History of Dentistry

From brushing and flossing to straightening and whitening, people today put a lot of work into maintaining a health and appearance to their smile. The current trend is for straight, pearly white teeth. But history of dental care stretches all the way back to the beginning of human society.

Ancient ways of cleaning teeth

Prehistoric humans who lived before the advert of oral care actually had very few dental problems. Scientists believe this is on account of their diet, which consisted of unprocessed fibrous foods that help clean their teeth while they ate. However as human evolved, so did the food on menu. Overtime, people found if they didn’t take care of their teeth, they developed dental problems.

Archaeology found evidence that early humans cleaned their teeth by picking at them with things like porcupine quills, animal bones, and tree twigs.

In earlier 3,500 BCE, Mesopotamians were using chew sticks to clean their teeth. Egyptian and Chinese have known to use them as well.

Tooth Decay

Ancient people were always aware of the tooth decay. But the first known scientific theory about its causes dates back at least 5,000 years, to Ancient Sumeria. The theory was that cavities were caused by a creature known as the tooth worm, which they believed would wore holes in teeth.

Cavities can actually resemble the kinds of holes that the worms bore through other materials, like wood. The Sumerians, Greeks, Egyptian, Chinese, Japanese, and Indian people all believed in the tooth worm. Some European doctors were still warning people that worms were the cause of their tooth decay as late as the 14th century.

First Toothbrush

Though no one knows exactly when people started brushing their teeth, archeologists believed the practice originated somewhere in the neighborhood of 3,000 BCE. The Babylonians and the Egyptians were the first cultures we know of to fashion rudimentary toothbrushes, which were made mostly from twigs.

The first used bristle toothbrush was created in China sometime during the Tang dynasty, between the 7tg and 10th centuries. It was made from hog bristles which would have been attached to a handle carved from bone or bamboo.

Explorers eventually brought these to the West. And in the 17th century, they began to be adopted in Europe.

New trend

In modern times, the dental ideal is considered to be a bright smile with straight white teeth. People will wear braces, use whiteners, to achieve the look. But most didn’t realise, its a relatively new fashion.

The popularity of look really only goes back to the 20th century and was greatly created by Hollywood movies. The trend, arguably, began their veneers, created by cosmetic dentist named Marcus Pincus in the 1940s. It was spotted by movie stars, like Shirley Temple and Judy Garland, who became famous for perfect smiles.

Judy Garland

While mass market teeth whitening products didn’t became a thing until the 1980s, teeth whitening itself is nothing new.

The Best Songs of 2021 So Far

The best melodies of the year so far have come from rookies and veterans the same. They start from one side of the planet to the other: South Africa, Puerto Rico, Los Angeles. One is intended to be pretty much as short as could be expected; another stretches on for almost eight minutes. From Arooj Aftab’s joyful and wrapping “Mohabbat” to a melody that could fill in as Lana Del Rey’s statement of purpose, here are the tracks we will have on rehash for quite a long time to come.

“Up”, Cardi B

There’s not a lot on “Up” that we haven’t heard from Cardi B previously, and that totally doesn’t make any difference. The no. 1 single—Cardi’s fifth such diagram clincher—plays to every last bit of her qualities: tongue-contorting similar sounding word usage; a brief beat that will wreck your subwoofer; shamelessly lustful symbolism bound to soundtrack innumerable TikTok recordings of smoldering mothers. (The melody has been sent in more than 3 million TikTok recordings as of now—and furthermore brought about quite possibly the most superb image difficulties this year.) “Large pack bussin’ out the Bentley Bentayga/Man, Balenciaga Bardi back and this load of bitches f-cked,” Cardi barks. Simply one more day at the workplace for hip-bounce’s top provocateur. — Andrew R. Chow.

“Good 4 U”, Olivia Rodrigo

Olivia Rodrigo began her rising to fame tenderly, with the nostalgic heart-pull of “Drivers License” and the pungent bitterness of “History repeating itself.” But “Great 4 U,” the third delivery off of the existing apart from everything else Disney entertainer’s presentation collection Sour, shows that she’s no saccharine pop princess. Ladylike displeasure has an unpredictable spot in music; frantic ladies aren’t constantly offered space to communicate the expansiveness of their feelings. Fortunately, Rodrigo isn’t stressed over that. With pop-punk power, she sing-talks her direction through a tune that is proudly severe and angry, with a guitar-driven theme that simply requests a soothing singalong. It may not be the tune that pushes her vocation higher than ever—she’s as of now got “Drivers License” for that—however, it may very well be the one to which an age goes to vent some dissatisfaction. — Raisa Bruner.

