Telephone conversation

web enquiries, email, social media and live chat facility have their place, but the telephone is still the preferred communication tool of choice for na you when it comes to business.

for some reason, phone calls in English are much more difficult than talking to people fave to face. May be it’s because you can’t read the person’s expression or gets cues about their meaning from their gesture.

or may be it’s because you’re already nervous before the call starts. Preparing in advance for a phone call in English is one of the best way to overcome these difficulties. Finally, don’t worry about asking people to repeat themselves or to speak more slowly when you’re on the phone in English.

with this in mind, here are a few tips on telephone conversation.

  1. Answer the call quickly
  2. Answering the phone’ with a smile on your face’
  3. Speak clearly and use professional language
  4. When taking a message check the information your are nothing.
  5. Even if you have no idea what they are talking about remain positive and professional by using’ let me find that out for you and come back to you’re rather then ‘I don’t know’ as it shoes interest and a willingness to help.

If possible give the caller an idea when they can expect a call back. Of your colleagues is in s meeting or out of the office for the afternoon explain it may be the following day that they response and check if some else can help them.

If you have to put people on hold make sure you ho back to update them every few seconds or so and remember to keep offering to have them called back.

ex: Answering the phone;

. Hellow? (Informal)

.thank you for calling speaking. How can I help you?

How to build self-confidence

Self confidence is an attitude about your skill and abilities. It means you accept and trust yourself and have a sense of control in your life.

steps to build self -confidence:

  1. Look at which you’ve already achieved:

Its easy to lose confidence if you believe you have’ve achieved anything. Make a list, of all the things you’re proud of in your life, whether it’s getting a good mark on an example or learning to surf.

2. Think of thing you’re good at:

everyone has strength and talents. What are yours? Recognising what you’re good at, and trying to build on those things, will help you to build confidence in your own abilities.

3. Set some goals:

set some goals and set out the steps you need to take to achieve them. They don’t have to be big goals, they can even be things like baking a cake or planning a night out with friends. Just aim for some small achievement that you can tick off a list to help you gain confidence in your ability to get stuff done.

4. Talks yourself up:

you’ve never going to feel confidence if you have negative commentary running through your mind telling you that you no good.

5. Get a hobby:

try to find something that you’re really passionate about. It could be photography sport, knitting or anything else! When you’re worked out you passion, commit yourself to giving it a go.

If you’re not feeling better:

sometimes the quick fixes don’t help in the long term. If you’re feeling and things just don’t seem to be improving its is worth talking to someone who knows how to help.professional such as counsellor and psychologists can help you build up your confidence.

Importance of education

The best definition of education?

Education is define as the ” Process of gaining knowledge. The process of training and developing the knowledge, skill, mind, character, etc by formal schooling, teaching, training.

True education means beyond earning degree it is more than bookish knowledge.

types of education:

Formal education: under that

  1. school/ institution involved
  2. Has hierarchical structure
  3. Uniform full time and proper
  4. Subject oriented
  5. Certificate/degree

Informal education:

  1. Practical adult learning
  2. Diversity in method and content
  3. Mobilize local resources
  4. Built on learned participation
  5. Real life example of learning

Non- formal education:

  1. Very long process
  2. Learning from experience
  3. Learning from home
  4. Learning from work
  5. Learning from environment.

Why education is the key to success?

Education lessens the challenge you will face in life. The more knowledge you gain the more opportunity will open up to allow individual to achieve better possibilities in career and personal growth.

Does education change a person:

Education can stimulate economic growth less directly, increasing innovation, productivity and human capital. And education also has a history of fostering positive social change by encouraging things like political participate, social equality, and environment sustainability.

Education important:

Education shows us the importance of hard work and at the same time help us grow and develop. It teaches us to live in harmony.

Women empowerment

Women empowerment is the process of empowering women. It may be defined in several ways, including accepting women’s viewpoint or making an effort to seek them, raising the status of women through education, awareness, literacy, and training.

How can I empower women and girls?

standing with and investing in women is an Important start. From workplace and school to home and committee, women

gender equality underpins all of the world Vision work and there are many great activities you can get involved in to support the rights of women in developing countries.

Why do we need women empowerment:

Women’s empowerment is really needed in the societies. It’s so important for women self-esteem and also for societies. Empowering women is to give women the right. Women can equal rights to participate in education, society, economy and politically.

Empowering feminist Quote from inspiring women:

I raise up my voice- not so that I can shout, but so that those without a voice can be heard.

if couse I am not worried about intimidating men.

how can I empower women and girls:

standing with and investing in women is an important start. From workplace and school to home and communities.

How world Vision is helping empower women?

we believe that healthy educated and empower women and girls are agents of change.

when women and girls are support they gain opportunity to speak up for their right and also to advocate for their communities.

they are also able to rise in social standing, and they can feel into future generations.

The 7 basic tools of quality

  1. Stratification:

Stratification analysis is a quality assurance tool used to sort data, object, and people into separate and distinct group.

2. Histogram:

quality professional are often tasked with analyzing and interpreting the behavior of different group of data in an effort to manage quality.

this is where quality control tools like the histogram come into play.

3. Check sheet:

check sheets can be used to collect quantitative or qualitative data. When used to collect quantitative data, they can be called a tally sheet.

4 cause-and-effect diagram:

Introduced by karoru Ishikawa, the fishbone diagram helps users identify the various factors leading to an effect, usually depicted as a problem to be solved.

5 Pareto chart:

As a quality control tool, the Pareto chart operates accounting to the 80-20rule.

