# Differential Equations

DIFFERENTIAL EQUATIONS

 Introduction:
Differential equations are meant to state relationship between a variable (to be specific, a function) and the rate of change of another associated with it. If we write,-` Y = f(x) , then we are saying that Y is a function of X. Here x is an independent variable and y is dependent variable. In short, an equation with a derivative of an independent variable along with the dependent variable (or not) and a constant is named after “Differential Equation.”`

 Key concepts:

 Order and Degree Of a Differential Equation:
The highest order derivative present in the differential equation is the “order” of the equation. Similarly, the power associated with the highest order of derivative is the “degree” of that equation.
In the given figure- 1,

(I) Order : 2
Degree: 1
(II) Order : 2
Degree: 1
(III) Order : 3
Degree: 1
(IV) Order : 1
Degree: 1
Always remember – “order and degree of a differential equation are positive integers.

 Solution of differential equation:
Here solution means the relationship between the independent and the dependent variable without having derivative inside. It has two specific ways which are going to be explained:

1. General Solution:
It contains the same number of the arbitrary constants as the order of the differential equation.

In figure- 2, we can see all of the three solutions have excluded the derivatives and established a relation between variables only.

1. Particular Solution:
After getting the general one, just assign the values of the constants and you will get particular solution.
From figure- 2, if we find the value of C1, C2, then it will become a particular solution.
Figure-3, gives us a clear idea of particular solution
 Formation of Differential Equation:
There are some steps which are needed to follow while forming a differential equation.

(i) You need to differentiate the equations as many times as the number of arbitrary constants are present in the equation.
(ii) Eliminate all constants.
(iii) Say, there are n constants. Then, the equation will be of nth order and you will get n equations.

 Method of Solving 1st Order 1st Degree Differential Equation:
In this article, we shall deal with only three methods which are as followed.

(a) Variable Separable Method:
In this method, variables are separable i.e. coefficient of dx is only a function of x and coefficient of dy is only a function of y.
From figure- 4, we can see the procedure.

(b) Homogeneous Differential Equation:
The general form of this equation is,-` dy/dx = v + x. dv/dx`

Ratio of two homogeneous functions of same degree is to be taken as a single variable (say:”v”) here. Then integration goes on.

(c) Linear Differential Equation:
The general form of this equation is,-` dy/dx + Py = Q`

Here the coefficient of independent variable takes major part to solve this equation.

In figure – 6, the steps are to be followed and then the equation is prepared.

 Conclusion:
There are more methods but the syllabus comprises to the above only. The article has all the points which are detailed in NCERT like order and degree of differential equations, formation and methods to solve those. It will help you for last minute revision and to summarize your learnings will give you a new and better approach.

# Differential quations

DIFFERENTIAL EQUATIONS

 Introduction:
Differential equations are meant to state relationship between a variable (to be specific, a function) and the rate of change of another associated with it. If we write,-` Y = f(x) , then we are saying that Y is a function of X. Here x is an independent variable and y is dependent variable. In short, an equation with a derivative of an independent variable along with the dependent variable (or not) and a constant is named after “Differential Equation.”`

 Key concepts:

 Order and Degree Of a Differential Equation:
The highest order derivative present in the differential equation is the “order” of the equation. Similarly, the power associated with the highest order of derivative is the “degree” of that equation.
In the given figure- 1,

(I) Order : 2
Degree: 1
(II) Order : 2
Degree: 1
(III) Order : 3
Degree: 1
(IV) Order : 1
Degree: 1
Always remember – “order and degree of a differential equation are positive integers.

 Solution of differential equation:
Here solution means the relationship between the independent and the dependent variable without having derivative inside. It has two specific ways which are going to be explained:

1. General Solution:
It contains the same number of the arbitrary constants as the order of the differential equation.

In figure- 2, we can see all of the three solutions have excluded the derivatives and established a relation between variables only.

1. Particular Solution:
After getting the general one, just assign the values of the constants and you will get particular solution.
From figure- 2, if we find the value of C1, C2, then it will become a particular solution.
Figure-3, gives us a clear idea of particular solution
 Formation of Differential Equation:
There are some steps which are needed to follow while forming a differential equation.