“Mohabbat”, Arooj Aftab

The Pakistan-conceived, Brooklyn-based author has acquired basic praise for her scrutinizing collection Vulture Prince, which pulls from melodic practices from across the world. The undertaking’s champion is “Mohabbat,” which was adjusted from a nineteenth-century Urdu tune sonnet while additionally flawlessly using vocal jazz methods and a delicate guitar drone suggestive of Led Zeppelin’s “Going to California.” Despite the tune’s 7:42 runtime, nary an expression feels over the top or unnecessary; Aftab’s trembling vocals make and resolve a tightrope strain, offering a euphoric and encompassing break from the year’s tumult. — A.R.C.

“Montero (Call Me By Your Name)”, Lil Nas X

The solitary issue with Lil Nas X’s most recent contribution to the graph divine beings? It’s basically excessively short. “Montero” is determined and unyielding, a far-fetched hand-applaud beat, licks of Spanish guitar, and a repeating murmured tune flicking at both flamenco and Gregorian serenades. That is purposeful; in its contention teasing music video, Lil Nas X uses strict iconography to follow a background marked by LGBTQ abuse. In any case, “Montero,” simply as a melody, is an irresistible festival of want: “Call me when you need, call me when you need, call me out by your name, I’ll be coming.” It’s an incredible, freed message from a youthful star who rose to stratospheric statures with “Old Town Road,” and is currently deciding to demonstrate he has considerably more to say as a craftsman. — R.B.

“Pin Pin”, Myke Towers

Like the megahits “Hips Don’t Lie” and “I Like It” before it, “Pin” vigorously depends on an immaculate example from the salsa containers. This time, it’s Tommy Olivencia y Su Orquesta’s cheerful “Periquito Pin.” Towers give a lot of space for the example to inhale—in any event, yelling out Olivencia in the subsequent section—while deftly adding his luxurious blast bap rap rhythms. The tune—just as the general collection Lyke Myke—offers undeniable confirmation concerning why Towers is one of the quickest rising stars to emerge from Puerto Rico and Latin America on the loose. — A.R.C.

“Not All Who Wander Are Lost” Lana Del Rey

At the point when she made her standard introduction in 2011 with “Computer games,” Lana Del Rey set forward an unmistakable craftsman persona: the lost princess of West Coast Americana, a longshot character following the breeze starting with one low-lease town then onto the next, one dangerous man to another. More than six collections, she has not veered a long way from this course, even as she’s tried different things with pop components and idyllic suggestions. “Not All Who Wander Are Lost,” a mid-collection track of her most recent contribution Chemtrails Over the Country Club, could fill in as a sort of statement of purpose of her unique imaginative undertaking. “I’ve been wearing similar damn garments for three damn days/Lincoln, Nebraska has me in a murkiness/The thing about men like you is you have a ton to say, yet will you stay?” It’s a prosecution and a romanticization of the existence of hunger for new experiences she has encapsulated in her verses throughout the long term; it’s likewise, with the celestial falsetto tune, a request to be left to do what she prefers. — R.B.

“Ke Star Remix” Focalistic, Davido, Vigro Deep

Amapiano, a South African house subgenre that regularly weds seizing basslines with fragile piano or synth lines, has detonated in fame throughout the most recent couple of years. On this tune, two South African stars who have been turbocharging dancefloors across their country—the DJ and maker Virgo Deep and the rapper Focalistic—are joined by Nigerian Afrobeats lord Davido for a ranting intercontinental crush. One YouTube client summarized it very well in the video’s remarks segment: “I’m turning into a cycle self-centered with this tune with rehashed plays, basically to hear the Surrounds frameworks inside my vehicle respond. It is frantic.” — A.R.C.

Suicide effects

Suicide affects all people. Within the past year, about 41,000 individuals died by suicide, 1.3 million adults have attempted suicide, 2.7 million adults have had a plan to attempt suicide and 9.3 million adults have had suicidal thoughts. 