This rule assume that in any process, 80% of a process’s or system’ s problem ate caused by 20% of major factor, often referred to as the ” Vital few”.

6. Scatter diagram:

out of the seven quality tools, the scatter diagram is most useful in depicting the relationship between two variable which is ideal for quality assurance professional Trying to identify cause and effect relationship.

7. Control charts:

The control chart is a graph used to study how a central a process change over time,. Data are plotted on time.

A control chart always has a central line for the average charts, an upper line for the upper control limit, and lower line for the lower control limit. Control chart for variable data are used in pairs.

The most nutrition dense food

There is only a limited amount of food you can eat in a single day.

  1. Salman:

Not all fish is created equal.

salmon and the other fatty type of fish contain the greatest amount of omega fatty acids.

although salmon is mainly prized for its beneficial composition of fatty acids, it is also packs a massive amount of other nutrition.

2. Kale:

Of all the healthy leafy greens, kale is the king.

A 100- gram portion of kale contains (9).

vitamin C: 200%of the RDI

vitamin A: 300% of the RDI

vitamin K1: 1000% of the RDI

large amount of vitamin B6, potassium, calcium, magnesium, copper and manganese.

3. Blue berries:

when it comes to the nutrition value of fruit, blueberries are in a league of their own.

Although not a high calories for calories in vitamin and mineral as vegetables, they packed with antioxidant.


Human and our remote ancestors have been eating animals for million of years.

however, the modern western died had priorities muscle meat over organ meats.

5. Potatoes:

A single large potato is high In potassium, manganese. It also contains vitamin C and B vitamin (27).

they contain a little bit of almost every nutrition you need.


not only can it turns all sorts of bland dishes delicious, it is also very nutrition.

it is high I’m vitamin c, B1 and B6, calcium, potassium, copper, manganese and selenium.

7. Seaweed:

The sea has more than just fish. It also contains massive amounts of vegetation.

There are thousands if different plant sotin the ocean, some of which are very nutrition.

Easy start-up(ice cream parlor)

Is rolled ice cream a good business?

Wherever you are in the world, ice cream rolls with ice cream pro are a fantastic and fun business opportunity. With small investment to start your business, you can make a profit in just a few weeks.

How much do ice cream shop owner make a year?

management salaries run between 25000to 38000 a year. These are costs you will have to factor earning potential.

(*)How to start up an ice cream parlor in India:

INDIA is a land of tropical weather, with summer being the longest weather in the country. Thus, in niche food businesses in the cream business seems to be the most lucrative.

  1. Deciding The format:

In the present time there are a lot of ice cream parlor formats from cold stone, ice cream rolls, ice cream cake, nitrogen ice cream, live ice cream counters, and pre- packed ice cream counters there are endless.

so, the first step is choosing in starting with your ice cream business plan is to decide which type of ice cream parlor you want to open.

2. Investment & area required to open an ice cream parlor:

Pn average an ice cream business requires a 400-500spt carpet area shop or a small food truck which has the necessary arrangements for refrigerator.

3. Deciding the location of the ice cream parlor:

Eating ice cream is not necessity unlike another form of food but it is more fun and fashion in the crowd.

So, proper market research should be done before choosing the location.

4. Procurement of store type of equipment for the menu:

Once the format and location are Finalized, list down the number of items you want to sell at your store.

Then compare it with competition around and keep the pricing the low initially to penetrate the market and distribute free sample.

5. List of equipment required to open an ice cream parlor:

For a cold stone ice cream parlor, the list of equipment

  1. Cold stone refrigerator (2-2.5laks)
  2. Chest refrigerator with a capacity of 500L (40, 000rs)
  3. Storage cupboard and utensils (30000rs)
  4. Raw materials including packaging (rs. 1-1.5L)
  5. Miscellaneous (rs 50000)

6. staff required for an ice cream business in India:

In particular format the number of employees required us very less as you need three people including cashier to serve or to make specific flavor of the ice cream.

7. Maintaining consistency in ice cream parlor business

one thing you must ensure when you open an ice cream business is maintaining consistency in taste.

Standardization of recipe is a must in ice cream parlor.

8. Licensing & paperwork needed to open an ice cream parlor:

Since ice cream comes under the food category, so all licenses required are quite similar to that of a QSR- shop establishment license, FSSAI license, local municipal authority license and fire license.

Everyday health foods

  1. Ginger- helps to over come cancer disease :

#. Ginger appears to be effective for treating gastrointestinal disturbance, especially in reliving diarrhea or nausea caused by morning sickness durning pregnancy and nausea and vomiting after surgery or after cancer patients chemotherapy treatment.

#. It is a herbaceous perennial which grows annual pseudostems about one meter tall bearing narrow leaf blades.

2. Cinnamon for stable blood sugar:

#. Cinnamon twig appears to have some antibiotics and anti-national inflammatory properties.

#. This healing food may also help treat gastrointestinal disturbance, including diarrhea and indigestion.

#. cinnamon seems to have antioxidant effects as well.

#. Glassman say that cinnamon is excellent for controlling blood sugar levels and has been shown to lower bad cholesterol level in people with type 2 diabetes.

3. Garlic for canner protection:

#. Garlic is most well-being known for the healing herb’s potential anti-cancer effect, Glassman says as well as it’s ability to slow other disease, including hypertension and even the common cold.

#. One of the most common place healing herbs, garlic is a great flavor enhance on stews and soup, such as this quick and easy Asian pork soup.

