Why chocolates Are Good for Health

Chocolates contain anandamide, which as one might guess, comes from the Sanskrit word “ananda”, meaning happiness, joy and delight. Chocolates also contain the chemical compound phenylethylamine, which is said to enhance our feelings of love.

             Chocolate is made from tropical Theobroma cacao tree seeds. Its earliest use dates back to the Olmec civilization in Mesoamerica. After the European discovery of the Americas, chocolate became very popular in the wider world, and its demand exploded.

           Chocolate has since become a popular food product that millions enjoy every day, thanks to its unique, rich, and sweet taste.

 Facts on chocolate:

  • Chocolate consumption has long been associated with conditions such as diabetes, coronary heart disease and hypertension. 
  • Chocolate is believed to contain high levels of  antioxidants.
  • Some studies have suggested chocolate could lower  cholesterol levels and prevent memory decline.
  • Chocolate contains a large number of calories.
  • People who are seeking to lose or maintain weight should eat chocolate only in moderation.

Eating chocolate may have the following benefits:

  • Reduces stress:

Studies have found evidence that Polyphenols contained in cocoa used to prepare chocolates can reduce stress. Both dark chocolate and milk chocolate contain such polyphenols. Stress is said to signal an increase in oxidative damage to our systems. The antioxidants in chocolate neutralise this oxidative damage caused by free radicals and reduces stress.

  • Beneficial for the brain and improve its function:

Chocolate contains flavanols, which are antioxidant molecules that help in the optimisation of our brain’s functions and potential. Flavonols protect the neurons in the brain and increase our cognitive abilities concerning memory and learning. A study of healthy volunteers showed that eating high-flavanol cocoa for five days improved blood flow to the brain.

  • Reduces risk of heart diseases:

As per research, consumption of dark chocolate, in particular, has been linked to a reduced risk of cardiovascular diseases such as coronary heart disease and stroke. Dark chocolate keeps our blood vessels dilated and aids in normal blood flow.Yet another study showed that eating dark chocolate more than 5 times per week lowered the risk of heart disease by 57% .

  • Protects the kidneys:

Dark chocolate was found to have protective effects on our kidneys. The flavanols in dark chocolate help maintain proper renal tissue oxygenation which is essential for the functioning of the kidneys.

·         Powerful Source of Antioxidants:

Dark chocolate is loaded with organic compounds that are biologically active and function as antioxidants. These include polyphenols, flavanols and catechins, among others. One study showed that dark chocolate had more antioxidant activity, polyphenols and flavonoids.

  • Protect the Skin from the Sun:

The bioactive compounds in dark chocolate may also be great for the skin. The flavanol’s can protect against sun damage, improve blood flow to the skin and increase skin density and hydration. Studies show that the flavanols from cocoa can improve blood flow to the skin and protect it from sun damage.

The darker the chocolate, the higher the concentration of cocoa, and so, in theory, the higher the level of antioxidants there will be in the bar.

However, nutrients vary widely in commercially available chocolate bars, depending on the brand and type you choose. It is best to check the label if you want to be sure of the nutrients.

Top 5 Ways to Fix Slow Internet after Windows 10 Update

1.Adjust the Internet Bandwidth Settings:

Since windows 10, with the aid of  using default ,reserves 20% of the Internet bandwidth for the system applications and its operating system, you can’t browse or surf on the Internet with 100% Internet connection. This solution speeds up the dropping Internet speed by trimming down the bandwidth which is reserved for Windows 10 and system applications. Follow the step-by-step guide to tackle slow Internet after Windows 10 Update.

Step 1. Press Windows shortcut keys Windows + R to open Run dialog box.

Step 2. Type gpedit.msc and then hit OK.

Step 3. Give permissions. A pop-up window will open with title of Group Policy.

Step 4. Click on Computer Configuration on the right side of the window.

Step 5. Navigate to: Administrative Templates >Network >Qos Packet Scheduler >Limit reservable bandwidth.

Step 6. Click on Enable.

Step 7. Change the Value from 20 to 0.

Step 8. Apply and after which click OK.

2.Uninstall

The maximum apparent solution to this problem is uninstalling the update itself. Since the new Windows 10 update is causing trouble, the easiest thing to do is to uninstall it and hold off updating your operating system until a newer update is released. Once uninstalled, Windows users have reported that the issues they are facing decease to exist.

        The procedure of uninstalling a Windows 10 update is pretty simple. Open Settings then click Update & Security. A window will appear from which you should choose Windows Update and then View update history. Select Uninstall Updates. You have successfully uninstalled the present update that was downloaded and it should, hopefully, fix your internet problem.

3. Disable Updates

Windows has an option called ‘Peer to Peer Updates’ which can be useful for those who are too busy to download Updates and keep their system up-to-date. However, for some, it can wreak havoc. Since these updates download automatically without informing the user, they use 90 percent of the internet bandwidth causing your internet connection to be slow during this Windows 10 update.

           The apparent solution is turning these Peer to Peer Updates off by doing the following. Go to Settings and then Update & Security. Choose the first option called ‘Windows Update’. Click Advanced Options. Select Delivery Optimization. Now, turn Allow Downloads from other PC(s) OFF. This will disable future automatic updates.

4.Update Your Network Drivers:

Some unexpected driver errors may happen when upgrade to new Windows OS. Outdated, missing or incorrect network drivers may result in limiting internet speed. To rule out that possibility, you might as well turn to a professional driver updater utility tool, like Driver Talent, which is able to match the compatible drivers for your computer and download them automatically within two minutes. All the drivers are collected from the official source (original manufacturers and Microsoft) and they are safe and well tested.

5. Disable the firewall:

Windows 10 has an excellent feature which is a built-in firewall. Firewalls are integral for the security of your malware, however, sometimes, firewalls can slow down your Internet speeds and can be the culprit of limiting your bandwidth.

           Many people criticize this option, but it seems to work for multiple users. Windows 10 has excellent features; it is a built-in firewall. A firewall is an indispensable part of malware security. However, sometimes a firewall may slow down the Internet speed and may be the culprit in limiting bandwidth. You can test the theory by disabling the firewall, and if it speeds up, you only need to switch to a third-party firewall instead of the built-in Windows 10 firewall.

What is Dyspraxia?

Dyspraxia is a common neurological or brain-related disorder, which affects movement and coordination. People suffering from Dyspraxia face problems in everything that needs coordination. For example, playing games or learning to drive. It does not affect your intelligence, but it does affect your fine motor skills which can include writing or using small objects.

           This disorder affects a person’s capacity to make smooth and easy movements. Sometimes if a baby is born earlier than the normal time, there are more chances of the child developing this disorder. Studies also show that Dyspraxia is more common among men than women.

Symptoms Of Dyspraxia:

Some symptoms of this disorder have been explained on the Nation Health Service (NHS) website of the UK. It can have different effects on different people and keeps changing with time. A person can face many problems due to this disease. Some of them are listed below.

  • Problem in coordination, balance and movement
  • Problem in learning a new thing, which includes remembering information
  • Daily routine issues, like wearing clothes or preparing food
  • Issues in writing, using keyboard and in holding small items
  • Social awkwardness or lack of self-confidence and difficulty in dealing with emotions
  • Bad time management and organizational skills
  • Some people may also suffer from memory, perception and processing situation

          There is no treatment for Dyspraxia but therapy helps people cope with the issues they face in daily life. Occupational therapy is used to find ways to enable a person to be independent and perform daily chores like writing or cooking. Cognitive Behavioral Therapy (CBT) named talking therapy is used to help people change their way of thinking and behaving and start managing their problems.

           Do regular exercise to remain fit and healthy, use laptop or computer in case of problems in writing, use of a calendar, dairy or pp to organize things and thinking positively may help. It is not unusual for a person to be suffering from other issues along with Dyspraxia like ADH, Autism spectrum disorder, childhood apraxia of speech, dyscalculia and dyslexia.

Diagnosis of Dyspraxia:

A diagnosis of dyspraxia can be made by a clinical psychologist, an educational psychologist, a pediatrician, or an occupational therapist   Any parent who suspects their child may have dyspraxia should see doctor. 

When carrying out an assessment, details will be required regarding the child’s developmental history, intellectual ability, and gross and fine motor skills:

  • Gross motor skills – how well the child uses large muscles that coordinate body movement, including jumping, throwing, walking, running, and maintaining balance.
  • Fine motor skills – how well the child can use smaller muscles, including tying shoelaces, doing up buttons, cutting out shapes with a pair of scissors, and writing.

The evaluator will need to know when and how developmental milestones, such as walking, crawling, and speaking were reached. The child will be evaluated for balance, touch sensitivity, and variations on walking activities.

Treatments for dyspraxia:

Although dyspraxia is not curable, with treatment, the individual can improve. However, the earlier a child is diagnosed, the better their prognosis will be. The following specialists most commonly treat people with dyspraxia:

  • Occupational therapy:

An occupational therapist will evaluate how the child manages with everyday functions both at home and at school. They will then help the child develop skills specific to daily activities which they find difficult.

  • Speech and language therapy:

The speech-language pathologist will conduct an assessment of the            child’s speech, and then implement a treatment plan to help them to communicate more effectively.

  • Perceptual motor training:

This involves improving the child’s language, visual, movement, and auditory skills. The individual is set a series of tasks that gradually become more advanced – the aim is to challenge the child so that they improve, but not so much that it becomes frustrating or stressful.

  • Active Play

Experts say the active play any play that involves physical activity –which can be outdoors or inside the home, helps improve motor activity. Play is a way children learn about the environment and about themselves, and particularly for children aged 3-5; it is a crucial part of their learning.

Active play is where a very young child’s physical and emotional learning, their development of language, their special awareness, the development of what their senses are, all come together.The more children are involved in active play, the better they will become at interacting with other children successfully.

Traditional, Contemporary Outfits To Rock This Festive Season

India is a country with an  ancient clothing design tradition, yet an rising Fashion industry. 

The festival of Ganesh Chaturthi is around the corner, and all of us are looking forward to celebrating it with utmost pomp and show. The festival, which involves prayer, celebrations also includes wearing bright and beautiful dresses. To make your celebrations brighter, here is a look at traditional and contemporary attires to ramp up your festive look.

1 .Simple saree:

Either you can go for a simple plain saree with a Kalamkari blouse, or you flaunt a Kalamkari saree with a simple plain blouse.

2.Cape style Anarkali:

If you are bored with wearing the same old Anarkali suits, this can go a long way for you. It adds a modern look to your attire and gives you a fresh and ideal look for celebratory events.

3.Tye and Dye Saree:

You can go for something traditional yet cool this Ganesh Chaturthi, like this striking red tye and dye saree. This one is for blending it with the people whether its’ at home or social gathering.

4. Puff Sleeves:

If you are tired of wearing the traditional blouse at all festivals, Puff Sleeves are the solution to this! If you are always used to wear kurtas and salwars, and just want to surprise everyone with a nice saree, then do wear it with a puff sleeve blouse. You can also braid your hair and adorn them with flowers.

5. Cotton Saree with Silver Jewelleries:

A popular trend these days is a soft lightweight cotton saree paired with oxidized silver jewelry. It’s perfect for those who want to celebrate in style but don’t want a hole in their wallet.

6. Multicoloured Sharara set:

It is the perfect balance between comfort and glamour. This makes it a perfect fit for this season.

7. Printed Skirt with White Shirt:

This fusion of traditional and contemporary makes you a perfect delight to look at. It is easy to carry as well. Pairing the look with silver jewelry gives you the statement look and makes you stand out in the crowd.

8.Banarasi Silk Kurta and Skirt set:

This traditional and homely attire is the perfect blend of culture and elegance. Banarasi work never goes out of fashion and makes you look both pretty and graceful at the same time.

9. Printed floral sarees:

printed sarees with a simple sleeveless blouse is a perfect outfit for any occasion.

10. In a light printed saree:
Floral is one of the oldest prints in couture and this pastel orange saree with contrasting blue and violet flowers all over brings out the ‘70s charm that an Indian drape had.

11. Maharashtrian Nauvari Saree:

It’s a 9-yard saree drape and is one of the most popular drapes in the region. It helps you to walk quickly and lets you sit comfortably on the floor or handle any amount of work with ease.

12. saree with a belt:

Sarees buckled up with a belt have become quite trendy. With the ever-changing fashion, draping saree with a belt is a trend that is a rage currently. Belt not only keeps the traditional aspect intact but also adds an oomph factor to the look. And you are set to look stylish and fashionable. They work well as both an ethnic and formal wear with the utmost style and chicness.