(i) You need to differentiate the equations as many times as the number of arbitrary constants are present in the equation.
(ii) Eliminate all constants.
(iii) Say, there are n constants. Then, the equation will be of nth order and you will get n equations.

 Method of Solving 1st Order 1st Degree Differential Equation:
In this article, we shall deal with only three methods which are as followed.

(a) Variable Separable Method:
In this method, variables are separable i.e. coefficient of dx is only a function of x and coefficient of dy is only a function of y.
From figure- 4, we can see the procedure.

(b) Homogeneous Differential Equation:
The general form of this equation is,-` dy/dx = v + x. dv/dx`

Ratio of two homogeneous functions of same degree is to be taken as a single variable (say:”v”) here. Then integration goes on.

(c) Linear Differential Equation:
The general form of this equation is,-` dy/dx + Py = Q`

Here the coefficient of independent variable takes major part to solve this equation.

In figure – 6, the steps are to be followed and then the equation is prepared.

 Conclusion:
There are more methods but the syllabus comprises to the above only. The article has all the points which are detailed in NCERT like order and degree of differential equations, formation and methods to solve those. It will help you for last minute revision and to summarize your learnings will give you a new and better approach.

# UNWANTED MIGRATION

Some say if you want success surround yourself with successful people. I say if you want true and lasting success surround yourself with people of integrity

Charles F. Glassman,

It is often regarded as brain drain. It’s a serious problem of developing countries. Talented students of India get migrated to several foreign institutes every year.

Needless to say, it’s a great loss to our country. Developed countries like USA, UK etc. offer the best students the best jobs with lucrative salaries and the best opportunities to research. As a result students become reluctant to lose the opportunity

To solve the problem government should set up the infrastructure and facilities up to the mark for those students who are getting migrated every year.

According to me it should not be the case of the government only. Students should also have the patriotism and responsibility towards their motherland. If they become enough qualified and get the confidence in themselves to make more like him or her literate, then that would be more beneficial for him and the government too.

# WHICH ONE – TOWN OR VILLAGE

To be honest, prosperous villages have turned into the towns of today. It should also be mentioned that a town life and the country life can never be compared because both of them have merits and demerits.

In town there are good market shops good means of communication, there good hospitals schools etc. People can get good physicians, nursing homes medical centres in town but a town life is thickly polluted. Every single element of environment gets polluted by the atmosphere created in town. Indeed, it is the fault of the people who live there. The factories take part in both air pollution and water pollution. Also in times of festivals, people use loudspeakers crackers with vigour to create noise pollution.

In the other hand, village is free of pollution there are lots of extensive meadows, green fields ,lots of fruits, flowers, trees, plants .Villagers can enjoy fresh food and vegetables and sound sleep and comfortable  rest, free of sound and air pollution. But in village, one cannot get good nursing homes good physicians hospitals proper education and necessary communications.

If one lives in a town, he will be deprived of fresh air and a satisfactory atmosphere. Also if one lives in village, he will be deprived of all the necessary things which are needed in the modern era.

At the end we can conclude by saying that one should be satisfied bye by the conditions made in the particular area so that one never get deprived by himself.

# SUPERSTITION

Citizens are getting modern. Human beings are touching the sands of moon. People also have witnessed the magic of computer and have entered an era of curiosity. But there are some age – old beliefs which are neither scientific nor reasonable. Those are called superstitions.

At the time of starting from somewhere, if someone sneezes or someone calls one back or a cat crosses path, one must stop and start afresh. The hooting of an owl, shouting of a domestic dog and the site of one Martin bird is held ominous. In rural backward places, people believe in witchcraft and sometimes kill innocent old hags out of superstition. It destroys the power of one reasoning .They decelerate one’s progress and sometimes make one inhuman and eccentric.

The only way to stop spreading superstition is education. If students get the proper education, they can spread it at a large scale and after becoming the new citizens they can witness a society which will be free of superstition.

At least we can hope so.

# MERITS AND DEMERITS OF PRIVATISATION OF EDUCATION

Education is a social process; education is growth; education is not a preparation for life but is life itself.
-John Dewey

Privatisation in education in India is an interesting issue. Critics think that it will make education a luxury commodity and some of them also think that the above is not correct at all.