4. Coriander for bad cholesterol

#. “‘Coriander may aid in lowering’ bad’ cholesterol and increasing’ good ‘ cholesterol, ” Glassman says. ” It can help lower blood sugar levels as well “.

#. This healing food also appears to have anti-cancer bacterial and anti-cancer anti-cancer fungal properties.

5. Bay leaves for sinus relief:

#. There’s a reason why bay leaves are in so many cold soothing stews. ” Bay leaves contain an oil with the active ingredient cineole, which eases discomfort caused by sinusitis.

#. Says rovenia brock, phD, a nutrition expert and author.

Marie Salomea – most popular women scientist

Early life:

Born : 7 November 1867, Warsaw, poland

The youngest of five children, she had three oldest sister and brother. Her parents- father, wladislaw and mother- bronislava

Died : 4 July, passy, France

Spouse: Pierre cutie

discovered : radium, polonium

Awards: Nobel Prize in physics, novel prize in chemistry, John Scott legacy medal and premium.

QUOTES: 1. nothing In life is to be feared, it only to be understood. Now is the time to understand more, so that we may fear less.

2. Be less curious about people and mire curious about ideas

3. One never notices what has been done, one can only see what remain to be done.

Radioactive discoveries:

curie was intrigued by the report of German physicist Wilhelm Rontgen’ s Discovery of X-ray and by the French physicist henri becquerel’ s repot of similar ” Becquerel ray” Emitted by uranium salts.

According to Goldsmith, Curie coated one of the two metals plated with a thin layers of uranium salts.

then she measured the strength of the rays produced by the uranium using instrument designed the faint electrical current generated when the air between two metal plates was bombarded with uranium rays.

she found that uranium compound also emitted similar rays

In addition the strength of the rays remained the same, regardless of whether the compound were in solids or liquid state.


She worked extensively with radium throughout her lifetime, Characterizing it’s various properties and investigating it’s therapeutic potential.

However,her work with radioactive material was what ultimately killed her .she died of q blood disease.

Interesting facts about colour

  1. Yellow and red together make you hungry:

Fast food chain figured this out year ago and use this color combination over and combination over and over in branding, advertising and restaurant decor.

2. World blue is the most common favorite color:

studies conducted by various global marketing firms show that blue is the most common favorite color world wide followed.

3. Pink soothes the nervous and is often used for anger management:

pink has been known to suppress anger and anxiety and have an overall calming effect.

It is often used in mental health care institutions and even prison to help create a sense of calm.

4. The color wheel was invented by Isaac Newton:

Around 16655 issac newton used a prism to turn white light into a rainbow and identified seven colors.

He felt the last color, indigo, was a recurrence of the first color, red and decided to arrange the color in a circle

5. Red is the first color a baby sees.

Red has the longest wavelength of the color and scientists speculate this makes it easier to process in developing receptors and nerves in a baby’s eye

6. Color has a big impact on a first impression:

62-90% if a first impression is based on how someone is Recognizing color in the situation.

For those who want to make a strong first impression avoid neutral heading out on a first date? Add a pop of bring color to be more memorable.

7. People are more likely to forget something when it’s in black and white:

A black and white movie, or photographs is often not as easy to recall as a color image scientists believe this may be because color has a stronger appeal to the sense and as a result makes a more lasting impression on the memory.

Basic concepts of Income tax Act, 1961

Income Tax is a form of direct tax. Income tax has to be paid by entitled whose taxable income exceeds certain amount fixed by the government.

Assesment year:

assessment year refer to the period of 12 months commencing on the 1st day of April every year. For the year 19-20 the assessment year would be 2020-2021.

Previous year:

The previous year is the year I which the income us earned. The income earned in the previous year is taxed in the assessment year. The previous year us the financial year preceding the assessment year. For the assessment year 2020-2021, the previous year is 19-20.


Assessee means a person by whom any tax Or any other sum of money id payable under this Act and includes:

  1. Every person in respect of whom any proceedings under this act have been initiated for the assessment of this income or the income of any other person in respect of whom he is assessable Or loss sustained by him or by such other person or of the amount of refund due to him or to other such person.
  2. Every person who is deemed to be an assessee under any provision of this act
  3. Every person who is deemed to be an assessee in default under any provision of this act.


  1. An individual
  2. A hindu undivided family
  3. A company
  4. A form
  5. An association of person or body of individual
  6. A local authority
  7. Every artificial juridical person .

Ritesh agarwal- famous entrepreneur

Ritesh agarwal, founder of OYO rooms in 2015

He was the recipient if he Time Lumis entrepreneur excellence awards (2014), become the first Asian to won ’20 under 20′ theil fellowship (2013), was named one of the top 50 entrepreneur by TATA first dot award (2013), and because the world’s youngest CEO at the age of 17.

Ritesh agarwal, an orissa boy coming from a business- oriented family went to kota to become an engineer. But unlike other JEE aspirants, his passion caught hold of him and he did not take JEE preparation seriously.

instead, he wrote a book called ” Indian engineering colleges: A complete encyclopedia of top 100 college’; the book become immensely popular on Flipkart.

He was just 16 when he was selected for the Asian science camp help at the tata institute of fundamental research.

with a penchant for travelling and having lived in tons of hotels, ritesh observed a common problem at the place he stayed- the exorbitant price of the hotel room was not proportional to the facilities provided.

He felt that majority of the hotel in India couldn’t satisfy the basic needs of a traveler on budget

thus, ge started oravel stays his first venture in 2012. He improved his business model ond re- launched oravel as ‘You which is short for ‘ OB YOUR OWN’.