Women at a Higher Risk of Stroke Says a Study And Prevention Of Stroke In Women

  • Strokes are known as “brain attacks.” When blood flow stops to an area of the brain, the cells receive less oxygen, similar to what occurs during a heart attack. When brain cells can’t get enough oxygen, they die. Strokes generally fall in one of two categories,” Dr. Achieng says. “Ischemic strokes occur when a blood clot in a vessel stops blood flow to the brain. Hemorrhagic stroke occurs when a blood vessel bursts and bleeds into the surrounding brain tissue. Certain factors in women can lead to both types of stroke.
  • According to a study presented by European Stroke Organization (ESO) Conference, there is a rising heart attack and stroke among women than men. This is due to work stress, sleep disorders, fatigue, which are usually termed as non-traditional risk factors for heart attack and stroke.
  • While diabetes, arterial hypertension, raised cholesterol, smoking, obesity, and physical inactivity are recognized modifiable risk factors for cardiovascular disease, recently, it has been noted that non-traditional risk factors such as work pressures and sleep problems can significantly add to cardiovascular risk. Stroke is the No. 4 cause of death in women and kills more women than men. In fact, one in five women has a stroke.
  • Traditionally men have been perceived to be more affected by heart attacks and strokes than women.
  • But, the “study found men were more likely to smoke and be obese than women, but females reported a bigger increase in the non-traditional risk factors for heart attacks and strokes, such as work stress, sleep disorders, and feeling tired and fatigued”, said Dr Martin Hansel, Neurologist at the University Hospital Zurich, and her team.
  • “This increase coincides with the number of women working full time. Juggling work and domestic responsibilities or other socio-cultural aspects may be a factor, as well as specific health demands of women that may not be accounted for in our daily ‘busy’ lives,” Hansel added.
  • High blood pressure is the leading cause of stroke and is the main cause for increased risk of stroke among people with diabetes.
  • Researchers compared data from 22,000 men and women in the Swiss Health Survey from 2007, 2012, and 2017, and found an “alarming” rise in the number of women reporting the non-traditional risk factors for cardiovascular disease. The trend coincided with an increase in the number of women working full-time from 38 per cent in 2007 to 44 per cent in 2017.
  • Overall, in both sexes, the number reporting stress at work rose from 59 per cent in 2012 to 66 per cent in 2017, and those reporting feeling tired and fatigued increased from 23 per cent to 29 per cent (to 33 per cent in women and 26 per cent in men).
  • Over the same period, the number reporting sleep disorders went up from 24 per cent to 29 per cent, with severe sleep disorders also rising more sharply in women (8 per cent) than in men (5 per cent).
  • However, the research also found the traditional risk factors for developing cardiovascular disease had remained stable in the same time period, with 27 per cent suffering from hypertension, 18 per cent with raised cholesterol and 5 per cent with diabetes. Obesity increased to 11 per cent and smoking decreased from approximately 10.5 to 9.5 cigarettes per day, but both were more prevalent in men.

Stroke prevention in women:

With so many factors that can raise the risk of stroke in women, are there ways to prevent them?

The same steps you take to improve your heart health will also reduce your stroke risk, Dr. Achieng says. Your doctor may recommend taking a daily dose of aspirin because it thins the blood and reduces clotting, but that will depend on the individual.

Stroke prevention tips:

  • Eat healthier
  • Exercise regularly
  • Aim to lower blood pressure and cholesterol
  • Quit smoking
  • Reach a healthy weight
  • Take rest

Snack Time: Healthy Snacks Options For Those Mid-Day Cravings

Hunger pangs are difficult to manage and snacking is hard to resist. As such, we often end up indulging in chips, soft drinks, pizzas, burgers and fried food items whenever cravings strike. However, these unhealthy  snacks can lead to weight gain and also certain digestive issues.

                 However, you can always replace them with some healthier alternatives. Ayurveda expert has recommended some healthy snacking options that are not just nutritious but also tasty. When it comes to snacks, kids and even millennials tend to choose chips, cookies, pastries, soft drinks, pizza, burgers etc. which are sometimes okay, but really affect your health if had often. Unhealthy snacking is one of the reasons behind obesity, acne, hormonal issues, hair fall, diabetes, thyroid, PCOS & other lifestyle issues.

                When snack time is near, opt for something healthy & light, that will satisfy your cravings & boost your health.

Here are delicious snack time options we know you will surely enjoy are as follows:

Here are delicious snack time options we know you will surely enjoy are as follows:

  • Gur chana (jaggery and chickpeas):

It is easily available, easy to digest, boosts immunity and sharpens memory.

  • Roasted makhana:

It is rich in nutrients, stabilizes your blood sugar and doesn’t make you gain weight.

  •  Poha:

 It makes you feel fuller and energetic. It is a good source of carbohydrates and fat.

  • Puffed rice:

 It is crispy, savory and super easy to prepare and digest.

  • Coconut jaggery ladoo:

 It is best for people who crave sweets.

  • Dry fruit laddoo:

 It is nutritious and filling.

Sattu drink:

It is an amazing source of protein and energy. It can be consumed pre or post-workout or during the afternoon.

  • Sesame laddoo:

It is best for hair, teeth and bones.

  • Nuts and dry fruits:

They have good antioxidants, fiber, nutrition and fills your stomach in an instant.

  • Fruits:

 nourishing and full of nutrients.

  • Cottage cheese & khakhra:

Homemade cottage cheese is loaded with protein. A mini-meal of fresh cottage cheese combined with whole wheat khakhras is sure to satisfy both your hunger pangs, as well as your taste buds!

  • Oats, milk & nuts:

Oats are complex carbohydrates, rich in soluble fiber & low on fat. Prepare a bowl of oats & top it up with low-skim milk & crunchy nuts to enjoy a yummy evening snack.

  • Egg whites & green veggies:

 Egg whites are low on calories & high on protein. Combine them with fresh green vegetables such as, spinach, lettuce, broccoli etc. to keep yourself fueled throughout the day!

  • Fruit Salad:

 Fruits such as apples, pears & cucumbers are loaded with vitamins, fiber & minerals. Top your fruit salad with crunchy flaxseeds or sunflower seeds for better taste & added health benefits.

  • Peanut Butter:

 Peanut butter is a good source of protein & healthy fats. Prepare a peanut butter sandwich using whole wheat bread or dip some fresh fruit pieces into this yummy mixture & munch away!

  • Boiled Sprouts:

 Sprouts are a powerhouse of protein, fiber & vitamins. A mid-day meal of boiled sprouts with tossed veggies & chat masala will surely make for a healthy & delicious evening snack.

  • Smoothies:

 Healthy, wholesome & delicious! You can prepare a smoothie using skim milk & fresh fruits or vegetables. A healthy smoothie will boost metabolism & keep you feeling full until you reach back home.

5 Easy Yoga Exercises To Beat Stress

Meditation, good sleeping routine and stretching  helps one to focus and relax but when anxiety starts to creep in or during times of stress, many people turn to Yoga . It might seem contradictory but by exercising and putting physical stress on one’s body, mental tensions can be relieved.

                    Yoga is a form of exercise that combines stretching, breathing, relaxation and meditation and has various asana or body postures that include sitting meditation pose, reclining, standing, inverted, twisting and balancing poses to overcome all kinds of sufferings and lead to ‘the state of liberation’ (Moksha) or ‘freedom’ (Kaivalya) and self-realisation. Studies have often suggested that Yoga can enhance mood and according to some researches, it may even be as effective as antidepressant drugs at treating depression and anxiety.

                  Yoga practice helps lower stress and anxiety by releasing endorphins, improving sleep pattern and self-image. Hence, people who do Yoga regularly are less likely to experience anxiety as compared to those who don’t since benefits of the asana are strongest when one performs them regularly.

Looking for some calming poses to deal with anxiety or stress disorder, check below for the steps and benefits of 5 easy-to-do Yoga asana at home to get promising results.

1.Sukhasana or easy pose:

Method: Sit on a Yoga mat or on the floor with your legs stretched out. Bend one of your legs and place it under the opposite thigh and repeat the same with the other leg.

Sit erect, keep your head, neck and trunk aligned in a straight line, put your hands on your knees or thighs in Chin Mudra or Jnana Mudra. Turn your palms up to be receptive or down to feel grounded and inhaling slowly, feel your spine grow long while on exhaling, root down through your seat.

Benefits: Apart from finding stillness and tranquility, this asana relieves muscle and joint pains as it helps the practitioner in maintaining a good posture, gives flexibility, keeps the back straight and provides strength to the legs. This in turn lengthens the back muscles and spine, broadens the collarbones and chest, stretches the external aspect of the knees and unlocks the hips.

2. Balasana or Child’s Pose or Child’s Resting Pose:

Method: Sit on your heels on the floor or a yoga mat and keep your knees either together or wide apart. Slowly, exhale and bend forward to touch the floor with your forehead or rest it on a block or two stacked fists while keeping your arms alongside your body and palms facing up. Alternatively, you can keep your palms facing down on the mat by reaching out your arms towards the front of the yoga mat. Now, if your knees are together, gently press your chest on the thighs or press your chest between the thighs if the knees are apart.

  Relax the shoulders, jaw and eyes and find a comfortable place for the forehead as there is an energy point at its center, in between the eyebrows, that supports a “rest and digest” response by stimulating the vagus nerve. Hold onto the pose for as long as you like and pull your navel towards your spine while inhaling and softening your body and the arms while exhaling. Return to the sitting position on the heels slowly while inhaling and as if uncurling the spine.

Benefits: This beginner’s Yoga pose not only helps to reduce stress and anxiety by helps releasing the tension in the chest, back and shoulders but also helps if you have a bout of dizziness or fatigue during the day or during your workout. It can help relieve back pain as it is a gentle stretch for the back, hips, thighs and ankles.

Precautions: This exercise is not recommended for pregnant women or those suffering from diarrhea or knee injury.

3.  Savasana/Shavasana or corpse pose:

Method: Lie on your back with your legs straight and arms relaxed at your sides. Gently close your eyes while keeping your feet a comfortable distance apart in a natural position and keep your arms straight along the body but away from the torso while resting your palms facing up.

Breathe naturally, allow your body to feel heavy on the ground and focus all your attention on your toes. Then shift your attention and begin to release each part of your body, organ and cell, consciously working from the toes up to the top of your head. Bring your mind gently back to your body if it wanders.

Be sure that you do not fall asleep and relax your face, feeling your eyes drop into your sockets and the softening of your jaw. Draw your attention to the sounds around you and try to find the most distant one until you find the sound closest to you.

When you feel relaxed, exit the pose by gently bringing your awareness back to your body and wriggle your fingers and toes while still keeping your eyes closed. Draw your knees in and slowly roll over to one side in sukhasana pose. Rest there for a moment in a comfortable seated position and open your eyes gently while slowly turning your attention outwards.

Benefits: Shavasana along with deep breathing relaxes the nervous system more than any other Yoga asana and this instantly brings down the body temperature. It relieves stress, repairs cells, relaxes the body and helps self-healing without pills for pregnant women.

4. Matsyasana or the Fish Pose:

Method: Lie down on your back with legs straight on the floor and hands beside the thighs. Keep your palms near the shoulders and your fingers pointing towards them. Inhale, press your palms on the floor, lift your shoulders and head up and drop the top of the head on the floor.

Arch your back while keeping your hands up in namaskar mudra. Lift both of your legs at 45 degrees’ angle. Hold the posture for 10 seconds and release.

Benefits: This exercise has multiple benefits. From stretching the chest, abs, hip flexors and neck to stimulating two important areas of the body. First is the throat chakra which relates to communication and self-expression and second is the crown chakra, on the top of your head, which is tied to wisdom and knowledge.

Precautions: Avoid this pose if you have a neck or back injury or even if you have a headache.

5. Vrikshasana or tree pose:

Method: Balance yourself on one leg, with the other one folded and supported on your inner thigh. Stretch out your hands above your head and point them directly upwards.

Clasp them together in anjali mudra. Gaze in the distance, shift the weight to your left leg while keeping the right knee bent in half lotus position and hold onto this posture for a few seconds before releasing and repeating the same with the alternate leg.

Benefits: This asana helps to bring balance to your mind and body. It makes your legs stronger and is a great hip opener as assists it the body in establishing pelvic stability and strengthens the bones of the hips and legs.

The shift of the entire body’s weight to each leg strengthens the ligaments and tendon of the feet. It also helps strengthen the thighs, calves and ankles and and helps improve focus.

Precautions: This asana should be avoided by those who suffer from vertigo or migraine or insomnia issues.

Indian Freedom Fighters

Around 75 years ago, on the historic date of 15th August 1947, India became free from British domination. It was the culmination of numerous movements and struggles that were rife throughout the time of British rule including the historic revolt of 1857. This independence was achieved through the efforts of many revolutionary freedom fighters, who took the lead in organizing the struggle which led to India’s independence. Although they were of varied ideologies ranging from moderates to extremists, their contribution to India’s freedom struggle has been immortalized in the minds of every Indian. This blog brings you the Indian freedom fighters who sacrificed their lives to ensure India’s independence.

         People from every corner of the country participated in the struggle for ousting the British from India. Many of them sacrificed their lives to free India from the tyrannical rule of the British.

Here are the freedom fighters who fought bravely in the Indian Independence struggle:

1.Mahatma Gandhi:

Born on 2nd October 1869, Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi is revered as Father of the Nation for his immense sacrifices for India. He not only ushered India towards freedom, but he also became the inspiring figure for many independence struggles and rights movements across the world. Popularly called Bapu, Gandhi introduced the doctrine of non-violence in India. According to him, independence was to be achieved through a combination of non-violent movement and non-co-operation with the British. His credit lies in the fact that he was able to bring the masses into the freedom struggle. The historic Non-Cooperation movement, Dandi March and the Quit India movement were all started under his leadership.

  • Born: 2 October 1869, Porbandar
  • Full name: Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi
  • Assassinated: 30 January 1948, New Delhi
  • Famously Known As Bapu

2.Subhash Chandra Bose:

One of the greatest Indian freedom fighters that history witnessed was none other than Subhas Chandra Bose. He was born on 23rd January 1897. He was a radical nationalist and his ultimate patriotism carved a hero out of him. Bose belonged to the extremist section of the Indian freedom fighters. He was the leader of a radical youth wing of Congress from the early years of the 1920s till the end of 1930. Bose disagreed with the ideals of non-violence promoted by Gandhi, instead of believing that only armed revolt could oust the British from India. The founder of the Forward Bloc, he escaped the eyes of the British to ultimately reach Germany during the second world war. He raised the Indian National Army (INA) and with Japanese help, was able to free a portion of Indian territory from the British in Manipur, but was ultimately defeated due to Japanese surrender to the British. Although he is believed to have died in a plane crash in 1945, his death remains shrouded in mystery to date.