If you think deeply, then we can realise that if education is privatised the whole system will run on the principles of commerce. So poor people will be deprived of higher education, in this way the poor but meritorious students will not get the place they should achieve and may suffer from anxiety, depression and other mental problems.

Our Indian constitution says that every student has the equal right of education but if education gets privatised poor students will be the example of obligation of our national constitution.

But those who support it, argue that a privatised system will demand quality education and teachers will be compelled to teach seriously so the overall system will improve.

In a conclusion, we must say that it may be right or wrong but to make it perfect and achievable the government should work accordingly and make a strong administration to maintain it for a long time.

# SOCIAL REFORMS

A sound mind is one that dreams of a better world and works for a better world while being mindful of the limitations of the present world.”

Indian society is burnt with the cause of many social evils many great people came in front of the society to form the society in a new pattern.

Ram Mohan Roy made a vehement protest against the age-old evil practice like the notorious suttee rite. He succeeded in persuading the British governor general lord William Bentinck to declare it illegal.

Another great man was Ishwar Chandra Vidyasagar who came forward and spread female education he set up schools for this purpose not only that he introduced widow marriage and stop child marriage he had to struggle hard for introducing this to reforms.

However there are some places in India where the social reforms are not even working perfectly many places like Rajasthan, Madhya Pradesh have not get the light of this social reforms made by this great human beings.

In this case West Bengal should also be considered as a matter of disgrace. Malda and some other districts of this state is also a victim of several social causes people should stand family and sincerely against the social evils to make better and expected society in the new generation.

# POLLUTION

Pollution is making something dirty or impure by adding harmful substances. It is the greatest misery of today’s world. Each and every segment of environment is getting polluted by human activities.

Everybody knows that air is life. But sadly air is being polluted by smoke from factories and gases emitted by motor vehicles. Not only has that people through cigarettes and things like those polluted the air. Nuclear explosions also contribute a lot to air pollution a number of diseases such as tuberculosis bronchitis heart and nerve diseases are caused by air pollution.

Man cannot live without trees but water is the main ingredient of protoplasm which is the main thing to survive for plants. Chemicals and other wastes from factories pollute water. polluted water kills fishes and other aquatic animals and makes the situation more grave the problem of arsenic contamination is also there we suffer from various water borne diseases and skin diseases by using polluted water.

Noise pollution also takes place at the same time it is caused by the indiscriminate use of electric horns microphones and crackers the bursting of bombs and tires also causes sound pollution it affects the attention of students and the steps sleep and best especially of the patients children and the aged people.

As it is our world we think it is our bounden duty to stand against the pollution and recreate our surroundings by planting more and more if we fail to check this pollution the world of tomorrow would be a deaf world.

# THE EDUCATION OF WOMEN

Clearly, the title emphasises the education of women. Yes, it is important. The male-female ratio in our India is not correct. Moreover, the education of women is dominated in several parts of India. To prove them, they need a competence and hence the education is significant.

But history says that Indian women had equal position and honourable status like men in the Aryan ages. Women then had the right to educate themselves, they took part in studying and writing the Vedas and holy scriptures-  Gargi, Apala,Ghosha ,Lopamudra are some of them. Then a drastic demotion in women education came all over the India and remained for a long time.

However, now girls are getting the same education as boys in an institution meaning indicated girls are coming out of s nurses teachers and doctors now so they are self supporting and bringing financial help to their families above all a well educated mother only can make an ideal family.

# THE PRICE RISE

The poor and middle class people all over the world are facing a lot of problems today. The gravest of them is perhaps the price rise.

The prices of essential commodities are getting higher by leaps and bounds. Continuing a healthy and safe life is becoming a impossible task for middle class families. In this way, rich people are getting richer and poor are getting poorer.

Some cases are there which must be executed. People often collect these needed commodities and create an artificial scarcity so that the price get raised in an unexpected rate. Goods are not present according to the demand and that’s why price rise takes place.

However, the national economy gets affected harshly. A comprehensive economy policy and strict vigilance are urgently needed.