In meteorology, a cloud is an aerosol consisting of a visible mass of minute liquid droplets, frozen crystal, or other particles suspended in the atmosphere of a planetary body or similar space. Water or various other chemical may compose the droplets and crystal.

5Facts about the clouds:

  1. Clouds are whit because they reflect light from the sun. Gray cloud become so filled with water that they don’t reflect light.
  2. Green cloud often mean a tornado is coming
  3. Cirrus clouds are high in the sun.
  4. Altostratus clouds are low and gray or White
  5. Cirrostratus are high in the sky.

Types of clouds:

The foundation consists of 10 major cloud type.

in addition to Cirrus, Stratus, cumulus, and nimbus clouds, there are cirrocumulus, cirrostratus, altostratus, altocumulus, nimbostratus and cumulonimbus clouds.

The biggest clouds is:

CIRRUS clouds are the highest of All clouds and are composed entirely of ice crystals. Cirrus clouds are precipitating clouds, although the ice crystals evaporate high above the earth’s surface.

The rarest cloud:

most frequently, mammatus clouds are made up primarily of ice but in some cases they been known to be a mixture of ice and liquid. NOCTILUCENT clouds, are one of the rarest clouds formation there us.

Effect on the troposphere, climate, and climate change:

Tropospheric clouds exert numerous influence on earth Tropospheric and climate.

first and foremost, they are the source of precipitation, thereby greatly influencing the distribution and amount of precipitation. Because of their differential buoyancy relative to surrounding clouds free air clouds can be associated with vertical motion of the air.

Classification of Banks

Banks may be classified into the following categories:

  1. Central bank:

It is the apex bank which regulates the entire banking system and maintain monetary stability in the country. It is the banker to all other banks and to government.

2. Commercial bank:

These bank collect demand deposits.they allows withdraw of money through cheque etc.

3. Development Bank:

The bank are set up to support industry growth and development. They provide long term credit to industry and render support and advisory services.

4. Indigenous bankers:

Banking units which operate on traditional lines are called indigenous bankers. They are known as native bank & primitive bank etc

5. Scheduled bank:

Banks whose paip up capital and reserves are aa per RBI guidelines and which are included in the second schedule of the RBI act 1934 are scheduled bank

6. Non scheduled bank:

they are commercial bank which are not included in the second schedule bank of the act 1934.

7. Agriculture bank:

Banks which provide financial assistance to agriculture activities are called agriculture bank.

8. Regional rural bank:

they are bank operating in rural areas providing banking services to the rural population.

9. Co-operative bank:

they are bank operating on the basis of cooperative principles and registered under societies registration act.

10. Exchange bank:

they are bank who deal in foreign exchange and specialise in financing foreign trade.

11. Saving bank:

savings bank collect the saving of people. Their primary objective is to promote and collect saving from small deposits.

Social media

social media is a computer based technology that facilities the sharing of idea’s thought, and information through the building of virtual network and Communities.


There are currently 3.78billion social media users worldwide. Among UD adult,

84percent of those aged 18_19

81 percent of those aged 30_49

73 percent of those aged 60_64

45 percent of those aged 65 and above are active social media users.

#Advantages of social media:

. Brand awareness

.Brand reputation

.Cost effective

.Website traffic


.Customer interaction

.Targets audience

.Brand loyalty

#Disadvantage of social media:


.Ineffective use


Types of social media:

social media media may take the form of a variety of tech- enabled activities. These activities include photo sharing, blogging, social gaming, social network, video,sharing, business network, virtual world, review, and much more.

even government and politicians utilizes social media to engage with constituents and voters.

Example of social media:

while social media has its positive side, many point to the platform and call out negative featured, likening it’s overuse to an addiction.

some contest it contribute to inattentiveness, stress and jealousy.

1.Facebook ( 2.74billions users)

2. youtube (2.29billions users)

3. sino weibo (511million users)

4. Qq(617millions users)

5. Tiktok (689billions users)

6. What’s app(1.21billion users)

7. Instagram (1.22billions usres)

Etiquette for public speaking

public speaking is commonly understood as face to face speaking between individual and an audience for the purpose of communication.

The following are the basis etiquette to be followed as a public speaker:

  1. Preparation

Know you stuff! The best thing is you can do is to be overwhelmingly, thoroughly and completely prepared and in mastery of your material.

2. Always thank the introducer and greet the audience

before beginning your speech, it is polite to thank the person who introduced you and to greet the audience making a special greetings to dignitaries, government officials and other special attendees. Remember your were invited and consider it us privilege.

3. Do not apologize for lack of preparation

there is no substitute for preparedness however there are time when preparation is not possible.

4. Eliminate distracting habits and verbal crutches

those uhs, and ums can be very distracting and annoying. Practice your speech and record it us to identify verbal crutches.

5. Every gesture, look, motion, and sounds should have purpose

although body movement can enhance a message, movement that is made fir the sole purpose of movement appears unnatural and awkward. Use hand and body movement to emphasize a pint or to help the audience visualize.

6. Do not lose eye contact

some talks are made to be read, others are not. Whether your notes are for reference only or meant to be read, poor eye contact is distracting.good eye contact is a learned skill practice

7. Do not thank audience

As children we were taught that it is polite to say thank you. Is still is but after speech it is erroneously used to fill in the space after the last word has been uttered.

Pokemon unite


Steps to play a game:

step 1. Don’t skip the tutorials.