  • Born: 23 January 1897, Cuttack
  • Famously Known As Netaji
  • Died: 18 August 1945, Taipei, Taiwan
  • Education: Scottish Church College (1918), Presidency University

3.Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel:

Vallabhbhai Patel was born on 31st October 1875. A senior leader of the Indian National Congress, he had an immense contribution to the Indian freedom struggle as one of the most influential and strong-minded Indian freedom fighters. He was the brain and mind behind the integration of India into a united country. He was one of the most influential leaders of Gujarat, who organized peasant movements against the British based on Gandhi’s ideals of non-violence. One of the first congress leaders to have accepted the British plan of partition for India, he is remembered for his role in integrating the princely states into the dominion of India. His efforts led to the integration of around 562 princely states. After independence, he served as the first home minister and deputy prime minister of India.

  • Born: 31 October 1875, Nadia
  • Died: 15 December 1950, Mumbai
  • Full name: Vallabhbhai Jhaverbhai Patel

4.Jawaharlal Nehru:

Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru was born on 14th November 1889. He was the single child of Motilal Nehru and Swarup Rani Nehru. Nehru was one of the most renowned barristers and was known for his intellectual capabilities which soon made him one of the greatest politicians India had ever seen. Nehru, under the approval of Gandhi, his mentor, rose to become one of the most dominant figures in Indian politics from the 1930s onwards. Nehru, after much deliberations, accepted the partition proposal for India in 1947 and took oath as the First Prime Minister of India after attaining independence. His birthday on 14 November is widely celebrated in India as Children’s day.

  • Born: 14 November 1889, Prayagraj
  • Died: 27 May 1964, New Delhi
  • Spouse: Kamala Nehru (m. 1916–1936)
  • Parents: Motilal Nehru
  • Famously Known As: Chacha Nehru, Pandit Nehru

5.Bhagat Singh:

Born in 1907, Bhagat Singh was among the extreme revolutionary Indian freedom fighters. He was a largely controversial, though respected figure in the freedom struggle of India. This revolutionary hero was born in a Sikh family in the undivided state of Punjab and carried the legacy of his family and clinched to his patriotism till his death. He was involved in a plot in 1928 to assassinate James Scott, a British police superintendent to exact revenge for the death of Lala Lajpat Rai. The plot failed when they mistakenly killed another young police officer and Singh fled to Lahore to escape from punishment. The following year, he, along with his associates hurled a bomb at the Central Legislative Assembly in Delhi in protest against the implementation of the Defence of India Act and surrendered to the police. This great Indian freedom fighter was sentenced to death by hanging by the British, and executed at the age of only 23. 

  • Born: 28 September 1907, Banga, Pakistan
  • Died: 23 March 1931, Lahore Central Jail, Lahore, Pakistan
  • Education: National College, Lahore, National College of Arts, Dayanand Anglo-Vedic Schools System
  • Famously Known As: Shaheed Bhagat Singh

A Popular Spanish Series Money Heist Season 5 Streaming On Netflix from today

Netflix’s popular thriller series Money Heist is coming back! It is entering its fifth and final season. The Spanish TV series will be split into two volumes of five episodes each. Created by Alex Pina and produced by Vancouver Media, the show, titled “La Casa De Papel” in Spanish, wrapped production on its last chapter on May 14. In the final season, the gang has been shut in the Bank of Spain for over 100 hours. They have managed to rescue Lisbon, played by Itziar Ituno, but their darkest moment is upon them after losing one of their own. “The Professor (Alvaro Morte) has been captured by Sierra (Najwa Nimri) and, for the first time, doesn’t have an escape plan. Just when it seems like nothing else could go wrong, an enemy comes on the scene that is much more powerful than any they’ve faced: the army. The end of the greatest heist in history is approaching, and what began as a robbery will turn into a war,” reads the official logline of the last chapter. The global hit took fans back inside the Bank of Spain where the gang is facing its biggest enemy to date – the army.

            The most-awaited season of the engaging and thrilling series Money Heist is here to blow your mind. The series is filled with action, is completely unpredictable, that will keep you glued to the seat. The finale season of Netflix is going to be highly heavy-duty and exploding.

          The fifth season of the popular series  Money Heist is all set to release. While fans are super excited for the same, one question that is on everyone’s mind is if the new season will have the tragic death of their beloved character – the Professor.

            While several fan theories have predicted that the Professor could meet his end in the very first episode of the new season, one must also notice the hints regarding the fate of the professor in the trailer. In the season 5 trailer, Professor says, “It’s possible this is the last time I speak to you.” The trailer also presents how Alicia Sierra has tied him up in chains. In another scene, she throws him from an elevated height.

              Money Heist will drop heavy grenade this season as the makers promise a loaded show with more twists, a gripping storyline and a tale of complex human emotions offering an engaging ride. The new faces will surely add more weight to show giving it more dimension. It is by far safe to say that the season will explode your mind with its adventurous content. The series is split into two halves by Netflix. It has a total of ten episodes in Season 5. 

                     Money Heist season 5 “Volume 1” will be available at 12:30pm IST on September 3. Volume 2 will release at 1:30pm IST on December 3. There are 10 episodes in total in Money Heist season 5. The five-episode Volume 1 will be available September 3. Money Heist season 5 volume 2 release date is December 3.

5 Incredible Beaches to Visit in Kerala

Kerala: 

Kerala, a state on India’s tropical Malabar Coast, has nearly 600km of Arabian Sea shoreline. It’s known for its palm-lined beaches and backwaters, a network of canals. Inland are the Western Ghats, mountains whose slopes support tea, coffee and spice plantations as well as wildlife.

Looking for a beach vacay? What better than sun, sand, shade, surf and truck loads of fun in the beaches, right? Well, if you are looking for just all that we have mentioned, then head to Kerala on your next trip Called as the “God’s own country”, Kerala has an abundance of breathtaking beaches that are perfect for your next fun getaway with family.

1.Poovar Beach:

Poovar is a natural wonder where lake, river and sea meet the land. Poovar beach near the Kovalam beach separates the river Neyyar from the sea. This beautiful beach is a favourite spot for those who prefer solitude and serenity. Its beauty will calm your heart and soul instantly.

2.Cherai Beach:

Located on Vypeen Island, which can be reached from Kochi by ferry and then a bus or auto rickshaw ride through the villages and paddy fields Cherai beach is isolated. A substantial portion of the main beach was recently beautified, which included the addition of a new walkway. One of the remarkable sights there is beach and lagoon so close together. In fact, it is the longest beach in Kochi. This shallow, calm 10-km long beach is called the “The Princess of Arabian Sea”. Interestingly, the beach is located near to Kochi International Airport which makes it easily accessible too.

3.Bekal Beach:

Next one in the list is Bekal beach in Kerala. It lies in Kasaragod district. The virgin beauty of Bekal beach is an ideal place for some quiet and relaxing time. The centuries old fort in the beach, Bekkal Fort, facing the Arabian sea, is worth exploring too.

4.Kovalam Beach:

Many of you would have already heard about Kovalam beach in Kerala. Just as Goa’s popular Calangute and Baga beaches, Kovalam is a much preferred beach in Kerala which is located not far from the capital, Trivandrum. It’s actually made up of two main coves Hawa (also referred to as Eve’s Beach) and Lighthouse Beach. Lighthouse is the biggest and busiest of the two, with its promenade lined with open-air restaurants.

5.Varkala Beach:

A quiet and an isolated sandy beach, Varkala beach is less crowded than another popular beach – Kovalam, and offers breathtaking views. The striking beach lies at the bottom of a long stretch of cliff that’s bordered by beach shacks and shops. You can stay right on the cliff, overlooking the ocean, or set back from it.

Google Doodle honors Rudolf Weigl On his Birth Anniversary –You must know about Polish Biologist

  • Google on Thursday celebrated the 138th birth anniversary of Polish inventor, doctor, and immunologist Rudolf Weigl with a doodle. Weigl had produced the first effective vaccine against epidemic typhus—one of humanity’s oldest and most infectious diseases.
  • Thursday’s doodle shows Weigl holding a test tube in his gloved hands. There are drawings of lice on the wall on the right side and a human body and some more lice on the left. The illustrator has spelled out Google with all that is used in a lab for testing purpose.
  • Rudolf Stefan Jan Weigl was born in the modern-day Czech Republic in the year 1883. He completed his graduation in biological sciences from the Lwow University in Poland in 1907. Not only that, he earned doctorate degrees in subjects such as zoology, comparative anatomy, and histology. 
  • During World War I, typhus was wreaking havoc in Europe and had killed millions in no time. Weigl decided to take matters into his own hands and do research on the disease. He found that the root cause of it was lice that carried the infection. He grew it in his laboratory and squashed their stomachs to create the vaccine. 
  • By 1933, large-scale testing of the vaccine took place after several years of modification. 
  • While this work is exemplary, his role in saving around 5000 jews in the Nazi ghettos makes him a prominent figure in history. When Nazi Germany heard about him, they asked Weigl to create a Typhus vaccine manufacturing plant. For that, he hired many of his Jewish colleagues and friends so that they do not get deported to the concentration camps. 
  • Weigl went on to study biological sciences at Poland’s Lwów University and was appointed as a parasitologist in the Polish Army in 1914. As millions across Eastern Europe were plagued by typhus, Weigl became determined to stop its spread.
  • Body lice were known to carry the typhus-infecting bacteria Rickettsia prowazekii, so Weigl adapted the tiny insect into a laboratory specimen. His innovative research revealed how to use lice to propagate the deadly bacteria which he studied for decades with the hope of developing a vaccine. In 1936, Weigl’s vaccine successfully inoculated its first beneficiary. When Germany occupied Poland during the outbreak of the Second World War, Weigl was forced to open a vaccine production plant. He used the facility to hire friends and colleagues at risk of persecution under the new regime.
  • An estimated 5,000 people were saved due to Weigl’s work during this period–both due to his direct efforts to protect his neighbors and to the thousands of vaccine doses distributed nationwide. Today, Weigl is widely lauded as a remarkable scientist and hero. His work has been honored by not one but two Nobel Prize nominations.
  • For creating the vaccine and humanitarian work, Weigl was nominated for the Nobel Prize twice. However, due to interference both times, he did not become the recipient. He breathed his last in 1957. However, in 2003, Israel honored him with the title called ‘Righteous Among the Nations’ for his contribution. 

India has approved Zydus Cadila’s First Covid-19 vaccine for children

  • Zydus Cadila’s ZyCoV-D Covid-19 vaccine is the world’s first plasmid DNA vaccine against the coronavirus.
  • Indian drug regulator DCGI approved Zydus Cadila’s three-dose COVID-19 DNA vaccine for emergency use in adults and children aged 12 years and above, bringing in the sixth vaccine authorized for use in the country.
  • India has now approved its first vaccine for children, a timely move amid warnings of an upcoming third wave in the country, which some experts have warned could be deadlier towards children. While the Union Health Ministry has refuted that the next wave of the pandemic would prove more serious to the ‘vulnerable and unvaccinated’ population comprising children, it has, at the same time, augmented pediatric services across the nation as a preventive measure.
  • The company said it plans to manufacture 100 million to 120 million doses of ZyCoV-D annually and has started to stockpile the vaccine.
  • The generic drug maker, listed as Cadila Healthcare Ltd, applied for the authorization of ZyCoV-D on July 1, based on an efficacy rate of 66.6% in a late-stage trial of over 28,000 volunteers nationwide.
  • “Interim results from Phase-III Clinical Trials, in over 28,000 volunteers, showed primary efficacy of 66.6 per cent for symptomatic RT-PCR positive cases,” said a government release, adding that this has been the largest vaccine trial so far in India for COVID-19.
  • “This vaccine had already exhibited robust immunogenicity and tolerability and safety profile in the adaptive Phase I/II clinical trials carried out earlier. Both the Phase I/II and Phase III clinical trials have been monitored by an independent Data Safety Monitoring Board (DSMB),” it said.
  • ZyCoV-D is the world’s first plasmid DNA vaccine against the coronavirus. It uses a section of genetic material from the virus that gives instructions as either DNA or RNA to make the specific protein that the immune system recognizes and responds to.
  • Zydus Cadila’s vaccine, developed in partnership with the Department of Biotechnology, is the second home-grown shot to get emergency authorization in India after Bharat Biotech’s Covaxin.
  • The drug maker said in July its COVID-19 vaccine was effective against the new coronavirus mutants, especially the Delta variant, and that the shot is administered using a needle-free applicator as opposed to traditional syringes.
  • Earlier today, the Indian drug regulator’s subject expert committee had recommended emergency use approval for the vaccine. The committee had added that Zydus needs to submit additional data for the 2-dose regimen of its vaccine.
  • Covishield, Covaxin and Sputnik V vaccines are being given to only those above 18 years and unlike ZyCoV-D, which is three-dose, these are administered in two doses.
  • The Department of Biotechnology (DBT) has said that ZyCoV-D is the world’s first DNA-based vaccine against the coronavirus and when injected produces the spike protein of the SARS-CoV-2 virus and elicits an immune response, which plays a vital role in protection from the disease as well as viral clearance.
  • The vaccine had already exhibited robust immunogenicity and tolerability and safety profile in the adaptive phase one and two clinical trials. Both Phase one/two and Phase three clinical trials have been monitored by an independent data safety monitoring board, it added.
  • The Union government is expecting Zydus Cadila’s needle-free COVID-19 vaccine ZyCoV-D to be available from the first week of October in India. 

