History of Dentistry

From brushing and flossing to straightening and whitening, people today put a lot of work into maintaining a health and appearance to their smile. The current trend is for straight, pearly white teeth. But history of dental care stretches all the way back to the beginning of human society.

Ancient ways of cleaning teeth

Prehistoric humans who lived before the advert of oral care actually had very few dental problems. Scientists believe this is on account of their diet, which consisted of unprocessed fibrous foods that help clean their teeth while they ate. However as human evolved, so did the food on menu. Overtime, people found if they didn’t take care of their teeth, they developed dental problems.

Archaeology found evidence that early humans cleaned their teeth by picking at them with things like porcupine quills, animal bones, and tree twigs.

In earlier 3,500 BCE, Mesopotamians were using chew sticks to clean their teeth. Egyptian and Chinese have known to use them as well.

Tooth Decay

Ancient people were always aware of the tooth decay. But the first known scientific theory about its causes dates back at least 5,000 years, to Ancient Sumeria. The theory was that cavities were caused by a creature known as the tooth worm, which they believed would wore holes in teeth.

Cavities can actually resemble the kinds of holes that the worms bore through other materials, like wood. The Sumerians, Greeks, Egyptian, Chinese, Japanese, and Indian people all believed in the tooth worm. Some European doctors were still warning people that worms were the cause of their tooth decay as late as the 14th century.

First Toothbrush

Though no one knows exactly when people started brushing their teeth, archeologists believed the practice originated somewhere in the neighborhood of 3,000 BCE. The Babylonians and the Egyptians were the first cultures we know of to fashion rudimentary toothbrushes, which were made mostly from twigs.

The first used bristle toothbrush was created in China sometime during the Tang dynasty, between the 7tg and 10th centuries. It was made from hog bristles which would have been attached to a handle carved from bone or bamboo.

Explorers eventually brought these to the West. And in the 17th century, they began to be adopted in Europe.

New trend

In modern times, the dental ideal is considered to be a bright smile with straight white teeth. People will wear braces, use whiteners, to achieve the look. But most didn’t realise, its a relatively new fashion.

The popularity of look really only goes back to the 20th century and was greatly created by Hollywood movies. The trend, arguably, began their veneers, created by cosmetic dentist named Marcus Pincus in the 1940s. It was spotted by movie stars, like Shirley Temple and Judy Garland, who became famous for perfect smiles.

Judy Garland

While mass market teeth whitening products didn’t became a thing until the 1980s, teeth whitening itself is nothing new.

The ancient world

Control of fire by early humans - Wikipedia

The invention of the first tools in the 2 million year ago was the moment when human kind started to distinguish itself from all other species on the planet. It took they found other ingenious way to control fire, build shelter, and make items of clothing,but the idea kept coming, and the invention that followed by the resulted in full civilization. Lets see about some examples for this world invention.

  1. Stone Tools : –
Exciting stone tool find in Kenya - BBC News

The stone tool it is the first human invention consisted of sharp flint. found and used in their state by primitive people, who the went on to purposely sharpen tones the practice reaches back to the very dawn of humankind stone tools found in 1969 in Kenya are establish to be 2,600,000 year old. The principle types of tools which appeared in the paleolithic period and varied in size and appearance, are known as core, flake, and blade tools. the core tools. The core tools are the largest and most primitive, and were made by working on a first-size piece of rock or stone with similar rock and knocking large flake off one side to produce a sharp crest. This was general purpose implement used for hacking, pounding or cutting.Eventually thinner and sharper core tools were developed which were most useful.

2. Clothing :- Early human covers their nakedness.

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Around a 400.000 years ago homo sapiens devised a solution to protect the vulnerable naked human body from the environment – clothes. Anthropologist believe the earliest clothing was made from the fur of hunted animal or leave creativity wrapped around the body to keep out the cold ,wind and rain. Determining the date of this invention is difficult, although sewing needles made from animal bone dating from about 30,000 has been founded by archeologists. However, genetic analysis of human body lice reveals that they evolved at the same time as clothing. Scientists originally thought the lice evolved 107,000 years ago, but further investigation placed their evolution a few hundred thousand years earlier. Clothing has change dramatically over the centuries although its ancient role as an outward indication of the status, wealth and beliefs of the wears is as important as ever. During the industrial revolution the textile industry was the first to be mechanized, enabling increasingly elaborate designs to be made at faster rate.

3. Fishhook :- Early human discover how to retain caught fish.

The word are their no fish-hand account documenting their concept of use. The fish hook is one of the ingenious conception of early man and is one of the important success of human than most us of would suspect.

there is in one of the example so far found by archeologists date from around 35000 appearing well before the advent of metalworking, early fish hook from durable material of organic origin such as bone, shell, animal horn and wood. with addition of verity of baits on the hook, prehistoric man gained access. previously largely denied, to an easy source of energy loaded with a protein and fat. Over thousand of year the technology of fish hood has evolved to optimize prey attraction, retention and retrieval. the very earliest fish hooks of all though to have been made from wood.