Resist the urge to drive into pokemon unite right away. Both seasoned MOBA players and beginners should take the time to check out the game’s six tutorials. The game let’s you enter live matches after completing the first few but it’s worth going through all of the lesson first.

The tutorials go through very basic and advanced mechanic that you would know about if you didn’t go through these short training exercise.

The first three tutorials teach you how to attack and score. But it’s the latter three that are the most interesting. The trip of tutorials teaches that attacking different wild pokemon can change the dynamic of a match.

step 2. Don’t skip the setting menu either:

The setting menu isn’t the most exciting place to visit in a game. But considering the fast paced nature of pokemon unite there are some option there worth exploring.

one of the first setting to look at is attack control. Switching to advanced control allows you to press two different button to attack different opposing. Turning on this setting is important because the game defaults to an automatic basic attack mode. There will be time when you accidentally target a wild pokemon when you are trying to hit an enemy player or vice versa. Switching to advanced control helps you stay in control of where your basic attacks go.

Lock-on-icon: Is another setting you may want to turn on. Enabling this setting allows you to prioritize specific pokemon to attack.

step 3. Which pokemon should you unlock first?

After you play through the opening tutorials, you’ll receive a unite license which let’s you unlock a pokemon.

  1. Eldegoss is a support pokemon:they use long ranged attacks to hit enemies and their main foscus is to hit enemies and their teammates.
  2. Snorlax is a defender pokemon: they are powerful melee fighters.
  3. Pikachu is a ranged attacker:They use long -range attack to overpower enemies and defeat them from a distance.
  4. Charizard is an all-round:their skills allows them to be a threat at both close and long range.
  5. Talon flame is a speedster: their fast speed allows them to move all over the battle arena giving them to ability to a be a threat anywhere on the map.

step. 4 . How to make different builds:

as you levels up through out the match, your gain the ability to learn new attack. Over time yor learn new that over write the two starting skills you begin the match with.

At level 5&6 7, your pokemon can learn news, skill. You will always have to two different choice to make at these points. Each characters has different moves that support new way to play.

Step 5. Learn your lane:

each pokemon excels at different areas of the map. When you are preparing for battle, the game will let you know which lane is recommend for each pokemon.

when you are in the lobby selecting your pokemon, enter the battle prep screen to learn which map path you should take. When you press the exit button, you will be shown which lane is best for the top lat. Speedster should around two centre and all are rounder are great for the bottom.

Bamboo trees


of all grasses, bamboo is the largest and the only one that can diversify into forest. Although bamboo is a grass, many of the larger woody bamboo species are very true like in appearance and are often called “bamboo trees”.

bamboo lacks a vascular cambium lauer and meristem cells at the top of the culm.

how to take:

To da this you need to dig up bamboo shoots, which are buried around bamboo, take theses bamboo shoots back to your island and, just like you would with a fruit tree, plant’s them in the same conditions as trees.

Types of bamboo trees:

* clumper bamboo : under that

  1. Fargesia
  2. Bamboo
  3. Guadua
  4. Giant bamboo
  5. Chilea.

*Runner bamboo: under that

  1. Arrow bamboo
  2. Dwarf green
  3. Bamboo
  4. River cane
  5. Black bamboo
  6. Stripe bamboo.

Bamboo trees for sale:

. Fast growing trees:

  1. Multiple bamboo-starting at $99.95
  2. Rufa bamboo planet starting at $109.95
  3. Black bamboo-starting at $119.95

. Brighter blooms:

  1. Bamboo hedge multiplex- starting at $99.99
  2. Golden bamboo plant – starting at $99.9
  3. Black bamboo planet starting at $ 119.9

How to plant bamboo:

  1. plant your bamboo where it will get full to partial sun, in good soil that slightly acidic ans not overly damp.
  2. Bamboo is a grass and should grow well anywhere that grass can grow.
  3. Space your plants anywhere from two to eight feet aparts, depending on the variety you’re growing.
  4. Dog a hole twice as wide as the root ball of your clump and just as deep.
  5. Tease out any of the bamboo’ s roots that are encircling the root ball, as these can girdle the plant and eventually kill it.
  6. Place the bamboo in the hole so the top of the root ball as just under the ground.



The history of agriculture record the domestication of plants and animals and the development and dissemination of techniques for raising them productively.

Agriculture began independently in different parts of the globe, and includes a diverse range of taxa.

At least eleven separate region of the old and new world were involved as independent centre of origin.

Types of agriculture:

  1. Subsistence agriculture
  2. Kinds of subsistence agriculture
  3. Industrialized agriculture.

TOP AGRICULTURE COURSE IN INDIA in agriculture. in genetic plant breeding in agriculture economic and farm management. in animals husbandry in horticulture in forestry.


Agriculture communities development approximately 10,000yrs ago when human began to domesticate plants, animals.

by establishing domesticity, families and larger group were able to build communities and transition from a nomadic hunter gather lifestyle dependent on foragaing and hunting for survival.


Agriculture density measure the no. Of farmers specially on each unit of farmland.

This means people who work the earth on specific plots of land that are used for this.


Detailed information on the government policies, scheme, agriculture loans, market price, animals husbandry, fisheries, horticulture, loans &credit, sericulture etc. Also available.

Honey bees


The eastern honey bee, referred to scientifically as apis mellifera, plays a small but sweet role in the vast, global tapestry of been species. There are over 20,000 known types of bee, spanning every continent have existed for over 80million yrs.


  1. Apis, honey:

The genus- into which all honey bees call is beautiful diverse bee species, with at least 44known sub varieties.