National Nutrition Week

To remain fit and healthy, one has to ensure to eat protein enriched diet. They have to make to eat the right thing to avoid health issues and deficiencies. National Nutrition Week is celebrated every year to remind the masses about the importance of healthy and nutritious food. During this week, various activities are conducted to remind people of the importance of nutrition in the body.

          You should choose a diet made of nutrient-rich foods. Nutrient-rich (or nutrient-dense) foods are low in sugar, sodium, starches, and bad fats. They contain a lot of vitamins and minerals and few calories. Your body needs vitamins and minerals, known as micronutrients. They nourish your body and help keep you healthy. They can reduce your risk for chronic diseases. Getting them through food ensures your body can absorb them properly.

            Try to eat a variety of foods to get different vitamins and minerals. Foods that naturally are nutrient-rich include fruits and vegetables. Lean meats, fish, whole grains, dairy, legumes, nuts, and seeds also are high in nutrients.

National Nutrition Week 2021 Date:

This year, National Nutrition Week is celebrated from 1st September to 7th September.

History:

This was started in March 1973 by a member of the American Dietetic Association. Their goal was to enlighten the profession of dietetics by delivering a nutritional education message. This initiative garnered a lot of support in the 1980s and later, it got expanded as a month-long observation.

In the year 1982, the Government of India started National Nutrition Week in India. This was done to educate the masses about the importance of being healthy and fit and at the same time the importance of nutrition and a healthy lifestyle.

National Nutrition Theme:

Every year, national nutrition week is based on a theme. This year, it is based on “feeding smart right from the start.” This will focus on consuming the right kind of food to stay healthy and fit.

Significance:

This week is observed to educate people about the science of consuming the right food and food choices through nutrition. A body requires energy, protein, essential fats, vitamins and minerals to live, grow and function properly. A balanced diet that includes all the essential parts of a healthy being is important. An unhealthy diet opens the gate to diseases.

The Food and Nutrition Board of the Government of India’s Ministry of Women and Child Development celebrates every year to educate the people about the importance of consuming the right and healthy food.

8 APPS AND TOOLS THAT WILL MAKE YOUR LIFE SIMPLER

There’s an app for everything nowadays, from tracking steps to tracking calories.  A good app offers some level of added utility to your day-to-day life without intruding in on your real-world responsibilities. When looking to get the most use out of your smartphone, look for apps that can enhance your work, hobbies, and relaxation. Apps can help you to take charge of three of the most important aspects of your day-to-day life: your family, your health, and your time.

                   Technology is a godsend. From the idea of communicating a thought to another person within seconds to freezing a moment in time—technology has made life more memorable, productive, and helpful. One search can result in a multitude of pasta recipes and life advice. One swipe could you find you a potential partner. A few movements and you’ve reminded your sister to feed the dog.

                   As easy as technology is, my life experiences have driven me to always be in the pursuit of more and more life altering apps to step up my act in being spiritual, healthy, productive, and social. Below are just a few.

1.Inshorts:

Free

iOS and Android

The Inshorts app, developed by Ada News InShorts Pvt. Ltd, is designed to summarize every news piece in 60 words—yes, exact 60 words. The idea is to deliver the news at speed, complete with facts and what you really need to know. Laborious analysis is kept aside, so as to not slow you down while in the process of catching up with the happenings of the day. The app covers a wide range of genres. All stories are condensed manually by the in-house editorial team, and each news article also includes links to the larger story on the source website. This app was previously known as News In Shorts.

2.UrbanClap:

Free

iOS and Android

The UrbanClap app is perhaps the biggest indicator of a new trend of hiring professionals for executing various tasks and services. This includes repairs and maintenance tasks, including AC repairs, managing home care, plan events such as weddings and birthday parties as well as signing up for services such as tutors and for hobbies, among other things. Once a user puts in a specific request in the app, UrbanClap matches it with the registered professionals and assigns accordingly. UrbanClap says that they have more than 50,000 professionals registered to work on the platform and have more than 1 million users.

3.Swiggy:

Free

iOS and Android

The idea of opening an app on the smartphone, and depending on what catches your fancy that day, ordering food has caught on quite quickly. Indian app Swiggy is currently available in eight cities—Delhi, Gurgaon, Bengaluru, Hyderabad, Mumbai, Pune, Kolkata and Chennai. Users, depending on the city and the precise location, can order from restaurants in the vicinity. Swiggy currently does not have any minimum order criteria for delivery of the order.

4.Hike Messenger:

Free

iOS, Android, Windows Phone

Instant messenger apps are by far the most popular smartphone apps, simply because they have made communication with friends a lot faster and a lot less cluttered. The made-in-India Hike Messenger has 100 million users and the platform is used for exchanging as many as 40 billion messages every month. Over time, Hike Messenger has become more polished to use, and has added some rather cool features as well. The latest version of the app includes optimization for better connectivity when the 2G/3G/4G connection falters as well as a Hidden Mode for keeping chats private. Hike Messenger includes a Direct feature which lets you share files with friends, who are in close physical proximity at that time, without using the mobile data or Wi-Fi connection.

5.Fitso:

Free (in-app purchases)

iOS and Android

Once you are done with the food that you ordered using a food delivery app on your smartphone, it may be time to count the calories and pull out the fitness app on your phone. And the Fitso app for Apple iPhone and Android smartphones does just what is expected from it. Users can track their activities, set goals, manage workouts and also chat with a coach to get tips on how to improve your fitness routine.

6.Sleep cycle:

Free (in-app purchases)

iOS and Android

Sleep is one of the most often-overlooked aspects of a person’s health. The Sleep Cycle app helps users achieve optimal sleeping habits by waking them up at the best possible time each morning. Intelligent graphs and insights help the user to understand their sleeping habits and how to achieve a more restful sleep cycle.

7. Wattpad:

Free (in-app purchases)

iOS and Android

Make the most out of your free time. Wattpad is a popular app for reading enthusiasts as it provides a diverse library of materials that don’t require downloading huge PDFs or connecting to the internet. Liven up your commute or make better use of your downtime with a book, article, or short story.

8. Insight timer:

Free (in-app purchases)

iOS and Android

Mental health is every bit as important as physical health, and Insight Timer helps to improve your mental health through mindfulness and meditation. Give your mind a chance to relax from the stresses of a busy day at work.

Malaria: Signs and Symptoms, Tips to prevent the disease

Malaria is associated with a bite from the female Anopheles mosquito and in a few cases, can cause serious health complications. Malaria is a mosquito-borne infectious disease of humans and other animals caused by protists (a type of microorganism) of the genus Plasmodium.

          The term malaria originates from Medieval Italian: mala aria — “bad air”; the disease was formerly called ague or marsh fever due to its association with swamps and marshland. Malaria was once common in most of Europe and North America, where it is no longer endemic, though imported cases do occur.

The disease is most common in tropical and subtropical climates (hot and humid) where the parasites can live and are generally active.

 Types of malaria:

Parasites of the genus Plasmodium cause malaria. There are many species of the malaria parasite Plasmodium. However, only five of them infect humans. These are:

– Plasmodium falciparum: Found in tropical and subtropical areas and is a major contributor to deaths from severe malaria.

– Plasmodium vivax: Mostly found in Asia and Latin America. It involves a dormant stage that can cause relapses.

– Plasmodium ovale: Found in Africa and the Pacific islands.

– Plasmodium malariae: Found worldwide and can cause a chronic infection.

– Plasmodium knowlesi: Found throughout Southeast Asia. It can rapidly progress from an uncomplicated case to severe malaria infection.

SIGNS AND SYMPTOMS: Incubation period refers to how long it takes from initial infection to the appearance of symptoms.

This generally depends on the type of parasite:

 · P. falciparum – 9 to 14 days

· P. vivax – 12 to 18 days · P. ovale – 12 to 18 days

· P. malariae – 18 to 40 days However, incubation periods can vary from as little as 7 days, to several months for P. vivax and P. ovale. If you are taking medication to prevent infection (chemoprophylaxis) the incubation period is usually longer.

The signs and symptoms of malaria typically begin 8–25 days following infection; signs include:

· Decreased consciousness

· Significant weakness such that the person is unable to walk

· Inability to feed

· Two or more convulsions

 · Low blood pressure (less than 70 mmHg in adults or 50 mmHg in children)

 · Breathing problems

 · Circulatory shock

 · Kidney failure or hemoglobin in the urine

· Pulmonary edema

Prevention:

The best way to prevent malaria is to keep our home and surroundings clean. Having a strong civic sense is the best way to ensure safety from malaria.

1.Fog them out:

Get fogging in your neighborhood done before the rainy season starts as it helps to kill the mosquitoes that might be hiding at places.

2. Choose the right clothes:

Make sure you choose the right clothing to prevent malaria. Wear cover-alls, full-sleeved clothes, long pants that can help prevent mosquito bites.

3.Use mosquito repellent products:

You can use various over-the-counter mosquito repellant creams and bands. The same will help keep you safeguarded even when you are sitting in a garden or outside playing.

4.Use mosquito nets:

This is the simplest and ineffective way of keeping the mosquitoes away. A person is most vulnerable when they are sleeping. Using mosquito nets neither exposes you to harmful mosquito chemicals nor does it harm your body.

5.Use window nets:

Cover your windows well and keep them closed.

6. Keep your surroundings clean:

Keeping your surroundings clean is one of the best-recommended methods to prevent yourself from malaria. While travelling, make sure that you avoid loitering around.

TRANSMISSION:

Vectors: Plasmodium may exploit several genera of mosquitoes, as vectors and intermediate

hosts

· Culex

· Anopheles,

· Culiceta

· Mansonia and 

· Aedes

i. Bites of mosquitoes, 

ii. Mechanically by blood transfer as in mass vaccination,

iii. Caponization and injection. 

Malaria  parasites  are  transmitted  from  person  to  person  through  Anopheles  mosquitoes.

When a mosquito bites, blood containing the parasites is taken into the mosquito’s gut. Over a

period of 10 or more days, the parasites undergo a complex development, the mature parasite

eventually coming to reside in the mosquito’s salivary glands, ready for transmission to a new

person  when  it  bites  again.  In  the  next  human  host,  the  parasite  first  infects  the  liver,

undergoes rapid replication in this site for at least five days, and then infects red blood cells.

It is in the  blood  that the parasites causes  the  most serious symptoms of  malaria,  including

cerebral malaria initiated by parasitised blood cells blocking blood capillaries in the brain.

Human-to-human transmission of Malaria.

5 Home Remedies To Get Rid Of Dark Circles

Yes, dark circles are stubborn. They do not go away easily. All they contribute to your beautiful face is to leave you looking like a panda. And don’t you just hate the fact that you have to hide them (and the bags that come with them) with an enormous amount of makeup and lots and lots of concealers. And well, the pandemic along with the ensuing lockdown made it worse by messing with our sleep schedules. 

Dark circles are caused due to a variety of reasons. The skin around our eyes is extremely thin and delicate which is why the changes that our body goes through begin to show right here. Ageing might be a common factor. Fatigue, lack of sleep, straining our eyes from increased screen time are also common causes of it. Some are also likely to get dark circles due to genetics. But that doesn’t entirely mean it isn’t curable. Scroll below to know the remedies.

1.Cold Compress:

Applying a cold compress twice a day can reduce dark circles. Or if you haven’t got the time to apply it once. Hold the compress for 10 minutes. That’s it. The safest and quickest way of not looking like a panda.

2.Cucumber :

Cucumbers have skin-lightening and cooling properties. It has astringent to help lighten up our under eyes. Cut the cucumber into slices and refrigerate for up to 30 minutes. Cleanse your eyes, lie down and place the slices over your eyes. Keep it for 15-20 minutes before washing it off with water.

3.Tea Bags:

Teabags are a great way to eliminate those dark circles without any side effects. The antioxidants in tea bags help fight fine lines, dark circles and puffy eyes. It can improve blood circulation also. Just take two used tea bags and chill them for about 15 minutes. Take it out and place them on your eyelids and dark circles for 10 minutes. Use it daily to see the difference. 

4.Aloe Vera

Aloe Vera is rich in anti-pigmentation properties and Vitamin E that helps fight dark circles. And being a tropical plant, it is present in every house. Take an aloe vera leaf and extract all the gel out of it, take equal amounts of honey and mix it well. Now clean your eyes and apply this mixture all around them. Leave it for 15 minutes. Now wash it off. Use it daily for best results.

5.Tomato:

Tomato, Yes, these red round fruits can work wonders. They have natural bleaching properties that lighten up the skin. It also has moisturizing and regenerating properties. Take a tomato and grind it into a paste. Apply it over the dark circles and rinse it off after a few minutes. You can also drink tomato juice first thing in the morning. It improves the skin color under our eyes. 

NATIONAL SPORTS DAY- YOU MUST KNOW ABOUT FAMOUS SPORTS IN INDIA

There are different kind of games played in India, from popular sports such as football and Cricket to lesser known but most played local games Kho- kho. Here is the lit of top most popular sports in India with the special place and part of the physical culture in ancient India.