Unfortunately, our society often paints suicide the way they would a prison sentence—a permanent situation that brands an individual. However, suicidal ideation is not a brand or a label, it is a sign that an individual is suffering deeply and must seek treatment. And it is falsehoods like these that can prevent people from getting the help they need to get better.

Debunking the common myths associated with suicide can help society realize the importance of helping others seek treatment and show individuals the importance of addressing their mental health challenges. 

Myth: Suicide only affects individuals with a mental health condition.

Fact: Many individuals with mental illness are not affected by suicidal thoughts and not all people who attempt or die by suicide have mental illness. Relationship problems and other life stressors such as criminal/legal matters, persecution, eviction/loss of home, death of a loved one, a devastating or debilitating illness, trauma, sexual abuse, rejection, and recent or impending crises are also associated with suicidal thoughts and attempts.

Myth: Once an individual is suicidal, he or she will always remain suicidal.

Fact: Active suicidal ideation is often short-term and situation-specific. Studies have shown that approximately 54% of individuals who have died by suicide did not have a diagnosable mental health disorder. And for those with mental illness, the proper treatment can help to reduce symptoms. 

The act of suicide is often an attempt to control deep, painful emotions and thoughts an individual is experiencing. Once these thoughts dissipate, so will the suicidal ideation. While suicidal thoughts can return, they are not permanent. An individual with suicidal thoughts and attempts can live a long, successful life. 

Myth: Most suicides happen suddenly without warning.

Fact: Warning signs—verbally or behaviorally—precede most suicides. Therefore, it’s important to learn and understand the warnings signs associated with suicide. Many individuals who are suicidal may only show warning signs to those closest to them. These loved ones may not recognize what’s going on, which is how it may seem like the suicide was sudden or without warning.

Myth: People who die by suicide are selfish and take the easy way out.

Fact: Typically, people do not die by suicide because they do not want to live—people die by suicide because they want to end their suffering. These individuals are suffering so deeply that they feel helpless and hopeless. Individuals who experience suicidal ideations do not do so by choice. They are not simply, “thinking of themselves,” but rather they are going through a very serious mental health symptom due to either mental illness or a difficult life situation.   

Myth: Talking about suicide will lead to and encourage suicide.

Fact: There is a widespread stigma associated with suicide and as a result, many people are afraid to speak about it. Talking about suicide not only reduces the stigma, but also allows individuals to seek help, rethink their opinions and share their story with others. We all need to talk more about suicide. 

Debunking these common myths about suicide can hopefully allow individuals to look at suicide from a different angle—one of understanding and compassion for an individual who is internally struggling. Maybe they are struggling with a mental illness or maybe they are under extreme pressure and do not have healthy coping skills or a strong support system. 

As a society, we should not be afraid to speak up about suicide, to speak up about mental illness or to seek out treatment for an individual who is in need. Eliminating the stigma starts by understanding why suicide occurs and advocating for mental health awareness within our communities. There are suicide hotlines, mental health support groups, online community resources and many mental health professionals who can help any individual who is struggling with unhealthy thoughts and emotions. 

What Is the Best Time to Post a Blog and How to Test it?

Are you wondering when should you publish blog posts? Do you want to hit that sweet spot where you get the most traffic, social shares, and comments?

If you’ve just written a great blog post and want it to go viral, then publishing time can play an important role.

In this article, we’ll show you what is the best time to post a blog by going through key facts. We’ll also show you how you can test the best time to take your blogs live.

Let’s kick things off with a look at…

Best Time of Day to Post a Blog for More Pageviews

As you start blogging, you’ll have many questions like what time of day should you publish a post. Or which days are best for getting the most traffic.

To answers such queries, different studies have been done where agencies and websites have gone through tons of data.

And among them is a study conducted by Shareaholic in 2011 that shows the best time to publish a blog post is early morning between 7 AM to 1 PM EST on weekdays.

The peak is between 9 AM and 10 AM, which shows when you can schedule or publish your posts.

Building upon the same point,

shows that 70% of users read blogs in the morning (during the AM hours).

&It makes sense as people starting their day would be going through emails, planning their week, and reading up on the latest news.

