think about accomplishing the same.
  • Time Management – It is the most important factor that is required for getting success in life. Time lost can never be brought back. Everything in this world is meant to be done in a definite period of time. Therefore we must realize the importance of time and work accordingly to get rewarded with a happy and successful life.
  • Motivation – Everybody in this world needs an inspiration that helps us in pushing forward to accomplish our goals of life. It is something that instills a spark in us and gives us positive energy to work with dedication.
  • Hard Work – There is no substitute for the hard work in the process of becoming successful. There are people in this world provided with luck or genius minds but hard work is necessary for everyone. It is considered the key to success irrespective of the field.

How is Success Important in Our Life?👀

We all work to achieve something in our lives. The goals can vary but the final destination for everyone is getting successful. It is very important for us to become successful in our lives. It gives us a good name and recognition in our society. Success makes us more confident and happier in life. It also provides us great inner satisfaction as attaining success means getting the thing that we desire and love doing in our life.

It is most important for the survival of human beings. It opens up the doors of different opportunities for us. Success gives us the encouragement to move forward in our life. We can never live our life without encouragement or motivation. Success is something that makes our life meaningful and optimistic. It is something that gives a proper direction to our life. The successful people are an exemplar for other people in the society.

Conclusion💁

It is always said that in order to gain something in our life we have to sacrifice something. Success is also about the same. We need to leave our lazy behavior and luxuries of life far behind to become successful. This can be realized by you once you become successful in your life. And you feel proud of yourself that day.