1.Cricket:

Cricket is not only the most popular sport in India but also an important part of the Indian culture,played almost everywhere. BCCI is body for cricket in India, Indian Premier League is the most watched sports leagues in the world.

Indian cricket team is the winner of all format of Cricket be it Twenty20 World Cup, 2011 Cricket World Cup, ICC Champions Trophy and ICC Test Championship.

2.Badminton:

Badminton is the second most played sports in India and the team is governed by the Badminton Association of India. The Indian team of Badminton players are taking the world in all kind of Championships, P.V. Sindhu, Saina Nehwal, Ashwini Ponnappa and Jwala Gutta.

3.Football:

Football as a sports is very popular in the state of Kerala, Goa, West Bengal and north-eastern India, From where professional players like Bhaichung Bhutia and Sunil Chhetri promote Indian football to the country.

4.Kabaddi:

Kabaddi is one of the most popular sports in India, popularized as a competitive sport and part in the Asian Games, international kabaddi competition – Kabaddi World Cup and Pro Kabaddi League based on Indian premier league.

Pro Kabaddi League is second most watched sports in India after IPL, also uses a franchise based model with rules same as indoor version of Kabaddi and 2019 season of Pro Kabaddi League features 12 teams.

5.Field Hockey:

Field Hockey is one of the oldest ancient games played in India, Considered as the unofficial National sport of India. Odisha field hockey has dominance in field hockey in India and a league called Premier Hockey League started like IPL.

6.Tennis:

Tennis in India is limited to urban areas but counted among the top ten most popular sports in India along with Badminton and Football, introduced in India in the 1880.

Sania Mirza is an Indian professional tennis player. A former doubles world No. 1, she has won six Grand Slam titles in her career. From 2003 until her retirement from singles in 2013, she was ranked by the Women’s Tennis Association as India’s No. 1 player.

7.Pehlwani:

Pehlwani from India is a form of wrestling and old Malla-yuddha game, originating from the Indian subcontinent and today known as Kusti. Wrestling is the form of modern Pehelwani and very popular in India since ancient times where it was famously known as Malla-yuddha.

Malla yuddha is the ancient Indian game of Pehlwani and the competitions known as kushti or dangal, place of practice Pehlwani is called Akhara.

8.Boxing:

Boxing combat sports game is getting popular in India after the Indian Olympic boxer like Mary Kom, Pinky Rani,Sarita Devi, Shashi Chopra and

Champion Vijender Singh are inspiration many boxers in India.

9.Mallakhamba:

Mallakhamba is another well known traditional sports of India which includes wrestling grips, aerial yoga postures on a vertical hanging wooden pole. The free standing pole usually made from Seesham wood Indian Rosewood tree and polished with castor oil, where a gymnast practiced and performs.

10.Basketball:

The game of basketball is not that much popular sports in the country like Cricket and Badminton but already make a significant mark in the list of sports played in India.

11.Kho Kho

Kho kho is an ancient sport from India and second most played traditional tag games of the Indian subcontinent, after Kabaddi. The traditional Indian sport also played in South Africa by the Indian community and one of the must play sports of India.

On National Sports Day 2021: You must know about Olympics 2021

National Sports Day is celebrated every year in India on 29 August. The day is celebrated to commemorate the birth anniversary of Indian hockey legend, Major Dhyan Chand.

Major Dhyan Chand was a legendary figure in Indian and world hockey. He played a very significant role in helping India complete their first hat-trick of Olympic gold medals with victories at the 1928, 1932 and 1936 Summer Olympics.

        Though Dhyan Chand himself led the Indian team (under British rule) to three consecutive Olympic gold medals (in 1928, 1932 and 1936), it was at the 1948 London Summer Games that Independent India defeated hosts Great Britain 4-0 to win their first Olympic gold post-Independence.

             The legendary Milkha Singh broke the 400m Olympic record but lost the bronze medal by just 0.1 second at 1960 Rome as ‘The Flying Sikh’ went on to win gold at the Asian Games in 1958 as well as 1962.

              Sushil Kumar won the bronze medal at the Beijing Olympics and went on to better this achievement four year later, when he settled for silver.

 

Significance:

National Spots Day is celebrated to honor the legacy of Major Dhyan Chand and acknowledge the importance of sports in our life. Various programs, events, seminars etc are organized by the government to raise awareness about the significance of physical activities and sports in life.

On this day, multiple awards like the Rajiv Gandhi Khel Ratna, Arjuna Award, Dhyan Chand Award and the Dronacharya Award are conferred to sporting heroes to honor their contribution to sports.

Tokyo Olympics (2021):

The Tokyo Olympics, which was supposed to be held in 2020 got postponed to 2021 and it perfectly worked out for India as the contingent returned with it best ever medals haul.

Mirabai Chanu won India’s first medal she became the first Indian woman wrestler to win an Olympic silver medal.

The second medal of the Tokyo Olympics was won by Lovlina Borgohain, a bronze in the women’s welterweight (64-69kg) category. It was also the India’s third ever Olympic medal in boxing.

PV Sindhu secured India’s third medal when she won a bronze in the women’s badminton singles. With that she became India’s only second double Olympic medalist.

The Indian men’s hockey team then ended a 41-year medal drought at the Olympics after defeating Germany 5-4 in a thrilling comeback victory in the bronze medal match.

Indian wrestler Ravi Dahiya then won a silver medal in the men’s freestyle 57kg category, which was soon followed by Bajrang Punia winning bronze medal in the 65kg freestyle category.

India’s Tokyo Olympics then came to a grand end with Neeraj Chopra winning a historic gold medal. With a throw of 87.58m he won independent India’s first-ever medal and gold medal in athletics.

” I dont play to prove a point to anyone. I play for my country and myself. If I feel I have the ability to achieve something, I’II keep trying to succeed.”

Sania Mirza

Winners at Olympics India 2021:

Mirabai Chana
Indian Hockey Team
PV Sindhu
Lovlina Borgohain
Ravi Kum Dahiya
Bajrang Punia
Neeraj Chopra

5 INCREDIBLE WEEKEND GETAWAYS TO VISIT NEAR DELHI

Delhi is a great place from where you can plan some of the most enthralling weekend trips. The proximity of the national capital to the nearby popular tourist destinations is indeed a blessing for all the travelers.

Here a list of some of the best places to visit in winter near Delhi for a quick refreshing getaway:

1.JAIPUR:

Jaipur is a vibrant amalgamation of the old and the new. Also called the Pink City, the capital of the royal state of Rajasthan, was ruled by the Rajputs for many centuries and developed as a planned city in the 17th century AD. Along with Delhi and Agra, Jaipur forms the Golden Triangle and hails as one of the most famous tourist circuits of the country. From architectural wonders, opulent palaces to ancient forts, Jaipur is one of the most preferred tourist destinations near Delhi. It is even more breathtaking in the winter season. As we mentioned, with a plethora of forts and museums to explore, the pink city (as it is popularly called) gets an influx of visitors during winter. 

         Jaipur is also one of the best places to visit during the New Year with your loved ones to explore the beauty of this city. Some of the popular attractions in Jaipur include City Palace Museum, Jantar Mantar, Amer Fort, Jaigarh Fort, Hawa Mahal, Jal Mahal, Nahargarh Fort, and Lakshmi Narayan Birla Mandir among others.

2. JIM CORBETT NATIONAL PARK:

Corbett is one of the popular tourist destinations near the national capital. For nature lovers, this is a go-to place for a fun weekend getaway near Delhi. Jim Corbett National Park is extremely famous for its fun jungle safari.

          Meanwhile even if you are not someone who wishes to go on an adventurous jungle safari, a relaxing stay in the luxury resorts in Jim Corbett Park will rejuvenate you from within. You can also visit Corbett waterfall and Garjiya Devi Temple among others.

Corbett National Park, set amidst the foothills of Himalayas, houses a variety of flora and fauna including rare ones such as tigers and is a treat for wildlife enthusiasts and photographers.

3. RISHIKESH:

Rishikesh is often touted as the adventure capital of India. It is best visited in the winter months. Rishikesh’s moderate climatic conditions make it easy for the traveler’s to indulge in various adventure activities such as bungee jumping, cliff jumping, flying fox, and river rafting among others. Nights and evenings are however cold, so don’t forget to carry woolens.

In the heart of the state of Uttarakhand lies the destination that is often mistaken to be purely religious. While its Ram Jhula, Laxman Jhula, &  Triveni ghat  provide it every bit of religious touch, many other spiritual & adventurous   places to visit in Rishikesh provide a different angle to the tourism scene of the place. No wonder, the destination has emerged as one of the most popular weekend getaways from Delhi within 300 km.

4. BHARATPUR BIRD SANCTUARY – (A World Heritage Site):

House to over 366 species of birds, 379 species of plants, and 30 mammals, Keoladeo National Park or – as it was formerly called –   Bharatpur Bird Sanctuary is one of the best places near Delhi for the nature lovers. The new name has been derived from the temple of Keoladeo that is dedicated to Lord Shiva. Listed by UNESCO as a World Heritage Site, the national park is an interesting getaway for bird watchers and wildlife photographers.

5. NAINITAL -UTTARAKHAND:

The gem of Uttarakhand – Nainital is a charming hill station that sits prettily at the green foothills of the Kumaon ranges in the Himalayas. Located at an elevation of around 1938 meters, the epicenter of the towns popularity and beauty lies within the gorgeous Naini Lake, after which the town is named. Founded by the British due to its resemblance to the Cumbrian Lake district, Nainital brims with elegant colonial structures that amplify the beauty of this place. It is a perfect weekend getaway from the Indian capital of Delhi.

INDIAN TRENDS- AN EMERGING FASHION INDUSTRY

India is a country with an  ancient clothing design tradition, yet an rising fashion industry. Fashion are often stylish , trendy or classic but never stagnant. It’s ever evolving, ever changing to give us a glimpse of what’s occurring within the world in and around us.

Fashion doesn’t  exist independently. It’s history is entwined with art, culture, industrial and social modification  of that decade. Whether it’s a shift in social and political scenarios or emergence of art movements, pop-culture or technological innovations, fashion has continuously emerged as a storyteller of that time.

“India”, a land so known for amalgamation of cultures, has always been an inspiration to textile and fashion designers in our country. Right from the fascinating kanjeevaram silks from Kanchipuram, the brilliant brocades from Banaras, the intricately woven Patolas of Patan, the colourful tie-dyes and leheriyas of Rajasthan to the gorgeous Kalamkari paintings from Andhra Pradesh, designers have gone back to take inspiration from these ancient craft forms. India accounts for approximately 95%  of the world’s handmade textiles, heartening statistics indeed considering that our ancient heritage craft, weave and a textile particular to each region.

STREETSTYLE DRESSING:

Archana Rao:

Archana Rao played with silhouettes, colours and embroideries in her collection ( The Wildflower). Featuring flirty and fun tulle ruffle skirts, edgy Khaki trench coats, dainty sarees and elegant tea-length dresses with a corset, the entire collection was handmade from recycled and upcycled fabrics.

Gauri and Nainika collection:

Free-spirited and utterly feminine, Gauri and Nainika collection included a wide range of wartime inspired demure pencil dresses, wrap dresses with polka dots and shirt dresses. Vintage colour palette of scarlet red, bottle green and classic black took centre-stage to build the visual narrative.

READY TO WEAR DRESSING:

Anita Dongre is a well known indian fashion designer.Her signature style showed an affinity for indigenous craft tradition, coupled with a modern aesthetic that soon made Anita Dongre one of India’s leading fashion designers. Anita Dongre believes that fashion plays a defining role in enhancing a person’s confidence and sense of self.

This vibrant summer kurta with a delicate keyhole neckline is the ideal balance of style and comfort.

An alluring kurta set with bright color inspired by ornate floral inlays. A notched neckline, wrist-length sleeves, flowing pants and a light organza dupatta make the regal look complete. 

INDIAN BRIDAL WEAR:

India is a land of festivities, weddings and celebrations, you would want to keep a close watch on the trends in the traditional Indian bridal wear.

Falguni and Shane Peacock:

Mermaid gowns featuring Indian chikankari and other embroideries done of delicate fabrics, in case you were looking for a dramatic gown for your wedding, Falguni and Shane Peacock is your label. And that’s not it, from rhinestones to feathers, there is nothing that is out of bounds for the duo.

Sabyasachi Mukherjee:

A global luxury designer label that seamlessly blends traditional techniques with modern designs.Bridal designer Sabyasachi Mukherjee celebrated plus – size fashion in his spring/summer 2020 collection campaign making it a part of the wider movement in Indian fashion in order to make it more inclusive in terms of size and skin tone.

Hot pink lehenga with all-over floral motif resham, sequin work. Comes with fabric  blouse  & embroidered dupatta.

JAYANTI REDDY:

For the  wedding, Mira Rajput wore a stunning purple lehenga that featured an intricate gold floral embroidery all over and a scalloped-edged blouse with a front tie-up detail. The heavy-duty wedding look by Jayanti Reddy is a masterpiece on its own.

Manish Malhotra:

is a former Indian fashion designer turned  costume designer and stylist, widely known for his works in BollywoodTelugu cinemaTamil cinemaHollywood, and television. In 1998, he ventured into modelling and runway fashion designing with his couture Reverie-Manish Malhotra.

Celebrating the occasion called “Life” Manish Malhotra’s latest collection “Ruhaniyat” was the designer’s tribute to artisans and craftsmen as his association with the Mijwan Foundation completed 10 years.