That said, people do read blogs throughout the day, so you can publish posts in the later hours as well. Now let’s see which days you should take your blogs live.

Best Days to Publish a Blog Post for Traffic

Along with time, different studies show that posting blogs on certain days can help generate more traffic. And which days are we talking about?

Shareaholic suggested that the best day to post a blog is Monday if you want more pageviews. Similarly, Kissmetrics also says that Monday is the best to publish a post and generate traffic.

What’s the Best Time to Post a Blog for Social Shares?

When it comes to engaging people on social media, you’d want to push your blog post when your users are active.

And to give you an idea of what’s the best day for getting social shares, consider a study by TrackMaven. They analyzed 65,000+ blogs and suggested that blogs published on a Sunday get

A possible reason for this could be that on the weekend’s people have more time to read through your content and then come up with a reply.

So, if you have a topic that wants user opinion or start a conversation, then this is the best time to post a blog.

But what if these times don’t work for your website? How can you find the best publishing day and hour for your content pieces? Let’s find out.

How to Test the Best Time to Post a Blog?

The researches we’ve shown you in our article provide a benchmark but in reality, there’s no best time to publish blogs.

That’s because these studies use their own samples of websites to provide a generalized conclusion. And most of them are very old, going back to 2011.

A better way to find the best time to post a blog is by doing your own testing. By monitoring which days and time you get most visitors and engagement, you’ll know the optimal time of publishing.

And the best tool to help you out is MonsterInsights. It’s the leading WordPress plugin for Google Analytics and makes decision making easy by providing insights about your site’s performance with detailed reports inside your dashboard.

MonsterInsights makes it super easy to set up custom dimensions on your website and start tracking custom data of your choice in Google Analytics.

With the help of its Custom Dimensions Addon, you can exactly see what’s the best time to post a blog. Not only that, you can set up custom tracking of individual authors, post types, category and more.

You can follow our complete guide to custom dimensions in Google Analytics for configuring tracking of best publishing times.

Hugging might even lower heart rates and blood pressure

The university of North Carolina conducted a studies with 59 women and found some interesting results after a short series of questions and general chatting about their partner some women ended each session with a 20 second hug

The women who received a hug from their partner had lower blood pressure and heart rates during stressful section of testing the researchers think that oxytocin that we mention earlier might be the causes for their better heart health

Hugging can be good for your heart health. In one studyTrusted Source, scientists split a group of about 200 adults into two groups:

  • One group had romantic partners hold hands for 10 minutes followed by a 20-second hug with each other.
  • The other group had romantic partners who sat in silence for 10 minutes and 20 seconds.

People in the first group showed greater reductions in blood pressure levels and heart rate than the second group.

According to these findings, an affectionate relationship may be good for you heart health.

Oxytocin is a chemical in our bodies that scientists sometimes call the “cuddle hormone.” This is because its levels rise when we hug, touch, or sit close to someone else. Oxytocin is associated with happiness and less stress.

Scientists have found that this hormone has a strong effect in women. Oxytocin causes a reduction in blood pressure and of the stress hormone norepinephrine.

One study found that the positive benefits of oxytocin were strongest in women who had better relationships and more frequent hugs with their romantic partner. Women also saw positive effects of oxytocin when they held their infants closely.

Cryptocurrency

What is this crytocurrency that everybody is talking about? In simple words, it is digital currency in encrypted form. Money transaction is processed and validated through data mining. As of now, using crypto currency is a very complex process. Still, it is becoming popular in recent times worldwide.

Here, money transaction is carried out between two parties only.Hence there is no third party involvement. After validation and processing through data mining,it is kept in public ledgers but the transactions are kept confidential.Once a transaction is validated, miners get this crypto currency as reward.

Litecoin, Bitcoin, Ethereum ,Pipple are some examples of cryptocurrency. Out of this, Bit coin is the most popular crypto currency.

Cryptocurrency works on Block Chain Technology, which is a decentralised technology spread across many computers that manages and records transactions.

There are more than 4000 cryptos worldwide as of now. It’s users are called miners. This virtual currency is exchanged over the internet and uses cryptography as a means of security. There is no central authority to manage this system and it is immune to government interference.It is highly confidential and totally decentralised person to person payment method. All the transactions and accounts can be traced but the owner accounts are usually not easily traceable.