# PROGRESS OF SCIENCE

The modern era is another name of SCIENCE. Actually we are surrounded by presents of science. The newspaper, with which the day starts of a middle class family, is a product of science to satisfy our hunger of information. The television is also a part of our life which connects two different worlds. The electric light used to lighten rooms or the oven to prepare breakfast is example of presence of science without which we cannot even imagine anything.

Two of the gifts of science which should be mentioned specially are mobile and computer. At a time, it was a part of luxury in human life. But now, it has become a necessity. Mobile has no external wire, hence it can be carried anywhere. It is important in the present life of haste and hurry. The whole world gets contained in the tiny screen of mobile. Same stands for computer. As it has external wire, laptop has been invented t make things easier.

The think which also should be covered that numerous fierce weapons comes under the invention of science. Countries are behaving like rivalry warriors to show their greatness and abusing the SCIENCE. So to conclude, we can say that science is a concept. We just have to change our approach to catch it.

# DIGNITY OF LABOUR

Labour is sacred, labour is honourable.

• Thomas Carlyle.

Some people are so proud and consider manual work to be below their dignity. It must be remembered that all work ranks the same. Every person with his/her profession contributes a lot to the nation. To be honest, in behalf of the majority, can be claimed that people like to have some white collar jobs and paid a handsome salary.

At the same time, there are taxi drivers, rickshaw pullers, butchers, cobblers, teachers who do their jobs efficiently to give themselves and the nation too. People of India should understand the dignity of labour and work accordingly. The students at first should understand this concept. They should be learnt this things so that the upcoming generation become morally strong.

When everyone will realise the dignity of labour, self-reliance, strength and independence will be created. In India, manual labour is now a part of the curriculum of the education.

# WILD LIFE-THE ATMOSPHERE OF EXISTENCE

Wild life conservation is our duty. Wildlife is becoming extinct day by day. Wildlife habitats are being depleted by factories all around. Special measures should be taken to protect them from the administration. Wild life is our resource.

Contaminants from all the surrounding factories have entered the forest and disturbed the wildlife. The forest zones are on the wane. We humans have been deprived of the ability of wildlife to move freely.

If we endanger their existence, we ourselves will fall in graver danger. It is our duty to keep them healthy and normal. We should give them a healthy environment. We should let them live, as long as they are healthy, we remain healthy.

# CHILD-EXERTION

The issue of child labour is a very crucial matter. Child labour should be stopped as soon as possible. Children need to do mental labour instead of manual labour. Instead of going to the factory, children should go to school and study.

The economic base of any country needs to be strengthened to stop child labour. Birth cycle should be reduced if child labour is to be prevented. Young children are working in factories instead of going to school for adequate salaries and allowances, which is very unfortunate.

There are some families who are completely dependent on child fatigue because financial support comes to their families from child employment, which must be stopped completely. The administration of the country has taken many steps in this regard though. The overall development of the country is impossible unless child distress is stopped.

Tolerance provides many norms in many cases. Listening patiently to everything and then speaking appropriately is one of the characteristics of tolerance. It gives every human being his due status. It provides the unity of many nations and religions.

Tolerance is essential for moving forward in life. No one can survive normally without tolerance. It is necessary in every sphere of life. It is an essential element of multi-national unity equality.

Without tolerance and co-existence no one can live in peace and happiness. Tolerance helps to unite multilingual people. Without tolerance, national unity will collapse. It helps a country to rise to international prominence. If there is tolerance, national strength will be maintained, national unity will be maintained.

# TOURISM IN INDIA

India is a vast country with many beautiful spots, historical sites and places of pilgrimage. From the Himalayas in the north to Kanyakumari in the south we have numerous tourist spots which are attractive in the truest sense all over the world. Agra with the Tajmahal, Ajanta and Ellora with rock cut caves, Mawsynram with its vigorous presence – are all tourist spots of international frame.

Also West Bengal takes the lead when it comes to the matter of beauty. Darjeeling – the mountain queen, Hazarduari palace in Murshidabad, Victoria Memorial Hall in Kolkata, and so on – are the places which are at the bangalees’ hearts and of course, all over India.