Inspired by the historical cultures of Punjab and Awadh, his collection showcased the opulence of Mughal Era through the vibrant hued kalidar kurtas, flared ghararas, diaphanous dupattas detailed with minute beaded motifs and decorative thread work. 

Masoom Minawala’s latest appearance at the 2021 Cannes Film Festival got everyone talking. The content creator made India proud when she walked the red carpet looking beautiful in a Manish Malhotra sari.

Ridhi Mehra:

Drawing inspiration from Kutch and its royal heritage, Ridhi Mehra’s latest collection ‘Reflection’ blends the traditional mirror work, bohemian embellishments along with a riot of colours. She has mixed elements of Gota Patti and zari on the silks as well as the prints that highlight the fabrics like chiffon and organza.

TOP 10 INDIAN WORLD FAMOUS DISHES YOU MUST TRY

Indian cuisine consists of a variety of regional and traditional cuisines native to the Indian landmass. Given the diversity in soil, climate, culture, ethnic groups, and occupations, these cuisines vary considerably  and use domestically offered spices, herbs, vegetables and fruits.

Indian food is world renowned thanks to its simplicity, appetizing and mouth-watering dishes.

Indian cuisine is regularly placed on foodie lists over the globe.

Simple food that packs a tasteful punch is the defining feature of Indian cuisine from region to region. That theme is knowing by religion, population, and geography, though interpretations on the correct way to cook something varies wildly even between neighbors.

There is countless amount of Indian dishes available but a few of most popular are mentioned below

The best prime ten Indian food dishes are as follows:

1.Dosa:

A traditional southern Indian dish referred to as masala dosa is popular throughout the country, With its huge popularity, there are also some variations of the dish ,like  mysore masala dosa, rava masala dosa, onion masala dosa, and butter  masala dosa. It is usually consumed as a quick snack or as a part of any meal of the day.

It is usually made from a batter of soaked rice and lentils that’s baked into a thin pancake and frequently stuffed with potatoes, onions, and mustard seeds. The dish is often garnished with grated coconut and chopped coriander chutney.

2.chaat:

Chaat is the commonest street food in New Delhi and Uttar Pradesh.

Chaat is a term signifying a variety of Indian street foods which usually combine salty, spicy, sweet, and sour flavors. The name chaat comes from a Hindi verb “chaatna” – meaning to lick, possibly concerning to the finger-licking good quality of the dishes.

chaat will be found at street vendors, serving numerous dishes, from stuffed bread to deep-fried pastries with accompanying dipping sauces.

3.Hyderabadi biryani:

Hyderabadi biryani is world famous because of its lip smacking taste and flavor.

Hyderabadi biryani is a South Indian dish consisting of basmati rice, goat, mutton, or chicken meat, lemon, yogurt, onions, and saffron. It is said that Hyderabadi biryani’s richness of flavor is due to the distinctive way of cooking raw rice and raw meat together with exotic spices, unlike other places where meat and rice are cooked separately.

4. Panipuri:

Panipuri is a street snack that is extremely popular in India. Little in size, it consists of a hollow puri that is fried until crispy, then stuffed with a combination of flavored water known as  pani, tamarind chutney, chaat masala, potatoes, onions, hot chilies, and chickpeas.

In North India, panipuri is known as golgappa, gol concerning the crispy shell, and gappa concerning the eating process, since these small snacks are typically eaten one at a time. It is believed that panipuri originated in Uttar Pradesh and gradually spread in popularity throughout the country and outside of it.

5. Samosa:

Due to their crips texture and a wide variety of flavors, samosas provide an ideal introduction to the world of Indian cuisine for newcomers. These deep-fried, triangular pastries are filled with a variety of ingredients ranging from vegetables to meat, such as onions, potatoes, peas, or ground meat.

These samosas are typically served hot with chopped onions, yogurt, or fresh homemade Indian chutneys made with a variety of ingredients such as mint, coriander or tamarind.

6. Gulab Jamun:

The name of the dish comes from two words: gulab, that means rose, and jamun, concerning the purple-colored jamun berry fruit. Gulab jamun is a dessert based on milk solids that are kneaded into a dough, shaped into balls, and deep-fried in ghee. The balls then get soaked in a sugared concoction seasoned with saffron, cardamom, and rose water. When served, gulab jamun is usually garnished with dried nuts to additionally enhance its flavors.

7. Palak Paneer (spinach and cottage cheese):

One of the foremost standard  paneer recipes at Indian restaurants is palak paneer, a mildly flavored dish made with spinach and cottage cheese (the paneer), along with the typical Indian spices. It is an extremely  nutritious meal which will be  consumed either for breakfast, lunch or  dinner accompanied by rice or Indian flatbreads such as naan and roti.

8. Butter Chicken (Murgh Makhani):

Butter chicken is one among the highest orders at any Indian restaurant in the West and for good reason—it is delicious. This sultry poultry dish tastes great with kaali daal (black lentils), naan, and a green salad. Butter chicken is mouth-watering, tender chicken, cooked in a spiced tomato sauce. Firstly make the gravy by first cooking fresh tomato, garlic, and cardamom down into a bright red pulp. This pulp is then pureed after cooling. Then, the chef adds butter, various spices, and Khoya (dried whole milk).

9. Dhokla:

Originating from the Indian state of Gujarat, dhokla is a snack consisting of soured chickpea batter and rice. Spices such as chili and ginger are added to the batter so as to enhance the flavor of the dish. Once baked, dhokla is usually garnished with coriander or coconut, and it is typically served with besan chutney.

         Because it is a popular dish and a favorite vegetarian snack, dhokla has many variations, such as semolina, rice powder, or cheese dhokla. Fluffy, low in calories, and full of protein.

10. Masala chai:

The beverage has gained worldwide popularity, becoming a feature in several coffee and teahouses.

            Indians create masala chai by brewing black tea with a combination of aromatic spices and herbs. Traditionally, the chai recipe involves  green cardamom pods, cinnamon sticks, ground cloves, ground ginger, black peppercorn, and black tea leaves. But once combined with steaming hot milk (or your favorite non-dairy milk!), it’s delicious all around.

Women need more calcium, Says Research

Calcium is a nutrient that all living organisms need, including humans. It is the most abundant mineral in the body, and it is vital for bone health.

Getting enough calcium is a good idea, since women are far more likely than men to develop osteoporosis — a condition of weak and fragile bones that makes you prone to fractures.

It’s important to protect your bone strength and guard against fractures as you age, but taking a supplement isn’t the best way to do that, says an expert.

           Women already have lesser bone tissue than men to begin with, but this reduction in absorption of calcium only gets more accelerated, as we approach menopause due to the dramatic change in estrogen levels. What’s more, those women who have hormonal issues such as thyroid might find themselves even more susceptible to bone issues.

            While taking calcium supplements may produce unwanted side effects, meeting your calcium needs through your diet is safe. “Most people can get adequate calcium through their diet if they make an effort.”

Women ages 19 to 50 should consume 1,000 milligrams of calcium a day, and the target for women over 50 is 1,200 milligrams per day.

Good dietary sources of calcium include:

  • Almonds.
  • Soybeans.
  • Low-fat dairy such as milk and yogurt.
  • Leafy green vegetables such as kale and spinach.
  • Seeds mix.
  •  Lentils.
  •  Fish, especially salmon.

So, up your intake of these foods to keep your bones healthy. At the same time, remember to get more vitamin D from the sun and also from your diet, because calcium can’t be digested as efficiently by your body without the help of the sunshine vitamin.

15 Hacks To Prepare For Exams

1.Read Loudly Instead of Simply Reading:

Although this may make you look a little crazy, give it a go! You will be surprised how much more you can remember when you’ve said it out loud. 

2.Creative Mental Associations:

The ability to make connections is not only an easier way to remember information, but it’s the fuel of creativity and intelligence. f Steve Jobs famously said “Creativity is just connecting things. When you ask creative people how they did something, they feel a little guilty because they didn’t really do it, they just saw something”.

3. Mind Maps:

Mind maps are an easy way to connect ideas by creating a visual overview of different connections.

4.Walk Before an Exam:

It’s been proven that exercise can boost your memory and brain power. Research conducted by Dr. Chuck Hillman of the University of Illinois provides evidence that about 20 minutes’ exercise before an exam can improve performance.

5.Draw Diagrams:

Drawing diagrams will help you to visualize information which would be hard to describe. This creates a visual memory in your mind which can be recalled in an exam.

6.Watch a Documentary on the Topic:

Documentaries are an entertaining way of compacting an entire story into a short timeframe. This will help you remember key details from a story plus you may even get extra credit for mentioning that you took the initiative and watched a film about the topic.

7.Google It like a Pro:

Save time when researching sources online by mastering the biggest search engine in the world; Google.

8.Take Study Breaks:

When your brain is working, you need to take regular study breaks to help your brain absorb more information but also to keep you motivated and focused when you are working. Take a short break after 45-50 minutes’ study as your focus and concentration will become impaired after this period, anything new after 1 hour 30 minutes does not get assimilated.

9.Meditation:

Meditation is one of the study methods that can help students stay focused when studying. Not only will meditation help you concentrate when studying but it will help reduce pre-exam stress as it improves both mental and physical health.

10.Make Your Study Space Portable:

We may be creatures of habit with favorite seats in the library but information retention actually improves when you vary the places where you study.

11.Practice, Practice, Practice:

Practice makes you perfect. Practicing sample answers to past exam questions can help train your brain to retrieve information. Create realistic, exam-like condition and test your understanding.

12.Don’t Stay Up All Night Before an Exam:

Make sure to get adequate rest the nights leading up to your exams. When you sleep, your brain assimilates the information you have learned when studying so getting a good night’s sleep will help you remember.

13.Discover News Ways to Learn:

Trying new study methods can help you find what really works for you. Use technology to your advantage by watching educational TED Talks or downloading useful dictionary applications.

14.Group study:

Studying in a group can help you collect new insights to enhance your learning experience. Our Groups study helps you share resources, discuss ideas and interact with members of your team or group project. 

15.Use Scents or Gum to Jog Your Memory:

This may seem a bit random but spraying an unfamiliar scent while you’re studying is one of the study methods that can help jog your memory when you spray it again just before an exam. Chewing a strange kind of gum will work the same way.

Sleep Deprivation

Sleep is an important body function required for mental and physical well-being. The amount of sleep required changes with age in an inverse manner. For example, an infant may sleep up to 18-20 hours, whereas someone more than 80 years may need only a few hours of sleep. Lack of recommended 7 to 8 hours (for an adult).

  • The long-term effects of sleep deprivation can drain mental abilities and affect physical health, varying from weight gain to a weakened immune system. Long-term sleep deprivation also increases the risk for chronic conditions, such as diabetes mellitus, stroke, and heart disease.
  • Lack of sleep affects the two types of hormones one is leptin and the other is ghrelin. Talking about Leptin which tells the brain that you’ve had enough to eat. Due to not getting proper sleep your brain reduces leptin and raises ghrelin, which is an appetite stimulant.
  • It is also found that sleep deprivation can lowers the body’s tolerance for glucose and is associated with insulin resistance, which can control feelings of hunger and fullness. Also, these disruptions can lead to diabetes mellitus and obesity.

Causes of sleep deprivation:

  • Disturbances in physical or mental health can cause sleep problems. Also, unsuitable bedroom environments like the extremes of temperature, noise level, or improper lighting can contribute to sleep deprivation.
  • Drinking an excessive amount of caffeine, stimulant medication, smoking and alcohol can adversely impact sleep.
  • Certain mental health conditions like anxiety disorder, depression, substance misuse can cause insomnia.
  • A night-time breathing disorder called obstructive sleep apnoea (OSA) can interrupt sleep and lower the quality of sleep. It is a common condition mainly seen in obese people. Common symptom is of loud snoring and excessive daytime sleepiness.

Consequences of Sleep Deprivation:

The effects of sleep deprivation and sleep deficiency can be serious and far-reaching.

  • Diabetes: Insufficient sleep appears to affect the body’s ability to regulate blood sugar, increasing the risk of metabolic conditions like diabetes.
  • Obesity: Research has found that people tend to consume more calories and carbohydrates. when they don’t get enough sleep, which is just one of several ways that poor sleep may be tied to obesity and problems maintaining a healthy weight. 
  • Immunodeficiency: Sleep deficiency has been shown to lead to worsened immune function, including a poorer response to vaccines.
  • Mental health disorders: Sleep and mental health are closely intertwined, and poor sleep has strong assoiations with conditions like depression, anxiety, and bipolar disorder.

Symptoms and signs:

  • irritability, lack of concentration
  • daytime fatigue
  • increased accidents
  • excessive daytime sleepiness
  • frequent yawning

Treatment:

The asleep study is a useful diagnostic tool performed at home to aid the exact cause of sleep problems. The treatment will depend on the cause. Sleep hygiene is an important aspect of the treatment and most of these are simple, yet very effective self-help measures.

  • Maintain bedtime routine by sleeping and waking at the same time
  • Ensure that the room environment is conducive to sleep
  • Stick to your bedtime routine during weekends and holidays
  • Avoid daytime naps
  • Say no to caffeine past 4 pm
  • Avoiding heavy meals within a few hours before bedtime
  • Avoid using electronic devices at least 2 hours before bedtime
  • Exercise regularly, but not 3 hours before bedtime
  • Reduce alcohol intake

If the above measures fail to improve the sleep problem, then a combination of psychological counselling using cognitive behavior therapy (CBT) and a short course of medication is recommended. The choice of medication will depend on the underlying cause of sleep deprivation. Long-term sleeping pills or sedatives have a negative impact on sleep which may lead to further mental health complications.