2. The Western honey bees:

Apis mellifera-literally meaning honey-baring best is the most widely distributed and domesticated bee species in the world.

3. Apis mellifera mellifera:

The dark or German honey bee species. The name isa bit of a mouthful, so let’s call them apis.

4. Apis mellifera liguistica :

Apis mellifera liguistica us the most common sure variety of apis mellifera, making it buy and the most popular variety of domesticated bee in the world.

5. Apis mellifera carnica:

The carneolan or grey honey bees species. Apis mellifera carnica originated in eastern Europe, between Australia, hungry, Bulgaria and bosnia and Serbia.

6. Apis mellifera Caucasica:

Native to the caucasus region, whose mountain range divides south eastern Europe from Asia, the honey bee is a large variety.

7. Apis mellifera lberiensis:

This is probably the most unusual variety of Western honey bees and my personal favorite.

Time management

TIME management is the process of organizing and planning how to divide your time between specific activities. Good time management enables you to work smarter -not Harper so that you get more done in less time, even when time is right and pressure ate high.

5 elementst of time management:

be intentional:keep a to do list.

be priorities: rank your tasks.

be fosced: manage distraction

be structure: time block your work

be self-esteem aware: track your time.

5 tips to better your time management:

set reminder for all your tasks. The key to time management success is to know your deadlines and set reminder.

create a daily planner.

give each task a time limits.

block out distraction

establish routine.

imporatants of time management:

one of the biggest advantage of time management is that it allows of time management is that it allows us to more efficient by being in control of how we spend our time. We can focus better on important tasks, and better leads to better efficient.

methods of time management:

next you can identify bad habits and then you can learn the tools to change these habits. Here are a few tips and technique you can apply to get more done and feel more productive:planning, prioritizing and performing.

Example of time management tools:

calendar, note-taking software , time tracker, specialized time management apps and so on.

key to time management:

remember what’s really important to you and prepare your inwardly to meet whatever the day brings.

Favorite game candy Crush


candy Crush Saga is a free to play match three puzzle video game released by king on April 12,2012, for Facebook; other version for ios, Android, windows Phone, and window 10 followed. It is variations of their browser game candy crush.


through out the game, the player solves puzzles so tiffin can solves problem plaguing the residents of the candy kingdom.

these includes tutorial guide Mr. Toffee, whose voice was changed from an over the top French accent in the original version of the game into a more modest deep male voice, the Easter Bunny, the shop owner Mr. Yeti , of us the owl from dreamworld level, the villainous bubble gum troll, and many others.


prior to the release of candy crush Saga, most of King’s game were browser games offered through their website or partner portal offered through their website or partner portals such as Yahoo.

candy crush concept added new animation for the candies, expressive paper doll like character that helped to make the game one the five most popular ones on the site by 2012.

at that point ones on the five most popular ones on the sites by 2012.


  1. Candy crush at game. Com (archives from the original on September 6,2015)
  2. “Sugar coma” (Slate.july 2013. Retriever January 24, 2014.

SBI bank


state bank of India is an Indian multinational public sector bank and financial services statutory body headquarters in Mumbai,maharashtra.

Sbi is the 43rd largest bank in the world and ranked 221st in the fortune global 500 list of the world’s biggest corporation of 2020,being the only Indian bank on the list.

stock price:sbin:441.90rs.

customer service:1800 425 3800

chairperson:Dinesh kumar khar

founded: 1.july 1955.

branch:state bank of Bank bastar, chhattisgarh.

While banking online sbi wants theses 6percautions to follow by account holders.

  1. State bank of India asked customer to avoid clicking pn unofficial links that ask for OTP or bank details in regards with EMI s or DBT or prime minister care fund or any other care fund.
  2. Bank also requested it’s account holders to beware of bogus schemes that claims to offer cash prizes or job opportunities through SMSes, e-mails, phone calls, or advertisement.
  3. Keeping changing bank’s password
  4. Customer to keep in mind that SBI emails/SMS or call their customer for personal information,password or OTP.
  5. Do not relpy on any bank information available on internet search results. Always use only SBI’s. Official website for contact number and other details.
  6. Report immediately to local police authorities about fraudsters and inform the same to your nearest sbi branch.
services by sbi mobile banking.

functions of sbi:

It accept the deposit from the people in the form of savings, fixed, current and recurring deposits account. Based on the security of stocks, securities of stocks, securities, sbi give advance and loans to the public. Sbi give the facility of drawing, accepting, and buying and selling the bills of exchange.

sbi locker facilities:

SBI’s smaller locker rental chargers: urban and metro: rs 2000+gst rural and semi urban:rs 1500+gst.

sbi ‘s medium locker rental chargers: urban and metro: rs 4000+ gst rural and semi urban:rs 3000+gst

sbi’ larger locker rental chargers: urban and metro:rs 8000+gst rural and semi urban: rs 6000+gst.

Famous places in Chennai

#. 1.Marina Beach:

Beaches in Chennai along the bay of bengal coast, it happens to be the longest Beach in India and one of the largest in the world.

#.2. Valluvar kottam:

those of you who love literature must have heard or read about the famous tamil poet and saint, Thiruvalluvar.

For the uninformed, thiruvalluvar is hailed as one of the greatest tamil scholars.

#.3. Thousands lights mosque:

It is believed that in olden times, about 1000times were required to light up the Hall of this mosque which is why it has been named as the thousands light mosque.

#.4. Dakshinachitra :

A quick trip to 4states under the same roof? Yes please if you are looking for places to visit in chennai with family,then this is the right pick as your children will learn a lot about sounth India here.