However, tourism in India also helps India to increase the economy rate and takes part in increasing the national GDP. We should salute to the people to take care of the tourism and make several minds free of misery, anxiety and all other mental problems which are a matter of disgrace nowadays.

# POPULATION-DIMENSION PARAMETERS

Population growth is a very significant question at present. As the population grows, the balance between population density and population will be lost. Population growth needs to be prevented. Men-women ratio of population density should be maintained equally.

As the population will grow, illiteracy, unequal distribution of wealth and unemployment will increase. According to population ratio-India is the second largest country in the world next to China.

Thus, if the population continues to grow, the economic unequal distribution will spread at an equal rate. Either way the population needs to be reduced. As a result of population growth, we are constantly lagging behind in international competition. A fine balance of the population needs to be created at any cost. If population growth continues like this, we will gradually fall towards unequal distribution. So, the population needs to be reduced as soon as possible with a fine balance of population density.

# ANTONYMS AND OPPOSITE WORDS

Quite obviously the title is showing us something beyond our notice. YES, I think these two are different. Antonyms are the words which say the opposite meaning of that particular word. So at the slightest view, there is no difference.

But if we think deeply, in our exams, when we are supposed to write the antonym of singing, toppers will write dancing and will get full marks, obvious though. Now the thing comes to the surface that is dancing is that opposite of singing? Dancing not at all opposes the meaning of singing entirely. Rather we could write anything except singing.

Several examples can be made under this concept. But the thing is, are we getting wrong somewhere? We the antonym of singing, is not, playing? If one thinks deeply, the question can be made. ANTONYMS should be replaced by NEGATION WORDS, so that we can make a clear vision of what we should understand and what not. Our vocabulary is pretty good and important too. But, there is something should be changed. It’s a simple demonstration of the deep thought about opposite words and antonyms.

# MOTIVATION-COASTAL CURRENT

Motivation is a very important factor in our daily well-being. It prepares us for every moment at all times. It helps us to communicate healthy thoughts. This motivation is an integral part of the way of life. Motivation in a positive way inspires us to move forward all the time. In many ways we can keep a positive outlook on ourselves-

Living a healthy life and maintaining sagacious thinking.

Finish our daily works within time.

Moving forward with patience.

Motivation teaches us to live in the existing taboo. It is the bridge between time and action. It truly maintains the well-being of life.

# SPOKEN ENGLISH-KEY TO MOVE FORWARD

Being able to say something fluently is a matter of credit. To survive in this fierce competition, we need to treat English as a very important medium. Knowing English helps us to advance ourselves a lot in terms of our self-esteem. It is an important medium of communication.

Spoken English is the key to success in international competition. Job opportunities in multinational companies have to be considered if one can’t actually speak English. Speaking English is the second medium of communication in different countries. English is the medium of communication in prestigious places. It is an important medium for us to move forward, which is very important for us to learn.

# INTERROGATIVE DECLARATION

“MOTHER” – is it a person or a simple concept?

Pretty obviously, the word consists of 6 letters. But, at the same time the word stands for 6 different characters all over the world each and every time – elder sister, mother, one’s better half, younger sister,  one’s friend(named as “girlfriend” if true love exists there) and lastly and most evidently, world’s strongest warrior. Everyone gets an idea but a few can execute that. With due respect to all the fathers, it must be said that if father is an idea , then mother is the execution of that idea or in a broader sense, if male is a thought, then female is the picture perfect setting of that. They are the true backbone, just like the way a tree gets grown up gradually after sowing the seed or just like the way the moon shines standing before the sun in a moon-lit night. If one knows the answer of a problem, one needs steps to prove it right? Same exists here.

Now, no matter who this mother is, one can produce it by itself. Going beyond the society, it can be witnessed that people are growing up alone. At times of misery, people are there to show people the way out and get out of ruin. They are the backbone of themselves, just like the way some trees get themselves attached to a support to get stabilise them by their own. They need none to take care of them. For them nothing like “mother” stands.

So without concluding, traditionally, a question can be arisen that does “MOTHER” exist in reality to make things easier or is it  just a concept which necessitates the existence of self- characterization?