Tips that helps you to loss weight

Weight Loss Tips: Reaching a healthy weight is considered a balancing act. Maintaining weight is not easy an easy task. It is important to balance energy intake and energy output. That is why it is advised to have fewer fats so that less energy is supplied as fats having the highest caloric value. But the fact of the matter is the maintenance of body weight is not that simple.

Here are few weight loss tips enlisted below:

Eat Regular Meal:

Eating at regular times during the day helps burn calories at a faster rate. It also reduces the temptation to snack on foods high in fat and sugar.

Do not skip breakfast:

Skipping breakfast will not help you lose weight. You could miss out on essential nutrients and you may end up snacking more throughout the day because you feel hungry.

Eat plenty of fruit and vegetables:

Fruit and veg are low in calories and fat, and high in fibre – 3 essential ingredients for successful weight loss. They also contain plenty of vitamins and minerals.

Plan your meals ahead:

Try to plan your breakfast, lunch, dinner and snacks for the week, making sure you stick to your calorie allowance. You may find it helpful to make a weekly shopping list.

Stay active

Being active is key to losing weight and keeping it off. As well as providing lots of health benefits, exercise can help burn off the excess calories you cannot lose through diet alone.

Drink plenty of water

People sometimes confuse thirst with hunger. You can end up consuming extra calories when a glass of water is really what you need.

Consume food high in fiber:

Foods containing lots of fiber can help keep you feeling full, which is perfect for losing weight. Fiber is only found in food from plants, such as fruits and veggies, oats, whole grain bread, brown rice and pasta, and beans.

Sleep well: sleep at least 8 hours a day. Better sleep habits can help. This includes both your daily routine and the way you set up your bedroom.

Meditation. It has been around for over 5,000 years for a reason. Meditation works well for many people and has many benefits. It can lower stress and anxiety, as well as improve sleep, energy levels, and mood. To meditate, will need to:

  • Find a quiet place.
  • Get comfortable (sitting or lying down).
  • Focus your attention on a word, phrase, object, or even your breath.
  • Let your thoughts come and go and do not judge them.

Dietary Recommendations to Maintain A healthy diet:

  • Include whole plant-based rainbow diet: all types of vegetables, fruits, whole pulses, legumes, and whole grains (cereals) such as whole rice, quinoa, buckwheat, millets, millet flours, oats, gluten-free flours (as per the case).
  • Inclusion of herbal teas: Infuse hot water with herbs like tulsi, ginger, turmeric, cinnamon stick, clove, cardamom, fennel, mint etc.
  •  Incorporating healthy nuts: include such as almonds, cashews, walnuts etc. seeds like flaxseeds, chia seeds, pumpkin seeds, coconut dried or fresh.
  • Prefer homemade fresh foods.
  • Simple cooked non-vegetarian food where applicable.
  • Low fat intake (it is to avoid deep-fried and oily foods).
  • Dinner should be taken before 8 p.m. and breakfast, not before 9 a.m. giving 13 hours of intermittent fasting.

Diet Elimination:

  • Milk and dairy products.
  • Caffeine and alcohol.
  • Processed and packed food (including packaged namkeens, biscuits or breads).
  • Cereals containing gluten.
  • Refined sugar and refined sugar products.

Recommended Supplements:

  • Vitamin D, vitamin B6 and vitamin E.
  • Magnesium and zinc
  • Omega 3 fatty acids: fish oils
  • Probiotics

Things You Should Know About Dengue Fever – Prevention And Control

With the onset of monsoon, like every year, spread of vector-borne diseases like malaria and dengue is on rise. Currently there is a rise increasing cases of dengue and malaria. Monsoon can cause a surge in dengue cases due to the increase in mosquito breeding surroundings. The monsoon season is here and so being the risk of mosquito-borne diseases. While talking about mosquito-borne diseases

Dengue:

Dengue fever is transmitted by the bite of an “Aedes” mosquito infected with a dengue virus. The mosquito becomes infected when it bites a person with dengue virus in their blood. It can’t be spread directly from one person to another person.

Symptoms of Dengue Fever:

Symptoms, which usually begin four to six days after infection and last for up to 10 days, may include

  • Sudden,  high fever.
  • Pain behind the eyes. 
  • Severe joint and muscle pain.
  • Fatigue.
  • Nausea.
  • Vomiting.
  • Skin rash, which appears two to five days after the onset of fever.

Severe dengue:

A patient enters what is called the critical phase normally about 3-7 days after illness onset. It is at this time, when the fever is dropping (below 38°C/100°F) in the patient, that warning signs associated with severe dengue can manifest. Severe dengue is a potentially fatal complication, due to plasma leaking, fluid accumulation, respiratory distress, severe bleeding, or organ impairment.

Warning signs that doctors should look for include:

  • severe abdominal pain.
  • persistent vomiting.
  • rapid breathing.
  • bleeding gums.
  • fatigue.
  • blood in vomit. 
  • restlessness.

If patients manifest these symptoms during the critical phase, close observation for the next 24–48 hours is essential so that proper medical care can be provided, to avoid complications and risk of death.

If you think you have dengue:

  • Seek a healthcare provider if you develop a fever or have symptoms of dengue.
  • Rest:  Take rest as much as possible.
  • Take the medicines: paracetamol is usedto control fever and relieve pain. Do not take aspirin or ibuprofen
  • Drink plenty of fluids: To stay hydrated. Drink water or drinks with added electrolytes.

Treatment:

There is no specific treatment for dengue fever.

  • Fever reducers and pain killers can be taken to control the symptoms of muscle aches and pains, and fever.
  • The best options to treat these symptoms are acetaminophen or paracetamol.
  • NSAIDs (non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs), such as ibuprofen and aspirin should be avoided. These anti-inflammatory drugs act by thinning the blood, and in a disease with risk of hemorrhage, blood thinners may exacerbate the prognosis.

 Precautions and Control:

The proximity of mosquito vector breeding sites to human habitation is a significant risk factor for dengue as well as for other diseases that Aedes mosquito transmit. 

  • Covering, emptying and cleaning of domestic water storage containers on a weekly basis.
  • Applying appropriate insecticides to water storage outdoor containers.
  • Wearing clothing that minimizes skin exposure to mosquitoes.
  • Using of personal household protection measures, such as window screens, repellents, insecticide treated materials, coils and vaporizers.
  • Drink boiled water.
  • Consume fresh homemade food.
  • Make sure your home is well-ventilated.
  • Wash hands before eating any food.
  • Avoid touching your nose and mouth without washing your hands.
  • Avoid going to crowded places to reduce risk of viral infections.
  • Disposing of solid waste properly and removing artificial man-made habitats that can hold water.
  • Allow the sick child or family member to rest and sleep under a bed net or use insect repellant while feverish.
  • Eat well:  Consuming a healthy and balanced diet rich in essential nutrients can help boost immunity.
  • Educate yourself: Make yourself aware of the disease, its symptoms, and treatment to ensure reaching out for the appropriate treatment at the right time. Progression of the disease can be fatal.

The Sabyasachi X H&M collection – H&M Launches Collaboration “Wanderlust” With Iconic Indian Designer Sabyasachi

East meets west with this global collaboration between high street style giant H&M and India’s biggest name in fashion Sabyasachi Mukherjee.The collaboration is also hugely symbolic in another way, it’s a platforming of Indian design on a global scale.

H&M is a Swedish multinational clothing-retail company known for its fast growing fashion clothing for men, women and children. As of November 2019, H&M operates in 74 countries with over 5,000 stores under the various company brands. It is the second-largest global clothing retailer, behind Spain-based  Inditex  (parent company of Zara).The company makes its online shopping available in 33 countries.

Sabyasachi Mukherjee is an Indian fashion designer, jewellery designer, retailer and couturier from Kolkata, India. Since 1999. For over two decades, “Sabyasachi” has been a household name in the realms of high fashion with his signature extravagant Indian bridal wear that have been worn by the riches of India’s high society to Bollywood superstars such as Deepika Padukone, Priyanka Chopra, and Anushka Sharma.

It is a truly proud moment for Indian fashion, for the first-time ever fashion giant H&M collaborates with an Indian label to create a capsule collection for its customers across the globe. The Sabyasachi H&M collaboration-themed “Wanderlust” will present rich textiles in modern as well as classic Indian silhouettes that resonate with the modern global nomad mindset. “I’ve done many collaborations and each one is diverse, but what I try to do with every collaboration is further the India story, take it forward; if I cannot have an Indian narrative, I don’t want to do it. With H&M it was such a proud moment, it’s like a lifetime achievement award when it comes to recognition of one’s work. It’s only when your label has a strong voice that it can traverse the mind space of many countries,” says the designer.

Designer Sabyasachi Mukherjee says “What you seek is seeking you” for his latest collaboration with H&M. The international fashion giant was looking for a partner to carry their voice in India and carry the Indian sensibility internationally, who better than the iconic label Sabyasachi to take the India narrative forward.

H&M, we are thrilled to be able to announce the new date for our collaboration with iconic Indian designer Sabyasachi. At a time like this, we believe people value the use of homegrown crafts and textiles more than ever and that’s something no one can do better than Sabyasachi. We look forward to taking this stunning collection to as many people across the global as we can,” states Maria Gemzell, Head of New Development, H&M.

The Sabyasachi H&M collection will offer a complete fashion wardrobe for both ladies and men, including accessories, jewelry, footwear, sunglasses all at accessible price points. Some highlight pieces include long flowy dresses, tunics, blouses, breezy shirts, wide pants and more. It will also offer a first of its kind collaboration saree which is exclusively designed for customers in India The collection is amazing, and it really shows the aesthetics of Sabyasachi– its electric, fluid, decorated; it has all the elements all fashion lovers across the globe love.

H&M has always collaborated with the biggest names across the globe, so it should come as no surprise then that Sabyasachi was their pick, as Gemzell adds, “H&M’s iconic collaborations cater to a global audience. We want to collaborate with partners who share are values and progress. Fashion is not only about clothes, but also about giving dreams and hopes to people, and so we choose talent and values which resonate this. It’s important to give something more to our customers all over the world and that’s why this collaboration was important to us.” “Collaborations create emotions and fashion is both global and local at the same time. India is a super important market for H&M and it’s a privilege to work with a talent and creative designer like Sabysachi,” asserts Gemzell.

Safety Travel Precautions To Be Followed During COVID- 19 Outbreak

According to the World Health Organization (WHO), you need to follow certain rules and precautions to keep yourself safe if you travel during the COVID-19 outbreak. Traveling is riskier during the coronavirus outbreak, especially in light of the delta variant. But these tips can help keep your trip as safe as possible.

1.Wash your hands habitually:

The main thing that you can do to try not to get contaminated by COVID is routinely washing your hands. Make sure that it’s not simply a speedy flush with cleanser and water. You need to wash your hands for in any event twenty to thirty seconds at whatever point you get an opportunity, particularly subsequent to getting to public spaces specially after accessing public spaces or if you have taken a mode of public transport. If you took the flight to a place, wash your hands after leaving the airport. Always keep a hand sanitiser gel with you. In case you don’t get access to soap and water, you put a few drops of the sanitiser gel and rub it on your hands and wrists.

2. Keep your safe distance: 

The symptoms of coronavirus disease are similar to that of common flu or cold. So, if you see someone is coughing, sneezing or has any common signs of flu, try to stay at least three feet away from that person. It’s possible to contract the virus through respiratory droplets by cough or sneeze.

3. Make sure to try not to contact your face with unwashed hands: 

Avoid contacting your face except if you haven’t altogether cleaned your hands and particularly when you have been in a public spot. It can undoubtedly spread to somebody who interacts with the item through their mouth, nose, and eyes. 

4. Always wear a mask:

If you develop the symptoms of the COVID-19, wear a mask so that you don’t further spread the virus and infect other people. Isolate yourself and seek medical help immediately.

5. Stay away from swarms:

Crowds are the most noticeably awful spot to be during the Covid episode. In case you’re venturing out to a spot with countless Coronavirus cases, avoid any spot with many individuals.

6. Do Your Research:

Before you decide to travel and pack your bags, do your research. Are cases rising where you’re going? What about where you live? If the answer is yes to one or both questions, you’re at a higher risk for getting or spreading the virus. Also, keep in mind that states and countries have varying travel restrictions. Some may not allow travel or may require proof that you’ve recently tested negative and/or been vaccinated before visiting. For more information, check your destination’s official tourism site.

7. Preparing for Travel:

A little preparation can go a long way. Use applications to check into your flight online and scan for touchless boarding. Bring a mask, hand sanitizer and wipes to clean your phone, ID and any other items you may need to exchange at security checkpoints.

8. Notice Your Surroundings:

Whether on a bus, train or plane, check your surroundings before boarding or take off. Is everyone wearing masks? Does the bus or train have good ventilation? Do the people closest to you, seem sick or rundown? If so, it’s not worth the risk. Exit the plane, bus or train and catch the next one.

9. Safe Bathroom visits:

Wash your hands thoroughly and bring your own paper towels. Hand dryers can blast dead skin cells and germs into the air. Use a towel to open the door and toss disposable masks after exiting.

Immunity Boosting Drinks – That Helps to Boost and Strengthen Your immune system

It is most important to have a healthy diet as well as take immunity boosters to prevent. Chances are that people who have a better immune system will be able to deal with infections better. Here are some easy-to-prepare homemade drinks that will not only keep you fit but also strengthen and boost your overall immune system. These nutritional drinks can be made with ingredients that are easily available in your kitchen.