#.5.. Government museum:

This place is known for preserving some of the best ancient and modern South Indian bronzes. This place is known for preserving some of the best ancient and modern South Indian bronzes.


want to soak in the rich and colourful culture of Chennai? Head to mylapore which is regarded as the culture hub of Chennai, boasting a history going back 1500yrs.

#.7. Guindy national parks.

feelings a little adventurous? How about visiting a national park? Home to over 300kinds of trees and plants, 150bird species and 15species of mammals

#.8. Sri parthasarathy temple:

dedicated to Lord vishnu incarnation, Lord krisha, parthasarathy temple was built in the 8th century.

Location: narayana krishnaraja puram

#.9. Royapuram fishing harbour.:

A fishing harbour might not sounds too appealing but watching the fishermen bring freshly caught fish makes fir a sight to behold.

#.10.central Station:

biggest economic and education centres of South India, Chennai has become one of the top places for it firms and many other businesses to flourish.



The need for partnership form of organization arose from the limitations of sole proprietor.

In sole proprietorship, financial resources and managerial skills are limited.

partner, firm, firm name:

person who enter into partnership are individually called ‘partnered ans collectively called ‘a form and the name under which the business is carried on is called “firm name’.

features of partnership:

  1. Agreement
  2. Multiplicity of person
  3. Sharing of profits
  4. Agency relationship
  5. Lawful business
  6. Contractual relationship
  7. Unlimited liability
  8. joint and several liability
  9. No separate legal entity
  10. Implied agency.

Types of partnership firm:

1.general partnership-( partnership-at-will

Particular Partnership

Joint venture).

A partnership in which the liability of all the partners is unlimited is known as unlimited partnership. partnership:

A partnership in which the liability of the partners is limited is called limited partnership.

Duties of parnters.

*. Absolute duties

*. Qualified duties.

kinds of parnters:

*managerial interst: divided into

active parnters

sleeping partner

*Profits sharing: divided into

nominal parnters

parnters in profits only

*behavior:divided into

parnters by estoppel

parnters by holding out

secret parnters

*status: divided into

minor parnters

sun parnters.

Advantage and disadvantages of partners:

partnership deed:

a partnership firm can be formed through an agreement among two or more person. In India this agreement may be oral or in writing.



advertising us a promotional activity for marketing a commodity.

In the present day world of mass production and distribution, advertising serves as a powerful tool in the marketing machinery.

Advertising means a Non-personal stimulate of demand for a product. It is activity through which visual or moral message are addressed to the general public.

objectives of advertisement:

  1. To make an immediate sale
  2. To build primary demand
  3. To develop overseas markets
  4. To built overall company image
  5. To increase market share
  6. To introduce a price deal
  7. To inform about a products availability
  8. To build salesman by creating an awareness of a products among retailers
  9. To help salesman by creating an awareness of a products among retailers.
  10. To increase the number or quality of retail outlets.


BENEFITS TO MANUFACTURERS: it helps easy I introduction of products In the markets.

BENEFITS TO WHOLESALERS AND RETAILERS: it helps quick sale of the products and increase the turnover. Thus, there is no question of old stocks. It reduced the expenses on overhead chargers.

BENEFITS TO CONSUMER: advertising gives information about the prices and quality if a commodity . It guides a consumer to choose the products.

BENEFITS OF SALESMAN: advertising creates a background for a product among the consumer.

demerits of advertising:

  1. Economic objections
  2. Social objections
  3. Ethical objections

Some example of advertising:

Ex. 2

Famous temple Tirupati

venkateswara temple is a hindu temple situated in the hill town of thirumala at tirupati in chittoor district of andhra pradesh, India.


the temple is constructed in tamil architecture. The 1st temple at thirumala tirupati was built by tamil king thondaiman, tamil ruler of the ancient thondaimandalam.

the first recorded endowment was made by pallava queen samavai in the year 966CE.she donate many jewelry and two parcels of land and ordered to use the revenues generated from that land to be used for the celebration of major festival in the temple

the pallava dynasty (9th century), the chola dynasty (20th century), vijayangara pradhans(14th century) &15th century) were committed devotees of venkateswara.

he is said to have built the original gopuram and the prakhara in the 8th century.

it is the richest temple in the world in terms of donation received and wealth.

thirupathi hills history”:

  1. temple is dedicated to venkateswara, a firm of vishnu,who is beloved to have appeared here to save mankind from trails and troubles of kali yuga.
  2. Thirumala hills are part of the seshachalam hills range.
  3. The hills are 853mrts above sea level.
  4. The hills compromise seven peaks, representing the 7heads of adisesha.
This rock structure is a natural formation of Lord venkateswara swamy shape.

5.venkateswara Swamy face on thirumala hills, from distant far from tirupati, one can view venkateswara swamy face on thirumala hills.

popular food in tirupati “

Some of example: 1.pulihora

2. Pongal

3. Murrukku


5. Bisibelebath


7. Andhra thali.

the tirupati balaji temple is righly caleed the bhuloka vaikuntam-the above of vishnu on earth.

its of belived that Lord vishnu has manifest himself in this temple during this kali age to guide and direct his devotees towards salvation.

the temple is run by the body thirumala tirupati devasthanams which is under direct control of the Andhra pradesh government.



Interview provide employer with an answer opportunity to find out about you and what you know.

They may involves one interview or several people, know as a panel interview.