# We often dream to become something in our compressed life. Sharp campaigns of pragmatism enforce the zeal to replicate the same motive within us. The same we follow, the same we want to be in real count of life. The true method can actually guide us to fetch those inseparable ideologies within us. There are some relevant guides to do so:

1. Fix the goal and run for it without giving it a second thought.

2. Follow a perfect routine and give your time table a subjective make over.

3. Remain calm and motivated throughout the day, no matter how hard the day is -one needs to be calm and patient in any situation.

4. Stay focused and motivated.

6. Have healthy diet and maintain balanced metabolic rate within your body, so that you can activate your energy throughout the day.

7. Have sufficient sleep, it’s very important.

All the best -keep shining.

# UNEMPLOYMENT-CRITERIA OF ACCEPTANCE

Unemployment is now at an alarming level. Qualified people are sitting at home, suffering from unemployment. This is the form of governance of our country. Unemployment is on the rise in India. These are the things happening as a result of unemployment-

There is not enough space for jobs.

Self-confidence of the youth is declining day by day.

Financial distribution is declining.

No country can move forward well with such an unemployment rate. It has uprooted the roots of our life. It is a major obstacle in the way of speeding up the stages of life. If unemployment continues like this, the progress of the country will become a very difficult matter.

# DEMOCRACY: FLUENCY OF RIGHTS

Democracy is about rights. It is our personal and constitutional right. Democracy is a very important issue in political background. Conditional feedback runs under very important element of democracy. It is the claw of social responsibility. Improving dissent is one of the rights of democracy. Proper democracy approves proper literacy.

Democracy governs us above all persuasions to choose the right ideology. Illiteracy can never guide democracy in the right direction. So, in terms of proper democracy, we need proper literacy. Proper democracy should be secular. It is the job of real democracy to maintain its own flow without any provocation.

Democracy plays a very important role in eradicating discrimination. It is clear that democracy is fair in terms of equal distribution of faith. It maintains its own observation without destroying the policy. Without democracy we are insignificant in constitutional policy.

# DISCIPLINE-INTRODUCTION OF BEING US

In contrast to chaos, discipline is a constant spectator of our ideal life journey. It gives people a constructed routine of day to day life. It gives us punctuality, time balance and fine equations between works. Discipline is the motto of a perfectly balanced life.

Discipline gives concentration in education; it helps to increase zero image of fear. It provides guardianship in the normal repercussions that occur every day. Discipline is the interned guardian of a healthy life.

There is a discipline in the circle of space too; each thing revolves around a certain rule. Discipline actually gives us the lessons of self-control, sacrifice and obedience. It is the source of overall consciousness.

# IMAGINATION-ELEVATOR OF RESTRAIN IMPULSE

Imagination is self-aggrandizing. It is the means of self-abnegation. We can form our own range by imagination. It is the environment of whatever we have.

Imagination is innate talent. Sometimes, it remains strong in people. Those who have more imaginative mentality, they incorporate this into poetic rhythm and serve it in literature.

Einstein once said-“Logic will get you from A to B. Imagination will take you everywhere”. Imagination is the necessity. It helps us to understand ourselves, helps us to be ourselves. It is the basement of our spiritual world too. By the power of imagination, we can sow the pillar of discoveries. Imagination is actually needed for a healthy life. Last but not the least, we should continue to imagine; we should continue to dream; we should continue to make them fulfilled.

# KANTHAPURA-INTERPRETATION OF COMMODITIES

The colonization is very well explained in Kanthapura by Raja Rao.The identity and rebellious attitude of our very own country is revealed here in this text. Self-expression of one’s point of view is found here. The strong duty towards our country has been identified.

This is the story of a boy named leaving home and assimilating his own mentality and later becoming the best citizen of India. The path guided by Gandhiji has been adopted in this text. The story speaks of a village, some people, and their ideals. Ancient mythology is described here. The use of khadi-material of our country plays an important role here.

The main purpose of this text is to highlight all parts of our country. Our pride-our hope, these words are very significant to this text. Spiritual expression out of its own atmosphere is presented here. Gandhiji’s ideology and the passion of walk together is quite clear in kanthapura.