1.Kadha: Homemade Kadhas prepared with common kitchen ingredients is one of the most traditional drinks that is often consumed by people to boost immunity. It is extremely beneficial to fight cold and cough. It also treats the respiratory disorder. It is prepared by boiling basil, cloves, cinnamon, ginger, carom seeds, turmeric and black pepper. You can also add honey or jaggery for taste.

2.  orange fruit juice:

Vitamin C has  antioxidant  properties, which protect your cells from substances that damage the body. A vitamin C deficiency can lead to delayed wound healing, an impaired immune response, and the inability to properly fight infections. However, if you have a cold, high doses of vitamin C might result in less severe symptoms and a quicker recovery. For adults, the tolerable upper limit is 2,000 milligrams a day.

Notable nutrients in orange juice contains

  • vitamin A from the oranges and grapefruit
  • vitamin B-6 from the oranges
  • vitamin B-9 (folate) from the oranges

3.Masala tea: It is quiet popular drink in India due to its essential benefits All the ingredients of this immunity booster Masala tea are easily available in your kitchen. The tea is not only anti-microbial and anti-inflammatory but is also rich in compounds that prevent infections. The phytonutrients present in raw honey have antibacterial and antiviral properties that boost the immune system and fight sickness. Boil grated ginger, cinnamon, peppercorns, cloves, cardamoms and tulsi leaves in half a cup of water for 30 minutes. Add a little bit of honey and have it.

4. veggie green Smoothie: This healthy and tasty green smoothie is perfect for summer. It is rich in Vitamin A, Vitamin C, Folic acid and other antioxidants that prevent inflammation and help the body fight infections. Take some spinach, pineapple, lemon juice, freshly chopped ginger, and almond milk or yoghurt and blend them all in a mixer. Serve it cold.

5. Turmeric milk:  Also called as Haldi doodh. As the name suggests, it is prepared with turmeric, honey and milk. Turmeric contains a compound called curcumin which modulates the immune system and its strong anti-inflammatory properties can help in inflammation and pain as well. Boil milk add turmeric and serve warm with honey to taste. Turmeric Milk helps to heal injuries. Drinking haldi doodh helps to recover from an injury and also keeps the infections at bay. It is antibacterial in nature which prohibits the attack of infections in the body.

6. Honey Lemonade: This is another easy-to-prepare drink with zero hassle that not only treats sore throat symptoms and cough but also keeps the respiratory tract hydrated and fights off extra mucus. Boil three to four cups of water in a deep pan and add grated ginger, one-inch cinnamon stick, three chopped garlic cloves, one teaspoon mint juice and lemon juice. As it blends, cool it for a few minutes and add honey and drink warm.

Pokémon – A Popular Series Is Back On Netflix with its new live-action

Variety reported that “Lucifer” showrunner Joe Henderson has been attached to write and executive produce the untitled series, which is in the early stages of development. The series will mark Hollywood’s second live-adaptation of the multimedia franchise following 2019’s Ryan Reynolds and Justice Smith-led film, “Pokémon Detective Pikachu.”

The show is in very early development as confirmed by Netflix. Netflix is a bit of a hit-and-miss when it comes to series. They will invest in nearly everything but also won’t hesitate to pull the plug if necessary. By its very nature, Pokémon is a franchise that needs a high budget to translate well into live-action.

Reports about Netflix’s “Pokémon” series broke several days after Netflix reported its Q2 2021 earnings, which included the news that Netflix will begin including certain video games in its members’ subscriptions. Though details were vague, the company said it viewed gaming as another new content category for us, similar to our expansion into original films, animation, and unscripted TV. Netflix is home to multiple existing Pokémon shows including “Pokémon: Indigo League” and “Pokémon Journeys.”

                  Pokémon abbreviated from the Japanese title of Pocket Monsters and currently advertised in English as Pokémon the Series, is a Japanese anime television series, part of the Pokémon company’s Pokémon media franchise,  which began broadcast in Japan on  TV Tokyo  in April 1997. Pokémon is considered as the most successful video game adaptation of all time.  Pokémon games have been part of people’s lives for decades. The series is considered to be one of the first anime series on television to attain this level of success with Western audiences. It has additionally been credited with allowing the game series to reach a high degree of popularity.

                  The Pokémon anime series was largely credited for allowing anime to become more popular and familiar around the world, especially in the United States, where the two highest-grossing anime films are both Pokémon films.

                   The Pokémon anime has been going strong for 23 years now, and it doesn’t show any signs of stopping. Its protagonist, Ash Ketchum, has traveled around every prominent region in the Pokémon world  on his journey to becoming a Pokémon Master. Throughout his travels, Ash has experienced endless adventures. He’s caught all kinds of Pokémon, met countless friends and allies, and fought against numerous foes. The anime has plenty of material to adapt from, and the series could easily take some of these most popular storylines and translate them into live-action.pa

                     While detective Pikachu film released in 2019 directed by Rob Letterman. detective Harry Goodman goes mysteriously missing, prompting his 21-year-old son, Tim, to find out what happened. Aiding in the investigation is Harry’s former Pokémon partner, wise-cracking, adorable super-sleuth Detective Pikachu.

                     The team behind the live-action series could take the greatest Pokémon games from each generation and adapt them into individual seasons in an anthology show. They could also take the best elements from each and create a single, cohesive, long-term storyline that spans several seasons. The possibilities are endless, and every fan would love to see their favorite game come to life.

5 Ways to Eat Less Processed Food

Processed food is any food item that has been canned, cooked, frozen, pasteurized, or packaged.

Reducing your intake of these highly processed foods is one of the most effective ways to improve your health and enhance the quality of your diet. You can enjoy many processed foods, including canned vegetables, frozen fruits, and pasteurized dairy products, as part of a healthy diet. However, some highly processed items are loaded with salt, sugar, additives, and preservatives, which can harm your health.

1.Refined grains for whole grains:

One of the simplest ways to reduce your intake of processed foods is to start trading them for healthier whole foods. In particular, you can swap refined grains like white pasta, rice, bread, and tortillas for whole grain alternatives, such as brown rice and whole grain pasta, bread, and tortillas.

              Whole grains are higher in important nutrients like fiber, but they’ve also been shown to protect against conditions like heart disease, diabetes, and certain types of cancer.

2.Keep healthy snacks handy:

keeping your kitchen stocked with plenty of portable, nutritious snacks can make it much easier to make healthy choices on the go.

  • Some of my favorite healthy snacks include fresh fruit, mixed nuts and veggies with hummus.
  • boiled eggs, turkey roll-ups, homemade kale chips, and overnight oats are a few great treats that you can whip up quickly and keep on hand for later.

3. consume more water:

Every day you lose water through your breath, perspiration, urine and bowel movements. For your body to function properly, you must replenish its water supply by consuming beverages and foods that contain water.

The U.S. National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine determined that an adequate daily fluid intake is:

  • About 15.5 cups (3.7 liters) of fluids a day for men
  • About 11.5 cups (2.7 liters) of fluids a day for women

These recommendations cover fluids from water, other beverages and food. About 20% of daily fluid intake usually comes from food and the rest from drinks.

     Sugary beverages like soda, sweet tea, fruit juice are high in sugar and calories but low in essential nutrients. Gradually trading these drinks for water throughout the day is a great way to cut back on your intake of processed foods and improve your overall diet quality. Alternatively, you can try infusing water with fresh fruit or herbs for an added burst of flavor.

4. consume more vegetables:

vegetables are highly nutritious and great sources of fiber, which keeps you feeling full between meals to help decrease your appetite and curb cravings.

      When you’re preparing meals at home, include at least one serving of vegetables to increase your intake of healthy, unprocessed foods. This can be as easy as adding spinach to your scrambled eggs, sautéing broccoli for a simple side dish, or tossing carrots or cauliflower into soups or casseroles.

5. Try some food substitutes:

There are countless healthy substitutes for many processed products. Here are a few of my favorites:

  • top your salads with nuts or seeds instead of croutons.
  • Trade your sugary breakfast cereal for a bowl of oatmeal with fresh fruit.
  • Whip up a homemade vinaigrette with olive oil and vinegar to drizzle over salads in place of processed dressings.
  • Make trail mix using nuts, seeds, and dried fruit for a healthy alternative to store-bought varieties.

Advantages of Fitness Trackers During Pandemic

Fitness bands have become quite popular nowadays. A fitness band is worn on the wrist, often with a display that can be used to control a smartphone or to keep track of information such as fitness levels.

              Fitness trackers certainly can be a helpful tool to track health and weight loss progress, the individual still has to stay motivated to make dietary changes or keep up with that new exercise routine.

“The health and fitness technology market is growing by 20 percent each year, making fitness trackers more popular by the minute”.

                While we are all social distancing due to the COVID-19 pandemic , fitness trackers can help us all stay on track with our fitness goals. Fitness trackers are a popular way to keep track of your progress. Depending on the tracker, can track steps, calories, distance traveled, caloric intake, and even heart rate and sleep. Some even offer GPS tracking to map your distance and pace.

Advantages of fitness trackers are mentioned below:

  • Personal accountability: Fitness trackers track your goals and your progress, psychologically encouraging you to walk more steps than you did yesterday; to run faster than you did yesterday; to sustain that peak heart rate for just a little longer for that intense interval training.
  • Promote activity in the workplace: Fitness is no longer an individual hobby or habit. Workplaces are getting involved in encouraging employees to adopt and maintain a healthy lifestyle.
  • Motivation: A fitness tracker gives a visual of your progress and accomplishments each day. Seeing your progress is good motivation to improve more and more each day.
  • Healthy eating: It is important to eat a healthy diet while you exercise. By keeping track of your food and water intake helps you maintain a healthy lifestyle.
  • Set goals: Set goals for yourself to accomplish each day. For example, 10,000 steps a day. It is a great feeling to know you are capable of achieving anything you set your mind to.
  • Tracks sleep: A fitness tracker has the ability to track your sleep patterns, how deep or light you sleep, how long you slept, and each time you woke up. Recognizing your sleep patterns can allow you to have a good night’s sleep and improve your mood the next day.
  • Stay Connected: There are some fitness trackers that include Wi-Fi and Bluetooth. This allows you to receive incoming calls, text messages, or emails without looking at your phone. It is a great way to stay connected without always being close to your phone.
  • Monitors Heart Rate: Most fitness trackers have the ability to monitor your heart rate by measuring your pulse. This allows you to reach your target heart rate with each workout. The maximum heart rate is about 220 minus your age. During moderate physical activities, your target heart rate is about 50-70% of the maximum heart rate and with vigorous workouts it should be about 70-85% of the maximum heart rate. The fitness tracker can detect changes that may occur to your heart rate.
  • Weight loss tool: trackers help to keep track of your weight.

On International Cat Day 2021-You should know that Cats Are the Finest Pet You Can Have

British Shorthair tortie and white female cat with tortie and white kitten, and chocolate and cream bicolour kittens

The cat (Felis catus) is a domestic species of small carnivorous mammal. It is the only domesticated species in the family Felidae and is often referred to as the domestic cat to distinguish it from the wild members of the family.

Owning a cat can bring unconditional love and companionship in your life. Having a cat can also help to relieve stress and improve your heart health.Owning a cat can be an extraordinarily rewarding relationship. A cat has the ability to both calm your nervous system and provide an immediate outlet for fun and play.

        Most cats love to curl up in your lap at the end of a long day while you watch television or read a book. The simplicity of this act can cause an automatic release of all the right kinds of chemicals to your brain, allowing you to ease into the evening without the weight of the world on your shoulders.

On August 8, the world observes International Cat Day to celebrate and learn more about one of man’s common and ancient pets. Announced by International Fund for Animal Welfare, International Cat Day is being celebrated since 2002.  International Cat Day is celebrated to help raise public awareness about cats, to learn about ways to keep and protect them.

On International Cat Day, I would like to enlist why cats make a great pet:

1.Cats are good for your health:

While owning any pet can provide a numerous health benefits.

  • Lower the risk of stress and anxiety: Research studies shows that a cat’s purr can calm your nervous system and lower your blood pressure.
  • Reduce feelings of loneliness. Cats make great companion animals. They offer an unconditional love that can be equal to many human friends.
  • Improve your cardiovascular health. Cat owners have been reported to carry a lower risk for heart disease and stroke.

2. Cats are low maintenance: 

cats are most fascinating quality is that they are lower maintenance and cost less than dogs, who need walking, training, frequent grooming, and more toys and attention.

3. Cats are ideal pets for apartments:

Cats are also perfect for apartments or city living. They don’t need tons of space to play and explore. Compared to dogs, cats require less space and can take better advantage of vertical space. 

4. Cats are quiet:

cats are a great choice of pet. cats tend to meow when they’re hungry, but you rarely have to worry about being woken up or distracted from a task by a cat begging for attention. this makes them an ideal pet if you are working from home.

5.They’re independent:

cats are independent animals who like to scavenge and explore on their own terms, they are also very affectionate with their owners and people they trust. A cat will be there for you when you need them but they’re also perfectly adept at entertaining themselves. One of the best things about cats is that they are very independent creatures. Unlike dogs, who require quite a high level of attention cats are quite happy to have time to themselves.

6.cats can help kids to learn skills:

Cats can have a bunch of positive effects on children. According to study conducted owning a cat can teach kids social skills and help them cope with traumatic situations.

“Cats are connoisseurs of comfort.” – James Herriot