With the increase in population through these years in India, the unemployment rate has taken a massive hike. While the government fails to create more and more job opportunities, the talented lot of our country continues to move to foreign countries in search of better job opportunities, a better pay and a better lifestyle overall. But how can we try to fix this problem?
The first field on which we shall focus for more job creations and greater productivity is of course-
1. Awareness. Most of the people in the rural areas have immense talent but these areas lack a medium of awareness. The main source of distribution of the awareness and developement is done through television. But most of the people of the rural areas don’t have TVs at home, so I propose the government does it through pamphlets and banners. The government can also set up a small committee in every district to recruit people from a village who are capable enough to send them for higher education. For this purpose, funds can be raised by the village or by the government. The testing for this would be done by many practical and psychometric tests.
2. Education- The schools and especially government schools should have a curriculum where they focus on practical studies equivalently. They should be given more case studies and be made aware of the upcoming opportunities and internships. The quality and focus of studies in government schools too require a lot of improvement.
3. A lot of India’s best talent is immigrating to countries like the US, UK, etc. because of better pay and lifestyle. Here, I propose the government increase the pay scale for projects and reduce corruption, plus they should also keep a strict check on the project deadline.
4. India should impose stricter laws on multinational companies investing in India so that the unskilled labor force can work there and gain experience without the fear of exploitation.
5. Investment in better technology and infrastructure- Investing in technology is a massive multiplier. It will lead to the creation of many prestigious and well-paying jobs.
6. Encouraging tax free start ups, not just in metros but also in villages can help to a lot of extent. Even farming sector can be “corporatised” with the use of technology in produce , supply chain, research, survey and so on and this needs the effective use of technology.
Whereas, infrastructural reforms will lead to more people being employed in the sector and hence, more job creations. Better infrastructure will also attract more tourists while can serve as a means of a improved lifestyle for geeral shopkeepers.
Personally, I feel that the development of ‘skills’ in the Indian youth can only be engraved through a curriculum that focuses on practice and working of the brains and not only cramming. We need disposable income to spend, for which we need a strong growing economy which is the responsibility of the government. The programs of the government need to include classes on this issue even outside of school (and even online).