# MENTAL HEALTH-THE POSSESSOR OF ASSIMILATION

Healthy mentality is one of the major issues now days. A healthy mindset is one of the main ingredients for staying well. We all remain upset in many ways. When we are emotionally upset we need someone to talk about that grief. Mental health should be taken as a very important issue.

We are socially redeemed, so we have to face many obstacles in many ways to survive socially. It’s kind of difficult task to live smoothly in the midst of sorrow and suffering all around. It’s our moral responsibility to live a healthy life.

It’s our duty to go and help someone who is mentally disturbed. If we all come forward to help people who are suffering from mental illness, we will definitely move forward together towards a better future. Emerging ever bright days are waiting for us. If we move forwards helping people to feel better,then one day we shall definitely build a better society.

# Positivity-The source of cosmic energy transmission

Morale is a manifest source of primordial energy. Positivity is intimately involved with character formation. All the means of transmitting cosmic energy to us are positive in nature. Positive character is very necessary for our beautiful future. We sow the bricks of the ideal future by this positive way of thinking.

The possessor of power theory inculcates positive character. It’s a key to all kinds of feeling. If we have positive approach in life, we do not become sad in the same way we welcome our good with smile. Being happy and calm in every situation is constant in positivity.

Positivity gives indomitable courage not to break under any circumstances. We need to live a disciplined life in order to incorporate positive character into ourselves; we need to think good in our sorrow, we have to be tough in every adverse situation. Positivity is the only mean of survival in a good way.So; we should always think in a healthy way and move forward with a naturally positive character in ourselves.

# EDUCATION SYSTEM-INTERVALS OF KNOWLEDGE

EDUCATION SYSTEMINTERVALS OF KNOWLEDGE

Education is directly related to the self-reliant mentality and character. There are some burdensome rules in the Indian Education system that needs to be changed. Our education system should not be just test-centric. Along with reading, other surrounding activities are equally important.

Education is our medium to move forward towards the next sun. We need some changes in our education system. Education should be taken to an open forum. Exam-centred education greatly reduces our chances of acquiring knowledge of internal learning. In this way of education, we only memorize things and not assimilate them, which is very frustrating.

Some changes in the curriculum will actually increase the range of knowledge acquisition a lot. This education is very important in our way of becoming self-reliant. We need to take education from the beginning to place where we can sow the seeds of the future with our knowledge. We have to move forward through education and education is the only option.

# Midnight’s children-Autobiography of the refuted characters

Salman Rushdie has painted all the characters of this novel with dexterity. Postcolonial imagery has been masterfully depicted in this novel. The ideological aspect of being born at midnight has been efficiently described. Getting innate magical power is one of the aspects of this novel. Born in the middle of the night and gaining the freedom to be a citizen of independent India, has been described with expertise. The characterization of Salim and Padma has strongly increased the predominance of this novel. One of the major observations in the history of Indian independence has emerged here.

‘Midnight’s children’ refers to those who are in the middle of two completely different times. It’s a story about the transfer of different edges and with these come the direction of historical observation. Political persuasion has been evident strongly. The dual expression of fear and courage, an indomitable desire not to be invincible are sort of insight here. Inquisitive behaviour of the characters and their transfer are self-assimilation of themselves.

The spiritual manifestation of the author’s self-vision has been proclaimed through illustration. The pre and post independence precedents of independence are given entirely in this text.

Hi, I’m Mohana Bhattacharjee,

An independent content writer

Who loves creative writings and reading fictional novels.

# Feminist in public

“There is no gender identity behind the expressions of gender…”-Judith Butler

Sometimes, we get lost but come back to the mainstream of life by our own willpower. In keeping pace with the society, both men and women have taken part in equal struggle. Women are moving forward in tandem with men in various fields of action.

In literature, women are triumphing from all aspects of philosophy in the ideals of art. Women are ahead in all aspects of ideal everywhere. We women are pioneers in the struggle for existence. From primitive times until this time of 21st century, we have been deprived of our freedom.We have somehow mastered the lesson of not losing. We have won the losing battle on emphatic will. We are moving forward vigorously.

The seeds of this very long battle of identity were sown by our elder fighters; as a result we are plantings the trees of that fight. We were warriors, we are warriors, and we will be warriors for life. Together we shall blast this battle of identity and existence.