*guidelines for interview prepartion(before the Interview) –

  1. Research about the company you have applied for
  2. You should know your cv like the back of your hand.
  3. Prepare and practice answer for the most frequently asked questions.
  4. Try to find out as much as you can about the job you have applied for
  5. Keep the clothes to be worn for the interview at least a day in advance
  6. Make sure your nails, teeth, hair, and clothes look clean and orderly
  7. Plan to arrive at least 10 min early, do that you have some time to collect yourself and compose you thoughts.

*during the interview-

  1. Remember the interview begins from the moment you open the door and go it. By the time you walk up, shake hands and sit down, you would have already created the first impression.
  2. A firm handshake and a confident smile with eye contact will never fail to make an impression
  3. Speak slowly and clealy and project your voice
  4. Be sure in you response and avoid using ‘I might’ or ‘I guess.
  5. If you are not sure of how to answer a question, take a moment to think about it. Pausing is perfectly OK and shows you don’t panic under pressure.
  6. Never say anything negative about previous company.
  7. When the interview is over thank the interview for their time and shake hands again.
  8. Be enthusiasm about yourself the jobs and the company.
  9. Shake hands with the interview or each panel number when you enter the door.
  10. Be positive and confidence.

types of interview

*frequently asked question in an interview.:

*formal dress code for women;

  1. Formal shirt or blouse with formal trousers
  2. Indian formal wear is fine but should be sober
  3. If you are wearing a skirt it should be knee-length or longer
  4. Jewelry should be minimal and subtle
  5. Necklace should be conservative and not low.


be prepared+be yourself+be confident= you are hired.

Famous traditional foods In states

1.*Maharashtra: (misal pav)

misal oav is a popular street food in Maharashtra.

A great break fast recipe that includes a curry made if sprouts,topped with finely chopped onions, tomatoes and farsan and lime juice served pav, heated on the pan with a hint of butter.

2.*Punjab:(makki di roti &sarson da saag.)

makki di roti is a corn meal indian bread that taste fabulous with sarson saag -mustard green and a glass of lassi.

the dish is retarded as the traditional way to prepare saag and is usually served with makki di roti literally.

3.*west bengal:(kosha mangsho)

this spicy bengali mutton curry aka kosha mangsho is a perfect lunch recipe that would be loved by all.

velvety gravy with juicy pieces of meat served with maida luchi, full of flavors from the mutton, spices and mustard oil.

4.*tamil nadu:(pongal)

vegetarian pongal is a rice lentil dish that is often prepared in South Indian homes as an offering to the godless.

5.*kashmir:( rogan Josh)

Rogan josh is an aromatic lamb dish with flovors of browned onion, various spices and yoghurt.


litti chowkha is baked from wheat flour dough, stuffed with a mixture of roasted gram flour, spices and lemon juice, and served with chokha.


biriyani more famous the hyderabadi version, is prepared in the form of kachay gost ki biriyani and dum ki briyani.

8.*goa:(fish curry)

xit codi meaning curry rice is the delicious tangy fish curry made with special spices, served with steamed rice or roti.


meaning “

The action Or business of promoting and selling products Or serives, including market research and advertising.

work include at work include television commercials, billboards on the side of the road, magazine advertisement.

types of marketing”

. Social marketing

. Green marketing

. Service marketing

. Direct marketing

. Holistic marketing

basic principles of marketing

*7p’s of marketing include







physical evidence.

some articles.

  1. What creativity looks like in marketing today—one of my favorite lines is this one _”people are the new channel.the way to amplify impact is by inspiring creativity in others”.

2.we analyzed—-we love this article because it remains us that while the google algorithm changes every day, in factor never changes.

some interesting slogan relating marketing:

  1. Confortable to the digital world
  2. Helping you move onwards digitally
  3. Endless possibilities with marketing
  4. The top marketing agent
  5. Brilliance is our professional.

MARKETING relates area;

  1. Distribution-(the action of sharing something out among a number of recipients.)
  2. Consumer behaviour-(the way in which on acts or conduct oneself especially towards others. )
  3. Relationship marketing-(in the transactional model the return on customer acquisition cost may be in sufficient. )
  4. Brand marketing-(is the function of marketing that uses techiques to increase the perceived value of a product line or brand over time.
  5. Non_profits-(non profit marketing refers to activities and strategies that spread the message of the organization.


  1. Direct selling
  2. Selling through intermediate
  3. Dual distribution
  4. Reverse channel.

10tips to increase sales for small businesses

  1. Asl question and listen
  2. Showcase your full potential
  3. Assume the sales
  4. Stand out
  5. Tell your story visually
  6. Overcoming objections in sales
  7. Don’t fear giving away too much up front
  8. Understand what motivaties your customer to buy
  9. push for a decision
  10. Always over deliver.

scopes of marketing:

marketing is a process designed to plan, price, promote, and distribution want satisfying product and service.

if covers three main activities concentration, dispersion and equalization.

MARKETING confines itself to channel if distribution, marketing function, flow of goods and management.

ADVANTAGES of marketing. obvious advantage of marketing is the promotion of you business getting the recognition and attention of your target audience across a wide ranging or specific market.

2.every business needs to spend money to make money.

disadvantages of marketing:

main disadvantages Is cost advertising and marketing costs money.

as well as the financial costs. Marketing your business will require investment of time

research shows that people in general have to see a piece of information between 3and 30times before it sinks in.

steps in marketing.

  1. Do your research
  2. Write a brand summary
  3. Define your target audience
  4. Add a situation analysis
  5. Outline marketing objective
  6. Create marketing objective
  7. Create the mall strategy
  8. List the tactics and implementation.