International money transfer can also be done through crypto. As it is becoming popular nowadays, it’s value is getting increased. Some people even use it for investment purposes. A large number of individuals and businesses have started using this. Many online websites also accept virtual currencies as payment.

Bitcoin is a premier crytocurrency created by Satoshi Nakatomo on 31 st October, 2008. It is pseudonomous and is controlled by users called bitcoin miners. These miners use different computer program and resources to solve highly complicated mathematics problems and get a number of bitcoins in exchange. They do this by verifying transactions and adding them to a public ledger called Blockchain. It holds the transaction history of all bitcoins in circulation. These miners keep the network secure and ensure that all systems are synchronized together. Those miners who help to accurately track the transactions and maintain network are rewarded with cryptos.

Ripple or XRP is an open source digital payment platform. Here money can be transferred in actual currency or cryptocurrency. XRP is used as a bridge currency to settle cross border payment in a faster and cheaper manner.

The cryptocurrency has neither been made legal nor banned. In India, they are not in use legally. Experts are advising on shutting down its trading. Likewise, other major countries are thinking of banning cryptocurrencies. So we have to wait and watch if the crypto will become the future of transactions or goes away for good.

Dalgona Coffee: The Latest Instagram Fad

 

While the lockdown has ignited various trends on social media, one that has received a major global following is #DalgonaCoffee.

If you’re avid user of social media, chances are that you have come across the Dalgona Coffee wave perhaps when a friend uploaded a story on Instagram, flaunting a beautiful cup of coffee; a glass full of milk topped with a fluffy and creamy layer of whipped coffee or when you came across posts of people sharing their attempts (especially on TikTok) at making this quarantine-chic drink. This frothy DIY coffee drink is a cheap and cheerful viral trend that everyone these days seems to be whipping up at home.

So, what even is Dalgona Coffee?

The frothy, light as air drink is known as Dalgona coffee. The name ‘Dalgona’ originated from a South Korean toffee by the same name – a sugary toffee with a thick sponge-like exterior and it took off from there. The trend was first popularized in South Korea, spreading across the world as more countries started recommending that people engage in social distancing. This latest Instagram food trend is meant to be made at home and shared online, which might be why you are seeing it all over social media.

One might wonder what’s with the sudden obsession?

Well, first of all it’s coffee. Some like it chilled and cold brewed, while others prefer their filter coffee. Some can’t do without their morning cappuccino, while others still swear by the humble latte. However it is enjoyed, Dalgona coffee is an interesting new recipe for the caffeine addicts to try. Coffee connoisseurs basically united to create a new recipe that ended up going viral on social media, globally and in India. Second of all, it looks beautiful and in this day and age if something is Instagram-worthy, well then you put it on your social feed and it spreads like a wildfire. Third of all, it’s a bit of a treat. Having a cup of coffee that feels like silky moose. What’s not to love?

Perhaps the main reason Dalgona Coffee became so viral was because of its simplicity. Practically anyone could make it. You don’t need any fancy tools, extensive knowledge about coffee, or any sort of special skill. After all, it requires little more than pantry staples and patience to create.

Additionally, the Dalgona Coffee trend emerged in the midst of the COVID-19 pandemic and quarantine. An easy, fun, and delicious drink you could make at home with your family and friends? It was the perfect recipe (both literally and figuratively). People shared their successes and failures of making the drink online, which piqued a lot of curiosity and sense of community. With a lot of people self-isolating or quarantining themselves during the lockdown, the only thing left to do is spend more time in the kitchen upgrading your usual recipes. So, how do you make it?

Ingredients:

All you need is four simple ingredients and your delectable frothy coffee is on the table to enjoy. This recipe is made using just ingredients –Instant Coffee, Sugar, Warm Water and Chilled Milk.

Instructions:

  1. Mix sugar, coffee and warm water in a bowl.
  2. Use a whisker or be prepared to whisk your way through this coffee. Keep whisking the coffee for at least 15 minutes until it has a very creamy texture.
  3. In a glass, pour cold milk with ice and then add the frothy coffee mixture on top of the milk. Enjoy!

This fledgling new trend of the aesthetically pleasing South Korean coffee has given people and coffee lovers all across the world an interesting project to invest their time and break the monotony during the quarantine period.